Died in 1807

Jan 13 Pierre Joseph Buchoz a French physician, lawyer and naturalist.
Jan 17 Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet born at Montpellier. His father, François Broussonet , was a physician and professor of medicine at famous Université de Montpellier. His brother, Victor, studied there and later became its dean. Henri Fouquet , a professor at the medical school, was a relative, as was Jean-Antoine Chaptal , who subsequently became minister of the interior
Jan 27 Ivan Rakhmaninov a Russian publisher, translator and educator.
Jan 27 Osman Pazvantoğlu an Ottoman soldier, a governor of the Vidin district after 1794, and a rebel against Ottoman rule. He is also remembered as the friend of Rigas Feraios, a Greek revolutionary poet, whom he tried to rescue from the Ottoman authorities in Belgrade
Feb 1 Sir Thomas Troubridge 1st Baronet a British naval commander and politician.
Feb 5 Pasquale Paoli a Corsican patriot and leader, the president of the Executive Council of the General Diet of the People of Corsica. Paoli designed and wrote the Constitution of the state
Feb 6 John Reid (British Army officer) a British army general and founder of the chair of music at the University of Edinburgh.
Feb 8 Louis Binot Governor General of Pondicherry in 1802. Binot was "Colonel / Chief of Brigade" in 121st Regiment of infantry of line which is made under the French Revolution. On 22 November 1806, he was made as "General of Brigade". He was given the order of Legion of Honour on 25 December 1805. He was killed at the Battle of Eylau
Feb 8 Paul Henri Mallet a Swiss writer.
Feb 9 Joseph-Benoît Suvée a Flemish painter strongly influenced by French neo-classicism.
Feb 18 Sophie von La Roche a German novelist. She was born in Kaufbeuren and died in Offenbach am Main
Mar 4 Abraham Baldwin an American politician, Patriot, and Founding Father from the U.S. state of Georgia. Baldwin was a Georgia representative in the Continental Congress and served in the United States House of Representatives and Senate after the adoption of the Constitution. Baldwin was the founding father of the University of Georgia, first state-charted public institution of higher education in the United States and served as its first president
Mar 11 Anton Eberl an Austrian composer, teacher and pianist of the Classical period.
Mar 16 Hyde Parker (admiral) an admiral of the British Royal Navy.
Apr 4 Jérôme Lalande a French astronomer and writer.
Apr 9 Catherine Antonovna of Brunswick daughter of Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick and Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia. Born a few days before the desposition of her brother Ivan VI, she was imprisoned by Empress Elizabeth of Russia along with her family from 1742 to 1780 at Kholmogory, and in 1780, she and two brothers and a sister were placed under house arrest for the rest of their lives in Horsens. She was the last descendant of Ivan V of Russia
Apr 10 Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German princess and composer. She became the duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, by marriage, and was also regent of the states of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach from 1758 to 1775. She transformed her court and its surrounding into the most influential cultural center of Germany
Apr 13 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily the eldest daughter of Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily and his wife, Marie Caroline of Austria. She was the last Holy Roman Empress and the first Empress of Austria
Apr 14 Jeremias Benjamin Richter a German chemist. He was born at Hirschberg in Silesia, became a mining official at Breslau in 1794, and in 1800 was appointed assessor to the department of mines and chemist to the royal porcelain factory at Berlin, where he died. He is known for introducing the term stoichiometry
Apr 17 Princess Leopoldina of Savoy a Princess of Savoy and later the Princess of Melfi, as wife of Giovanni Andrea VI Doria-Pamphilj-Landi, Prince of Melfi. She was the older sister of the princesse de Lamballe
Apr 28 Jacob Philipp Hackert a landscape painter from Brandenburg, who did most of his work in Italy.
May 10 Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur comte de Rochambeau a French nobleman and general who played a major role in helping America win independence during the American Revolution. During this time, he served as commander-in-chief of the French Expeditionary Force which embarked from France in order to help the American Continental Army fight against British forces
May 13 Eliphalet Dyer a lawyer, jurist, and statesman from Windham, Connecticut. He was a delegate for Connecticut to many sessions of the Continental Congress
May 17 John Gunby considered by many to be "one of the most gallant officers of the Maryland Line under Gen. Smallwood". He entered service volunteering as a minuteman in 1775 and fought for the American cause until the end earning praise as probably the most brilliant soldier whom Maryland contributed to the War of Independence. Gunby was also the grandfather of Senator Ephraim King Wilson II
May 18 John Douglas (bishop of Salisbury) a Scottish scholar and Anglican bishop.
