Died in 1817

Jan 1 Martin Heinrich Klaproth a German chemist who discovered uranium , zirconium , and cerium.
Jan 11 Timothy Dwight IV an American academic and educator, a Congregationalist minister, theologian, and author. He was the eighth president of Yale College
Jan 14 Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny a French composer and a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
Jan 16 Alexander J. Dallas (statesman) an American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison
Jan 22 Fryderyk Józef Moszyński a noble in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He held the offices of Referendary of Lithuania, Great Secretary of Lithuania and Great Marshal of the Crown
Jan 28 F.L.Æ. Kunzen a German composer and conductor who lived and worked for much of his life in Denmark.
Feb 5 Tomasz Adam Ostrowski a Polish nobleman , politician, spokesman, statesman and Count since 1798.
Feb 9 Franz Tausch a German clarinetist, teacher and composer. He played in the Mannheim orchestra. One of his students was Heinrich Baermann
Feb 10 Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg Archbishop of Mainz, Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Regensburg, Prince-Primate of the Confederation of the Rhine and Grand Duke of Frankfurt.
Mar 2 Giacomo Quarenghi the foremost and most prolific practitioner of Palladian architecture in Imperial Russia, particularly in Saint Petersburg. He has been described as "the last of the great architects of Italy"
Apr 2 Johann Heinrich Jung a German author.
Apr 4 André Masséna a French military commander during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Apr 12 Charles Messier a French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects". The purpose of the catalogue was to help astronomical observers, in particular comet hunters such as himself, distinguish between permanent and transient visually diffuse objects in the sky
Apr 24 Thomas P. Grosvenor a United States Representative from New York.
Apr 25 Joseph von Sonnenfels an Austrian and German jurist and novelist. He was among the leaders of the Illuminati movement in Austria, and a close friend and patron of Mozart. He is also the dedicatee of Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata 15, 28, which was published in 1801
May 10 Jean-Sifrein Maury a French cardinal, archbishop, and bishop of Montefiascone.
May 21 Johan Christopher Toll born at Mölleröd in Scania. Toll came of an ancient family, of Dutch origin, which can be traced back to the 13th century, but migrated to the Baltic provinces in the 16th century
Jun 1 Sugita Genpaku a Japanese scholar known for his translation of Kaitai Shinsho.
Jun 2 Clotilde Tambroni an Italian philologist, linguist and poet. She was a professor in the Greek language at the University of Bologna in 1793–1798, and a professor in Greek and literature in 1800–1808
Jun 10 Pavel Alexandrovich Stroganov Russian military commander and statesman, Lieutenant General, Adjutant General to Alexander I of Russia. He took part in the Privy Committee that outlined Government reform of Alexander Commanded an infantry division in Napoleonic Wars
Jun 13 Richard Lovell Edgeworth an Anglo-Irish politician, writer and inventor.
Jun 20 Marie-Gabriel-Florent-Auguste de Choiseul-Gouffier a member of the Académie française and the Choiseul-Gouffier family, French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1784 until the fall of the French monarchy and a scholar of ancient Greece.
Jun 24 Thomas McKean an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware and Philadelphia. During the American Revolution he was a delegate to the Continental Congress where he signed the United States Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. McKean served as a President of Congress. He was at various times a member of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties. McKean served as President of Delaware, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, and Governor of Pennsylvania
Jun 30 Abraham Gottlob Werner a German geologist who set out an early theory about the stratification of the Earth's crust and propounded an earth history that others labeled Neptunism. While most tenets of Neptunism were eventually set aside, science is indebted to Werner for clearly demonstrating the chronological succession of rocks, for the zeal which he infused into his pupils, and for the impulse which he thereby gave to the study of geology. Much of his work was based on pre-existing traditions of stratigraphy and cosmogony in Europe. He has been called the “father of German geology.”
