Died in 1806

Jan 7 Paulinus of St. Bartholomew an Austrian Carmelite missionary and Orientalist. He is known by several names as Paulinus Bartholomaeo, Paolino da San Bartolomeo, Paulinus Paathiri, Paulin de St Barthelemi, Paulinus A Bartholomaeo, Johann Philipp Wesdin, or Johann Philipp Werdin
Jan 16 Nicolas Leblanc a French chemist and surgeon who discovered how to manufacture soda from common salt.
Jan 17 Franz von Werneck Freiherr von Werneck, born 13 October 1748 – died 17 January 1806, enlisted in the army of Habsburg Austria and fought in the Austro-Turkish War, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars. He enjoyed a distinguished career until 1797, when he lost a battle and was dismissed as punishment. He was only reinstated in 1805. In that year he surrendered his command and was later brought up on charges. He died while awaiting a court-martial
Jan 23 William Pitt the Younger a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He became the youngest Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24. He left office in 1801, but was Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806. He was also the Chancellor of the Exchequer throughout his premiership. He is known as "the Younger" to distinguish him from his father, William Pitt the Elder, who had previously served as Prime Minister
Jan 28 Jean Joseph Mounier a French politician and judge.
Jan 30 Vicente Martín y Soler a Spanish composer of opera and ballet. Although relatively obscure now, in his own day he was compared favorably with his contemporary, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, as a composer of opera buffa; in modern times, conversely, he has been called the Valencian Mozart
Feb 3 Nicolas-Edme Rétif a French novelist. The term retifism for shoe fetishism was named after him
Feb 13 Gabriel-Henri Gaillard a French historian.
Feb 14 Jean Dauberval a.k.a. Jean D’Auberval, , was a French dancer and ballet master. He is most noted for creating the ballet, La fille mal gardée, one of the most enduring and popular works of the ballet repertoire
Feb 16 Franz von Weyrother an Austrian staff officer and general who fought during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He drew up the plan which resulted in disastrous defeat at the Battle of Austerlitz, in which Napoleon Bonaparte crushed the combined armies of Austria and Russia
Feb 19 Elizabeth Carter an English poet, classicist, writer and translator, and a member of the Bluestocking Circle.
Feb 20 Lachlan McIntosh a British-born American military and political leader during the American Revolution and the early United States. In a 1777 duel, he fatally shot Button Gwinnett, a signer of the Declaration of Independence
Feb 23 John Alcock (organist) an English organist and composer. He wrote instrumental music, glees and much church music
Feb 24 Tommaso Giordani an Italian composer active in England and particularly in Ireland.
Feb 24 Collin d'Harleville a French dramatist.
Feb 26 Thomas-Alexandre Dumas a general in Revolutionary France and the highest-ranking person of color of all time in a European army. He was the first person of color in the French military to become brigadier general, the first to become divisional general, and the first to become general-in-chief of a French army. Dumas shared the status of the highest-ranking black officer in the Western world only with Toussaint Louverture until 1975, when the American Daniel "Chappie" James Jr became a four star General in the United States Air Force, the closest American equivalent of Général d'Armée, Dumas' highest rank
Mar 1 Chaim Joseph David Azulai a Jerusalem born rabbinical scholar, a noted bibliophile, and a pioneer in the publication of Jewish religious writings.
Mar 3 Heinrich Christian Boie a German author.
Mar 9 Federico Carlos Gravina y Nápoli a Spanish Admiral during the American Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. He died of wounds sustained during the Battle of Trafalgar. Spanish explorer Jacinto Caamaño named the Gravina Island in Alaska in his honor
Mar 10 François Denis Tronchet a French jurist.
Mar 14 Michał Jerzy Mniszech a Polish nobleman.
Mar 15 Karl Friedrich Becker a German educator and historian. His most noted work was World History for Children and Teachers of Children which was widely used and much edited and revised by other noted historians after Becker's death
Mar 30 Georgiana Cavendish Duchess of Devonshire the first wife of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and mother of the 6th Duke of Devonshire. Her father, John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer, was a great-grandson of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Her niece was Lady Caroline Lamb. She was the great-great-great-great-aunt of Diana, Princess of Wales, and attained a large amount of fame in her lifetime
Apr 4 Carlo Gozzi an Italian playwright.
