Died in 1825

Jan 4 Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies the King of the Two Sicilies from 1816, after his restoration following victory in the Napoleonic Wars. Before that he had been, since 1759, Ferdinand IV of the Kingdom of Naples and Ferdinand III of the Kingdom of Sicily. He was deposed twice from the throne of Naples: once by the revolutionary Parthenopean Republic for six months in 1799 and again by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1805
Jan 8 Eli Whitney an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States. Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin. Thereafter, he turned his attention into securing contracts with the government in the manufacture of muskets for the newly formed United States Army. He continued making arms and inventing until his death in 1825
Jan 14 George Dance the Younger an English architect and surveyor and a portraitist. The fifth and youngest son of the architect George Dance the Elder, he came from a family of architects, artists and dramatists. He was described by Sir John Summerson as "among the few really outstanding architects of the century", but few of his buildings remain
Jan 17 Antoine-François-Claude Ferrand born in Paris, and became a member of the parlement of Paris at eighteen.
Feb 6 William Eustis an early American physician, politician, and statesman from Massachusetts. Trained in medicine, he served as a military surgeon during the American Revolutionary War, notably at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He resumed medical practice after the war, but soon entered politics
Feb 11 Frederick IV Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg the last duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Feb 17 Jean-Baptiste Robert Lindet a French politician of the Revolutionary period. His brother, Robert Thomas Lindet, became a constitutional bishop and member of the National Convention. Although his role may not have been spectacular, Jean-Baptiste Lindet came to be the embodiment of the growing middle class that came to dominate French politics during the Revolution
Feb 24 Thomas Bowdler an English physician and philanthropist, best known for publishing The Family Shakspeare, an expurgated edition of William Shakespeare's work, edited by his sister Henrietta Maria Bowdler, intended to be more appropriate for 19th century women and children than the original. Although early editions of the work were published with the spelling "Shakspeare", after Bowdler's death, later editions adopted the spelling "Shakespeare", reflecting changes in the standard spelling of Shakespeare's name
Mar 1 John Brooks (governor) a doctor, military officer, and politician from Massachusetts. He served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 1823, and was one of the last Federalist officials elected in the United States
Mar 1 John Haggin one of the earliest settlers of Kentucky, arriving in the spring of 1775 with his wife's uncle, Col. John Hinkston. A famous "Indian fighter", he was on numerous occasions the hero of attacks against pioneer settlements, was dispatched on many expeditions, and was involved in many other aspects of the New West
Mar 9 Anna Laetitia Barbauld a prominent English poet, essayist, literary critic, editor, and children's author.
Mar 10 Karl Mollweide a German mathematician and astronomer in Halle and Leipzig. In trigonometry, he discovered the formula known as Mollweide's formula. He invented a map projection called the Mollweide projection
Mar 10 José de Bustamante y Guerra a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and politician. He was a native of Corvera de Toranzo in Cantabria, Spain
Mar 12 Maximin Isnard a dealer in perfumery at Draguignan when he was elected deputy for the département of the Var to the Legislative Assembly, where he joined the Girondists.
Mar 24 Giovanni Domenico Perotti an Italian composer.
Mar 25 Antoine Fabre d'Olivet a French author, poet and composer whose Biblical and philosophical hermeneutics influenced many occultists, such as Eliphas Lévi, Gerard Encausse and Édouard Schuré.
Mar 26 Jean Vincent Félix Lamouroux a French biologist and naturalist, noted for his seminal work with algae.
