Died in 1813

Jan 3 Bennelong a senior man of the Eora, an Aboriginal people of the Port Jackson area, at the time of the first British settlement in Australia, in 1788. Bennelong served as an interlocutor between the Eora and the British, both in Sydney and in the United Kingdom
Jan 6 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers a French Army general who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was the father of Achille Baraguey d'Hilliers, a Marshal of France, and the father-in-law of General Damrémont, governor-general of Algeria
Jan 14 William Marlow an English landscape and marine painter and etcher.
Jan 15 Anton Bernolák a Slovak linguist and Catholic priest and the author of the first Slovak language standard.
Jan 20 Christoph Martin Wieland a German poet and writer.
Feb 3 Samuel Ashe (North Carolina) the ninth Governor of the U.S. State of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798
Feb 8 Tadeusz Czacki a Polish historian, pedagogue and numismatist. Czacki played an important part in the Enlightenment in Poland
Feb 15 Józef Mikołaj Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble.
Feb 20 Charles White (physician) an English physician and a co-founder of the Manchester Royal Infirmary, along with local industrialist Joseph Bancroft. White was an able and innovative surgeon who made significant contributions in the field of obstetrics
Feb 26 Robert R. Livingston (chancellor) an American lawyer, politician, diplomat from New York, and a Founding Father of the United States. He was known as "The Chancellor", after the office he held for 25 years
Mar 14 Christian Ehregott Weinlig a German composer and cantor of Dresden's Kreuzkirche.
Mar 17 Jacques Pierre Abbatucci a Corsican who became an officer in the army of Genoese Corsica, ancien regime France and the First French Republic.
Mar 23 Princess Augusta of Great Britain a granddaughter of George II and only elder sibling of George III. She married into the ducal house of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. Her daughter Caroline was the wife of George IV
Apr 3 Friederike Brion a parson's daughter who had a short, but intense love-affair with the young Johann Wolfgang Goethe.
Apr 10 Joseph-Louis Lagrange an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer. He made significant contributions to the fields of analysis, number theory, and both classical and celestial mechanics
Apr 19 Benjamin Rush a Founding Father of the United States. Rush was a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, educator and humanitarian, as well as the founder of Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Apr 27 Zebulon Pike named. As a United States Army captain in 1806–1807, he led the Pike Expedition, sent out by President Thomas Jefferson, to explore and document the southern portion of the Louisiana territory and to find the headwaters of the Red River, during which he recorded the discovery of what later was called Pikes Peak. The Pike expedition coincided with other Jefferson expeditions including the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the Thomas Freeman and Peter Custis expedition. The Pike Expedition traveled through present-day Colorado after his party confused their location. This led to capture by Spanish, who sent Pike and his men to Chihuahua, present-day Mexico and questioned by the governor. They were released later in 1807 at the border of Louisiana
Apr 28 Mikhail Kutuzov a Field Marshal of the Russian Empire. He served as one of the finest military officers and diplomats of Russia under the reign of three Romanov Tsars: Catherine II, Paul I and Alexander His military career was closely associated with the rising period of Russia from the end of the 18th century to the beginning of the 19th century. Kutuzov contributed much to the military history of Russia and is considered to have been one of the best Russian generals under the reign of Catherine He took part in the suppression of the Bar Confederation's uprising, in three of the Russo-Turkish Wars and in the Napoleonic War, including two major battles at Austerlitz and the battle of Borodino
May 1 Jean-Baptiste Bessières a Marshal of France of the Napoleonic Era. His younger brother, Bertrand, followed in his footsteps and eventually became a Divisional General. Their cousin, Géraud-Pierre-Henri-Julien also served Napoleon I as a diplomat and Imperial official
May 1 Jacques Delille a French poet and translator. He was born at Aigueperse in Auvergne and died in Paris
May 2 Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia a Prussian Prince and general, and Herrenmeister of the Bailiwick of Brandenburg of the Order of Saint John. He belonged to the House of Hohenzollern, and was the youngest son of Frederick William I of Prussia by his wife Queen Sophia Dorothea
May 5 Stepan Degtyarev a renowned Russian composer of the late 18th century. He was most famous for his nationalistic Russian Choral Music
May 10 Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger a German entomologist and zoologist.
May 23 Géraud Duroc a French general noted for his association with Napoleon.
Jun 6 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart a prominent French architect.
Jun 17 Charles Middleton 1st Baron Barham a British naval officer and politician.
