Born in 1825

Jan 10 Friedrich Ritter von Friedländer-Malheim a Bohemian-Austrian painter.
Jan 11 Bayard Taylor an American poet, literary critic, translator, and travel author.
Jan 12 Joseph R. Davis a lawyer, planter, state legislator, militia officer, Brigadier-General in the Confederate States Army, and Major-General in the Mississippi National Guard.
Jan 15 Maurice Strakosch an American musician and impresario of Czech origin.
Jan 16 George Pickett a career United States Army officer who became a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his participation in the futile and bloody assault at the Battle of Gettysburg that bears his name, Pickett's Charge
Jan 23 Louis Ehlert a German composer and music critic.
Jan 25 Edward Frankland a British chemist. He was an expert in water quality and analysis, and originated the concept of combining power, or valence, in chemistry. He was also one of the originators of organometallic chemistry
Jan 28 Benedetto Cairoli an Italian statesman.
Jan 29 Henry G. Blasdel an American politician and a member of the Republican Party. He was the first Governor of Nevada, serving during the American Civil War and the first years of the Reconstruction era
Jan 31 Miska Magyarics Hungarian Slovene poet.
Feb 1 Francis James Child an American scholar, educator, and folklorist, best known today for his collection of folk songs known as the Child Ballads. Child was Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory at Harvard University, where he produced influential editions of English poetry. In 1876 he was named Harvard's first Professor of English, a position which allowed him to focus on academic research. It was during this time that he began work on the Child Ballads
Feb 1 James W. Throckmorton an American politician who served as the 12th Governor of Texas from 1866 to 1867 during the early days of Reconstruction. He was a United States Congressman from Texas from 1875 to 1879 and again from 1883 to 1889
Feb 3 William Lowther "Mudwall" Jackson the third Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1857 until 1860. After the outbreak of the American Civil War, he joined the Confederate Army as a colonel and served on the staff of General Stonewall Jackson. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1864, and fled to Mexico following the war's end. He later moved to Kentucky where he became a judge
Feb 4 Myles Birket Foster a popular English illustrator, watercolour artist and engraver in the Victorian period. His name is also to be found as Myles Birkett Foster
Feb 7 Karl Möbius a German zoologist who was a pioneer in the field of ecology and a former director of the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin.
Feb 7 Karl Kořistka a Czech geographer and technologist.
Feb 8 Henri Giffard a French engineer. In 1852, he invented the steam injector and the powered airship
Feb 8 Henry Walter Bates an English naturalist and explorer who gave the first scientific account of mimicry in animals. He was most famous for his expedition to the rainforests of the Amazon with Alfred Russel Wallace, starting in 1848. Wallace returned in 1852, but lost his collection on the return voyage when his ship caught fire. When Bates arrived home in 1859 after a full eleven years, he had sent back over 14,712 species of which 8,000 were new to science. Bates wrote up his findings in his best-known work, The Naturalist on the River Amazons
Feb 10 Geoffrey Hornby a British naval officer.
Feb 10 Émile Bin a French portraitist, mythology painter, watercolorist and politician.
Feb 15 Carter Harrison Sr. an American politician who served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1879 until 1887; he was subsequently elected to a fifth term in 1893 but was assassinated before completing his term. He previously served two terms in the United States House of Representatives. Harrison was the first cousin twice removed of President William Henry Harrison
Feb 17 Albrecht Weber a German Indologist and historian.
Feb 18 Mór Jókai a Hungarian dramatist and novelist.
Feb 22 Jean-Baptiste Salpointe the first Bishop of Arizona and the second Archbishop of Santa Fe.
Feb 25 Robert H. Chilton an officer in the U.S. Army and then a Brigadier General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He served as Chief of Staff for the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert Lee for much of the war
Feb 25 Berthold Carl Seemann a German botanist. He travelled widely and collected and described plants from the Pacific and South America
Feb 26 James Skivring Smith served as the 6th President of Liberia from 1871 to 1872. Prior to this, he served as the 8th Vice President of Liberia from 1870 to 1871 under President Edward James Roye and as Secretary of State from 1856 to 1860 in the cabinet of President Stephen Allen Benson
Feb 26 Ludwig Ruetimeyer considered one of the fathers of zooarchaeology.
