Died in 1815

Jan 5 Anton Wilhelm von L'Estocq a Prussian cavalry general best known for his command of the Prussian troops at the Battle of Eylau.
Jan 8 Edward Pakenham an Anglo-Irish Army Officer and Politician. He was the brother-in law of the Duke of Wellington, with whom he served in the Peninsular War. Appointed as commander of British forces in North America in 1814, he was killed in action at the Battle of New Orleans
Jan 8 Claude Juste Alexandre Legrand a French general. He commanded French divisions at several notable battles of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He rose to senator on 5 April 1813, then Pair de France on 4 June 1814 and chevalier de Saint-Louis on 27 June 1814. He organised the defence of Chalon-sur-Saône in 1814 and died in Paris in 1815 of wounds received beside the River Berezina
Jan 10 Belsazar Hacquet an Austrian physician of French descent in the Enlightenment Era. He was a war surgeon, a physician in the mining town of Idrija, and a professor of anatomy and surgery in Laibach. He researched the geology and botany of Carniola, Istria, and nearby places, and was the first explorer of the Julian Alps. He also did ethnographical work among the South Slavic peoples, particularly among the Slovene-speaking population. He self-identified primarily as a chemist and introduced the methods of chemical analysis to Carniola
Jan 15 Mlle Raucourt a French actress. She was born in Nancy as the daughter of an actor, who took her to Spain. There she played in tragedy at the age of twelve. By 1770 she was back in France at Rouen, and her success as Euphmie in Belloy's Gaston et Bayard caused her to be called to the Comédie Française, where, in 1772, she made her debut as Dido. She played all the classical tragedy parts to crowded houses, until the scandals of her private life and her extravagance ended her popularity
Jan 15 Emma Lady Hamilton best remembered as the mistress of Lord Nelson and as the muse of George Romney. She was born Amy Lyon in Ness near Neston, Cheshire, England, the daughter of Henry Lyon, a blacksmith who died when she was two months old. She was raised by her mother, the former Mary Kidd, at Hawarden, and received no formal education. She later changed her name to Emma Hart
Jan 16 Henry Thornton (reformer) an English economist, banker, philanthropist and parliamentarian.
Jan 18 Stanislas de Boufflers a French statesman and writer.
Jan 21 Matthias Claudius a German poet, otherwise known by the penname of “Asmus”.
Jan 31 José Félix Ribas a Venezuelan independence leader and hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence.
Feb 5 Nikolai Nikolev a Russian poet and playwright.
Feb 7 Solomon II of Imereti the last King of Imereti from 1789 to 1790 and from 1792 until his deposition by the Imperial Russian government in 1810.
Feb 9 Claudius Buchanan a Scottish theologian, an ordained minister of the Church of England, and an extremely 'low church' missionary for the Church Missionary Society.
Feb 9 Antoine-Jean-Marie Thévenard a French politician and vice admiral. He served in the French ruling regimes of Louis XVI, those of the Revolution, Napoleon I and Louis XVIII, and is buried at the Panthéon de Paris. His son Antoine-René Thévenard, capitaine de vaisseau, was killed at the Battle of Aboukir whilst commanding the 74-gun Aquilon
Feb 12 Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty a French cavalry commander during the French Revolutionary Wars who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1803 and subsequently held important military commands during the Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 22 Smithson Tennant an English chemist.
Feb 24 Robert Fulton widely credited with developing the first commercially successful steamboat. In 1800, he was commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to design the "Nautilus", which was the first practical submarine in history. He is also credited with inventing some of the world's earliest naval torpedoes for use by the British Royal Navy
Feb 25 Stanoje Glavaš a Serbian hajduk and hero in the First Serbian Uprising.
Feb 26 Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a general in the Austrian service.
Mar 4 Frances Abington a British actress, known not only for her acting, but her sense of fashion.
Mar 5 Franz Mesmer a German physician with an interest in astronomy, who theorised that there was a natural energetic transference that occurred between all animated and inanimate objects that he called animal magnetism, sometimes later referred to as mesmerism. The theory attracted a wide following between about 1780 and 1850, and continued to have some influence until the end of the century. In 1843 the Scottish physician James Braid proposed the term hypnosis for a technique derived from animal magnetism; today this is the usual meaning of mesmerism
Mar 6 9th Dalai Lama the 9th Dalai Lama of Tibet. He was the only Dalai Lama to die in childhood and was part of a string of four Dalai Lamas to die before reaching 22 years of age
Mar 7 Francesco Bartolozzi an Italian engraver, whose most productive period was spent in London.
