Died in 1816

Jan 2 Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau a French chemist and politician. He is credited with producing the first systematic method of chemical nomenclature
Jan 8 Franz von Albini a German judge and statesman, noted for organising the defence of German states against the French Revolution.
Jan 9 Peter P. Dubrovsky a Russian bibliophile, diplomat, paleographer, secretary of the Russian Embassy in France, collector of manuscripts and books. Throughout his life he collected about 2000 manuscripts. Between 1805 and 1812 he worked at the Imperial Public Library
Jan 20 Princess Caroline Louise of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by virtue of her marriage. She was the daughter of Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and his wife Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Jan 27 Samuel Hood 1st Viscount Hood a British admiral known particularly for his service in the American Revolutionary War and French Revolutionary Wars. He acted as a mentor to Horatio Nelson
Jan 28 Wichard Joachim Heinrich von Möllendorf a Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia.
Feb 8 Giuseppe Doria Pamphili an Italian Cardinal who served as Cardinal Secretary of State.
Feb 10 Jean-Paul-Égide Martini a composer of classical music. Sometimes known as Martini Il Tedesco, he is best known today for the vocal romance "Plaisir d'amour," on which the 1961 Elvis Presley pop standard "Can't Help Falling in Love" is based. He is sometimes referred to as Giovanni Martini, resulting in a confusion with Giovanni Battista Martini, particularly with regard to the composition "Plaisir d'amour"'
Feb 11 Christiane Henriette Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken a Countess of Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld by birth and by marriage a Princess of Waldeck-Pyrmont.
Feb 22 Adam Ferguson a Scottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment. Ferguson was sympathetic to traditional societies, such as the Highlands, for producing courage and loyalty. He criticized commercial society as making men weak, dishonourable and unconcerned for their community. Ferguson has been called "the father of modern sociology." His most well known work is his Essay on the History of Civil Society
Feb 25 Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bülow a Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars.
Mar 16 Roger Ducos a French political figure during the Revolution and First Empire, a member of the National Convention, and of the Directory.
Mar 16 Giuseppe Jannacconi an Italian composer, one of the last in the style of Palestrina.
Mar 19 Philip Mazzei an Italian physician. A close friend of Thomas Jefferson, Mazzei acted as an agent to purchase arms for Virginia during the American Revolutionary War
Mar 20 Maria I of Portugal Queen of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. Known as Maria the Pious , or Maria the Mad , she was the first undisputed Queen regnant of Portugal. With Napoleon's European conquests, her court, then under the direction of Prince Dom João, the Prince Regent, moved to the then Portuguese colony of Brazil. Later on, Brazil would be elevated from the rank of a colony to that of a Kingdom, with the consequential formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
Mar 23 Carlo Amoretti an ecclesiastic, scholar, writer, and scientist. He entered the Augustinian order in 1757. To further his studies, he went to Pavia and Parma where he also taught ecclesiastical law
Mar 24 John Courtenay (1738–1816) an Irish officer in the British Army who became a politician in England. He was a Member of Parliament at Westminster from 1780 to 1807, and again in 1812
Mar 31 Jean-François Ducis a French dramatist and adapter of Shakespeare.
Apr 6 Christian Leberecht Vogel a German painter, draughtsman and writer on art theory. His pupils included Louise Seidler, and he was the father of the court painter and art professor Carl Christian Vogel
Apr 7 Christian Konrad Sprengel a German theologist, teacher and, most importantly, a naturalist. He is most famously known for his research into plant sexuality
Apr 7 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este the daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and his wife, Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este. She was a member of the House of Austria-Este, a branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Apr 8 Julie Billiart a French religious leader who founded, and was the first Superior General of, the Congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur.
Apr 24 Friedrich Karl Ludwig Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck the fifth and penultimate Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. Friedrich Karl Ludwig was the son of Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and his wife Countess Charlotte of Dohna-Schlodien
Apr 28 Johann Heinrich Abicht a German philosopher.
May 3 James McHenry an Irish-born American statesman. McHenry was a signer of the United States Constitution from Maryland and the namesake of Fort McHenry. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from Maryland, and the third United States Secretary of War , under the first and second presidents, George Washington, and John Adams
May 4 Marie-Madeleine Guimard a French ballerina who dominated the Parisian stage during the reign of Louis XVI. For twenty-five years she was the star of the Paris Opera. She made herself even more famous by her love affairs, especially by her long liaison with the Prince of Soubise. According to Edmond de Goncourt, when d'Alembert was asked why dancers like La Guimard made such prodigious fortunes, when singers did not, he responded, "It is a necessary consequence of the laws of motion"
May 4 Samuel Dexter an early American statesman who served both in Congress and in the Presidential Cabinet.
May 5 Johann Kollowrat Feldmarschall Johann Karl, Graf von Kollowrat-Krakowsky joined the Austrian army, fought against the Kingdom of Prussia and Ottoman Turkey before being promoted to general officer rank. During combat against the French in the French Revolutionary Wars, he first became known as an artillery specialist. In the Napoleonic Wars, he commanded corps in the 1805 and 1809 campaigns. He became the Proprietor of an Austrian infantry regiment in 1801 and held that position until his death
May 25 Anne Françoise Elisabeth Lange a French actress of the Comédie-Française and a 'Merveilleuse' of the French Directory. Her stage name was Mademoiselle Lange
May 28 Nikolay Saltykov a Russian Field Marshal and imperial courtier.