Jun 22 Anton Graff an eminent Swiss portrait artist. Among his famous subjects were Friedrich Schiller, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Heinrich von Kleist, Frederick the Great, Friederike Sophie Seyler, Johann Gottfried Herder, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Moses Mendelssohn and Christian Felix Weisse. His pupils included Emma Körner, Philipp Otto Runge and Karl Ludwig Kaaz
Jun 25 Johann Ewald a German military officer from Hesse-Kassel. After first serving in the Seven Years' War, he was the commander of the Jäger corps of the Hessian Leib Infantry Regiment attached to British forces in the American Revolutionary War. He arrived with his troops, first serving in the Battle of White Plains in October 1776. He saw regular action until his capture at Yorktown in 1781. In 1788, he joined the Danish Army, where he rose to the rank of lieutenant general; he also served as governor general of Holstein during the Napoleonic Wars. Following his American war experiences, he wrote an Essay on Partisan Warfare , a widely read treatise on guerrilla warfare. He also kept a journal during most of his time in North America that has since become a valuable resource for historians of the war
Jun 26 Jean-François Cailhava de L'Estandoux a French dramatist, poet and critic.
Jun 28 Gerhard von Scharnhorst a general in Prussian service, Chief of the Prussian General Staff, noted for his military theories, his reforms of the Prussian army, and his leadership during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jul 6 Granville Sharp one of the first English campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade. He also involved himself in trying to correct other social injustices. Sharp formulated the plan to settle blacks in Sierra Leone, and founded the George's Bay Company, a forerunner of the Sierra Leone Company. His efforts led to both the founding of the Province of Freedom, and later on Freetown, Sierra Leone, and so he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of Sierra Leone. He was also a biblical scholar and classicist, and a talented musician
Jul 13 Johann Friedrich Peter an American composer of German origin. He emigrated to the United States in 1770, and for a time served as an organist and violinist with Unity of the Brethren congregations in North Carolina and Pennsylvania. As a composer he wrote mostly anthems; also included in his output are six string quintets for two violins, two violas, and a violoncello, among the earliest examples of chamber music known by a North American composer. The six string quintets, performed by the American Moravian Chamber Ensemble, were recorded and published in 1997 on New World Records 80507-2
Jul 22 George Shaw an English botanist and zoologist.
Jul 29 Jean-Andoche Junot a French general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Aug 1 Carl Stenborg a Swedish opera singer, actor, composer and theatre director. He is considered the first great male opera singer in Sweden and one of the pioneers of the Royal Swedish Opera
Aug 7 Ramram Basu a notable early scholar and translator of the Bengali language , and credited with writing the first original work of Bangla prose written by a Bengali.
Aug 11 Henry James Pye an English poet. Pye was Poet Laureate from 1790 until his death. He was the first poet laureate to receive a fixed salary of £27 instead of the historic tierce of Canary wine
Aug 12 Samuel Osgood an American merchant and statesman born in North Andover, Massachusetts, parent town of the Andovers. His family home still stands at 440 Osgood Street in North Andover and his home in New York City, the Samuel Osgood House, served as the country's first Presidential mansion. He served in the Massachusetts and New York State legislatures, represented Massachusetts in the Continental Congress and was the first Postmaster General of the United States, serving during George Washington's first term
Aug 20 Johann Baptist Wanhal an important Czech classical music composer. He was born in Nechanice, Bohemia, and died in Vienna
Aug 21 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark Queen of Sweden as the spouse of King Gustav III.
Aug 23 Alexander Wilson a Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, naturalist, and illustrator. Identified by George Ord as the "Father of American Ornithology," Wilson is now regarded as the greatest American ornithologist before Audubon
Aug 23 Ivan Essen a Russian lieutenant general and military governor of Riga at the start of the Patriotic War of 1812.
Aug 26 Daniel Gottlob Türk a notable composer, organist, and music professor of the Classical Period.
Aug 26 Theodor Körner (author) a German poet and soldier. After some time in Vienna, where he wrote some light comedies and other works for the Burgtheater, he became a soldier and joined the Lützow Free Corps in the German uprising against Napoleon. During these times, he displayed personal courage in many fights, and encouraged his comrades by fiery patriotic lyrics he composed, among these being the “Schwertlied" , composed during a lull in fighting only a few hours before his death, and “Lützows wilde Jagd" , each set to music by both Carl Maria von Weber and Franz Schubert. He was often called the “German Tyrtaeus.”
Sep 2 Jean Victor Marie Moreau a French general who helped Napoleon Bonaparte to power, but later became a rival and was banished to the United States.
Sep 4 Jean-François Thomas de Thomon a French neoclassical architect who worked in Eastern Europe in 1791–1813. Thomas de Thomon was the author of Old Saint Petersburg Stock Exchange and Rostral Columns on the spit of Vasilievsky Island in Saint Petersburg and the first building of the Odessa Theatre, destroyed by fire in 1873. Thomas de Thomon, graduate of the French Academy in Rome, "imported" the high classicism practiced by this school in 1780s into Russia and thus contributed to the formation of Russian national variant of neoclassicism practiced during the reign of Alexander I
Sep 4 James Wyatt an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.
Sep 9 George I Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1812 to 1813.
Sep 12 Edmund Randolph an American attorney, the seventh Governor of Virginia, the second Secretary of State, and the first United States Attorney General.
Sep 13 Hezqeyas niguse negest of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Iyasu III