Feb 26 Hieronymus Weickmann an Imperial Russian viola player, composer and music educator of German descent.
Feb 28 Aleksey Uvarov a Russian archaeologist often considered to be the founder of the study of the prehistory of Russia.
Feb 28 Jean-Baptiste Arban a cornetist, conductor, composer, pedagogue and the first famed virtuoso of the cornet à piston or valved cornet. He was influenced by Niccolò Paganini's virtuosic technique on the violin and successfully proved that the cornet was a true solo instrument by developing virtuoso technique on the instrument
Mar 3 Shiranui Kōemon a sumo wrestler from Kikuchi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 11th yokozuna
Mar 4 Ludwig Lange (philologist) a German philologist and archaeologist.
Mar 8 Salomon Kohn an Austrian novelist.
Mar 8 Jules Barbier a French poet, writer and opera librettist who often wrote in collaboration with Michel Carré. He was a noted Parisian bon vivant and man of letters
Mar 13 Benjamin Mountfort an English emigrant to New Zealand, where he became one of that country's most prominent 19th century architects. He was instrumental in shaping the city of Christchurch's unique architectural identity and culture, and was appointed the first official Provincial Architect of the developing province of Canterbury. Heavily influenced by the Anglo-Catholic philosophy behind early Victorian architecture, he is credited with importing the Gothic revival style to New Zealand. His Gothic designs constructed in both wood and stone in the province are considered unique to New Zealand. Today, he is considered the founding architect of the province of Canterbury
Mar 13 Hans Gude considered along with Johan Christian Dahl to be one of Norway's foremost landscape painters. He has been called a mainstay of Norwegian National Romanticism. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
Mar 15 Aníbal Pinto a Chilean political figure. He served as the president of Chile between 1876 and 1881
Mar 16 Camilo Castelo Branco a prolific Portuguese writer of the 19th century, having produced over 260 books. His writing is considered original in that it combines the dramatic and sentimental spirit of Romanticism with a highly personal combination of sarcasm, bitterness and dark humour. He is also celebrated for his peculiar wit and anecdotal character, as well as for his turbulent life
Mar 21 Alexander Mozhaysky a Russian naval officer, aviation pioneer, researcher and designer of heavier-than-air craft." In 1884, Mozhaysky's monoplane made a failed attempt to fly.
Mar 23 Edward Lloyd Thomas a Confederate infantry general during the American Civil War from the state of Georgia. He was an uncle to famed American Old West lawman Heck Thomas who helped bring down the Doolin Dalton Gang
Mar 23 Theodor Bilharz a German physician and an important pioneer in the field of parasitology.
Mar 25 Max Schultze a German microscopic anatomist noted for his work on cell theory.
Mar 27 Andrey Dostoyevsky a Russian architect, engineer, memoirist, building restorer, father of renowned histologist Alexander Dostoyevsky and a brother of famous writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Andrey was not as close with Fyodor as his elder brother Mikhail, but they were also friends. They corresponded throughout their lives. Andrey Dostoyevsky's Memoirs , first published in 1930, contain a lot of information on the early years of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's life. Memoirs covers the period of time from 1825 to 1871 and was written in the eight months between 1895—1896
Mar 27 Hubert de Castella a Swiss-Australian writer, artist and winemaker.
Mar 29 Francesco Faà di Bruno an Italian priest and advocate of the poor, and a leading mathematician of his era and a noted religious musician. In 1988 he was beatified by Pope John Paul He is the eponym of Faà di Bruno's formula
Mar 30 Samuel B. Maxey an American soldier, lawyer, and politician from Paris, Texas, United States. He was a Major General for the Confederacy in the Civil War and later represented Texas in the U.S. Senate
Mar 30 Theodor Kjerulf a Norwegian geologist and poet.
Apr 1 Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria the daughter of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and his first wife Maria Anna of Saxony, and the wife of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria.
Apr 4 Đuro Daničić a Serbian and Croatian philologist, translator, linguistic historian and lexicographer. He was a prolific scholar at the Belgrade Lyceum