Died in 1818

Jan 1 Fedele Fenaroli an Italian composer and teacher. Fenaroli entered the Conservatorio di Santa Maria di Loreto, one of the Music conservatories of Naples, becoming a pupil of Francesco Durante. In 1762 he was appointed Maestro di Cappella. Among his students were many celebrated Italian composers, such as Domenico Cimarosa, Nicola Antonio Zingarelli, and Saverio Mercadante. Giuseppe Verdi was a second-generation student, as his teacher, Vincenzo Lavigna, was a student of Fenaroli. Fenaroli wrote several treatises on music, which were widely used during the nineteenth century. As a composer, he wrote mainly sacred music
Jan 3 Matvei Platov a Russian general who commanded the Don Cossacks in the Napoleonic wars and founded Novocherkassk as the new capital of the Don Host Province.
Jan 5 Marcello Bacciarelli a Polish-Italian painter of the late-baroque and Neoclassic periods.
Feb 1 Giuseppe Gazzaniga a member of the Neapolitan school of opera composers. He composed fifty-one operas and is considered to be one of the last Italian opera buffa composers
Feb 5 Charles XIII of Sweden King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway from 1814 until his death. He was the second son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, sister of Frederick II of Prussia
Feb 13 George Rogers Clark a soldier from Virginia and the highest ranking American military officer on the northwestern frontier during the American Revolutionary War. He served as leader of the Kentucky militia throughout much of the war. Clark is best known for his celebrated captures of Kaskaskia and Vincennes during the Illinois Campaign, which greatly weakened British influence in the Northwest Territory. Because the British ceded the entire Northwest Territory to the United States in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, Clark has often been hailed as the "Conqueror of the Old Northwest."
Feb 15 Frederick Louis Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen a Prussian general.
Feb 25 George Cranfield Berkeley a highly experienced, popular, yet controversial naval officer and politician in late eighteenth and early nineteenth century Britain. Serving on several ships, Cranfield-Berkeley saw action at all three Battles of Ushant, commanded fleets in the West Indies and off Ireland and governed the supply routes to Portugal and Spain which kept Wellington's armies in the field during the Peninsula War. He also enjoyed an extensive political career, reforming military practices in Britain and participating in several prominent scandals including feuds with Charles James Fox and Hugh Palliser
Mar 1 Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg heiress to the barony of Broich and by marriage Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt. She was the grandmother and educator of Princess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who later became Queen consort of Prussia
Mar 3 Pierre-Hubert Nysten a Belgian-French physiologist and pediatrician who was a native of Liège. He studied medicine in Paris, and subsequently became a professor at the École de Médecine in Paris
Mar 20 Johann Nikolaus Forkel a German musician, musicologist and music theorist.
Mar 23 Nicolas Isouard a Maltese composer.
Mar 24 Humphry Repton the last great English landscape designer of the eighteenth century, often regarded as the successor to Capability Brown; he also sowed the seeds of the more intricate and eclectic styles of the 19th century. His first name is often incorrectly rendered "Humphrey"
Mar 25 Henry Lee III an early American patriot who served as the ninth Governor of Virginia and as the Virginia Representative to the United States Congress. During the American Revolution, Lee served as a cavalry officer in the Continental Army and earned the nickname "Light-Horse Harry". Lee was the father of Confederate general Robert Lee
Mar 25 Caspar Wessel a Norwegian-Danish mathematician and cartographer. In 1799, Wessel was the first person to describe the geometrical interpretation of complex numbers as points in the complex plane. He was the younger brother of poet and playwright Johan Herman Wessel
Mar 27 Elizaveta Alexandrovna Stroganova a Russian aristocrat of the Stroganov family.
Mar 28 Antonio Capuzzi an Italian violinist and composer.
Mar 28 Andreas Samuel Krebs a Danish-Norwegian army officer.
Mar 29 Alexandre Pétion the first President of the Republic of Haiti from 1807 until his death in 1818. He is one of Haiti's founding fathers, together with Toussaint Louverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and his rival Henri Christophe
Apr 15 Pierre-Nicolas Beauvallet a French sculptor, draftsman and printmaker.
May 2 Herman Willem Daendels a Dutch politician who served as the 36th Governor General of the Dutch East Indies between 1808 and 1811.
May 7 Leopold Kozeluch a Czech composer and teacher of classical music. He was born in the town of Velvary, in Bohemia
May 10 Paul Revere an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and a patriot in the American Revolution. He is most famous for alerting the Colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Paul Revere's Ride"
May 13 Louis Joseph Prince of Condé Prince of Condé from 1740 to his death. A member of the House of Bourbon, he held the prestigious rank of Prince du Sang
May 14 Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen through her marriage to Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
May 16 Matthew Lewis (writer) an English novelist and dramatist, often referred to as "Monk" Lewis, because of the success of his 1796 Gothic novel, The Monk.
