Died in 1822

Jan 3 Johann Christian von Mannlich a German painter and architect.
Jan 10 Jean Baron de Batz a French royalist and businessman. He was born in Goutz-les-Tartas , and died in Chadieu, near Vic-le-Comte
Jan 12 Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider a German classicist and naturalist.
Jan 22 Rudolph Schadow a German sculptor.
Jan 24 Ali Pasha a Muslim Albanian ruler who served as an Ottoman pasha of the western part of Rumelia, the Ottoman Empire's European territory, which was referred to as the Pashalik of Yanina. His court was in Ioannina, but the territory he governed incorporated most of Epirus and the western parts of Thessaly and Greek Macedonia in Northern Greece. Ali had three sons: Ahmet Muhtar Pasha , Veli Pasha of Morea and Salih Pasha of Vlore
Feb 4 Jean-Baptiste Cyrus de Valence Timbrune de Thiembronne, Comte de Valence commanded French troops during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. A nobleman, he joined the French Royal Army as a captain of cavalry in 1778. By the time of the French Revolution he commanded a cavalry regiment. Valence led troops at Valmy in 1792 and was soon appointed to command the Army of the Ardennes. He led the right wing at Neerwinden. Becoming involved in Charles Francois Dumouriez's failed plot to seize control of the army, he defected in April 1793
Feb 10 Albert Casimir Duke of Teschen a German prince from the House of Wettin who married into the Habsburg imperial family. He was noted as an art collector and founded the Albertina in Vienna, the largest and finest collection of old master prints and drawings in the world
Feb 23 Johann Matthäus Bechstein a German naturalist, forester, ornithologist, entomologist, and herpetologist. In Great Britain, he was known for his treatise on singing birds
Feb 25 William Pinkney an American statesman and diplomat, and the seventh U.S. Attorney General
Feb 27 Shikitei Sanba a Japanese comic writer of the Edo period.
Feb 27 Sir John Borlase Warren 1st Baronet an English admiral, politician and diplomat. Born in Stapleford, Nottinghamshire, he was the son and heir of John Borlase Warren of Stapleford and Little Marlow. He entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1769, but in 1771 entered the Royal Navy as an able seaman; in 1774 he became member of Parliament for Great Marlow; and in 1775 he was created a baronet, the baronetcy held by his ancestors, the Borlases, having become extinct in 1689
Mar 2 Friedrich Christian Hermann Uber a German composer, who also served as the cantor of the Kreuzkirche in Dresden.
Mar 9 Edward Daniel Clarke an English naturalist, mineralogist and traveller.
Mar 16 Jeanne-Louise-Henriette Campan a French educator, writer and lady-in-waiting. In the service of Marie Antoinette before and during the French Revolution, she was afterwards headmistress of the first "Maison d'éducation de la Légion d'honneur", as appointed by Napoleon in 1807
Mar 19 Józef Wybicki a Polish jurist, poet, political and military activist. He is best remembered as the author of Mazurek Dąbrowskiego , which in 1927 was adopted as the Polish national anthem
Mar 19 Valentin Haüy the founder, in 1784, of the first school for the blind, the Royal Institution for the Young Blind in Paris. In 1819, Louis Braille entered this school
Mar 26 Theodor Grotthuss a German chemist known for establishing the first theory of electrolysis in 1806 and formulating the first law of photochemistry in 1817. His theory of electrolysis is considered the first description of the so-called Grotthuss mechanism
Apr 3 Friedrich Justin Bertuch a German publisher and patron of the arts. He co-founded the Fürstliche freie Zeichenschule Weimar with the painter Georg Melchior Kraus in 1776. He was the father of the writer and journalist Karl Bertuch
Apr 17 Dmitry Levitzky a Russian-Ukrainian portrait painter.
Apr 19 Platon Zubov the last of Catherine the Great's favourites and the most powerful man in Russian Empire during the last years of her reign.
May 5 Thomas Truxtun an American naval officer after the Revolutionary War, when he served as a privateer, who rose to the rank of commodore in the late eighteenth century and later served in the Quasi-War with France and the First Barbary War in North Africa. He was one of the first six commanders appointed to the new US Navy by President Washington. During his naval career he commanded a number of famous US naval ships including USS Constellation and USS President. Later in civilian life he became involved with politics and was also elected Sheriff
May 8 John Stark a New Hampshire native who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He became widely known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777
May 10 Roch-Ambroise Cucurron Sicard a French abbé and instructor of the deaf.
May 10 Paolo Ruffini an Italian mathematician and philosopher.
May 17 Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis Duc de Richelieu a prominent French statesman during the Bourbon Restoration. As a royalist, during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, he served as a ranking officer in the Russian Imperial Army, achieving the grade of Major General
May 22 Charles Lefebvre-Desnouettes comte Lefebvre-Desnouettes or Lefèbvre-Desnoëttes became a French officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and a general during the Napoleonic Wars. He later emigrated to the United States
May 27 Augustus Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, and the author of one of the first modern novels to treat of same-sex love. He was the maternal grandfather of Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria
Jun 3 René Just Haüy a French mineralogist, commonly styled the Abbé Haüy after he was made an honorary canon of Notre Dame. He is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Crystallography."
