Born in 1824

Jan 4 Peter Mitchell (politician) a Canadian politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.
Jan 7 Julia Kavanagh an Irish novelist, born at Thurles in Tipperary, Ireland.
Jan 8 Francisco González Bocanegra a Mexican poet who wrote the lyrics of the Mexican National Anthem in 1853.
Jan 8 Wilkie Collins an English novelist, playwright, and author of short stories. His best-known works are The Woman in White, The Moonstone, Armadale, and No Name
Jan 14 Vladimir Stasov probably the most respected Russian critic during his lifetime. He graduated from the School of Jurisprudence in 1843, was admitted to the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1859, and was made honorary fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1900, together with his friend Leo Tolstoy
Jan 15 Marie Duplessis a French courtesan and mistress to a number of prominent and wealthy men. She was the inspiration for Marguerite Gautier, the main character of La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas the younger, one of Duplessis' lovers. Much of what is known about her has been derived from the literary persona and contemporary legends
Jan 21 Stonewall Jackson a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert Lee. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. The general survived with the loss of an arm to amputation, but died of complications from pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public. Jackson in death became an icon of Southern heroism and commitment, becoming a mainstay in the pantheon of the "Lost Cause"
Jan 22 Josef Leopold Zvonař a Czech composer, pedagogue, and big music critic.
Jan 25 Michael Madhusudan Dutt a popular 19th-century Bengali poet and dramatist. He was born in Sagordari , on the bank of Kopotaksho River, a village in Keshabpur Upazila, Jessore District, Bengal Presidency, East Bengal. His father was Rajnarayan Dutt, an eminent lawyer, and his mother was Jahnabi Devi. He was a pioneer of Bengali drama. His famous work Meghnad Bodh Kavya , is a tragic epic. It consists of nine cantos and is exceptional in Bengali literature both in terms of style and content. He also wrote poems about the sorrows and afflictions of love as spoken by women
Jan 27 Jozef Israëls a Dutch painter, and "the most respected Dutch artist of the second half of the nineteenth century".
Jan 31 Bernard Altum a German Catholic priest, zoologist, and forest scientist.
Feb 3 Nathan George Evans a captain in the 2nd U.S. Cavalry who became a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War
Feb 3 George T. Anderson a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Nicknamed "Tige," Anderson was noted as one of Robert Lee's hardest-fighting subordinates
Feb 3 Ranald MacDonald the first native English-speaker to teach the English language in Japan, including educating Einosuke Moriyama, one of the chief interpreters to handle the negotiations between Commodore Perry and the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Feb 5 Alfonso Capecelatro an Italian Archbishop of Capua, ecclesiastical writer, Vatican librarian, and Cardinal.
Feb 7 William Huggins an English astronomer best known for his pioneering work in astronomical spectroscopy together with his wife Margaret Lindsay Huggins.
Feb 8 Barnard Elliott Bee Jr. a career United States Army officer and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. He was mortally wounded at the First Battle of Bull Run, one of the first general officers to be killed in the war. During that battle, he was responsible for inspiring the famous nickname for Brig. Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Feb 10 Samuel Plimsoll an English politician and social reformer, now best remembered for having devised the Plimsoll line.
Feb 12 Dayananda Saraswati an important Hindu religious leader of his time. He is well known as the founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He was a profound scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit language. He was the first to give the call for Swarajya as "India for Indians" – in 1876, later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak. Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in Hinduism at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies. Subsequently the philosopher and President of India, Radhakrishnan, called him one of the "makers of Modern India," as did Sri Aurobindo
Feb 12 Count Karl Sigmund von Hohenwart an Austrian politician who served as Minister-President of Austria in 1871. Hohenwart’s government attempted to implement a Federalist agreement between Bohemia and the governing Austro-Hungarian Empire. This attempt to conciliate the Bohemian Czechs caused massive criticism, and led to the fall of the Hohenwart government only months after it assumed office
Feb 14 Winfield Scott Hancock a career U.S. Army officer and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880. He served with distinction in the Army for four decades, including service in the Mexican-American War and as a Union general in the American Civil War. Known to his Army colleagues as "Hancock the Superb", he was noted in particular for his personal leadership at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. One military historian wrote, "No other Union general at Gettysburg dominated men by the sheer force of their presence more completely than Hancock." As another wrote, "his tactical skill had won him the quick admiration of adversaries who had come to know him as the 'Thunderbolt of the Army of the Potomac'." His military service continued after the Civil War, as Hancock participated in the military Reconstruction of the South and the Army's presence at the Western frontier
Feb 17 William Farrar Smith a Union general in the American Civil War, notable for attracting the extremes of glory and blame. He was praised for his gallantry in the Seven Days Battles and Antietam, but was demoted for insubordination after the disastrous defeat at Fredericksburg. As chief engineer of the Army of the Cumberland, he acquired legendary fame by restoring a supply-line that saved that army from starvation and surrender. Leading the first operation against Petersburg, Smith’s hesitation, possibly illness-related, cost the Union a prime opportunity for a quick end to the war, and he was relieved of command
Feb 18 Joseph-Antoine Boullan often accused of being a Satanist although he continued to defend his status as a Christian.