Apr 9 William V Prince of Orange the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London in 1795. He was the reigning Prince of Nassau-Orange until his death in 1806. In that capacity he was succeeded by his son William
Apr 10 Horatio Gates a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War. He took credit for the American victory in the Battles of Saratoga — a matter of contemporary and historical controversy — and was blamed for the defeat at the Battle of Camden. Gates has been described as "one of the Revolution's most controversial military figures" because of his role in the Conway Cabal, which attempted to discredit and replace George Washington; the battle at Saratoga; and his actions during and after his defeat at Camden
Apr 22 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve a French naval officer during the Napoleonic Wars. He was in command of the French and the Spanish fleets that were defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar
Apr 30 Onogawa Kisaburō a sumo wrestler from Ōtsu, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 5th yokozuna. Along with Tanikaze he was the first to be given a yokozuna licence by the House of Yoshida Tsukasa and the first to perform the dohyō-iri to promote sumo tournaments
May 9 Robert Morris (financier) a Liverpool-born American merchant who financed the American Revolution and was signatory to the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly, became the Chairman of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety, and was chosen as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, where he served as chairman of the "Secret Committee of Trade" and as a member of the Committee of Correspondence
May 21 Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily the youngest daughter of Ferdinand, King of Naples and Sicily, and Maria Carolina of Austria. As the wife of the future Ferdinand VII of Spain, then heir apparent to the Spanish throne, she held the title of Princess of Asturias
May 24 John Campbell 5th Duke of Argyll a Scottish soldier and nobleman. After serving as a junior officer in Flanders during the War of the Austrian Succession, he was given command of a regiment and was redeployed to Scotland where he opposed the Jacobites at Loch Fyne at an early stage of the Jacobite Rebellion and went on to fight against them at the Battle of Falkirk Muir and then at the Battle of Culloden. He later became adjutant-general in Ireland and spent some 20 years as a Member of Parliament before retiring to Inveraray Castle
May 28 Olof af Acrel a surgeon and physician of Stockholm, who perfected his knowledge by study in foreign countries and introduced many improvements into Swedish practice.
May 31 George Macartney 1st Earl Macartney an Irish-born British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat. He is often remembered for his observation following Britain's success in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion at the Treaty of Paris that Britain now controlled "a vast Empire, on which the sun never sets"
May 31 Michael von Melas a Transylvanian-born field marshal of Saxon descent for the Austrian Empire during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 2 William Tate (painter) an English portrait painter who was a student of Joseph Wright of Derby.
Jun 5 Gabriel François Doyen a French painter, who was born at Paris.
Jun 21 Ignaz Schiffermüller an Austrian naturalist mainly interested in Lepidoptera.
Jun 21 Prince Francis Xavier of Saxony a German prince and member of the House of Wettin.
Jun 23 Mathurin Jacques Brisson a French zoologist and natural philosopher.
Jul 4 Charles-Henri Sanson the Royal Executioner of France during the reign of King Louis XVI and High Executioner of the First French Republic. He administered capital punishment in the city of Paris for over forty years, and by his own hand executed nearly 3,000 people, including the King himself
Jul 10 George Stubbs an English painter, best known for his paintings of horses.
Jul 11 James Smith (delegate) an American lawyer and a signer to the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Pennsylvania.
Jul 22 Maximilian Anton Karl Count Baillet de Latour a general in Austrian service during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Jul 26 Karoline von Günderrode a German Romantic poet, born in Karlsruhe.
Aug 1 Charles Gascoigne a British industrialist at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. He was a partner and manager of the Carron Company ironworks in its early years, but left in 1786, before the company's success became obvious, to reorganise the production of iron and cannon in Russia. He remained in Russia for 20 years, until his death
Aug 3 Michel Adanson a French naturalist of Scottish descent.
Aug 10 Christian Kalkbrenner a German bandmaster or Kapellmeister, violinist, organ and keyboard player, and composer. Almost an exact contemporary of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, he was a prolific composer in many fields and a force in the musical world. He rose to high honours at the courts of the Prussian Kings. For unknown reasons, Kalkbrenner left his position as Kapellmeister to Prince Henry of Prussia and went first to Naples and later on to Paris. He was the father of Friedrich Wilhelm Kalkbrenner, one of the great piano virtuosos of the first half of the 19th century
Aug 10 Michael Haydn an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Joseph Haydn.
Aug 22 Jean-Honoré Fragonard a French painter and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance, and hedonism. One of the most prolific artists active in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, Fragonard produced more than 550 paintings , of which only five are dated. Among his most popular works are genre paintings conveying an atmosphere of intimacy and veiled eroticism
Aug 23 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb a French physicist. He was best known for developing Coulomb's law, the definition of the electrostatic force of attraction and repulsion, but also did important work on friction. The SI unit of electric charge, the coulomb, was named after him