1814 events in history

Jan 14 Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania
Jan 29 France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne
Jan 31 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina
Feb 1 Mayon Volcano in the Philippines erupts, killing around 1,200 people, the most devastating eruption of the volcano
Feb 10 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Champaubert ends in French victory over the Russians and the Prussians
Feb 12 Battle of Château-Thierry (1814)
Feb 17 War of the Sixth Coalition: The Battle of Mormans
Feb 18 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Montereau
Mar 4 Americans defeat British forces at the Battle of Longwoods between London, Ontario and Thamesville, near present-day Wardsville, Ontario
Mar 7 Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne
Mar 10 Napoleon I of France is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France
Mar 21 Napoleonic Wars: Austrian forces repel French troops in the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube
Mar 27 War of 1812: In central Alabama, U.S. forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Mar 28 War of 1812: The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom defeats de United States Navy in a Battle off Valparaíso, Chile
Mar 30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris
Apr 4 Napoleon abdicates for the first time and names his son Napoleon II as Emperor of the French
Apr 6 Nominal beginning of the Bourbon Restoration; anniversary date that Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba
Apr 11 The Treaty of Fontainebleau ends the War of the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon Bonaparte, and forces him to abdicate unconditionally for the first time
May 4 Emperor Napoleon I of France arrives at Portoferraio on the island of Elba to begin his exile
May 4 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decrete of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism
May 17 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian
May 17 The Constitution of Norway is signed and Crown Prince Christian Frederick of Denmark is elected King of Norway by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly
May 30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition – the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent. Napoleon I is exiled to Elba
Jul 5 War of 1812: Battle of Chippawa – American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippawa, Ontario
Jul 13 The Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established
Jul 24 War of 1812: General Phineas Riall advances toward the Niagara River to halt Jacob Brown's American invaders
Jul 25 War of 1812: Battle of Lundy's Lane – reinforcements arrive near Niagara Falls for General Riall's British and Canadian forces and a bloody, all-night battle with Jacob Brown's Americans commences at 18.00; the Americans retreat to Fort Erie
Aug 9 Indian Wars: the Creek sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, giving up huge parts of Alabama and Georgia
Aug 13 The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London, England
Aug 24 British troops invade Washington, D.C. and during the Burning of Washington the White House, the Capitol and many other buildings are set ablaze
Aug 26 Chilean War of Independence: Infighting between the rebel forces of José Miguel Carrera and Bernardo O'Higgins erupts in the Battle of Las Tres Acequias
Sep 11 War of 1812: The climax of the Battle of Plattsburgh, a major United States victory in the war
Sep 12 Battle of North Point: an American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812
Sep 13 In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore. During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which is later set to music and becomes the United States' national anthem
Sep 14 The poem Defence of Fort McHenry is written by Francis Scott Key. The poem is later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner
Sep 17 Francis Scott Key finishes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", later to be the lyrics of "The Star-Spangled Banner"
Oct 1 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring
Oct 2 Battle of Rancagua: Spanish Royalists troops under Mariano Osorio defeats rebel Chilean forces of Bernardo O'Higgins and José Miguel Carrera
Oct 17 London Beer Flood occurs in London, killing eight
Nov 1 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France in the Napoleonic Wars
Nov 28 The Times in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam-powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience
Dec 14 War of 1812: The Royal Navy seizes control of Lake Borgne, Louisiana
Dec 24 The Treaty of Ghent is signed ending the War of 1812
Dec 25 Rev. Samuel Marsden holds the first Christian service on land in New Zealand at Rangihoua Bay
Dec 27 War of 1812: The American schooner USS Carolina is destroyed. It was the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's makeshift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans