Born in 1814

Jan 1 Hong Xiuquan a Hakka Chinese who led the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty, establishing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom over varying portions of southern China, with himself as the "Heavenly King" and self-proclaimed brother of Jesus Christ.
Jan 1 Jean Armand Isidore Pancher a French gardener and botanist.
Jan 5 Melchor Ocampo a Mexican lawyer, scientist, and liberal politician.
Jan 6 Auguste Chapdelaine a French Christian missionary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society.
Jan 10 Aubrey Thomas de Vere an Irish poet and critic.
Jan 11 Charles Baker Adams an American educator and naturalist.
Jan 11 James Paget best remembered for Paget's disease and who is considered, together with Rudolf Virchow, as one of the founders of scientific medical pathology. His famous works included Lectures on Tumours and Lectures on Surgical Pathology. While most people recall Paget's disease refers to bone, two other diseases were also named after him: Paget's disease of the nipple , and extramammary Paget's disease. Also named for him is Paget's abscess
Jan 13 Michelangelo Celesia O.S.B. Cas. was an Italian Benedictine monk who served as the Archbishop of Palermo from 1871 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1884
Jan 15 Ludwig Schläfli a Swiss mathematician, specialising in geometry and complex analysis who was one of the key figures in developing the notion of higher-dimensional spaces. The concept of multidimensionality has come to play a pivotal role in physics, and is a common element in science fiction
Jan 17 John Mix Stanley an artist-explorer, an American painter of landscapes, and Native American portraits and tribal life. Born in the Finger Lakes region of New York, he started painting signs and portraits as a young man. In 1842 he traveled to the American West to paint Native American life. In 1846 he exhibited a gallery of 85 of his paintings in Cincinnati and Louisville. During the Mexican-American War, he joined Colonel Stephen Watts Kearney's expedition to California and painted accounts of the campaign, as well as aspects of the Oregon Territory
Jan 17 Ludwik Mierosławski a Polish general, writer, poet, historian and political activist. Took part in the November Uprising of the 1830s, after its fall he emigrated to France, where he taught Slavic history and military theory. Chosen as a commander for the Greater Poland Uprising of 1846, he was taken prisoner early but amnestied during the Spring of Nations. In 1848 and 1849 he fought for the insurgents in Baden and in the Electorate of the Palatinate. Afterwards he returned to France; he also had contacts with Italian activists like Giuseppe Garibaldi. He also took part in the January Uprising in the 1860s, as the first of four dictators of the Uprising
Jan 17 Hippolyte Lucas a French entomologist.
Jan 17 Ellen Wood (author) an English novelist, better known as "Mrs. Henry Wood". She is perhaps remembered most for her 1861 novel East Lynne, but many of her books became international best-sellers, being widely received in the United States and surpassing Charles Dickens' fame in Australia
Jan 22 Eduard Zeller a German philosopher and academic theologian of the Tübingen School of theology.
Jan 23 Alexander Cunningham a British army engineer with the Bengal Engineer Group who later took an interest in the history and archaeology of India which led to his appointment in 1861 to the newly created position of archaeological surveyor to the government of India. He founded and organized what later became the Archaeological Survey of India. He wrote numerous books and monographs and made massive collections of artefacts. Some of his collections were lost but most of the gold and silver coins in his collection were bought by the British Museum. Two of his brothers, Francis Cunningham and Joseph Cunningham became well known for their work in British India while another, Peter Cunningham, became famous for his Handbook of London
Jan 24 John Colenso William Colenso , first Church of England Bishop of Natal, mathematician, theologian, Biblical scholar and social activist.
Jan 24 Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a French Crown Princess after her marriage in 1837 to the eldest son of Louis Philippe I, Ferdinand Philippe of Orléans.
Jan 24 Pierre Frédéric Dorian a French master blacksmith and politician, a radical Republican leader. He served as Minister of public works from 4 September 1870 – 19 February 1871
Jan 27 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc a French architect and theorist, famous for his interpretive "restorations" of medieval buildings. Born in Paris, he was a major Gothic Revival architect
Feb 2 George Loring Brown an American landscape painter. He was born in Boston and first studied wood engraving under Alonzo Hartwell and worked as an illustrator. He studied painting with Washington Allston, but soon went to Europe, residing principally in Italy for years. Brown spent much of his life abroad, and the motives of his pictures are usually Italian, and there is nothing specifically American about them either in treatment or sentiment. Among the best are "Sunset in Genoa" , "Doges' Palace and Grand Canal," "Bay of Naples," "Niagara Falls in Moonlight." "The Bay of New York" was acquired by King Edward VII when visiting America as Prince of Wales
Feb 5 David T. Ansted an English geologist and author.
