Born in 1816

Jan 1 Manuel Murillo Toro a Colombian politician and statesman, who served as President of the United States of Colombia on two occasions, first from 1864 to 1866, and again between 1872 and 1874.
Jan 2 Shmuel Salant served as the Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem for almost 70 years. He was a renowned Talmudist and Torah scholar
Jan 3 Samuel C. Pomeroy an American Republican Senator from Kansas in the mid-19th century, serving in the United States Senate during the American Civil War. Pomeroy served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. He also was the mayor of Atchison, Kansas, from 1858 to 1859, the second president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad and the first president to oversee any of the railroad's construction and operations. Pomeroy succeeded Cyrus Holliday as president of the railroad on January 13, 1864
Jan 5 Daniel Wilson (academic) a Scottish-born Canadian archaeologist, ethnologist and author.
Jan 14 Thilo Irmisch a 19th-century German botanist.
Jan 15 Marie Lafarge a Frenchwoman who was convicted of murdering her husband by arsenic poisoning in 1840. Her case became notable, because it was one of the first trials to be followed by the public through daily newspaper reports, and because she was the first person convicted largely on direct forensic toxicological evidence. However, questions about her guilt had divided French society to the extent that it is often compared to the better-known Dreyfus affair
Jan 22 Catherine Wolfe Bruce a noted American philanthropist and patroness of astronomy.
Jan 24 Wilhelm Henzen a German philologist and epigraphist born in Bremen.
Jan 26 Eugenio Agneni an Italian painter, mainly of historic canvases.
Jan 30 Nathaniel P. Banks an American politician and soldier, and a Union general during the American Civil War.
Feb 3 Carl Olof Rosenius a Swedish preacher, author and editor of the monthly Pietisten from 1842 to 1868.
Feb 4 Alexander von Schrenk a Baltic German naturalist born near Tula in what was then the Russian Empire. He was a brother to zoologist Leopold von Schrenck
Feb 7 Jean Frédéric Frenet a French mathematician, astronomer, and meteorologist. He was born and died in Périgueux, France
Feb 16 Kaspar Gottfried Schweizer a Swiss astronomer who travelled to Moscow in 1845 to become Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy at the Survey Institute, and later director of the Moscow University Observatory.
Feb 16 Woldemar Hau a German Baltic portrait painter who worked in the Biedermeier style.
Feb 17 Haller Nutt an American Southern planter. He was a successful cotton planter and plantation owner in Mississippi. He developed a strain of cotton that became important commercially for the Deep South
Feb 25 Giovanni Morelli an Italian art critic and political figure. As an art historian, he developed the "Morellian" technique of scholarship, identifying the characteristic "hands" of painters through scrutiny of diagnostic minor details that revealed artists' scarcely conscious shorthand and conventions for portraying, for example, ears
Feb 26 Levi Hill an American minister in upstate New York who claimed in 1851 that he had invented a color photographic process. Borrowing terms previously introduced in France, Hill called his process "heliochromy" and the photographs that it produced "heliochromes", but by analogy to the naming of the then-current daguerreotype process after its inventor Louis Daguerre, Hill's color photographs were soon being called "Hillotypes". Hill's work was met with skepticism during his lifetime, then for more than a hundred years after his death histories of photography routinely dismissed it as a complete fraud. Later researchers found that his very difficult process did in fact have a limited ability to reproduce the colors of nature
Feb 26 Franz Krenn an Austrian composer and composition teacher born in Droß. He studied under Ignaz von Seyfried in Vienna, and served as organist in a number of Viennese churches, becoming Kapellmeister of Michael's Church in Vienna in 1862. From 1869 until 1893 Krenn taught harmony, counterpoint and composition at the Vienna Conservatory. During this time, he appears to have acquired the nickname 'Old Krenn', and is today often described as having been a rather pedantic teacher
Mar 1 Kawatake Mokuami a Japanese dramatist of Kabuki. It has been said that "as a writer of plays of Kabuki origin, he was one of the greatest, if not the greatest, Japan has ever known." He wrote 150 or so plays over the course of his fifty year career, covering a wide variety of themes, styles, and forms, including short dance pieces, period plays , contemporary genre pieces , tragedies and comedies, as well as adaptations of foreign stories, though he is perhaps most famous for his shiranamimono, plays featuring sympathetic or tragic rogues and thieves. For the greater part of his career he wrote under the professional name Kawatake Shinshichi, only taking the name Mokuami on his retirement from the stage in 1881
Mar 2 Alexander Bullock the 26th Governor of Massachusetts from 1866 to 1869 and helped create the New England Emigrant Aid Society in 1855.
Mar 3 William James Blacklock an English landscape painter, painting scenery in Cumbria, the Lake District and the Scottish Borders.
Mar 8 Jean Cabanis a German ornithologist.
Mar 14 William Marsh Rice an American businessman who bequeathed his fortune to found Rice University in Houston, Texas.
Mar 14 Montgomery Dent Corse an American banker, gold prospector, and soldier who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He commanded the 17th Virginia Infantry and then Corse's Brigade of Pickett's Division in the Army of Northern Virginia, and served in several of that army's most important battles
Mar 15 Wolfgang Müller von Königswinter a German novelist and poet. He settled in Cologne, and became a popular poet, novelist, and chronicler of the Rhine region
Mar 18 Antonio Salviati an Italian glass manufacturer and founder of the Salviati family firm.
