Died in 1824

Jan 1 Vincent Strambi a Catholic bishop who was a member of the Passionist Congregation. He was canonised by Pope Pius XII in 1950
Jan 10 Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia.
Jan 24 Ercole Consalvi a deacon and cardinal of the Catholic Church, who served twice as Cardinal Secretary of State for the Papal States and who played a crucial role in the post-Napoleonic reassertion of the legitimist principle of the divine right of kings, of which he was a constant supporter.
Jan 26 Théodore Géricault an influential French painter and lithographer, known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings. Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement
Feb 1 Maria Theresia von Paradis an Austrian music performer and composer who lost her sight at an early age, and for whom Mozart may have written his Piano Concerto 18 in B flat major.
Feb 8 Rhijnvis Feith Jhr. Rhijnvis Feith was a Dutch poet
Feb 9 Anne Catherine Emmerich a Roman Catholic Augustinian Canoness Regular of Windesheim, mystic, Marian visionary, ecstatic and stigmatist.
Feb 16 Johann Wolf a German naturalist and ornithologist.
Feb 20 Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien a Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 21 Eugène de Beauharnais the first child and only son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, future wife of Napoleon I.
Feb 23 Blasius Merrem a German naturalist, zoologist, ornithologist, mathematician, and herpetologist. In 1804, he became the professor of political economy and botany at the University of Marburg
Feb 24 Sir Albemarle Bertie 1st Baronet a long-serving and at time controversial officer of the British Royal Navy who saw extensive service in his career but also courted controversy with several of his actions.
Mar 3 Giovanni Battista Viotti an Italian violinist whose virtuosity was famed and whose work as a composer featured a prominent violin and an appealing lyrical tunefulness. He was also a director of French and Italian opera companies in Paris and London
Mar 7 Ludwig Wilhelm Gilbert a German physicist and chemist, and professor of physics at the University of Leipzig. From 1799-1824 he published the "Annalen der Physik", of which Poggendorffs "Annalen der Physik und Chemie" was a continuation
Mar 8 Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès a French lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire, best remembered as the author of the Napoleonic Code, which still forms the basis of French civil law.
Mar 13 Maria Luisa of Spain Duchess of Lucca an Infanta of Spain. She was a daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma. In 1795, age thirteen, she married her first cousin Louis, Hereditary Prince of Parma. She spent the first years of her married life at the Spanish court where her first son, Charles II, Duke of Parma, was born
Mar 14 Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a German princess of the House of Wettin. By marriage, she was a Duchess of Württemberg. Through her eldest surviving son, she is the ancestress of today's House of Württemberg
Mar 24 Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux a deputy to the National Convention during the French Revolution. He later served as a prominent leader of the French Directory
Mar 29 Hans Nielsen Hauge a noted revivalist Norwegian lay minister who spoke up against the Church establishment in Norway. Hauge is considered an influential personality in the industrialization of Norway. He is commemorated annually on 29 March as a renewer of the church by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Mar 30 Elizabeth Cavendish Duchess of Devonshire best known as an early woman novelist and as the close friend of Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire. Elizabeth supplanted the Duchess, gaining the Duke's affections and later marrying him
Apr 11 Jean-Baptiste Drouet (French revolutionary) a French politician of the 1789 Revolution, chiefly noted for the part he played in the arrest of King Louis XVI during the Flight to Varennes.
Apr 15 Theodorus Frederik van Capellen a Dutch naval officer. He was married to Petronella de Lange. Alexandrine Tinné, female explorer and pioneering photographer, was his granddaughter
Apr 16 Fedor Fedorovich Levisa a Russian lieutenant general of the Napoleonic Wars. His family had originally had the surname Lewis before migrating from Scotland to the Baltic in 1630 - by the time of Fedor's birth, it had become a noble family and settled in Livonia
Apr 19 Lord Byron an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric She Walks in Beauty
May 4 Joseph Joubert a French moralist and essayist, remembered today largely for his Pensées , which was published posthumously.
May 15 Johann Philipp Stadion Count von Warthausen Carl Joseph, Graf von Stadion-Warthausen. Born in Mainz, he was a statesman, foreign minister, and diplomat who served the Habsburg empire during the Napoleonic Wars. He was also founder of the Austrian National Bank. Johann Philip was Count of Stadion-Warthausen 1787–1806
May 26 Kaumualii the last independent Aliʻi ʻAimoku of Kauaʻi and Niʻihau before becoming a vassal of Kamehameha I of the unified Kingdom of Hawaiʻi in 1810. He was the 23rd high chief of Kauaʻi, reigning from 1794-1810
May 26 Capel Lofft an English lawyer, minor political figure and miscellaneous writer.
May 29 Jean-Baptiste Willermoz a French Freemason and Martinist who played an important role in the establishment of various systems of Masonic high-degrees in his time in both France and Germany.
Jun 16 Charles-François Lebrun duc de Plaisance a French statesman.