May 18 Maddalena Laura Sirmen an Italian composer, violinist, and later unsuccessful singer.
May 26 Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 and War of the Sixth Coalition.
May 26 Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza a Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader, considered one of the founders of independent Chile. Rodríguez was of Basque descent
May 28 Johann Amadeus Francis de Paula Baron of Thugut an Austrian diplomat.
Jun 2 August Wilhelm Knoch a German naturalist born in Braunschweig. He was a professor of physics at Collegium Carolinum
Jun 6 Jan Henryk Dąbrowski a Polish general, widely respected after his death for his patriotic attitude, and described as a national hero.
Jun 10 Friedrich Adolf Count von Kalckreuth a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall.
Jun 12 Egwale Seyon nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Hezqeyas
Jun 16 Ferdinand von Wintzingerode a German nobleman and officer in several different armies of the Napoleonic Wars, finally ending up as a general in the Imperial Russian army and fighting in the War of the Sixth Coalition against the French invasion of Russia and the subsequent campaigns in Germany and France. He appears in Tolstoy's War and Peace
Jun 20 Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Charles XIII and She was also a famed diarist, memoirist and witticist. She is generally known in Sweden by her full pen name in Swedish , though her official name as queen was Charlotte
Jun 24 Alexander Kurakin a Russian statesman and diplomat, a member of the State Council , who was ranked Actual Privy Counsellor 1st Class.
Jul 28 Gaspard Monge a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry , and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique
Jul 28 Honoré Joseph Antoine Ganteaume a French Navy officer and Vice-admiral.
Jul 30 Brontë family The Brontës were a nineteenth-century literary family associated with the village of Haworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. The sisters, Charlotte , Emily , and Anne , are well known as poets and novelists. They originally published their poems and novels under the male pseudonyms Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell, much like many contemporary female writers. Their stories immediately attracted attention, although not always the best, for their passion and originality. Charlotte's Jane Eyre was the first to know success, while Emily's Wuthering Heights, Anne's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and other works were later to be accepted as masterpieces of literature
Jul 31 Nikolaos Skoufas a member of the Filiki Eteria , a Greek conspiratorial organization against the Ottoman Empire.
Aug 11 Ivan Kulibin a Russian mechanic and inventor. He was born in Nizhny Novgorod in the family of a trader. From childhood, Kulibin displayed an interest in constructing mechanical tools. Soon, clock mechanisms became a special interest of his. His realizations as well as his prolific imagination inspired the work of many
Aug 13 Agostino Accorimboni an Italian composer known mostly for his operas. He composed thirteen operas of which ten premiered in Rome between 1770 and 1785
Aug 16 John Palmer (postal innovator) a theatre owner and instigator of the British system of mail coaches that was the beginning of the great British post office reforms with the introduction of an efficient mail coach delivery service in Great Britain during the late 18th century. He was Mayor of Bath on two occasions and Comptroller General of the Post Office, and later served as Member of Parliament for the constituency of Bath between 1801 and 1807
Aug 22 Warren Hastings the first Governor-General of Bengal from 1772 and the first Governor-General of India 1773 to 1785. He was accused of corruption and impeached in 1787, but after a long trial he was acquitted in 1795. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1814
Aug 24 James Carr (Massachusetts politician) son of U.S. Congressman Francis Carr, was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Maine, then a District of Massachusetts
Aug 28 Jean Baptiste Point du Sable regarded as the first permanent resident of what became Chicago, Illinois. Little is known of his life prior to the 1770s. In 1779, he was living on the site of present-day Michigan City, Indiana, when he was arrested by the British military on suspicion of being an American sympathizer in the American Revolutionary War. In the early 1780s he worked for the British lieutenant-governor of Michilimackinac on an estate at what is now the city of Clair, Michigan, before moving to settle at the mouth of the Chicago River. He is first recorded living in Chicago in early 1790, having apparently become established sometime earlier. He sold his property in Chicago in 1800 and moved to Charles, Missouri, where he died on August 28, 1818
Aug 30 Casimiro Gómez Ortega a Spanish physician, and botanist who was the First Professor of the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid. Under Charles III of Spain Gómez de Ortega directed the formation of the Royal Botanical Garden as a place, in particular, to collect and study the new species of plants being identified by European explorers. Gómez de Ortega published extensively on plant species, and on the economic botany of plants collected during Spanish sponsored explorations of South America
Sep 1 Robert Calder a British naval officer who served in the Seven Years' War, the American Revolutionary War, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
Sep 19 Olof Swartz a Swedish botanist and taxonomist. He is best known for his taxonomic work and studies into pteridophytes. He attended the University of Uppsala where he studied under Carolus Linnaeus the Younger and received his doctorate in 1781