Born in 1820

Jan 7 Leonti Nikolai Pavlovich a Baron, Russian general, member of the Caucasian War and a Catholic convert, taking a name Jean-Louis in the monastic life of the Carthusians.
Jan 10 Louisa Lane Drew an American actress and theatre owner of British birth and an ancestor of the Barrymore acting family.
Jan 12 Enrico Cosenz an Italian soldier born at Gaeta.
Jan 16 Johannes Rebmann a German missionary and explorer credited with feats including being the first European, along with his colleague Johann Ludwig Krapf, to enter Africa from the Indian Ocean coast. In addition, he was the first European to find Kilimanjaro. News of Rebmann's discovery was published in the Church Missionary Intelligencer in May 1849, but disregarded as mere fantasy for the next twelve years. The Geographical Society of London held that snow could not possibly occur let alone persist in such latitudes and considered the report to be the hallucination of a malaria-stricken missionary. It was only in 1861 that researchers began their efforts to measure Kilimanjaro. Expeditions to Tanzania between 1861 and 1865, led by the German Baron Carl Claus von der Decken, confirmed Rebmann’s report. Together with his colleague Johann Ludwig Krapf he also discovered Kenya. Their work there is also thought to have had effects on future African expeditions by Europeans, including the exploits of Sir Richard Burton, John Hanning Speke, and David Livingstone. After losing most of his eyesight and entering into a brief marriage, he died of pneumonia
Jan 17 Anne Brontë a British novelist and poet, the youngest member of the Brontë literary family.
Jan 20 Alexandre-Émile Béguyer de Chancourtois a French geologist and mineralogist who was the first to arrange the chemical elements in order of atomic weights, doing so in 1862. De Chancourtois only published his paper, but did not publish his actual graph with the proposed arrangement. Although his publication was significant, it was ignored by chemists as it was written in terms of geology. It was Dmitri Mendeleev's table published in 1869 that became most recognized. De Chancourtois was also a professor of mine surveying, and later geology at the École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris. He also was the Inspector of Mines in Paris, and was widely responsible for implementing many mine safety regulations and laws during the time
Jan 20 Wilhelm Paul Corssen a German philologist noted for his work on Latin and Etruscan topics.
Jan 21 Joseph Wolf a German artist who specialized in natural history illustration. He moved to the British Museum in 1848 and became the preferred illustrator for explorers and naturalists including David Livingstone, Alfred Russel Wallace and Henry Walter Bates. Wolf depicted animals accurately in lifelike postures and is considered one of the great pioneers of wildlife art. Sir Edwin Landseer thought him "...without exception, the best all-round animal artist who ever lived"'
Jan 21 Egide Walschaerts a Belgian mechanical engineer, best known as the inventor of the Walschaerts valve gear for use in steam locomotives. He was born in Mechelen, Belgium. In 1838 he was recognised as an excellent modeller, presenting his work at a local exhibition in Mechelen. Minister Rogier, who opened the exhibition, was so impressed that he arranged a place for Walschaerts at Liège University
Jan 23 Alexander Serov a Russian composer and music critic. He is notable as one of the most important music critics in Russia during the 1850s and 1860s and as the most significant Russian composer of opera in the period between Dargomyzhsky's Rusalka and the early operas by Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky, and Tchaikovsky
Jan 24 Felix Sumarokov-Elston the Ataman of the Kuban Cossacks and the Governor of Kuban Oblast in the late 1860s.
Jan 24 Henry Jarvis Raymond an American journalist and politician and co-founder of The New York Times with George Jones.
Jan 27 Juan Crisóstomo Falcón President of Venezuela.
Jan 31 William B. Washburn an American politician from Massachusetts who served in the United States House of Representatives and as the 28th Governor of Massachusetts.
Feb 1 George Hendric Houghton an American Protestant Episcopal clergyman.
Feb 3 James Densmore a business associate of Christopher Sholes, who along with Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soule helped contribute to inventing one of the first practical typewriters at a machine shop located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Feb 3 Anthony W. Gardiner William Gardiner served as the ninth President of Liberia from 1878 until 1883. He was the first of a series of True Whig presidents who held power uninterruptedly until 1980
Feb 4 Božena Němcová a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.
Feb 8 William Tecumseh Sherman an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War , for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States
Feb 10 Cornelius Gurlitt (composer) a composer born in Altona, Schleswig-Holstein. He was a classmate of Carl Reinecke, whose father was head of the famous Leipzig Conservatory. Gurlitt studied with Reinecke's father for six years. His first public appearance at the age of seventeen was well received, and he decided to go to Copenhagen to continue his studies. There he studied organ, piano, and composition under Curlander and Weyse. While in Copenhagen he became acquainted with the Danish composer Niels Gade, and they remained friends until Gade's death
Feb 15 Susan B. Anthony an American social reformer who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society
Feb 17 Henri Vieuxtemps a Belgian composer and violinist. He occupies an important place in the history of the violin as a prominent exponent of the Franco-Belgian violin school during the mid-19th century. He is also known for playing upon what is now known as the Vieuxtemps Guarneri del Gesu, a violin of superior workmanship
Feb 20 Gustave Nadaud a French songwriter and chansonnier.
