Died in 1809

Jan 2 Nikolai Sheremetev a Russian count, the son of Petr Borisovich Sheremetev, notable grandee of the epoch of empresses Anna Ivanovna, Elizabeth Petrovna, and Catherine He was also the grandson of Boris Petrovich Sheremetev.
Jan 3 Henri-Pierre Danloux a French painter and draftsman.
Jan 16 John Moore (British Army officer) a British soldier and General, also known as Moore of Corunna. He is best known for his military training reforms and for his death at the Battle of Corunna, in which he defeated a French army under Marshal Soult during the Peninsular War
Jan 21 Josiah Hornblower an English engineer and statesman in America Belleville, New Jersey. He was a delegate for New Jersey in the Continental Congress in 1785 and 1786
Feb 10 Jörgen Zoega a Danish archaeologist and numismatist; born at Daler near Tønder, near the west coast of northern Schleswig.
Feb 22 Count Ludwig von Cobenzl a diplomat and politician of the Habsburg Monarchy.
Feb 23 Dirk van der Aa best known for his allegorical work.
Mar 6 Thomas Heyward Jr. a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and of the Articles of Confederation as a representative of South Carolina.
Mar 7 Jean-Pierre Blanchard a French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight.
Mar 7 Johann Georg Albrechtsberger an Austrian musician.
Mar 20 Mary Bateman an English criminal and alleged witch, known as the "Yorkshire Witch", who was tried and executed for murder during the early 19th century.
Mar 23 Thomas Holcroft an English dramatist and miscellaneous writer.
Mar 27 Joseph-Marie Vien born at Montpellier. He was the last holder of the post of Premier peintre du Roi, serving from 1789 to 1791
Apr 4 Vasily Chichagov an admiral in the Russian Navy and an explorer. He was the father of Pavel Chichagov, a Russian admiral during the Napoleonic Wars
Apr 17 Johann Christian Kittel a German organist, composer, and teacher. He was one of the last students of Johann Sebastian Bach. His students included Michael Gotthard Fischer, Karl Gottlieb Umbreit, Johann Wilhelm Hässler and Christian Heinrich Rinck
Apr 19 Cyprian Godebski a Polish poet, novelist and father of writer Franciszek Ksawery. He was an outstanding poet of the so-called "Legions Poetry"
Apr 23 Theodor von Reding born and raised in Switzerland where he commenced his military career. He served in Spain as a governor and general, leading Swiss and Spanish troops against Napoleonic forces and was admired for his leadership and bravery
Apr 27 Frederick Charles Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg a member of the House of Guelph. he was a Danish field marshal and also the last Duke of Brunswick-Bevern.
May 1 François Laurent d'Arlandes a French marquis, soldier and a pioneer of hot air ballooning. He and Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier made the first manned free balloon flight on 21 November 1783, in a Montgolfier balloon
May 5 Berek Joselewicz a Jewish-Polish merchant and a colonel of the Polish Army during the Kościuszko Uprising. Joselewicz commanded the first Jewish military formation in modern history
May 8 Augustin Pajou a French sculptor, born in Paris. At eighteen he won the Prix de Rome, and at thirty exhibited his Pluton tenant Cerbère enchaîné
May 10 Peter Karl Ott von Bátorkéz joined the Austrian army and fought in the wars against the Kingdom of Prussia, Ottoman Turkey, and the First French Republic in the last half of the 18th century. During the French Revolutionary Wars, he rose in rank to general officer and twice campaigned against the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in Italy. He played a key role in the Marengo campaign in 1800. He was Proprietor of an Austrian Hussar regiment from 1801 to 1809
May 13 Beilby Porteus a Church of England reformer and a leading abolitionist in England. He was the first Anglican in a position of authority to seriously challenge the Church's position on slavery
May 17 Leopold Auenbrugger the Austrian physician who invented percussion as a diagnostic technique. On the strength of this discovery, he is considered one of the founders of modern medicine
May 19 Stevan Sinđelić a Serbian military commander of the Resava Infantry Brigade of the Serbian Revolutionary Army which fought during the First Serbian Uprising against Ottoman rule. As the commander of the Resava Brigade, he fought in many battles and skirmishes against Ottoman foot-soldiers, including the Battle of Ivankovac in 1805 and the Battle of Deligrad in 1806. He is remembered for his actions during the Battle of Čegar Hill in 1809, in which he and the Resava Brigade found themselves surrounded by the Ottomans. Encircled and without much chance of survival, Sinđelić ignited the gunpowder kegs in the powder cave, creating an enormous explosion that killed him, all of the Serb rebels and Ottoman soldiers
May 21 Jean-Louis-Brigitte Espagne a French cavalry commander of the French Revolutionary Wars, who rose to the top military rank of General of Division and took part to the Napoleonic Wars.
May 29 Johannes von Müller a Swiss historian.
May 31 Ferdinand von Schill a Prussian officer who revolted unsuccessfully against French domination in May 1809.