Mar 19 Ekaterine Dadiani Princess of Mingrelia a prominent 19th-century Georgian aristocrat and the last ruling princess of the Western Georgian Principality of Mingrelia in southeast Europe. She played an important role in resisting Ottoman influence in her principality and was at the center of Georgian high society, both inside the country and abroad
Mar 19 Johannes Verhulst a Dutch composer and conductor. As a composer mainly of songs and as administrator of Dutch musical life, his influence during his lifetime was considerable
Mar 22 John Frederick Kensett an American artist and engraver. A member of the second generation of the Hudson River School of artists, Kensett's signature works are landscape paintings of New England and New York State, whose clear light and serene surfaces celebrate transcendental qualities of nature, and are associated with Luminism. Kensett's early work owed much to the influence of Thomas Cole, but was from the outset distinguished by a preference for cooler colors and an interest in less dramatic topography, favoring restraint in both palette and composition. The work of Kensett's maturity features tranquil scenery depicted with a spare geometry, culminating in series of paintings in which coastal promontories are balanced against glass-smooth water. He was a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Mar 29 10th Dalai Lama the 10th Dalai Lama of Tibet.
Apr 5 Samuel Freeman Miller an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court who served from 1862 to 1890. He was a physician and lawyer
Apr 6 Victor Antoine Signoret a French pharmacologist, physician and entomologist.
Apr 9 Charles-Eugène Delaunay a French astronomer and mathematician. His lunar motion studies were important in advancing both the theory of planetary motion and mathematics
Apr 16 Edward Johnson (general) a United States Army officer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. Highly rated by Robert Lee, he was made a divisional commander under Richard Ewell. On the first evening of the Battle of Gettysburg , Ewell missed his opportunity to attack Cemetery Hill, and Johnson opted against attacking Culp’s Hill, for which he had a discretionary order, though he attempted this on the second and third days. Ewell and Johnson are blamed by many for the loss of this decisive battle
Apr 17 Thomas Hazlehurst (chapel builder) known nationally as "the Chapel Builder" and more locally as "the Prince of Methodism" or "the Prince of the Wesleyans". He was given these titles because of his generosity in paying wholly or largely for the building of some 12 chapels and three schools in the area of Runcorn, Widnes and the villages in north Cheshire. His father, also called Thomas, had founded a profitable soap and alkali manufacturing business, Hazlehurst & Sons, in Runcorn in 1816
Apr 17 Jens Adolf Jerichau a Danish sculptor. He belonged to the generation immediately after Bertel Thorvaldsen, for whom he worked briefly in Rome, but gradually moved away from the static Neoclassicism he inherited from him and towards a more dynamic and realistic style.He was a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and its director from 1857 to 1863
Apr 17 James Harrison (engineer) a Scottish born Australian newspaper printer, journalist, politician, and pioneer in the field of mechanical refrigeration.
Apr 20 Bogoslav Šulek a Croatian philologist, historian and lexicographer. He was very influential in creating Croatian terminology in the areas of social and natural sciences, technology and civilization
Apr 21 Louis Wigfall an American politician from Texas who served as a member of the Texas Legislature, United States Senate, and Confederate Senate. Wigfall was among a group of leading secessionists known as Fire-Eaters, advocating the preservation and expansion of an aristocratic agricultural society based on slave labor. He briefly served as a Confederate Brigadier General of the Texas Brigade at the outset of the American Civil War before taking his seat in the Confederate Senate. Wigfall's reputation for oratory and hard-drinking, along with a combative nature and high-minded sense of personal honor, made him one of the more imposing political figures of his time
Apr 21 Brontë family The Brontës were a nineteenth-century literary family associated with the village of Haworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. The sisters, Charlotte , Emily , and Anne , are well known as poets and novelists. They originally published their poems and novels under the male pseudonyms Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell, much like many contemporary female writers. Their stories immediately attracted attention, although not always the best, for their passion and originality. Charlotte's Jane Eyre was the first to know success, while Emily's Wuthering Heights, Anne's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and other works were later to be accepted as masterpieces of literature
Apr 21 Charlotte Brontë an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels have become classics of English literature. She published her best known novel, Jane Eyre, under the pen name Currer Bell
Apr 22 Charles-Denis Bourbaki a French general.
May 2 Augustus Egg a Victorian artist best known for his modern triptych Past and Present , which depicts the breakup of a middle-class Victorian family.
May 9 Leonilla Bariatinskaya a Russian aristocrat who married Ludwig, Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn. Known for her great beauty and intellect, Princess Leonilla was the subject of a number of portraits by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
May 15 Jean-Joseph Farre a French general and statesman.
May 16 Rudolf Brestel an Austrian politician.
May 21 Stephen Allen Benson served as the 2nd President of Liberia from 1856 to 1864. Prior to that, he served as the 3rd Vice President of Liberia from 1854 to 1856 under President Joseph Jenkins Roberts
May 24 Emanuel Leutze a German American history painter best known for his painting Washington Crossing the Delaware. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
May 25 Henry Hopkins Sibley a brigadier general from Louisiana during the American Civil War, leading the Confederate States Army in the New Mexico Territory. His attempt to gain control of trails to California was defeated at the Battle of Glorieta Pass. A West Point graduate, he had served with the United States Army from 1838 until 1861 and the start of the Civil War, when he resigned to join the Southern Cause