Feb 8 Carl Paul Caspari a Norwegian neo-Lutheran theologian and academic. He wrote several books and is best known for his interpretations and translation of the Old Testament
Feb 9 Samuel J. Tilden the 25th Governor of New York and the Democratic candidate for the U.S. Presidency in the disputed election of 1876, winning a popular vote majority, but ultimately being denied victory by the electoral college. A political reformer, he was a Bourbon Democrat who worked closely with the New York City business community and led the fight against the corruption of Tammany Hall
Feb 12 Jenny von Westphalen the wife of the philosopher Karl Marx. They became engaged in 1836 and married in 1843. They had seven children
Feb 18 Samuel Fenton Cary a congressman and significant temperance movement leader in the 19th century. Cary became well-known nationally as a prohibitionist author and lecturer
Feb 21 Nicolò Gabrielli an Italian opera composer.
Feb 22 Oskar Kolberg a Polish ethnographer, folklorist, and composer active during the foreign Partitions of Poland.
Feb 22 Friedrich Ludwig Knapp a German chemist.
Feb 24 Henry Kirke Brown an American sculptor.
Feb 26 Giuseppe Lillo an Italian composer. He is best known for his operas which followed in the same vein of Gioachino Rossini. He also produced works for solo piano, a small amount of sacred music, and some chamber music
Feb 26 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville a geologist and meteorologist.
Feb 27 Samuel Kleinschmidt a German/Danish missionary linguist born in Greenland known for having written extensively about the Greenlandic language and having invented the orthography used for writing this language from 1851 to 1973.
Feb 27 Charles Baugniet a Belgian painter, lithographer and aquarellist. His name remains attached to the lithographing of portraits of famous and lesser-known figures from Belgium, France and England. They are politicians, senior officials, prominent clergy, both from the Roman Catholic and Anglican Church, industrialists, professors, artists, musicians, actors, and people from the vaudeville world
Feb 28 Edmond Frémy a French chemist. He is perhaps best known today for Frémy's salt, a strong oxidizing agent which he discovered in 1845. Fremy's salt is a long-lived free radical that finds use as a standard in electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
Mar 5 Wilhelm von Giesebrecht a German historian.
Mar 6 Sarah Knox Taylor the daughter of Zachary Taylor, who was a career military officer during her life and later became President of the United States. She met Jefferson Davis when living with her father and family at Fort Crawford during the Black Hawk War. They married in 1835 and she died three months later of malaria
Mar 8 Ede Szigligeti a Hungarian dramatist.
Mar 9 Taras Shevchenko a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer. His literary heritage is regarded to be the foundation of modern Ukrainian literature and, to a large extent, the modern Ukrainian language. Shevchenko is also known for many masterpieces as a painter and an illustrator
Mar 22 Thomas Crawford (sculptor) best known for his numerous artistic contributions to the United States Capitol.
Mar 23 Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda a 19th-century Cuban-born Spanish writer.
Mar 27 Diego Archuleta a member of the Mexican Congress. He joined the Mexican Army to fight against the United States in the Mexican American War. Later, he was appointed an Indian Agent by President Abraham Lincoln, and joined the Union Army during the American Civil War. Archuleta became the first Hispanic to reach the military rank of Brigadier General
Mar 28 Galen Clark known as the first European American to discover the Mariposa Grove of Giant Sequoia trees, and is notable for his role in gaining legislation to protect it and the Yosemite area, and for 24 years serving as Guardian of Yosemite National Park.
Mar 30 William Woolls an Australian botanist, clergyman and schoolmaster.
Apr 1 Søren Jaabæk a Norwegian politician and farmer. Jaabæk is the longest-serving member of the Parliament of Norway in the history of Norway, and was one of the founders of the Liberal Party of Norway
Apr 2 Erastus Brigham Bigelow an American inventor of weaving machines.
Apr 3 Lorenzo Snow the fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1898 to his death. Snow was the last president of the LDS Church in the nineteenth century and the first of the twentieth
Apr 3 Friedrich Kaiser an Austrian playwright. During his youth he was one of the most popular people in Vienna. Some of his plays were "Hans Hasenkopf" ; "Wer wird Amtmann" , "Palais und Irrenhaus" , "Des Krämers Töchterlein" , "Pater Abraham a Sancta Clara" as well as many others. He also wrote the historical novel "Ein Plaffenfeben."
Apr 5 Felix Lichnowsky a son of the historian Eduard Lichnowsky who had written a history of the Habsburg family.
Apr 6 Miklós Ybl one of Europe's leading architects in the mid to late nineteenth century as well as Hungary's most influential architect during his career. His most well-known work is the Hungarian State Opera House in Budapest
Apr 8 Antoine Frédéric Spring a German-born, Belgian physician and botanist.