Born in 1813

Jan 4 Isaac Pitman an English teacher who developed the most widely used system of shorthand, known now as Pitman shorthand. He first proposed this in Stenographic Soundhand in 1837. Pitman was a qualified teacher and taught at a private school he founded in Wotton-under-Edge - The British School, Wotton-under-Edge. He was also the vice president of the Vegetarian Society. Pitman was knighted in 1894
Jan 4 Louis Lucien Bonaparte the third son of Napoleon's second surviving brother, Lucien Bonaparte. He was born at Thorngrove, mansion in Grimley, Worcestershire, England, where his family were temporarily interned after having been captured by the British en route to America
Jan 4 Baron Alexander von Bach an Austrian politician. His most notable achievement was instituting a system of centralized control at the beginning of the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria
Jan 6 Hipolit Cegielski a Polish businessman and social and cultural activist. He founded Cegielski - Poznań S.A. in 1846
Jan 15 Yvon Villarceau a French astronomer, mathematician, and engineer.
Jan 16 Georges Darboy a French Catholic priest, later bishop of Nancy then archbishop of Paris. He was among a group of prominent hostages executed as the Paris Commune of 1871 was about to be overthrown
Jan 18 Joseph Glidden an American farmer who patented barbed wire, a product that forever altered the development of the American West.
Jan 19 Henry Bessemer an English engineer, inventor, and businessman. Bessemer's name is chiefly known in connection with the Bessemer process for the manufacture of steel
Jan 21 John C. Frémont an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States. During the 1840s, when he led four expeditions into the American West, that era's penny press and admiring historians accorded Frémont the sobriquet The Pathfinder
Jan 23 Camilla Collett a Norwegian writer, often referred to as the first Norwegian feminist. She was also the younger sister of Norwegian poet Henrik Wergeland, and is recognized as being one of the first contributors to realism in Norwegian literature. Her younger brother was Major General Joseph Frantz Oscar Wergeland
Jan 24 Prince August of Württemberg a royal Prussian Colonel General of the Cavalry with the rank of Generalfeldmarschall and Kommandierender General of the Guards Corps for more than 20 years. August was a member of the House of Württemberg and a Prince of Württemberg by birth
Jan 25 J. Marion Sims a physician and a pioneer in the field of surgery, considered by some as the father of modern gynecology. His most significant work was to develop a surgical technique for the repair of vesicovaginal fistula, a severe complication of obstructed childbirth
Jan 26 Juan Pablo Duarte one of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic. He was a visionary and liberal thinker, who along with Francisco del Rosario Sánchez and Matías Ramón Mella, is widely considered to be the architect of the Dominican Republic and its independence from Haitian rule in 1844. He would help create the political-military organization La Trinitaria to fight against the Haitian occupation, achieve independence, and a create a self-sufficient nation established on the liberal ideals of a democratic government
Jan 31 Agostino Depretis an Italian statesman. He was the Prime Minister of Italy from March 25, 1876 – March 24, 1878, December 19, 1878 – July 14, 1879, and May 29, 1881 – July 29, 1887
Feb 8 Samo Tomášik a Slovak romantic poet and prosaist.
Feb 8 Karl Weltzien a German scientist who was Professor of Chemistry at the Technische Hochschule of Karlsruhe from 1848 to 1869. Starting about 1840, Weltzien constructed new laboratories for chemistry research and teaching at Karlsruhe. Weltzien's successor as Professor of Chemistry was Lothar Meyer
Feb 11 Otto Ludwig (writer) a German dramatist, novelist and critic born in Eisfeld in Thuringia. He was one of Germany's first modern realists and one of the most notable dramatists of the period
Feb 12 James Dwight Dana an American geologist, mineralogist, volcanologist, and zoologist. He made pioneering studies of mountain-building, volcanic activity, and the origin and structure of continents and oceans around the world
Feb 14 Alexander Dargomyzhsky a 19th-century Russian composer. He bridged the gap in Russian opera composition between Mikhail Glinka and the later generation of The Five and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Feb 16 Semen Hulak-Artemovsky a Ukrainian opera composer, singer , actor, and dramatist who lived and worked in Imperial Russia.
Feb 16 Joseph R. Anderson an American civil engineer, industrialist, and soldier. During the American Civil War he served as a Confederate general, and his Tredegar Iron Company was a major source of munitions and ordnance for the Confederate States Army
Feb 21 Eugène Bonnemère a French historian and writer.
Feb 23 Franz Delitzsch a German Lutheran theologian and Hebraist. Born in Leipzig, he held the professorship of theology at the University of Rostock from 1846 to 1850, at the University of Erlangen until 1867, and after that at the University of Leipzig until his death. Delitzsch wrote many commentaries on books of the Bible, Jewish antiquities, Biblical psychology, a history of Jewish poetry, and Christian apologetics
Feb 28 Pōmare IV the Queen of Tahiti between 1827 and 1877. She was the fourth monarch of the Kingdom of Tahiti
Mar 2 George Alexander Macfarren an English composer and musicologist.
