1809 events in history

Jan 6 Combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces begin the Invasion of Cayenne during the Napoleonic Wars
Jan 16 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of La Coruña
Feb 3 The Territory of Illinois is created by the 10th United States Congress
Feb 24 London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute
Mar 13 Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden is deposed in a coup d'état
Mar 27 Peninsular War: A combined Franco-Polish force defeats the Spanish in the Battle of Ciudad-Real
Mar 28 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin
Mar 29 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden
Apr 10 Napoleonic Wars: The War of the Fifth Coalition begins when forces of the Austrian Empire invade Bavaria
Apr 11 Battle of the Basque Roads Naval battle fought between France and the United Kingdom
Apr 19 An Austrian corps is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition. On the same day the Austrian main army is defeated by a First French Empire Corps led by Louis-Nicolas Davout at the Battle of Teugen-Hausen in Bavaria, part of a four-day campaign that ended in a French victory
Apr 20 Two Austrian army corps in Bavaria are defeated by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France at the Battle of Abensberg on the second day of a four-day campaign that ended in a French victory
Apr 21 Two Austrian army corps are driven from Landshut by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France as two French corps to the north hold off the main Austrian army on the first day of the Battle of Eckmühl
Apr 22 The second day of the Battle of Eckmühl: the Austrian army is defeated by the First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France and driven over the Danube in Regensburg
May 5 Mary Kies becomes the first woman awarded a U.S. patent, for a technique of weaving straw with silk and thread
May 5 The Swiss canton of Aargau denies citizenship to Jews
May 21 The first day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling between the Austrian army led by Archduke Charles and the French army led by Napoleon I of France sees the French attack across the Danube held
May 22 On the second and last day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling (near Vienna, Austria), Napoleon I is repelled by an enemy army for the first time
May 25 Chuquisaca Revolution: a group of patriots in Chuquisaca (modern day Sucre) revolt against the Spanish Empire, starting the South American Wars of Independence
Jun 6 Sweden promulgates a new Constitution, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after 20 years of enlightened absolutism. At the same time, Charles XIII is elected to succeed Gustav IV Adolf as King of Sweden
Jul 5 The Battle of Wagram is fought
Jul 6 The second day of the Battle of Wagram; France defeats the Austrian army in the largest battle to date of the Napoleonic Wars
Jul 16 The city of La Paz, in what is today Bolivia, declares its independence from the Spanish Crown during the La Paz revolution and forms the Junta Tuitiva, the first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
Jul 28 Peninsular War: Battle of Talavera – Sir Arthur Wellesley's British, Portuguese and Spanish army defeats a French force led by Joseph Bonaparte
Aug 10 Quito, now the capital of Ecuador, declares independence from Spain. This rebellion will be crushed on August 2, 1810
Sep 17 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn
Sep 18 The Royal Opera House in London opens
Oct 11 Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand
Nov 18 In a naval action during the Napoleonic Wars, French frigates defeat British East Indiamen in the Bay of Bengal
Dec 25 Dr. Ephraim McDowell performs the first ovariotomy, removing a 22 pound tumor