Jul 10 Hugh Percy 2nd Duke of Northumberland an officer in the British army and later a British peer. He participated in the Battle of Lexington and Concord and the Battle of Long Island during the American Revolutionary War, but resigned his command in 1777 due to disagreements with his superior, General Howe
Jul 14 Germaine de Staël a French woman of letters of Swiss origin whose lifetime overlapped with the events of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era. She was one of Napoleon's principal opponents. Celebrated for her conversational eloquence, she participated actively in the political and intellectual life of her times. Her works, both critical and fictional, made their mark on the history of European Romanticism
Jul 18 Jane Austen an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism, biting irony and social commentary as well as her acclaimed plots have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics
Jul 20 Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Suard a French journalist, translator and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment. He was born in Besançon and died in Paris
Jul 21 António de Araújo e Azevedo 1st Count of Barca a Portuguese statesman, author and amateur botanist.
Jul 24 Karađorđe Petrović OSA , known as Karađorđe , founded modern Serbia as the elected leader of the First Serbian Uprising that aimed at liberating Serbia from the Ottoman Empire ; he personally led armies against the Ottomans in several battles, which resulted in a short-lived state which he would administer as Grand Leader from 14 February 1804 to 21 September 1813, alongside the newly founded People's Assembly and the Governing Council, simulating a wholly functional state government in war-time.
Jul 27 Gerasim Lebedev a Russian adventurer, linguist, pioneer of Bengali theatre , translator, musician and writer. He was a pioneer of Indology
Aug 7 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours a French writer, economist, and government official. During the French Revolution, he, his two sons and their families emigrated to the United States
Aug 9 Leopold III Duke of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1751 until 1807 he was Reigning prince of the Principality of Anhalt-Dessau and from 1807 the first Duke of the Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau
Aug 24 Nancy Storace an English operatic soprano. The role of Susanna in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro was written for and first performed by her
Aug 31 Sir John Duckworth 1st Baronet an officer of the Royal Navy, serving during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as the Governor of Newfoundland during the War of 1812, and a member of the British House of Commons during his semi-retirement. Duckworth, a vicar's son, achieved much in a naval career that began at the age of 11
Sep 14 Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym by birth a princess of the House of Ascania and by marriage an Archduchess of Austria.
Sep 20 Louis Duke of Württemberg the second son of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg and Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His elder brother was Frederick I, the first King of Württemberg, his sister was the Russian Empress consort, Maria Feodorovna. Louis retained the pre-royal title of Duke
Oct 14 Fyodor Ushakov the most illustrious Russian naval commander and admiral of the 18th century.
Oct 15 Tadeusz Kościuszko a Polish military engineer and a military leader who became a national hero in Poland, Belarus, and the United States. He fought in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth's struggles against Russia and Prussia, and on the American side in the American Revolutionary War. As Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Forces, he led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising
Oct 18 Gomes Freire de Andrade a Portuguese officer that served France at his military careers end.
Oct 18 Étienne Méhul a French composer, "the most important opera composer in France during the Revolution." He was also the first composer to be called a "Romantic".
Oct 26 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin a scientist who studied medicine, chemistry and botany.
Oct 26 Yasuaki Aida a Japanese mathematician in the Edo period.
Nov 6 Princess Charlotte of Wales the only child of George, Prince of Wales and Caroline of Brunswick. Had she outlived both her grandfather King George III and her father, she would have become Queen of the United Kingdom, but she died following childbirth at the age of 21
Nov 7 Jeremiah Brandreth an out-of-work stocking maker who lived in Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, who was beheaded for treason. He was known as "The Nottingham Captain". He and two of his conspirators were the last people to be beheaded with an axe in Britain
Nov 7 Jean-André Deluc a Swiss geologist and meteorologist. He also devised measuring instruments
Nov 7 Francesco Pasquale Ricci an Italian composer and violinist.
Nov 8 Andrea Appiani an Italian neoclassical painter.
Nov 12 Aleksey Gorchakov a Russian general and statesman from the Gorchakov family.
Nov 14 Policarpa Salavarrieta a Neogranadine seamstress who spied for the Revolutionary Forces during the Spanish Reconquista of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. She was captured by Spanish Royalists and ultimately executed for high treason. She is now considered a heroine of the independence of Colombia