May 28 Wolde Selassie a Ras of Ethiopia and warlord of Tigray. He was the son of Dejazmach Kefla Iyasus, governor of Enderta province, and his wives included Mentewab , the sister of Emperor Egwale Seyon; and Sahin, the daughter of Emperor Tekle Giyorgis His brothers included Dejazmach Bilaten-Geta Mennase and Dejazmach Debbab, the great grand father of Emperor Yohannes IV
Jun 5 Giovanni Paisiello an Italian composer of the Classical era.
Jun 6 Antonio Villavicencio a Neogranadine Lieutenant statesman and soldier, born in Quito, and educated in Spain. He served in the Battle of Trafalgar as an office in the Spanish Navy. He was sent as a representative of the Crown to the New Granada, and his arrival was used as an excuse in Santafé de Bogotá to start a revolt, this was known as the Florero de Llorente which culminated with the proclamation of Independence from Spain. After this incident he resigned his office and joined the Independence cause. He was later captured and became the first martyr executed during the reign of terror of Pablo Morillo
Jun 6 Christiane Vulpius the mistress and wife of Johann Wolfgang Goethe.
Jun 7 Lorenz Florenz Friedrich von Crell a German chemist. In 1778 he started publishing the first periodical journal focusing on chemistry. The journal had a longer title, but was known simply as Crell's Annalen
Jun 12 Pierre Augereau a soldier and general and Marshal of France. After serving in the French Revolutionary Wars he earned rapid promotion while fighting against Spain and soon found himself a division commander under Napoleon Bonaparte in Italy. He fought in all of Bonaparte's battles of 1796 with great distinction. During the Napoleonic Wars, Emperor Napoleon entrusted him with important commands. His life ended under a cloud because of his poor timing in switching sides between Napoleon and King Louis XVIII of France. Napoleon wrote of Augereau that he "has plenty of character, courage, firmness, activity; is inured to war; is well liked by the soldiery; is fortunate in his operations."
Jun 24 Constantine Ypsilantis the son of Alexander Ypsilanti, a key member of an important Phanariote family, Grand dragoman of the Porte , hospodar of Moldavia and Walachia , and a Prince through marriage to the daughter of Alexandru Callimachi.
Jun 27 Domenico Vandelli an Italian naturalist, who did most of his scientific work in Portugal.
Jun 28 Johannes Flüggé a German botanist and physician who was a native of Hamburg.
Jun 30 Paul Hamilton (politician) the 3rd United States Secretary of the Navy, from 1809 to 1813.
Jul 5 Dorothea Jordan an Anglo-Irish actress, courtesan, and the mistress and companion of the future King William IV of the United Kingdom, for 20 years while he was Duke of Clarence. Together they had ten illegitimate children, all of whom took the surname FitzClarence
Jul 6 Jorge Tadeo Lozano a Neogranadine scientist, journalist, and politician who presided over the Constituent College of Cundinamarca and was elected President of Cundinamarca in 1811.
Jul 7 Richard Brinsley Sheridan an Irish playwright and poet and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. He is known for his plays such as The Rivals, The School for Scandal and A Trip to Scarborough. For thirty-two years he was also a Whig Member of the British House of Commons for Stafford , Westminster and Ilchester. He was buried at Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey
Jul 14 Francisco de Miranda a Venezuelan revolutionary. Although his own plans for the independence of the Spanish American colonies failed, he is regarded as a forerunner of Simón Bolívar, who during the Spanish American wars of independence successfully liberated a vast portion of South America. Miranda led a romantic and adventurous life. An idealist, he developed a visionary plan to liberate and unify all of Spanish America but his own military initiatives on behalf of an independent Spanish America ended in 1812. He was handed over to his enemies and four years later, in 1816, died in a Spanish prison. Within fourteen years of his death, however, most of Spanish America was independent
Jul 20 Gavrila Derzhavin arguably one of the greatest Russian poets before Alexander Pushkin, as well as a statesman. Although his works are traditionally considered literary classicism, his best verse is rich with antitheses and conflicting sounds in a way reminiscent of John Donne and other metaphysical poets
Jul 27 Olof Tempelman a Swedish architect and, from 1779, professor at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts. He was appointed royal architect in 1799
Aug 4 François-André Vincent a French neoclassical painter.
Aug 8 Custodio García Rovira a Neogranadine general, statesman and painter, who fought for the independence of New Granada from Spain, and became President of the United Provinces of the New Granada in 1816. He was executed a month later during the Reconquista, at the hands of Pablo Morillo
Aug 9 Johann August Apel a German writer and jurist. Apel was born and died in Leipzig
Aug 12 Mary Katherine Goddard an early American publisher and the first American postmistress. She was the first to print the Declaration of Independence with the names of the signatories