Jun 18 Ferdinand III Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1790 to 1801 and, after a period of disenfranchisement, again from 1814 to 1824. He was also the Prince-elector and Grand Duke of Salzburg and Grand Duke of Würzburg
Jun 21 Étienne Aignan a French translator, political writer, librettist and playwright born in Beaugency, Loiret.
Jun 28 Hans Henric von Essen a Swedish officer, courtier and statesman.
Jul 1 Lachlan Macquarie a British Army officer and colonial administrator from Scotland. He served as the fifth and last autocratic Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821, and had a leading role in the social, economic and architectural development of the colony. He is considered by historians to have had a crucial influence on the transition of New South Wales from a penal colony to a free settlement and therefore to have played a major role in the shaping of Australian society in the early nineteenth century. An inscription on his tomb in Scotland describes him as "The Father of Australia"
Jul 14 Kamehameha II the second king of the Kingdom of Hawaii. His birth name was Liholiho and full name was Kalaninui kua Liholiho i ke kapu ʻIolani. It was lengthened to Kalani Kaleiʻaimoku o Kaiwikapu o Laʻamea i Kauikawekiu Ahilapalapa Kealiʻi Kauinamoku o Kahekili Kalaninui i Mamao ʻIolani i Ka Liholiho when he took the throne
Jul 14 Agustín de Betancourt a prominent Spanish-Canarian engineer, who worked in Spain, France and Russia. His work ranged from steam engines and balloons to structural engineering and urban planning. As an educator, Betancourt founded and managed the Spanish Corps of Engineers and the Saint Petersburg Institute of Communications Engineers. As an urban planner and construction manager, Betancourt supervised planning and construction in Saint Petersburg, Kronstadt, Nizhny Novgorod and other Russian cities
Jul 19 Agustín de Iturbide a Mexican army general and politician. During the Mexican War of Independence, he built a successful political and military coalition that took control in Mexico City on 27 September 1821, decisively gaining independence. After the liberation of Mexico was secured, he was proclaimed President of the Regency in 1821. A year later, he was announced as the Constitutional Emperor of the new nation, reigning as Emperor briefly from 19 May 1822 to 19 March 1823. He is credited as the original designer of the first Mexican flag
Jul 19 Alexander Pearce an Irish convict who was transported to Van Diemen's Land for seven years for theft. He escaped from prison several times, but was eventually captured and was hanged and dissected in Hobart for murder
Jul 20 Maine de Biran a French philosopher.
Jul 21 Buddha Loetla Nabhalai the second monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1809 to 1824. In 1809, Itsarasunthon succeeded his father Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, the founder of Chakri dynasty, as Buddha Loetla Nabhalai the King of Siam. His reign was largely peaceful, devoid of major conflicts. His reign was known as the "Golden Age of Rattanakosin Literature" as Buddha Loetla Nabhalai was patron to a number of poets in his court and the King himself was a renowned poet and artist. The most notable poet in his employ was the illustrious Sunthorn Phu, the author of Phra Aphai Mani
Jul 22 Thomas Macnamara Russell an admiral in the Royal Navy. Russell's naval career spanned the American Revolutionary War, French Revolutionary War and Napoleonic War
Aug 3 Joseph Barss a sea captain of the schooner Liverpool Packet and was one of the most successful privateers on the North American Atlantic coast during the War of 1812.
Aug 8 Friedrich August Wolf a German philologist and critic.
Aug 15 Carl Arnold Kortum a German physician, but best known for his writing and poetry.
Aug 31 Joseph Potaski the first Pole to settle in Australia, and one of the first convicts to arrive in Van Diemen's Land on the Ocean. Joseph Potaski worked hard to establish himself as a successful farmer in colonial Hobart. This was however undone by the exploits of his family. Joseph Potaski reflects the attitudes of those convicts who never progressed beyond their criminal past. Potaski is seen as representing the auspicious beginning of the Polish community in Australia
Sep 16 Giacomo Tritto an Italian composer, known primarily for his 54 operas. He was born in Altamura, and studied in Naples; among his teachers were Nicola Fago, Girolamo Abos, and Pasquale Cafaro. Amongst his pupils were the young Vincenzo Bellini around 1821, plus Ferdinando Orlandi. He died in Naples
Sep 16 Louis XVIII of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1814 to 1824 except for a period in 1815 known as the Hundred Days. Louis XVIII spent twenty-three years in exile, from 1791 to 1814, during the French Revolution and the First French Empire, and again in 1815, during the period of the Hundred Days, upon the return of Napoleon I from Elba
Sep 23 John Cartwright (political reformer) an English naval officer, Nottinghamshire militia major and prominent campaigner for parliamentary reform. He subsequently became known as the Father of Reform. His younger brother Edmund Cartwright became famous as the inventor of the steam power loom
Oct 9 Jonathan Dayton an American politician from the U.S. state of New Jersey. He was the youngest person to sign the United States Constitution and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, serving as the fourth Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, and later the U.S. Senate. Dayton was arrested in 1807 for treason in connection with Aaron Burr's conspiracy, he was never put on trial, but his national political career never recovered
Oct 10 Johann von Thielmann a Saxon soldier who served with Saxony, Prussia and France during the Napoleonic Wars.