Born in 1808

Jan 4 Friedrich Gottlob Haase a German classical scholar. He was born in Magdeburg on 4 January 1808
Jan 5 Anton Füster an Austrian Roman Catholic priest, theologian, pedagogue, radical political activist and author of Slovene origin. He was one of the leaders of the Viennese March Revolution of 1848
Jan 5 Mohammad Shah Qajar king of Persia from the Qajar dynasty.
Jan 6 Joseph Pitty Couthouy an American naval officer, conchologist, and invertebrate palaeontologist. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, he entered the Boston Latin School in 1820. He married Mary Greenwood Wild on 9 March 1832
Jan 13 Salmon P. Chase an American politician and jurist who served as U.S. Senator from Ohio and the 23rd Governor of Ohio; as U.S. Treasury Secretary under President Abraham Lincoln; and as the sixth Chief Justice of the United States
Jan 14 Manuel Jimenes a Cuban born military figure and politician in the Dominican Republic. He served as the second President of the Dominican Republic from September 8, 1848 until May 29, 1849. Prior to that he served as the country's Minister of War and Marine Affairs
Jan 18 Princess Vilhelmine Marie of Denmark the youngest daughter of Frederick VI of Denmark and his wife and first cousin Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel. Her paternal grandfather, Christian VII of Denmark, had major psychological problems and as result, her father had been acting as Regent since 1784. Within two months of her birth, Vilhelmine Marie's grandfather died of a cerebral aneurysm and her father ascended as king
Jan 19 Lysander Spooner an American individualist anarchist, political philosopher, Deist, Unitarian abolitionist, supporter of the labor movement, legal theorist, and entrepreneur of the nineteenth century. He is also known for competing with the U.S. Post Office with his American Letter Mail Company, which was forced out of business by the United States federal government
Jan 21 Bronisław Trentowski a Polish "Messianist" philosopher, pedagogist, journalist and Freemason, and the chief representative of the Polish Messianist "national philosophy.".
Jan 21 Juan Crisóstomo Torrico President of Peru during a brief period in 1842. At age 34, he was the youngest ever president of Peru
Jan 27 David Strauss a German theologian and writer. He scandalized Christian Europe with his portrayal of the "historical Jesus", whose divine nature he denied. His work was connected to the Tübingen School, which revolutionized study of the New Testament, early Christianity, and ancient religions. Strauss was a pioneer in the historical investigation of Jesus
Jan 28 Jean Joseph François Poujoulat a French historian and journalist.
Feb 1 Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) the third surviving daughter and ninth child of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Feb 3 Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877) born on 3 February 1808 in Weimar. She was a princess of Saxe-Wiemar-Eisenach by birth, and by marriage a princess of Prussia. She was the daughter of Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
Feb 4 Josef Kajetán Tyl a significant Czech dramatist, writer and actor. He was a notable figure of the Czech National Revival movement and is best known as the author of the current national anthem of the Czech Republic titled Kde domov můj
Feb 5 Carl Spitzweg a German romanticist painter and poet. He is considered to be one of the most important artists of the Biedermeier era
Feb 10 Georg Weber (historian) a German historian. He studied at Erlangen. In 1839, he became a teacher in the high school of Heidelberg, and from 1848 to 1872 was its director. Among Weber's historical publications may be mentioned Geschichte der englischen Reformation ; Weltgeschichte in übersichtlicher Darstellung ; Geschichte des Volkes Israel ; and Allgemeine Weltgeschichte für die gebildeten Stände
Feb 14 Michael Costa (conductor) an Italian-born conductor and composer who achieved success in England.
Feb 15 Karl Friedrich Lessing a German historical and landscape painter, grandnephew of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. He was born near Breslau, and was a pupil of Heinrich Anton Dähling at the Berlin Academy. He first devoted himself to landscape. In his the period of his artistic career Lessing was influenced by the landscapes of Caspar David Friedrich: his themes he depicted were castle ruins, forgotten cemeteries, rugged rock formations, which he inhabited with figures of monks, knights and thieves. In 1826 obtained a prize with his Cemetery in Ruins. He accompanied Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow to Düsseldorf, where he continued his studies, devoting himself to historical paintings. In 1830, when Schadow went to Italy, Lessing occupied his place as director of the academy, exercising great influence on the Düsseldorf school of painting. His picture Das trauernde Königspaar brought him great popularity. In 1837, he received a gold medal at Paris; he was a member of the Berlin Academy and was the recipient of several orders. In 1858 he was appointed director of the gallery at Karlsruhe, where he continued his activity as a painter until his death in 1880
Feb 16 Jean Baptiste Gustave Planche a French art and literary critic.
Feb 17 Paul de Ladmirault a French general active in the French conquest of Algeria and during the wars of the Second French Empire.