Jul 11 George Atwood an English mathematician who invented a machine for illustrating the effects of Newton's first law of motion. He was also a renowned chess player whose skill for recording many games of his own and of other players, including François-André Danican Philidor, the leading master of his time, left a valuable historical record for future generations
Jul 13 Henry Benedict Stuart a Roman Catholic Cardinal, as well as the fourth and final Jacobite heir to claim the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland publicly. Unlike his father, James Francis Edward Stuart, and brother, Charles Edward Stuart, Henry made no effort to seize the throne. After Charles's death in January 1788 the Papacy did not recognise Henry as the lawful ruler of England, Scotland and Ireland, but referred to him as the Cardinal Duke of York
Jul 13 Johann III Bernoulli grandson of Johann Bernoulli, and son of Johann II Bernoulli. He was known around the world as a child prodigy. He studied at Basel and at Neuchâtel, and when thirteen years of age took the degree of doctor in philosophy. When he was fourteen, he got the degree of master of jurisprudence. At nineteen he was appointed astronomer royal of Berlin. A year later, he reorganized the astronomical observatory at the Berlin Academy. Some years after, he visited Germany, France and England, and subsequently Italy, Russia and Poland. His travel accounts were of great cultural and historical important. He wrote about Kashubians
Jul 28 Louis Paul Abeille a French economist.
Aug 1 John Walker (lexicographer) an English stage actor, philologist and lexicographer. Early in life he became an actor, his theatrical engagements including one with David Garrick at Drury Lane, and a long season in Dublin, Ireland. In 1768 he left the stage. After some experiences in conducting a school at Kensington he commenced to teach elocution, and in this found his principal employment for the rest of his life. In 1775 he published his Rhyming Dictionary, which achieved a great success and has been repeatedly reprinted, and in 1791 his Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, which achieved an even greater reputation, and has run into some forty editions. He was the friend of the leading literary men of his time, including Samuel Johnson and Edmund Burke
Aug 5 Jeanne Baré a member of Louis Antoine de Bougainville's expedition on the ships La Boudeuse and Étoile in 1766–1769. Baret is recognized as the first woman to have completed a voyage of circumnavigation
Aug 9 Valentin Rose (pharmacologist) a German pharmacologist from Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg. Son of Valentin Rose the Elder
Aug 17 Johannes Nikolaus Tetens a German-Danish philosopher, statistician and scientist.
Aug 22 Maria Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh. Her marriage to the Duke without the knowledge of King George III led to the passing of the Royal Marriages Act 1772
Aug 24 Jacques-Christophe Valmont de Bomare a French botanist and naturalist. He wrote an influential encyclopedia of natural history in the 1760s: Dictionnaire raisonné universel d’histoire naturelle
Aug 25 Franciszek Dionizy Kniaźnin considered to be one of the most distinguished Polish poets of the Polish sentimentalism in the Enlightenment period.
Aug 25 Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis a French jurist and politician in time of the French Revolution and the First Empire. His son, Joseph Marie Portalis was a diplomat and statesman
Aug 25 Christian Jakob Kraus a German comparative and historical linguist.
Aug 25 Sophie Ristaud Cottin a French writer whose novels were popular in the 19th century, and were translated into several different languages.
Aug 31 Ponce Denis Écouchard Lebrun a French lyric poet.
Aug 31 Christoph Friedrich Bretzner a Leipzig merchant famous for writing the libretto to a singspiel Belmont und Constanze, oder Die Entführung aus dem Serail, produced in Berlin and adapted in 1782 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Gottlieb Stephanie as Die Entführung aus dem Serail. Bretzner protested against the adaptations on the grounds that original text was stolen by Gottlieb Stephanie who then modified it for Mozart's performances
Sep 2 Antonio Casimir Cartellieri a Polish-Austrian composer, violinist, conductor, and voice teacher. His son was the spa physician Paul Cartellieri
Sep 14 George Townshend 1st Marquess Townshend a British soldier and politician. After serving at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Battle of Culloden during the Jacobite Rising, Townshend took command of the British forces for the closing stages of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham during the Seven Years' War. He went on to be Lord Lieutenant of Ireland or Viceroy where he introduced measures aimed at increasing the size of Irish regiments, reducing corruption in Ireland and improving the Irish economy. In cooperation with Prime Minister North in London he imposed much greater British control over Ireland. He also served as Master-General of the Ordnance, first in the North Ministry and then in the Fox–North Coalition
Oct 1 Peter Muhlenberg an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, and political figure in the newly independent United States. A Lutheran minister, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania
Oct 9 Mikhail Kheraskov regarded as the most important Russian poet by Catherine the Great and her contemporaries.
Nov 2 Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil a French aristocrat, diplomat, statesman and politician. He was the last Prime Minister of the Bourbon Monarchy, appointed by King Louis XVI only one hundred hours before the storming of the Bastille
Nov 3 William Markham (bishop) educated at Westminster and at Christ Church, Oxford.
Nov 5 Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst a German naturalist and entomologist from Petershagen, Minden-Ravensberg. He served as a chaplain in the Prussian army. His marriage in Berlin, 1770, with Euphrosyne Luise Sophie , daughter of the Prussian Hofrat Libert Waldschmidt seems to have been childless
Nov 5 Angelica Kauffman a Swiss-born Austrian Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome. Though born as "Kauffmann", Kauffman is the preferred spelling of her name in English; it is the form she herself used most in signing her correspondence, documents and paintings
Nov 8 Pierre-Alexandre-Laurent Forfait a French engineer, hydrographer and politician, and Minister of the Navy.