Mar 4 Lev Kulchitsky a Russian rear-admiral and the 13th governor of Taganrog, member of the Admiralty since 1856.
Mar 8 Japetus Steenstrup a Danish zoologist, biologist, and professor.
Mar 8 Gérard Daniel Westendorp a Dutch born, Belgian military physician and botanist.
Mar 9 Timofey Granovsky a founder of mediaeval studies in the Russian Empire.
Mar 9 Walter S. Gurnee served as Mayor of Chicago for the Democratic Party. The town of Gurnee, Illinois is named for him
Mar 14 Joseph P. Bradley an American jurist best known for his service on the United States Supreme Court, and on the Electoral Commission that decided the disputed 1876 presidential election.
Mar 15 John Snow (physician) an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anaesthesia and medical hygiene. He is considered one of the fathers of modern epidemiology, in part because of his work in tracing the source of a cholera outbreak in Soho, London, in 1854. His findings inspired fundamental changes in the water and waste systems of London, which led to similar changes in other cities, and a significant improvement in general public health around the world
Mar 16 Gaëtan de Rochebouët a French general who served as Prime Minister for less than a month in late 1877.
Mar 17 Anton Dominik Fernkorn a German-Austrian sculptor. He was born in Erfurt, Thuringia and died in Vienna
Mar 18 David Livingstone a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an explorer in Africa. His meeting with M. Stanley on 10 November 1871 gave rise to the popular quotation "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Perhaps one of the most popular national heroes of the late 19th century in Victorian Britain, Livingstone had a mythic status, which operated on a number of interconnected levels: Protestant missionary martyr, working-class "rags to riches" inspirational story, scientific investigator and explorer, imperial reformer, anti-slavery crusader, and advocate of commercial empire. His fame as an explorer helped drive forward the obsession with discovering the sources of the River Nile that formed the culmination of the classic period of European geographical discovery and colonial penetration of the African continent
Mar 18 Christian Friedrich Hebbel a German poet and dramatist.
Mar 21 James Strang an American religious leader, politician and self-proclaimed monarch who founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints , a faction of the Latter Day Saint movement. A major contender for leadership of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints during the 1844 succession crisis, Strang vied with Brigham Young and Sidney Rigdon for control of the main body of Latter Day Saints in Nauvoo, Illinois before his rejection by that group led him to start his own sect. While serving as Prophet, Seer and Revelator of his church—which he claimed to be the sole legitimate continuation of the Church of Christ founded by Joseph Smith, in 1830—Strang reigned for six years as the crowned "king" of an ecclesiastical monarchy that he established on Beaver Island in the US state of Michigan. Building an organization that eventually rivaled Young's in Utah, Strang gained nearly 12,000 adherents prior to his murder in 1856, which brought down his kingdom and all but extinguished his sect
Mar 23 Cezar Bolliac a Wallachian and Romanian radical political figure, amateur archaeologist, journalist and Romantic poet.
Mar 27 David Monro a New Zealand politician. He served as Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives from 1861 to 1870
Mar 27 Nathaniel Currier an American lithographer, who headed the company Currier & Ives with James Ives.
Mar 31 Auguste Carayon a French Jesuit author and bibliographer.
Apr 11 Carl Jaenisch a Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist. In the 1840s, he was among the top players in the world
Apr 12 Princess Marie of Orléans (1813–1839) a French princess and, by her marriage, duchess of Württemberg. She was solidly educated on her father's insistence, and took up sculpture and drawing
Apr 15 Theodor Kotschy an Austrian botanist and explorer who was a native of Ustroń, in Austrian Silesia. He was the son of theologian Carl Friedrich Kotschy
Apr 18 James McCune Smith an American physician, apothecary, abolitionist, and author. He is the first African American to hold a medical degree and graduated at the top in his class at the University of Glasgow, Scotland. He was the first African American to run a pharmacy in the United States
Apr 18 László Szalay a Hungarian statesman and historian.
Apr 18 Franz Ittenbach a German religious painter from Königswinter, at the foot of the Drachenfels.
Apr 20 Henry Theodore Tuckerman an American writer, essayist and critic.
Apr 22 Jørgen Moe a Norwegian folklorist, bishop, poet and author. He is best known for the Norske Folkeeventyr, a collection of Norwegian folk tales which he edited in collaboration with Peter Christen Asbjørnsen
Apr 23 Frédéric Ozanam a French scholar. He founded with fellow students the Conference of Charity, later known as the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II in the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris in 1997, hence he may be properly called Blessed Frederic by Catholics. His feast day is September 9