Jun 25 E. T. A. Hoffmann Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann , better known as T. Hoffmann, was a German Romantic author of fantasy and horror, a jurist, composer, music critic, draftsman and caricaturist. His stories form the basis of Jacques Offenbach's famous opera The Tales of Hoffmann, in which Hoffman appears as the hero. He is also the author of the novella The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, on which the famous ballet The Nutcracker is based. The ballet Coppélia is based on two other stories that Hoffmann wrote, while Schumann's Kreisleriana is based on Hoffmann's character Johannes Kreisler
Jul 2 Denmark Vesey noted for his plan for "the rising," a major slave revolt in 1822; by some accounts, it would have involved thousands of slaves in the city and others on plantations miles away. A skilled carpenter, Vesey had won a lottery and purchased his freedom at age 32 in 1799. He had a good business and a family, but he could not buy his wife and children out of slavery. Vesey became active in the Second Presbyterian Church; in 1818 he was among the founders of an AME Church in the city. This was the first independent black denomination in the nation and had recently been organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Supported by white Charleston clergy, it rapidly attracted 1848 members, making this congregation the second-largest AME church in the nation. City officials twice closed it for violating slave laws related to times and purpose of gatherings
Jul 8 Percy Bysshe Shelley regarded by critics as amongst the finest lyric poets in the English language. A radical in his poetry as well as his political and social views, Shelley did not achieve fame during his lifetime, but recognition for his poetry grew steadily following his death. Shelley was a key member of a close circle of visionary poets and writers that included Lord Byron; Leigh Hunt; Thomas Love Peacock; and his own second wife, Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein
Jul 23 Hieronymus Karl Graf von Colloredo-Mansfeld an Austrian corps commander during the Napoleonic Wars. He played an important part in the German campaign of 1813, contributing decisively to the coalition victory at the battle of Kulm
Aug 4 Kristjan Jaak Peterson an Estonian poet, commonly regarded as a herald of Estonian national literature and the founder of modern Estonian poetry. His literary career was cut short by the tuberculosis that killed him at the age of 21. His birthday on March 14 is celebrated in Estonia as the Mother Tongue Day
Aug 12 Robert Stewart Viscount Castlereagh an Anglo-Irish British statesman. As British Foreign Secretary, from 1812 he was central to the management of the coalition that defeated Napoleon and was the principal British diplomat at the Congress of Vienna. Castlereagh was also leader of the British House of Commons in the Liverpool government from 1812 until his suicide in August 1822. Early in his career, as Chief Secretary for Ireland, he was involved in putting down the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and was instrumental in securing the passage of the Irish Act of Union of 1800
Aug 13 Jean-Robert Argand an amateur mathematician. In 1806, while managing a bookstore in Paris, he published the idea of geometrical interpretation of complex numbers known as the Argand diagram and is known for the first rigorous proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
Aug 19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author of well-known books on the history of astronomy from ancient times to the 18th century
Aug 25 William Herschel a German-born British astronomer, composer, and brother of Caroline Herschel. Born in the Electorate of Hanover, Herschel followed his father into the Military Band of Hanover, before migrating to Great Britain at the age of nineteen
Sep 8 Sophie de Condorcet a prominent salon hostess from 1789 to the Reign of Terror, and again from 1799 until her death in 1822. She was the wife, then widow, of the mathematician and philosopher Nicolas de Condorcet, who died during the Reign of Terror. Despite his death, and the exile of her brother Marshal Emmanuel, Marquis de Grouchy between 1815 and 1821, she maintained her own identity and was well-connected and influential before, during, and after the French Revolution
Sep 11 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski a Polish actor, comedist, adaptor, translator, editor of humour magazines, and head of a Polish theatrical family. He was born near Nowogródek. He performed at Teatr Narodowy. He was the father of Alojzy Gonzaga Jazon Żółkowski and Nepomucena Kostecka
Sep 15 William Jack (botanist) a Scottish botanist.
Sep 26 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger an Italian Catholic Church's cardinal. He spent most of his career in the Roman Curia
Oct 2 Evan Nepean a British politician and colonial administrator. He was the first of the Nepean Baronets
Oct 6 Domenico Cotugno an Italian physician.
Oct 9 Richard Earlom an English mezzotint engraver.
Oct 13 Antonio Canova an Italian sculptor from the Republic of Venice who became famous for his marble sculptures that delicately rendered nude flesh. The epitome of the neoclassical style, his work marked a return to classical refinement after the theatrical excesses of Baroque sculpture. Among Canova's English pupils were sculptors Sir Richard Westmacott and John Gibson
Oct 16 Eva Marie Veigel a dancer and the wife of actor David Garrick.
Oct 18 James Sykes (governor) an American physician and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware
Oct 25 James Sowerby an English naturalist and illustrator. Contributions to published works, such as A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland or English Botany, include his detailed and appealing plates. The use of vivid colour and accessible texts were intended to reach a widening audience in works of natural history
Oct 31 Jared Ingersoll an early American lawyer and statesman from Philadelphia. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress and signed the U.S. Constitution for Pennsylvania. Ingersoll also served as Pennsylvania state attorney general, 1791–1800 and 1811–1816 and as the United States Attorney for Pennsylvania, 1800-1801
Nov 6 Claude Louis Berthollet a Savoyard-French chemist who became vice president of the French Senate in 1804. He is known for his scientific contributions to theory of chemical equilibria via the mechanism of reverse chemical reactions, and for his contribution to modern chemical nomenclature. On a practical basis, Berthollet was the first to demonstrate the bleaching action of chlorine gas, and was first to develop a solution of sodium hypochlorite as a modern bleaching agent