Feb 21 Apollo Korzeniowski a Polish poet, playwright, clandestine political activist, and father of Polish-English novelist Joseph Conrad.
Feb 21 Reinhart Dozy a Dutch scholar of French origin, who was born in Leiden. He was a scholar of Arabic language, history and literature
Feb 23 Jakob Stämpfli a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Feb 23 David Kalisch a German playwright and humorist.
Feb 25 Alois von Brinz a German jurist and politician.
Feb 28 John Tenniel an English illustrator, graphic humourist and political cartoonist whose work was prominent during the second half of the 19th century. Tenniel is considered important to the study of that period’s social, literary, and art histories. Tenniel was knighted by Victoria for his artistic achievements in 1893
Feb 28 Elisha Kane an American explorer, and a medical officer in the United States Navy during the first half of the 19th century. He was a member of two Arctic expeditions to rescue the explorer Sir John Franklin. He was present at the discovery of Franklin's first winter camp, but he did not find out what had happened to the fatal expedition
Feb 29 Lewis A. Swift an American astronomer.
Mar 1 Rudolf Buchheim a German pharmacologist born in Bautzen.
Mar 2 Multatuli a Dutch writer famous for his satirical novel, Max Havelaar , which denounced the abuses of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies.
Mar 4 Francesco Bentivegna an Italian patriot, who led various revolts in Sicily against the Bourbon rulers between 1848 and 1856.
Mar 6 Horatio Wright an engineer and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was responsible for building the fortifications around Washington DC, and in the Overland Campaign he commanded the first troops to break through the Confederate defenses at Petersburg. After the war, he was involved in a number of engineering projects, including the Brooklyn Bridge and the completion of the Washington Monument, and served as Chief of Engineers for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Mar 9 Samuel Blatchford an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from April 3, 1882 until his death.
Mar 11 William P. Wood the first Director of the United States Secret Service. He was the son of James Wood and Margaret Turner
Mar 14 Victor Emmanuel II of Italy king of Sardinia from 1849 until, on 17 March 1861, he assumed the title King of Italy to become the first king of a united Italy since the 6th century, a title he held until his death in 1878. The Italians gave him the epithet Father of the Fatherland
Mar 15 Roualeyn George Gordon-Cumming a Scottish traveller and sportsman, known as the "lion hunter". He was the second son of William Gordon Gordon-Cumming, 2nd Baronet
Mar 16 Enrico Tamberlik an Italian tenor who sang to great acclaim at Europe and America's leading opera venues. He excelled in the heroic roles of the Italian and French repertories and was renowned for his powerful declamation and clarion high notes
Mar 17 Patrick Edward Connor a Union General during the American Civil War. He was most famous for his campaigns against Native Americans in the American Old West
Mar 17 Jean Ingelow an English poet and novelist.
Mar 19 Charles de Mazade a French historian, journalist, and political editor of Revue des deux mondes. He was the third member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1882
Mar 20 Alexandru Ioan Cuza Prince of Moldavia, Prince of Wallachia, and later Domnitor of the Romanian Principalities. He was a prominent figure of the Revolution of 1848 in Moldavia. He initiated a series of reforms that contributed to the modernization of Romanian society and of state structures
Mar 24 Fanny Crosby an American mission worker, poet, lyricist, and composer. A member of the Sixth Avenue Bible Baptist Church in Brooklyn, NY, she wrote many hymns together with her pastor, Robert Lowry. She was one of the most prolific hymnists in history, writing over 8,000 hymns and gospel songs, with over 100 million copies printed. This is despite her being blind from shortly after birth. Crosby is also known for her teaching, and her rescue mission work. By the end of the 19th century, she was "a household name"
Mar 24 Edmond Becquerel a French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics. He is credited with the discovery of the photovoltaic effect, the operating principle of the solar cell, in 1839. He is also known for his work in luminescence and phosphorescence. He was the son of Antoine César Becquerel and the father of Henri Becquerel, one of the discoverers of radioactivity
Mar 27 Edward Augustus Inglefield a Royal Naval officer who led one of the searches for the missing Arctic explorer John Franklin during the 1850s. In doing so, his expedition charted previously unexplored areas along the northern Canadian coastline, including Baffin Bay, Smith Sound and Lancaster Sound. He was also the inventor of the marine hydraulic steering gear and the anchor design that bears his name. The warship HMS Inglefield is named after him, as is the Inglefield Land region of Greenland
Mar 27 Elias David Sassoon an Iraqi-Indian philanthropist and businessman involved in trade in India and the Far East.
Mar 30 Andrej Sládkovič a Slovak poet, critic, publicist and translator.
Mar 30 Anna Sewell an English novelist, best known as the author of the classic novel Black Beauty.