Born in 1805

Jan 8 John Bigler an American lawyer, politician and diplomat. A Democrat, he served as the third governor of California from 1852 to 1856 and was the first California governor to complete an entire term in office, as well as the first to win re-election. His younger brother, William Bigler, was elected governor of Pennsylvania during the same period. Bigler was also appointed by President James Buchanan as the U.S. Minister to Chile from 1857 to 1861
Jan 8 Orson Hyde a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement and an original member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. He was the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 to 1875 and was a missionary of the LDS Church in the United States, Europe, and the Ottoman Empire
Jan 13 Thomas Dyer served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Democratic Party. He also served as the founding president of the Chicago Board of Trade
Jan 27 Princess Sophie of Bavaria born to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife Caroline of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony as wife of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony. Her eldest son Franz Joseph reigned as Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, King of Croatia, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Galicia and Lodomeria and Grand Duke of Cracow; her second son Maximilian reigned as Emperor of Mexico
Jan 27 Samuel Palmer a British landscape painter, etcher and printmaker. He was also a prolific writer. Palmer was a key figure in Romanticism in Britain and produced visionary pastoral paintings
Jan 27 Maria Anna of Bavaria (1805–1877) Queen Consort of Saxony from 1836 to 1854.
Jan 28 Jules-Romain Tardieu a French writer, publisher and bookseller.
Jan 29 Eugénie de Guérin the sister of the poet Maurice de Guérin.
Feb 1 Samuel Earnshaw an English clergyman and mathematician, noted for his contributions to theoretical physics, especially "Earnshaw's Theorem".
Feb 3 Samuel Ryan Curtis an American military officer, and one of the first Republicans elected to Congress. He was most famous for his role as a Union Army general in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War
Feb 3 Otto Theodor von Manteuffel a conservative Prussian statesman, serving nearly a decade as prime minister.
Feb 4 William Harrison Ainsworth an English historical novelist born in Manchester. He trained as a lawyer, but the legal profession held no attraction for him. While completing his legal studies in London he met the publisher John Ebers, at that time manager of the King's Theatre, Haymarket. Ebers introduced Ainsworth to literary and dramatic circles, and to his daughter, who became Ainsworth's wife
Feb 8 Louis Auguste Blanqui a French socialist and political activist, notable for his revolutionary theory of Blanquism.
Feb 10 Kuriakose Elias Chavara a Syrian Catholic saint and social reformer from the Indian state of Kerala. He is the second canonised saint of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church of the Saint Thomas Christian community founded by Thomas the Apostle in the first century. He was the co-founder and first Prior General of the first congregation for men in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, now known as the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate, and of a similar one for women, the Congregation of the Mother of Carmel
Feb 11 Jean Baptiste Charbonneau an American explorer, guide, fur trapper trader, military scout during the Mexican-American War, alcalde of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, and a gold prospector and hotel operator in Northern California. He spoke French and English, and learned German and Spanish during his six years in Europe from 1823 to 1829. He also spoke Shoshone and other western American Indian languages, which he picked up during his years of trapping and guiding
Feb 12 Adolphe Delattre a French ornithologist.
Feb 13 Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet credited with being one of the first mathematicians to give the modern formal definition of a function.
Feb 18 Lewis R. Bradley an American politician. He was the second Governor of Nevada in the United States from 1871 to 1879. He was a member of the Democratic Party
Feb 21 Theodor Hartig a German forestry biologist and botanist.
Feb 22 Sarah Fuller Flower Adams an English poet.
Feb 23 Johan Jakob Nervander a Finnish poet, physicist and meteorologist.
Mar 2 Alexander Karl Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg a German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1834 until 1863 he was the last duke of the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg
Mar 3 Jonas Furrer a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council. He was affiliated to the Radical Party
Mar 5 Théodore Labarre a French harpist and composer. He lived in Paris and in London and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1823 as well as the Légion d'honneur in 1862. He was a professor of harp at the Conservatoire de Paris since 1867
Mar 14 Eduard Clam-Gallas an Austrian General. He was the eldest son of Count Christian Christoph Clam-Gallas , patron of Beethoven, and Countess Josephine Clary-Aldringen
Mar 16 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx a German philologist and politician.