Mar 29 Roberto Cofresí a pirate from Puerto Rico. He became interested in sailing at a young age, when he acquired his first ship and became acquainted with the Mona Passage. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries there were political and economic difficulties in Puerto Rico, which at the time was a colony of the Spanish Empire. Upon reaching adulthood, Roberto Cofresí decided to abandon a merchant's life and became a pirate. Commanding a crew out of Isla de Mona they navigated between Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Saint Thomas, leading several assaults against cargo and merchant vessels. Historians have speculated that Cofresí may have served as a privateer prior to this, likely aboard the Escipión, a ship owned by one of his cousins named José María Ramírez de Arellano. He established a reputation for being difficult to capture, successfully avoiding the Spanish Armed Forces and United States Navy, and also suddenly escaping from a Dominican jail. This was accomplished with the help of civil informants and associates - a web so vast that it took 14 years after his death to fully dismantle it
Mar 31 Vasyl Gogol-Yanovsky the father of the writer Nikolai Gogol. The landlord of the village of Vasylivka, , Poltava oblast and descendent of Ukrainian noble families of Hohol and Lyzohub
Apr 1 Maha Bandula commander-in-chief of the Royal Burmese Armed Forces from 1821 until his death in 1825 in the First Anglo-Burmese War. Bandula was a key figure in the Konbaung dynasty's policy of expansionism in Manipur and Assam that ultimately resulted in the war and the beginning of the downfall of the dynasty. Nonetheless, the general, who died in action, is celebrated as a national hero by the Burmese for his resistance to the British. Today, some of the most prominent places in the country are named after him
Apr 6 Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen a member of the House of Saxe-Hildburghausen and a Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen by birth. Through her marriage to William, Duke of Nassau, Louise was also a member of the House of Nassau-Weilburg and Duchess consort of Nassau. Louise was briefly Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg in 1816
Apr 12 Anna Ivanovna Baryatinskaya Tolstoy Countess Anna Ivanovna Baryatinskaya Tolstoy - the sister of prince Ivan Baryatinsky, wife of Marshal Nikolai Alexandrovich Tolstoy , a close friend of the Empress Elizabeth Alexeyevna and memoirist Countess Varvara Golovina.
Apr 13 Princess Mathilde of Waldeck and Pyrmont a member of the House of Waldeck and Pyrmont and a Princess of Waldeck and Pyrmont and a member of the House of Württemberg and a Duchess of Württemberg through her marriage to Duke Eugen of Württemberg.
Apr 17 Henry Fuseli a Swiss painter, draughtsman and writer on art who spent much of his life in Britain. Many of his works, such as The Nightmare deal with supernatural subject-matter. He painted works for John Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery, and created his own "Milton Gallery". He held the posts of Professor of Painting and Keeper at the Royal Academy. His style had a considerable influence on many younger British artists, including William Blake
Apr 18 Franz Lauska a Moravian pianist, composer, and teacher of Giacomo Meyerbeer. Lauska was considered "one of the most brilliant executants of his time."
Apr 19 Marc-Auguste Pictet a physicist, chemist, meteorologist and astronomer from Geneva, Switzerland.
Apr 21 Johann Friedrich Pfaff a German mathematician. He was described as one of Germany's most eminent mathematicians during the 19th century. He was a precursor of the German school of mathematical thinking, which under Carl Friedrich Gauss and his followers largely determined the lines on which mathematics developed during the nineteenth century
Apr 23 Maler Müller best known for his slightly sentimental prose idylls on country life. Usually known as Maler Müller
Apr 27 Vivant Denon a French artist, writer, diplomat, author, and archaeologist. He was appointed as the first Director of the Louvre Museum by Napoleon after the Egyptian campaign of 1798-1801, and is commemorated in the Denon Wing of the modern museum. His two-volume Voyage dans la basse et la haute Egypte , was the foundation of modern Egyptology
May 2 Mikhail Bulatov a Russian military officer who fought during the Russo-Turkish War and became major general in 1799 during the Napoleonic Wars and lieutenant-general in 1823.
May 6 Lady Anne Barnard born at Balcarres House, Fife, Scotland. She was author of the ballad Auld Robin Gray and an accomplished travel writer, artist and socialite of the period. Her five-year residence in Cape Town, South Africa, although brief, had a significant impact on the cultural and social life of the time
May 7 Antonio Salieri an Italian classical composer, conductor and teacher born in Legnago, south of Verona, in the Republic of Venice, but who spent his adult life and career as a subject of the Habsburg Monarchy.