Feb 21 David W. Ballard governor of Idaho Territory from 1866 to 1870. Unlike many territorial governors of the Reconstruction Era, Ballard physically resided in his jurisdiction during his tenure. A physician by trade, Ballard actively practiced medicine in Boise throughout his tenure as territorial governor
Feb 22 Pierre Janssen credited with discovering the gaseous nature of the solar chromosphere, and with some justification the element helium.
Feb 22 Richard Wüerst a German composer, music professor and pedagogue.
Feb 24 George William Curtis an American writer and public speaker, born in Providence, Rhode Island, of old New England stock.
Feb 28 Karl-Maria Kertbeny an Austrian-born Hungarian journalist, memoirist, and human rights campaigner. He is best known for coining the words heterosexual and homosexual
Feb 28 Charles Blondin a French tightrope walker and acrobat.
Feb 29 Stjepan Mitrov Ljubiša a Serbian writer and politician. He is famous for his unique short stories, generally ranked among the masterpieces of Serbian literature in its day. These stories are also a symbol of the Serbian rebirth, both for its patriotic message and because it was a fundamental milestone in the Serbian language reform
Mar 1 Jean-Louis Bonnard a French Roman Catholic missionary to Vietnam, one of the Martyrs of Vietnam, canonized in 1988.
Mar 2 Konstantin Ushinsky a Russian teacher and writer, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia.
Mar 2 Bedřich Smetana a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style which became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood. He is thus widely regarded in his homeland as the father of Czech music. Internationally he is best known for his opera The Bartered Bride; for the symphonic cycle Má vlast , which portrays the history, legends and landscape of the composer's native land; and for his First String Quartet, From My Life
Mar 5 James Merritt Ives an American lithographer, bookkeeper, and businessman. He oversaw the business and financial side of the firm, Currier and Ives, which he co-managed with his business partner, Nathaniel Currier
Mar 8 Theodor Coccius a German pianist and pedadogue.
Mar 9 Leland Stanford an American tycoon, industrialist, politician and founder of Stanford University. Migrating to California from New York at the time of the Gold Rush, he became a successful merchant and wholesaler, and continued to build his business empire. He served one two-year term as governor of California after his election in 1861, and later eight years as senator from the state. As president of Southern Pacific and, beginning in 1861, Central Pacific, he had tremendous power in the region and a lasting impact on California. Many consider him a robber baron
Mar 12 Gustav Kirchhoff a German physicist who contributed to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits, spectroscopy, and the emission of black-body radiation by heated objects.
Mar 13 Josef Matyáš Trenkwald a Czech/Austrian painter, best known for his religious and historical paintings. He is also known as "Josef Mathias von Trenkwald" and "Joseph Matthias Trenkwald"
Mar 15 Jules Chevalier a French Roman Catholic priest and founder of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart and Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Roman Catholic religious institutes, and the inspiration for the members of the Chevalier Family.
Mar 16 Alexey Bogolyubov a Russian landscape painter.
Mar 19 George Murray Smith the son of George Smith who with Alexander Elder started the Victorian publishing firm of Smith, Elder & Co. His brainchild, The Cornhill Magazine, was the premier fiction-carrying magazine of the 19th century
Mar 19 William Allingham an Irish poet, diarist and editor. He wrote several volumes of lyric verse, and his poem 'The Faeries' was much anthologised; but he is better known for his posthumously published Diary, in which he records his lively encounters with Tennyson, Carlyle and other writers and artists. His wife, Helen Allingham, was a well-known water-colorist
Mar 20 Theodor von Heuglin a German explorer and ornithologist.
Mar 23 Zygmunt Miłkowski Polish romantic writer and politician who struggled for independence of Poland as leader of Polish Union. He became a member of the Serbian Learned Society in 1869, the society which preceded the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Mar 25 Clinton L. Merriam a United States Representative from New York.
Mar 27 Virginia Minor an American women's suffrage activist. She is best remembered as the plaintiff in Minor Happersett, an 1874 United States Supreme Court case in which Minor unsuccessfully argued that the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution gave women the right to vote
Mar 27 Johann Wilhelm Hittorf a German physicist who was born in Bonn and died in Münster, Germany.
Mar 29 Ludwig Büchner a German philosopher, physiologist and physician who became one of the exponents of 19th century scientific materialism.
Mar 31 Dietrich Brandis a German forester who worked with the British Imperial Forestry Service in colonial India. He is considered the father of tropical forestry
Apr 1 Louis-Zéphirin Moreau a Canadian Roman Catholic priest and fourth Bishop of Saint-Hyacinthe, from 1875 to 1901.