Mar 12 Zhang Dapeng a Chinese martyr.
Apr 10 William Roxburgh a Scottish surgeon and botanist. He has been called the Father of Indian Botany
Apr 21 Joseph Winston Col. Joseph Winston was an American pioneer, planter and Revolutionary War hero from North Carolina, and the first cousin of statesman and Virginia governor Patrick Henry. In 1766, Winston moved to the northern part of Rowan County, North Carolina, the area which subsequently became the current Stokes County, North Carolina
Apr 26 Carsten Niebuhr renowned for his participation in the 1761 Danish Arabia Expedition.
May 7 Jabez Bowen an American shipper and politician. He was a militia colonel during the American Revolutionary War, and served as Deputy Governor of Rhode Island and Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court
May 8 David Ramsay (historian) an American physician, public official, and historian from Charleston, South Carolina. He was one of the first major historians of the American Revolution. During the Revolution he served in the South Carolina legislature until he was captured by the British. After his release he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and again in 1785–1786. Afterwards he served in the state House and Senate until retiring from public service. He was murdered in 1815 by a mentally ill man whom Ramsay had examined as a physician
May 23 Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg a German American clergyman and botanist.
Jun 1 Louis-Alexandre Berthier a Marshal and Vice-Constable of France beginning in 1808, and Chief of Staff under Napoleon.
Jun 16 Frederick William Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German prince and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Oels. Nicknamed "The Black Duke", he was a military officer who led the Black Brunswickers against French domination in Germany. He briefly ruled the state of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1806-1807
Jun 18 Thomas Picton a British Army officer who fought in a number of campaigns for Britain in the Napoleonic wars. According to the historian Alessandro Barbero, Picton was "respected for his courage and feared for his irascible temperament." The Duke of Wellington called him "a rough foul-mouthed devil", but very capable
Jun 18 Claude-Étienne Michel second in command of the Chasseur Division of the Guard and commander of its Brigade of Middle Guard. He may be the officer who uttered the words often attributed to Pierre Cambronne "La Garde meurt et ne se rend pas" "The Guard dies, and does not surrender"
Jun 20 George Montagu (naturalist) an English naturalist. He was known for his pioneering Ornithological Dictionary of 1802, which for the first time accurately defined the status of Britain's birds. He is remembered today for species such as the Montagu's Harrier, named for him
Jun 20 Guillaume Philibert Duhesme a French general during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 29 Christian Friedrich Schwan a German publisher and bookseller.
Jul 4 Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann a German geographer and zoologist.
Jul 5 Maximilian Count of Merveldt von Merveldt , among the most famous of an illustrious old Westphalian family, entered Austrian military service, rose to the rank of General of Cavalry, served as Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's ambassador to Russia, and became special envoy extraordinaire to the Court of James's. He fought with distinction in the wars between the Habsburg and the Ottoman empires, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars
Jul 20 Vladimir Mikhailovich Yashvil a Russian general of Georgian noble origin personally involved in the assassination of Paul I of Russia. He was a brother of General Lev Yashvil
Jul 25 Spiridon Zhevakhov a Russian general of Georgian noble descent and a participant of the Napoleonic Wars.
Jul 26 Khariton Chebotaryov a rector of the Moscow University , state counsellor, and ordinary professor of history, morality, and eloquence.
Aug 2 Guillaume Brune a French soldier and political figure who rose to Marshal of France.
Aug 6 James A. Bayard (elder) an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware and U.S. Senator from Delaware
Aug 15 Eugène Louis Melchior Patrin a French mineralogist and naturalist.
Aug 18 Chauncey Goodrich an American lawyer and politician from Connecticut who represented that state in the United States Congress as both a senator and a representative.
Aug 19 Charles de la Bédoyère a French General during the reign of Emperor Napoleon I who was executed in 1815.
Aug 21 Carl Johan Adlercreutz a Swedish general and statesman, born in Borga, Finland on family estates. Entering the Swedish army aged 13 in the Finnish Light Cavalry Brigade, he was present when Gustav III launched his coup-d’etat. He studied military theory in Stockholm
Sep 9 John Singleton Copley an American painter, active in both colonial America and England. He was probably born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Richard and Mary Singleton Copley, both Anglo-Irish. He is famous for his portrait paintings of important figures in colonial New England, depicting in particular middle-class subjects. His paintings were innovative in their tendency to depict artifacts relating to these individuals' lives
Sep 13 Mihály Gáber a Slovene Roman Catholic priest, writer and the best friend of Miklós Küzmics. Küzmics was the standardizator of the Hungarian Slovene language, in this work Gáber also helped