1818 in history

1818 events chronologically

Jan 2 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded
Feb 5 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway
Feb 12 Bernardo O'Higgins formally approves the Chilean Declaration of Independence near Concepción, Chile
Mar 16 In the Second Battle of Cancha Rayada, Spanish forces defeated Chileans under José de San Martín
Apr 4 The United States Congress adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (then 20)
Apr 5 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement – led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín – win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead
Apr 16 The United States Senate ratifies the Rush-Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada

Top 7 most famous people born in 1818

Apr 29 Alexander II of Russia the Emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855 until his assassination in 1881. He was also the King of Poland and the Grand Prince of Finland
May 5 Karl Marx a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought. He is one of the founders of sociology and social science. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital
Jun 17 Charles Gounod a French composer, best known for his Ave Maria, based on a work by Bach, as well as his opera Faust. Another opera by Gounod, occasionally still performed, is Roméo et Juliette
Jul 30 Emily Brontë an English novelist and poet, best remembered for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. Emily was the third eldest of the four surviving Brontë siblings, between the youngest Anne and her brother Branwell. She wrote under the pen name Ellis Bell
Nov 9 Ivan Turgenev a Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright. His first major publication, a short story collection entitled A Sportsman's Sketches , was a milestone of Russian Realism, and his novel Fathers and Sons is regarded as one of the major works of 19th-century fiction
Nov 21 Lewis H. Morgan a pioneering American anthropologist and social theorist who worked as a railroad lawyer. He is best known for his work on kinship and social structure, his theories of social evolution, and his ethnography of the Iroquois. Interested in what holds societies together, he proposed the concept that the earliest human domestic institution was the matrilineal clan, not the patriarchal family
Dec 24 James Prescott Joule an English physicist and brewer, born in Salford, Lancashire. Joule studied the nature of heat, and discovered its relationship to mechanical work. This led to the law of conservation of energy, which led to the development of the first law of thermodynamics. The SI derived unit of energy, the joule, is named for James Joule. He worked with Lord Kelvin to develop the absolute scale of temperature. Joule also made observations of magnetostriction, and he found the relationship between the current through a resistor and the heat dissipated, which is now called Joule's first law

Top 7 most famous people died in 1818

May 10 Paul Revere an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and a patriot in the American Revolution. He is most famous for alerting the Colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Paul Revere's Ride"
May 26 Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 and War of the Sixth Coalition.
Jun 20 Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Charles XIII and She was also a famed diarist, memoirist and witticist. She is generally known in Sweden by her full pen name in Swedish , though her official name as queen was Charlotte
Jul 28 Gaspard Monge a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry , and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique
Jul 30 Brontë family The Brontës were a nineteenth-century literary family associated with the village of Haworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. The sisters, Charlotte , Emily , and Anne , are well known as poets and novelists. They originally published their poems and novels under the male pseudonyms Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell, much like many contemporary female writers. Their stories immediately attracted attention, although not always the best, for their passion and originality. Charlotte's Jane Eyre was the first to know success, while Emily's Wuthering Heights, Anne's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and other works were later to be accepted as masterpieces of literature
Oct 28 Abigail Adams the wife of John Adams, the first Vice President, and second President, of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President. She is now designated the first Second Lady and second First Lady of the United States, although these titles were not in use at the time
Nov 17 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz the wife of King George III. She was Queen of Great Britain and Ireland from their marriage until the union of the two kingdoms in 1801, after which she was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1818. She was also the Electress of Hanover in the Holy Roman Empire until the promotion of her husband to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814, after which she was also queen consort of Hanover