1812 in history

1812 events chronologically

Jan 1 The Bishop of Durham, Shute Barrington, orders troops from Durham Castle to break up a miners strike in Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham
Jan 19 Peninsular War: After a ten-day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo
Feb 7 The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri
Feb 11 Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry "gerrymanders" for the first time
Feb 27 Poet Lord Byron gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire
Feb 27 Argentine War of Independence: Manuel Belgrano raises the Flag of Argentina in the city of Rosario for the first time
Mar 16 Battle of Badajoz (March 16 – April 6) – British and Portuguese forces besieged and defeated French garrison during Peninsular War

Top 7 most famous people born in 1812

Jan 8 Sigismond Thalberg a composer and one of the most distinguished virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
Feb 7 Charles Dickens an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's most well-known fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period. During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented popularity, and by the twentieth century he was widely seen as a literary genius by critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to be widely popular
Mar 1 Augustus Pugin an English architect, designer, artist and critic, chiefly remembered for his pioneering role in the Gothic Revival style; his work culminated in the interior design of the Palace of Westminster. Pugin designed many churches in England, and some in Ireland and Australia. Pugin was the son of Auguste Pugin, and the father of E.W. and Peter Paul Pugin, who continued his architectural firm as Pugin & Pugin
Apr 6 Alexander Herzen a Russian writer and thinker known as the "father of Russian socialism" and one of the main fathers of agrarian populism. He is held responsible for creating a political climate leading to the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. His autobiography My Past and Thoughts, written with grace, energy, and ease, is often considered the best specimen of that genre in Russian literature. He also published the important social novel Who is to Blame?
Apr 14 George Grey a soldier, explorer, Governor of South Australia, twice Governor of New Zealand, Governor of Cape Colony , the 11th Premier of New Zealand and a writer.
May 7 Robert Browning an English poet and playwright whose mastery of dramatic verse, especially dramatic monologues, made him one of the foremost Victorian poets.
Jun 18 Ivan Goncharov a Russian novelist best known for his novels A Common Story , Oblomov , and The Precipice. He also served in many official capacities, including the position of censor

Top 7 most famous people died in 1812

Feb 2 Isaac Titsingh a Dutch surgeon, scholar, merchant-trader and ambassador.
Mar 20 Jan Ladislav Dussek a Czech composer and pianist. He was an important representative of Czech music abroad in the second half of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. Some of his more forward-looking piano works have traits often associated with Romanticism
Apr 20 George Clinton (vice president) an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He served as Governor of New York from 1777 to 1795, then again from 1801 to 1804, then serving as the fourth Vice President of the United States from 1805 to 1812, serving under Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Until the election of Terry Branstad of Iowa in November 2014, he was the longest-serving governor in the history of the United States , and he and John Calhoun are the only persons to have served as Vice President under two different U.S. Presidents
May 11 Spencer Perceval the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 4 October 1809 until his death on 11 May 1812. He is the only British Prime Minister to have been assassinated. He is also the only Solicitor General or Attorney General to have been Prime Minister
Sep 24 Pyotr Bagration a prominent general of the Imperial Russian Army during the Napoleonic Wars and other conflicts involving the Russian Empire. He was a descendant of the Georgian royal Bagrationi dynasty
Oct 13 Isaac Brock a British Army officer and administrator from Guernsey. Brock was assigned to Lower Canada in 1802. Despite facing desertions and near-mutinies, he commanded his regiment in Upper Canada successfully for many years. He was promoted to major general, and became responsible for defending Upper Canada against the United States. While many in Canada and Britain believed war could be averted, Brock began to ready the army and militia for what was to come. When the War of 1812 broke out, the populace was prepared, and quick victories at Fort Mackinac and Detroit defeated American invasion efforts
Dec 20 Sacagawea a Lemhi Shoshone woman, who accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition, acting as an interpreter and guide, in their exploration of the Western United States. She traveled thousands of miles from North Dakota to the Pacific Ocean between 1804 and 1806