May 7 Johann Gabriel Chasteler de Courcelles a Walloon, born near Mons, Belgium. He entered the military service of Habsburg Austria at an early age and trained as an engineer at the Ingenieurakademie in Vienna. Serving as Chief of Staff to Spleny in the Turkish War from 1788, he won the Ritterkreuz of the Order of Maria Theresa for outstanding bravery at the Battle of Focsani in action against the Ottoman Turks
May 8 Annibale Santorre di Rossi de Pomarolo Count of Santarosa an Italian insurgent and leader in the revival of Italy.
May 13 Charles Whitworth 1st Earl Whitworth a British diplomat and politician.
May 17 Stanislao Mattei O.F.M. Conv. , was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar who was a noted composer, musicologist, and music teacher of his era
May 19 Claude Henri de Rouvroy comte de Saint-Simon a French early socialist theorist whose thought influenced the foundations of various 19th century philosophies, including the philosophy of science and the discipline of sociology. His thought played a substantial role in influencing positivism, Marxism and the ideas of Thorstein Veblen
May 21 Stepan Davydov a Russian composer and singer.
May 22 Laskarina Bouboulina a Greek naval commander, heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821, and an Admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
Jun 1 Papaflessas a Greek patriot, priest, and government official of the old Flessas Family. The prefix papa- in the name "Papaflessas" indicates his status as a cleric since the word means "priest" in Greek. He was ordained to the highest position of the priesthood, Archimandrites, in 1819. He served as Minister of Internal Affairs and Chief of Police in the government of Alexander Mavrocordatos. Papaflessas was killed during the Battle of Maniaki on May 20, 1825, fighting against the forces of Ibrahim Pasha at Maniaki, Messinia
Jun 5 Odysseas Androutsos a hero of the Greek War of Independence.
Jun 9 Pauline Bonaparte the first sovereign Duchess of Guastalla, an imperial French Princess and the Princess consort of Sulmona and Rossano. She was the sixth child of Letizia Ramolino and Carlo Buonaparte, Corsica's representative to the court of King Louis XVI of France. Her elder brother, Napoleon, was the first Emperor of the French. She married Charles Leclerc, a French general, a union ended by his death in 1802. Later, she married Camillo Borghese, 6th Prince of Sulmona. Her only child, Dermide Leclerc, born from her first marriage, died in infancy. She was the only Bonaparte sibling to visit Napoleon on his principality, Elba
Jun 11 Daniel D. Tompkins the fourth Governor of New York , and the sixth Vice President of the United States.
Jun 14 Pierre Charles L'Enfant a French-born American architect and civil engineer best known for designing the layout of the streets of Washington, D.C., the L'Enfant Plan.
Jun 22 Johann Karl Burckhardt a German-born astronomer and mathematician who later became a naturalized French citizen. He is remembered in particular for his work in fundamental astronomy, and for his lunar theory, which was in widespread use for the construction of navigational ephemerides of the Moon for much of the first half of the nineteenth century
Jun 30 Wilhelm Hemprich a German naturalist and explorer.
Jul 8 John Lanigan an Irish Church historian.
Aug 3 Ambrogio Minoja a classical composer from Italy, born in Ospedaletto Lodigiano, in the territory of Lodi, in the region of Lombardy. He was professor of composition and writer on vocal music, having written Solfeggi, and Lettera sopra il canto
Aug 4 Charles Joseph Mathieu Lambrechts a Belgian-born lawyer who became Minister of Justice in France during the French Revolution. Later he was a deputy from 1819 to 1824
Aug 16 Charles Cotesworth Pinckney "C. C." Pinckney , was an early American statesman of South Carolina, Revolutionary War veteran, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was twice nominated by the Federalist Party as their presidential candidate, but he did not win either election