May 31 Jean Lannes a Marshal of the Empire. He was one of Napoleon's most daring and talented generals. Napoleon once commented on Lannes: "I found him a pygmy and left him a giant". A personal friend of the emperor, he was allowed to address him with the familiar "tu", as opposed to the formal "vous"
May 31 Joseph Haydn a prominent and prolific composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet"
Jun 8 Thomas Paine an English and American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. As the author of the two most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution, he inspired the rebels in 1776 to declare independence from Britain. His ideas reflected Enlightenment-era rhetoric of transnational human rights. He has been called "a corsetmaker by trade, a journalist by profession, and a propagandist by inclination"
Jun 9 Nicolai Abildgaard a Danish neoclassical and royal history painter, sculptor, architect, and professor of painting, mythology, and anatomy at the New Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen, Denmark. Many of his works were in the royal Christiansborg Palace , Fredensborg Palace, and Levetzau Palace at Amalienborg
Jun 21 Daniel Lambert a gaol keeper and animal breeder from Leicester, England, famous for his unusually large size. After serving four years as an apprentice at an engraving and die casting works in Birmingham, he returned to Leicester around 1788 and succeeded his father as keeper of Leicester's gaol. He was a keen sportsman and extremely strong, on one occasion he fought a bear in the streets of Leicester. He was an expert in sporting animals, widely respected for his expertise with dogs, horses and fighting cocks
Jul 3 Joseph Quesnel a French Canadian composer, poet, and playwright. Among his works were two operas, Colas et Colinette and Lucas et Cécile; the former is considered to be the first Canadian opera
Jul 6 Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle a French cavalry general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, often called "The Hussar General". He first gained fame for his role in the Capitulation of Stettin. Over the course of his short career, he became known as a daring adventurer and was credited with many exploits. Eventually, he fought on every front and was killed at the Battle of Wagram
Jul 7 Yakov Bulgakov a Russian diplomat best remembered as Catherine II's emissary in Constantinople in the 1780s.
Jul 14 Nicodemus the Hagiorite a saint of the Greek Orthodox Church. He was an ascetic monk, mystic, theologian, and philosopher. His life's work was a revival of traditional Christian practices and patristic literature. He wrote ascetic prayer literature and influenced the rediscovery of Hesychasm, a method of contemplative prayer from the Byzantine period. He is most famous for his work with Macarius of Corinth on the anthology of monastic spiritual writings known as The Philokalia. He was recognised as a saint by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople in 1955
Jul 22 Jean Senebier a Swiss pastor who wrote many works on vegetable physiology.
Jul 24 Johann Gottfried Eckard a German pianist and composer.
Jul 28 Richard Beckett (cricketer) an English amateur cricketer and a captain in the Coldstream Guards during the Napoleonic Wars.
Aug 2 Joseph Emin a prominent figure of the Armenian national liberation movement who travelled to various European countries and Russia in order to secure support for the liberation of Armenia from Persia and the Ottoman Empire. He married Thangoom-Khatoon in 1776, whose grave lies next to his
Aug 9 Josef Philipp Vukassovich a Croatian soldier who joined the army of Habsburg Monarchy and fought against both Ottoman Empire and the First French Republic. During the French Revolutionary Wars, he commanded a brigade in the 1796–1797 Italian campaign against Napoleon Bonaparte. He led a division during the Napoleonic Wars and received a fatal wound in action
Aug 12 Mikhail Kamensky a Russian Field Marshal prominent in the Catherinian wars and the Napoleonic campaigns.
Aug 17 Matthew Boulton an English manufacturer and business partner of Scottish engineer James Watt. In the final quarter of the 18th century, the partnership installed hundreds of Boulton & Watt steam engines, which were a great advance on the state of the art, making possible the mechanisation of factories and mills. Boulton applied modern techniques to the minting of coins, striking millions of pieces for Britain and other countries, and supplying the Royal Mint with up-to-date equipment
Aug 30 Ignacy Potocki a Polish nobleman, member of the influential magnate Potocki family, owner of Klementowice and Olesin , a politician, writer, and office holder. He was the Marshal of the Permanent Council in 1778–1782, Grand Clerk of Lithuania from 1773, Court Marshal of Lithuania from 1783, Grand Marshal of Lithuania from 16 April 1791 to 1794
Sep 7 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke the founder and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri of Siam. His full title is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramoruraja Maha Chakri Borommanat Phraphutthayotfa Chulalok. He ascended the throne in 1782, after defeating a rebellion which had deposed King Taksin of Thonburi. He was also celebrated as the founder of Rattanakosin as the new capital of the reunited kingdom. Rama I was born from a Mon family where his father served in the royal court in the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, and had served King Taksin in wars against the Burmese Konbaung dynasty and helped him in the reunification of Siam. During this time he emerged as Siam's most powerful military leader. In 1782, he took control of Siam and crowned himself as the monarch
Sep 7 Caroline Schelling a noted German intellectual. She was one of the so-called Universitätsmamsellen, a group of five academically active women during the 18th-and 19th century, daughters of academics on Göttingen University, alongside Meta Forkel-Liebeskind, Therese Huber, Philippine Engelhard, and Dorothea Schlözer
Sep 9 August Ludwig von Schlözer a German historian who laid foundations for the critical study of Russian history.
Sep 14 Jean Boudet a French général de division of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The campaigns in which he was involved include the Saint-Domingue expedition. He was made a grand officer of the Légion d'honneur on 2 June 1809 and a knight of the Order of the Iron Crown, as well as a Comte de l'Empire in 1808. His name is engraved on the 16th column of the east side of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
Sep 29 Charles-François Dupuis a French savant, a professor of rhetoric at the Collège de Lisieux, Paris, who studied for the law in his spare time and was received as avocat in 1770. He also ventured into the field of mathematics and served on the committee that developed the French Republican Calendar. Along with Constantin François Chassebœuf de Volney Dupuis was known for developing the Christ myth theory, which argued that Christianity was an amalgamation of various ancient mythologies and that Jesus was a mythical character