Born in 1818

Jan 1 William Gamble (general) a civil engineer and a Union cavalry officer in the American Civil War.
Jan 5 Ferdinand von Roemer Carl Ferdinand von Roemer , German geologist, had originally been educated for the legal profession at Göttingen, but became interested in geology, and abandoning law in 1840, studied science at the University of Berlin, where he graduated Ph.D. in 1842.
Jan 6 Gustav Adolph Kenngott a German mineralogist.
Jan 7 Hermann Masius a German educator who was a native of Trebnitz.
Jan 9 Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon a French sculptor and photographer.
Jan 10 Ernst Ludwig Taschenberg a German entomologist.
Jan 11 Théodore Juste a Belgian historian and literary scholar. He became curator of the Musée royal d'antiquités, d'armures et d'artillerie in 1859
Jan 12 Ludwig Traube (physician) a German physician and co-founder of the experimental pathology in Germany.
Jan 14 Ole Jacob Broch a Norwegian mathematician, physicist, economist and politician. Broch was born in Fredrikstad, the son of war commissary Johan Jørgen Broch and Jensine Laurentze Bentzen. He showed a talent for mathematics at an early age, and after studies in Christiania , he travelled abroad. Through studies in Paris, Berlin and Königsberg, he developed an interest also for optics and statistics
Jan 14 Zachris Topelius a Swedish-speaking Finnish author, journalist, historian, and rector of the University of Helsinki who wrote novels related to Finnish history in Swedish.
Jan 18 Johannes Heinrich August Ebrard a German theologian.
Jan 18 Joseph Matthäus Aigner a 19th-century Austrian portrait painter, who studied under Friedrich von Amerling and Carl Rahl. He painted portraits of Franz Joseph I of Austria and his wife Elizabeth, Franz Grillparzer, Friedrich Halm, Nikolaus Lenau, and Maximilian I of Mexico
Jan 24 John Mason Neale an Anglican priest, scholar and hymn-writer.
Jan 28 George S. Boutwell an American statesman who served as Secretary of the Treasury under President Ulysses Grant, the 20th Governor of Massachusetts, a Senator and Representative from Massachusetts and the first Commissioner of Internal Revenue under President Abraham Lincoln.
Jan 29 Robert Caspary a German botanist.
Jan 30 Artúr Görgey a Hungarian military leader.
Feb 2 Joseph Weydemeyer a military officer in the Kingdom of Prussia and the United States, as well as a journalist, politician and Marxist revolutionary.
Feb 5 Henry Litolff a piano virtuoso, composer of Romantic music and music publisher. He became a prolific composer, although he is now known mainly as the founder of the Litolff Edition of classical and modern music. He died at Bois-Colombes near Paris
Feb 6 William M. Evarts an American lawyer and statesman who served as U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator from New York. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of author, editor, and Indian removal opponent Jeremiah Evarts, and the grandson of Declaration of Independence signer Roger Sherman
Feb 6 Jenaro Quesada 1st Marquis of Miravalles a Spanish soldier.
Feb 8 Wilhelm Camphausen born and died at Düsseldorf, and studied under Alfred Rethel and Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow. As an historical and battle painter he rapidly became popular, and in 1859 was made professor of painting at the Düsseldorf Academy, together with other later distinctions. His Flight of Tilly , Prince Eugene of Savoy at the Battle of Belgrade , Flight of Charles II after the Battle of Worcester , Cromwell's Cavalry , are his principal earlier pictures; and his Frederick the Great at Potsdam, Frederick II and the Bayreuth Dragoons at Hohenfriedburg. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
Feb 12 Vasily Sternberg a Russian landscape and genre painter.
Feb 13 Mikhail Katkov a Conservative Russian journalist influential during the reign of Alexander III.
Feb 13 Angelica Singleton Van Buren the daughter-in-law of the 8th United States President Martin Van Buren. She was married to the President's son, Abraham Van Buren. She assumed the post of First Lady because the president's wife, Hannah Van Buren had died 17 years earlier and he remained unwed throughout the rest of his life. She is the youngest woman ever to hold the title of First Lady
Feb 18 Perucho Figueredo a Cuban poet, musician, and freedom fighter of the 19th century. In the 1860s, he was active in the planning of the Cuban uprising against the Spanish known as the Ten Years' War
Feb 25 David Catchings Dickson an American politician and physician in early Texas who served as the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Texas and as Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives. He was also a State Senator and unsuccessfully ran for governor of Texas
Mar 2 Konstantin von Kaufman the first Governor-General of Russian Turkestan.
