Born in 1826

Jan 5 Alfred Vulpian a French physician and neurologist. He was the co-discoverer of Vulpian-Bernhardt spinal muscular atrophy and the Vulpian-Heidenhain-Sherrington phenomenon
Jan 6 Adolf Kirchhoff Johann Wilhelm Adolf Kirchhoff , German classical scholar and epigraphist.
Jan 7 John Wodehouse 1st Earl of Kimberley a British Liberal politician. He held office in every Liberal administration from 1852 to 1895, notably as Secretary of State for the Colonies and as Foreign Secretary
Jan 12 William Chapman Ralston a San Francisco, California businessman and financier, and was the founder of the Bank of California.
Jan 14 Ivan Naumovich a priest, member of parliament, writer, and major figure in the Russophile movement in western Ukraine. His article Glimpse into the future was considered the most important manifesto of Galician Russophilism
Jan 16 Romuald Traugutt a Polish general and war hero, best known for commanding the January Uprising. From October 1863 to August 1864 he was the Dictator of Insurrection. He headed the Polish national government from 17 October 1863 to 20 April 1864, and was president of its Foreign Affairs Office
Jan 22 Friedrich Ueberweg a German philosopher and historian of philosophy.
Jan 22 Thomas Baring 1st Earl of Northbrook a British Liberal politician and statesman. Gladstone appointed him Viceroy of India 1872-1876. His major accomplishments came as an energetic reformer who was dedicated to upgrading the quality of government in the British Raj. He began large scale famine relief, reduced taxes, and overcame bureaucratic obstacles in an effort to reduce both starvation and widespread social unrest. He served as First Lord of the Admiralty between 1880 and 1885
Jan 23 Edward Byles Cowell a noted translator of Persian poetry and the first professor of Sanskrit at Cambridge University.
Jan 26 Julia Grant the wife of the 18th President of the United States, Ulysses Grant, and was First Lady of the United States from 1869 to 1877.
Jan 27 Richard Taylor (general) an American plantation owner, politician, military historian and Confederate general during the American Civil War. He was the son of Zachary Taylor, a general in the United States Army and later President of the United States, and his wife Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor
Jan 27 Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin a major Russian satirist of the 19th century. He spent most of his life working as a civil servant in various capacities. After the death of poet Nikolay Nekrasov, he acted as editor of the well-known Russian magazine, Otechestvenniye Zapiski, until it was banned by the government in 1884. His best known work is the novel The Golovlyov Family
Feb 3 Walter Bagehot a British journalist, businessman, and essayist, who wrote extensively about government, economics, and literature.
Feb 9 József Borovnyák a Slovene or Prekmurian writer, politician and Roman Catholic priest in Hungary.
Feb 15 George Johnstone Stoney an Anglo-Irish physicist. He is most famous for introducing the term electron as the "fundamental unit quantity of electricity". He had introduced the concept, though not the word, as early as 1874 and 1881, and the word came in 1891. He published around 75 scientific papers during his lifetime
Feb 16 Hans Peter Jørgen Julius Thomsen a Danish chemist noted in thermochemistry for the Thomsen-Berthelot principle.
Feb 16 Joseph Victor von Scheffel a German poet and novelist.
Feb 20 Charles C. Stevenson an American politician. He was the fifth Governor of Nevada. He was a member of the Republican Party
Feb 22 Svetozar Miletić an advocate, journalist, author, politician, mayor of Novi Sad, and the political leader of Serbs in Vojvodina.
Feb 23 Edmund Evans a prominent English wood engraver and colour printer during the Victorian era. Evans specialized in full-colour printing, which, in part because of his work, became popular in the mid-19th century. He employed and collaborated with illustrators such as Walter Crane, Randolph Caldecott, Kate Greenaway and Richard Doyle to produce what are now considered to be classic children's books. Although little is known about his life, he wrote a short autobiography before his death in 1905 in which he described his life as a printer in Victorian London
Feb 28 Pamfil Yurkevich a Russian idealist philosopher and teacher.