Feb 18 Aleksey Gornostayev a Russian architect, notable as a pioneer in Russian Revival, the builder of Valaam Monastery hermitages, Trinity-Sergius Convent in Saint Petersburg and Uspenski Cathedral in Helsinki. He is credited with the rebirth of traditional tented roof architecture of Russian North
Feb 20 Pierre Dumoulin-Borie a French Catholic missionary priest and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society. He is a Catholic saint, canonized in 1988 along with other Vietnamese Martyrs
Feb 21 Robert Campbell (fur trader) a Hudson's Bay Company fur trader and explorer. He explored a large part of the southern Yukon and northern British Columbia. He established the short-lived Dease Lake Post, and in 1838 he was the first European to reach the Stikine River overland. He established Fort Frances, Yukon on Frances Lake in the Liard River basin. In 1840 he crossed from Frances Lake to the Pelly River becoming the first European to explore the upper Yukon River Basin. He established Fort Selkirk, Yukon at the juncture of the Yukon River and the Pelly River
Feb 23 Pyotr Kireevsky a Russian folklorist many of whose materials remain unpublished to this day.
Feb 26 Nathan Kelley a United States architect and builder. He was a prolific architect whose designs dominated the cityscape of Columbus, Ohio at the middle of the 19th century
Feb 26 Honoré Daumier a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.
Feb 27 August Giacomo Jochmus an Austrian lieutenant field marshal, and minister of the German Confederation. He spent his life in Greek, English, Spanish and Turkish service, was briefly foreign minister and Navy minister of the Frankfurt Parliament of the German Confederation in 1849 and finished his career as an Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal
Feb 28 Elias Parish Alvars an English harpist and composer.
Feb 29 Hugh Falconer a Scottish geologist, botanist, palaeontologist, and paleoanthropologist. He studied the flora, fauna, and geology of India, Assam, and Burma, and was the first to suggest the modern evolutionary theory of punctuated equilibrium. He was the first to discover the Siwalik fossil beds, and may also have been the first person to discover a fossil ape
Feb 29 Charles Pritchard a British astronomer, clergyman, and educational reformer.
Mar 1 Edward "Ned" Kendall a bandleader and musician who played the keyed bugle. He was known for his Boston Brass Band, itself a pioneer in all-brass bands, and for a trumpet-playing showdown with the former leader of the Boston Brigade Band, Patrick Gilmore. He was also known for his silver bugle, a gift from Queen Victoria
Mar 3 James Hope (Royal Navy officer) a Royal Navy officer.
Mar 7 Johann Kaspar Bluntschli a Swiss jurist and politician.
Mar 11 Agustín Morales a military officer and de facto President of Bolivia between 1871 and 1872.
Mar 14 Narcissa Whitman an American missionary in the Oregon Country of what would become the state of Washington. Along with Eliza Hart Spalding , she was the first European-American woman to cross the Rocky Mountains in 1836 on her way to found the Protestant Whitman Mission with husband Marcus Whitman near modern day Walla Walla, Washington
Mar 19 Johann Andreas Schubert a German general engineer , designer and university lecturer.
Mar 20 Antoine Étex a French sculptor, painter and architect.
Mar 22 David Swinson Maynard an American pioneer and doctor, and one of Seattle's primary founders. He was an effective civic booster and, compared to other white settlers, a relative advocate of Native American rights. His friendship with Chief Seattle was important in the formation of the city of Seattle, and it was he who proposed the city be named for this important chief. Maynard was Seattle's first doctor, merchant prince, second lawyer, Sub-Indian Agent, Justice of the Peace, and Architect of the Point Elliott Treaty of 1855
Mar 22 Ludwig Lange (architect) a German architect and landscape designer.
Mar 24 Maria Malibran a mezzo-soprano who commonly sang both contralto and soprano parts, and was one of the most famous opera singers of the 19th century. Malibran was known for her stormy personality and dramatic intensity, becoming a legendary figure after her death at age 28. Contemporary accounts of her voice describe its range, power and flexibility as extraordinary
Mar 24 Empress Xiaoquancheng the third official spouse and second Empress Consort of the Daoguang Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. She was the birth mother of Daoguang's successor, the Xianfeng Emperor
Mar 25 José de Espronceda a Romantic Spanish poet.
Mar 26 John William Ritchie a Canadian lawyer and politician from Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. Ritchie was the son of Thomas Ritchie and Elizabeth Wildman Johnston. He studied law with his uncle James William Johnston and was admitted to the bar in 1831. Appointed to the Nova Scotia legislative council as Solicitor General in 1864, he was a delegate to the London Conference on Canadian Confederation and as such is considered one of the Fathers of Confederation. Appointed to the Canadian Senate in 1867, he was a judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia from 1873 to 1882. His younger brother, William Johnstone Ritchie, was Chief Justice of Canada. His daughter was Eliza Ritchie
Mar 28 Knud Baade a Norwegian painter, mostly of portraits and landscapes. He was particularly known for his moonlight paintings which are characterized by strong and dramatic contrasts between light and shadow
Mar 31 James Pinckney Henderson a United States and Republic of Texas lawyer, politician, soldier, and the first Governor of the State of Texas.
Apr 3 Manuel Gutiérrez de la Concha Not to be confused with Manuel de la Concha.
Apr 4 Ronald Campbell Gunn a South African-born Australian botanist and politician.
Apr 5 Therese Elssler a dancer.
Apr 8 Philipp Christoph Zeller a German entomologist.