Mar 6 William Claflin an industrialist and philanthropist who served as the 27th Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1869–1872 and as a member of the United States Congress from 1877–1881.
Mar 7 David Cassel a German historian and Jewish theologian.
Mar 10 Johan Vilhelm Gertner a Danish painter, best known for his portraiture. One of the last students of Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, who was known as the father of the Golden Age of Danish Painting, Gertner belonged to the tail end of the Golden Age, a period during which Danish art moved towards a more realistic style, relying on inspiration both from French Realism and emerging photographic techniques
Mar 11 Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville a French chemist.
Mar 11 Antonio Bazzini an Italian violinist, composer and teacher. As a composer his most enduring work is his chamber music which has earned him a central place in the Italian instrumental renaissance of the 19th century. However his success as a composer was overshadowed by his reputation as one of the finest concert violinists of the nineteenth century. He also contributed to a portion of Messa per Rossini, specifically the first section of Sequentia, Dies Irae
Mar 11 Marius Petipa a French ballet dancer, teacher and choreographer. Petipa is considered to be the most influential ballet master and choreographer of ballet
Mar 13 Albion P. Howe a Union Army general in the American Civil War. Howe's contentious relationships with superior officers in the Army of the Potomac eventually led to his being deprived of division command
Mar 15 Leopold Hasner von Artha an Austrian civil servant and statesman. He served as the 4th Minister-President of Cisleithania
Mar 15 Mariano Álvarez a Filipino revolutionary and statesman.
Mar 16 Marie-Nicolas-Antoine Daveluy a French missionary and saint.
Mar 19 Petar Preradović a Croatian poet, writer, and military general in the Austro-Hungarian Army. He was a part of the Illyrian movement which influenced much of his politics and work
Mar 20 Johan Lange a prominent Danish botanist.
Mar 22 Heinrich Zollinger a Swiss botanist.
Mar 22 John Ainsworth Horrocks one of the first settlers in the Clare Valley in 1839. He established the town of Penwortham in South Australia
Mar 23 Don Carlos Buell a United States Army officer who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the American Civil War. Buell led Union armies in two great Civil War battles—Shiloh and Perryville. The nation was angry at his failure to defeat the outnumbered Confederates after Perryville, or to secure East Tennessee. Historians concur that he was brave and industrious, and a master of logistics, but was too cautious and too rigid to meet the great challenges he faced in 1862. Buell was relieved of field command in late 1862 and made no more significant military contributions
Mar 25 Isaac Stevens the first Governor of Washington Territory, a United States Congressman, and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War until his death at the Battle of Chantilly. He was appointed posthumously to the grade of major general of volunteers
Mar 27 Erminia Frezzolini an Italian operatic soprano. Along with Henriette Sontag, she was one of the leading operatic sopranos of her generation. She excelled in the coloratura soprano repertoire, drawing particular acclaim in the bel canto operas of Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini. She was married to tenor Antonio Poggi from 1841-1846
Mar 28 Wade Hampton III a Confederate cavalry leader during the American Civil War and afterward a Democratic Party politician from South Carolina.
Mar 30 Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen a German mayor and cooperative pioneer. Several credit union systems and cooperative banks have been named after Raiffeisen, who pioneered rural credit unions
Apr 3 Jean-François Portaels a Belgian orientalist painter and director of the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.
Apr 4 Carl Steffeck a German painter and graphic artist. He was especially well known for his paintings of horses and dogs
Apr 4 Thomas Mayne Reid a Scots-Irish American novelist. "Captain" Reid wrote many adventure novels akin to those written by Frederick Marryat and Robert Louis Stevenson. He was a great admirer of Lord Byron. These novels contain action that takes place primarily in untamed settings: the American West, Mexico, South Africa, the Himalayas, and Jamaica
Apr 6 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje remembered for poetry, travel writing, and his pioneering use of Landsmål.