Mar 17 Manuel García (baritone) a Spanish singer, music educator, and vocal pedagogue. He is credited with the invention of the first laryngoscope
Mar 20 Thomas Cooper (poet) a poet and one of the leading Chartists. He wrote poetry, notably the 944 stanzas of his prison-rhyme the Purgatory of Suicides , novels and, in later life, religious texts. An autodidact shoemaker, preacher, schoolmaster and journalist before he became a Chartist in 1840, Cooper was a passionate, determined and fiery man
Mar 30 Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann an Estonian linguist who researched Uralic languages, mostly Estonian. Wiedemann was also a botanist
Apr 2 Hans Christian Andersen a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, Andersen is best remembered for his fairy tales. Andersen's popularity is not limited to children; his stories, called eventyr in Danish, or "fairy-tales" in English, express themes that transcend age and nationality
Apr 8 Hugo von Mohl a German botanist from Stuttgart.
Apr 18 Giuseppe De Notaris an Italian botanist generally known for his work with cryptogams native to Italy.
Apr 20 Franz Xaver Winterhalter a German painter and lithographer, known for his portraits of royalty in the mid-nineteenth century. His name has become associated with fashionable court portraiture. Among his best known works are Empress Eugénie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting and the portraits he made of Empress Elisabeth of Austria
Apr 23 Augustus Addison Gould an American conchologist and malacologist.
Apr 23 Johann Karl Friedrich Rosenkranz a German philosopher and pedagogue.
Apr 27 Alexis Guignard comte de Saint-Priest a French diplomat, historian, and Peer of France. He was the eleventh member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1849
Apr 29 Johannes Albrecht Bernhard Dorn a German orientalist.
Apr 29 Henri Auguste Barbier a French dramatist and poet.
May 4 Wilhelm Ludwig Ewald Schmidt a German physician, botanist, and entomologist. As an entomologist, he specialized in Coleoptera
May 4 Nikolay Gerasimovich Ustryalov a Russian historian who elaborated the Official Nationality Theory. His outline of Russia's history was awarded the Demidov Prize for the best Russian history textbook and was highly regarded by Nicholas I himself
May 10 Alexander Braun a German botanist from Regensburg, Bavaria. His research centered on the morphology of plants
May 11 Philipp Foltz a German historical painter, born at Bingen. He was the pupil of his father, Ludwig Foltz, and studied at Munich under Cornelius, whom he assisted with the frescoes in the Glyptothek. Afterward he decorated the Schiller Salon in the new Royal palace. He became professor and later director of the Academy of Munich. Amongst his latest works were two large paintings for the Maximilianeum: Frederick Barbarossa and Henry the Lion, and Pericles Attacked by Cleon. His pictures include two large hunting scenes for Maximilian II; The Singer's Curse ; Götz von Berlichingen ; and King Otho Leaving Munich for Greece, a fine cartoon. His pictures are good in composition and careful in execution, but conventional in form and dry in color
May 14 Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann a Danish composer.
May 16 Alexander Burnes a Scottish traveller and explorer who took part in The Great Game. He was nicknamed Bokhara Burnes for his role in establishing contact with and exploring Bukhara, which made his name
May 17 Solomon Dodashvili a Georgian philosopher, journalist, historian, grammarian, belletrist and enlightener.
Jun 8 Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz a Spanish politician, diplomat and writer who served as Prime Minister of Spain and was appointed three times ambassador to France.
Jun 9 Johann Friedrich Klotzsch a German pharmacist and botanist.
Jun 9 Victor Baltard a French architect.
Jun 13 Johann Eduard Erdmann a German religious pastor, historian of philosophy, and philosopher of religion, of which he wrote on the mediation of faith and knowledge. He was known to be a follower of Friedrich Schleiermacher, whom he studied under August Carlblom, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel whom he considered as mentor. He also studied the works of Karl Daub and was to become known as a right-wing member of Hegelianism
Jun 13 Antun Mažuranić Croatian writer and linguist.