Mar 1 Francesco Nullo an Italian patriot, military officer and a merchant, a close friend and confidant of Giuseppe Garibaldi. He supported independence movements in Italy and Poland. He was a participant of the Five Days of Milan and other events of the revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states, Sicilian Expedition of the Thousand in 1860 and the Polish January Uprising in 1863. His military career ended with him receiving the rank of general in Poland, shortly before his death in the Battle of Krzykawka
Mar 3 Joseph Wharton an American industrialist. He was involved in mining, manufacturing and education. He founded the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, co-founded the Bethlehem Steel company, and was one of the founders of Swarthmore College
Mar 4 Theodore Judah an American railroad and civil engineer who was a central figure in the original promotion, establishment, and design of the first Transcontinental Railroad. He found investors for what became the Central Pacific Railroad. As chief engineer, he performed much of the land survey work to determine the best route for the railroad over the Sierra Nevada mountains
Mar 4 John Buford a Union cavalry officer during the American Civil War. A West Point regular, born in the divided border state of Kentucky, he had many Southern connections, but opted to stay in the Union Army. His first command was a cavalry brigade under Maj. Gen. John Pope, and he distinguished himself at Second Bull Run, where he was wounded, and also saw action at Antietam and Chancellorsville
Mar 4 August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein a Baltic German linguist, folklorist, ethnographer, and theologian.
Mar 4 Elme Marie Caro a French philosopher.
Mar 6 Marietta Alboni a renowned Italian contralto opera singer. She is to be considered as 'one of the greatest contraltos in operatic history'
Mar 8 Johann Köler a leader of the Estonian national awakening and a painter. He is considered as the first professional painter of the emerging nation. He distinguished himself primarily by his portraiture and to a lesser extent by his landscape paintings. Some of his most notable pictures depict the Estonian rural life in the second half of the 19th century
Mar 10 Louis-Ovide Brunet considered one of the founding fathers of Canadian botany.
Mar 17 Oscar Peschel a German geographer and anthropologist.
Mar 20 Ruggero Bonghi an Italian scholar, writer and politician.
Mar 23 Ludwig Minkus an Austrian composer of ballet music, a violin virtuoso and teacher.
Mar 24 Matilda Joslyn Gage a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was "born with a hatred of oppression".
Mar 26 Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg (1826–1896) a daughter of Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and his wife Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. By marriage, she became Grand Duchess of Oldenburg
Mar 29 Wilhelm Liebknecht a German social democrat and one of the principal founders of the SPD. His political career was a pioneering project combining Marxist revolutionary theory with practical, legal political activity. Under his leadership, the SPD grew from a tiny sect to become Germany's largest political party. He was the father of Karl Liebknecht and Theodor Liebknecht
Apr 2 Georg II Duke of Saxe-Meiningen the penultimate Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, reigning from 1866 to 1914.
Apr 3 Cyrus K. Holliday one of the founders of the township of Topeka, Kansas, in the mid 19th century; and was Adjutant General of Kansas during the American Civil War. The title Colonel, however, was honorary. He was the first president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, as well as one of the railroad's directors for nearly 40 years, up to 1900. A number of railway locomotives have been named after him
Apr 6 Gustave Moreau a French Symbolist painter whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures. As a painter, Moreau appealed to the imaginations of some Symbolist writers and artists
Apr 8 Pancha Carrasco Costa Rica's first woman in the military. Carrasco is most famous for joining the defending forces at the Battle of Rivas in 1856 with a rifle and bullets. The strength and determination she showed there made her a symbol of national pride and she was later honored with a Costa Rican postage stamp, a Coast Guard vessel, and the creation of the "Pancha Carrasco Police Women's Excellence Award"
Apr 9 Karl Blind a German revolutionist and writer on politics, history, mythology and German literature.
Apr 19 Franciszek Kostrzewski a Polish painter, illustrator and caricaturist.
Apr 26 George Hull Ward a soldier and Union officer in the American Civil War.
Apr 26 Ambrose R. Wright a lawyer, Georgia politician, and Confederate general in the American Civil War.
Apr 26 Dinah Craik an English novelist and poet.
May 1 Julian Sas-Kuilovsky the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1899 until his death in 1900.
May 3 Robert Zünd one of the most important Swiss painters of the 19th Century.
May 3 Charles XV of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway from 1859 until his death.
May 4 Frederic Edwin Church an American landscape painter born in Hartford, Connecticut. He was a central figure in the Hudson River School of American landscape painters, perhaps best known for painting large panoramic landscapes, often depicting mountains, waterfalls, and sunsets, but also sometimes depicting dramatic natural phenomena that he saw during his travels to the Arctic and Central and South America. Church's paintings emphasis on light and a romantic respect for natural detail. In his later years, Church painted classical Mediterranean and Middle Eastern scenes and cityscapes
May 5 Eugénie de Montijo the last Empress consort of the French from 1853 to 1871 as the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French.