Born in 1828

Jan 5 Stjepan Jovanović a military commander of the Austrian Empire from Croatia.
Jan 10 Herman Koeckemann now the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu — from 1881 to 1892.
Jan 17 Lewis A. Grant a teacher, lawyer, soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and later Assistant U.S. Secretary of War. He was among the leading officers from the state of Vermont, and received the Medal of Honor for "personal gallantry and intrepidity."
Jan 17 Ede Reményi a Hungarian violinist and composer. His birth date is disputed, and variously given from 1828-1830
Jan 18 Thomas Kirk (botanist) an English-born botanist, teacher, public servant, writer and churchman who moved to New Zealand with his wife and four children in late 1862. The New Zealand government commissioned him in 1884 to compile a report on the indigenous forests of the country and appointed him as chief conservator of forests the following year. He published 130 papers in botany and plants including The Durability of New Zealand Timbers, The Forest Flora of New Zealand and Students' Flora of New Zealand
Jan 22 Dora d'Istria a Romanian Romantic writer and feminist of Albanian descent.
Jan 23 Saigō Takamori one of the most influential samurai in Japanese history, living during the late Edo Period and early Meiji Era. He has been dubbed the last true samurai. He was born Saigō Kokichi , and received the given name Takamori in adulthood. He wrote poetry under the name Saigō Nanshū. His younger brother was Gensui The Marquis Saigō Tsugumichi
Jan 24 Ferdinand Cohn a German biologist. He is one of the founders of modern bacteriology and microbiology
Jan 25 Charles Allston Collins a British painter, writer and illustrator associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Jan 27 Johann Friedrich Judeich a German forester.
Jan 27 James Blair (VC) a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 28 Thomas C. Hindman a lawyer, United States Representative from the 1st Congressional District of Arkansas, and a Major General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Jan 29 Friedrich August Körnicke a German agronomist and botanist born in Pratau. He was the father of agricultural botanist Max Koernicke
Jan 30 Rainilaiarivony the Prime Minister of Madagascar from 1864 to 1895, succeeding his older brother Rainivoninahitriniony, who had held the post for thirteen years. His career mirrored that of his father Rainiharo, a renowned military man who became Prime Minister during the reign of Queen Ranavalona Despite a childhood marked by ostracism from his family, as a young man Rainilaiarivony was elevated to a position of high authority and confidence in the royal court, serving alongside his father and brother. He co-led a critical military expedition with Rainivoninahitriniony at the age of 24 and was promoted to Commander-in-Chief of the army following the death of the queen in 1861. In that position he oversaw continuing efforts to maintain royal authority in the outlying regions of Madagascar and acted as adviser to his brother, who had been promoted to Prime Minister in 1852. He also influenced the transformation of the kingdom's government from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional one, in which power was shared between the sovereign and the Prime Minister. Rainilaiarivony and Queen Rasoherina worked together to depose Rainivoninahitriniony for his abuses of office in 1864. Taking his brother's place as Prime Minister, Rainilaiarivony remained in power for the next 31 years by marrying three queens in succession: Rasoherina, Ranavalona II and Ranavalona III
Feb 1 Meyer Guggenheim the patriarch of what became known as the Guggenheim family.
Feb 7 Adolphe Perraud a French Cardinal and academician.
Feb 8 Antonio Cánovas del Castillo a Spanish politician and historian known principally for serving six terms as Spanish Prime Minister, his role in supporting the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy to the Spanish throne and for his death at the hands of an anarchist, Michele Angiolillo.
Feb 8 Antonio Cagnoni an Italian composer. Primarily known for his operas, his work is characterized by his use of leitmotifs and moderately dissonant harmonies. In addition to writing music for the stage, he composed a modest amount of sacred music, most notably a Requiem in 1888. He also contributed the third movement, Quid sum miser, to the Messa per Rossini, a collaborative work created by thirteen composers to honor Gioacchino Rossini
Feb 8 John K. Jackson an American lawyer and soldier. He served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War, mainly in Florida and the Western Theater of the conflict. Afterward Jackson resumed his law practice until dying from pneumonia a year after the war ended
Feb 8 Jules Verne a French novelist, poet, and playwright best known for his adventure novels and his profound influence on the literary genre of science fiction.
Feb 12 Robert Ransom Jr. a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. His brother Matt Ransom was also a Confederate general officer and U.S. Senator
Feb 12 George Meredith an English novelist and poet of the Victorian era.
Feb 13 Morten Müller a Norwegian landscape painter.
Feb 14 Edmond François Valentin About a French novelist, publicist and journalist.
Feb 20 Karl Ferdinand Wimar a German-American painter who concentrated on Native Americans in the West and the great herds of buffalo.
Feb 29 Emmeline B. Wells an American journalist, editor, poet, women's rights advocate and diarist. She served as the fifth Relief Society General President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1910 until her death
Mar 2 Jefferson C. Davis an officer in the United States Army who served in the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and the Modoc War. He was the first commander of the Department of Alaska, from 1867 to 1870. Although successful in a number of Civil War battles, he is best remembered for two attributes: the similarity of his name to that of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his murder of a superior officer during an argument in the Civil War
Mar 4 Elisha F. Paxton an American lawyer and soldier who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He died in combat leading the famed Stonewall Brigade during the Battle of Chancellorsville
Mar 4 Owen Wynne Jones a Welsh clergyman and author.
Mar 5 Dmitry Dmitriyevich Smyshlyayev a Russian historian, ethnographer and politician. He is known for study of history of Perm and Perm Governorate
Mar 12 Benjamin Leigh Smith a British yachtsman and explorer.
Mar 16 Émile Deshayes de Marcère a French politician.
Mar 16 Patrick Cleburne an Irish American soldier, best known for his service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, where he rose to the rank of major general.
Mar 18 Randal Cremer an English Liberal Member of Parliament, a pacifist, and a leading advocate for international arbitration.
Mar 20 Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1885) the son of Prince Charles of Prussia and his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Prince Frederick Charles was a grandson of King Frederick William III of Prussia and a nephew of Frederick William IV and William He was born at Schloss Klein in Berlin
Mar 20 Henrik Ibsen a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of realism" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, Rosmersholm, and The Master Builder. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and A Doll's House became the world's most performed play by the early 20th century
Mar 20 Louis Sussmann-Hellborn a German sculptor, painter, art collector and contractor.
Mar 24 Horace Gray an American jurist who ultimately served on the United States Supreme Court. He was active in public service and a great philanthropist to the City of Boston
Mar 28 Étienne Carjat a French journalist, caricaturist and photographer. He co-founded the magazine, Le Diogène, and founded the review, Le Boulevard. He is best known for his numerous portraits and caricatures of political, literary and artistic Parisian figures. His best-known work is the iconic portrait of Arthur Rimbaud which he took in October 1871
Mar 30 François Bocion a Swiss artist and teacher.
Apr 6 Charles W. Field a career military officer, serving in the United States Army and then, during the American Civil War, in the Confederate States Army. His division was considered as one of the finest in the Army of Northern Virginia. Field was one of a handful of American officers who advised the army of Egypt following the Civil War
Apr 6 Willoughby Smith an English electrical engineer who discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium. This discovery led to the invention of photoelectric cells, including those used in the earliest television systems
Apr 6 C. F. Varley an English engineer, particularly associated with the development of the electric telegraph and the transatlantic telegraph cable.
Apr 12 Charles Foster (politician) a U.S. Republican politician from Ohio. Foster was the 35th Governor of Ohio, and later went on to serve as Secretary of the Treasury under Benjamin Harrison
Apr 12 Richard Arnold (general) a career U.S. Army officer who served as a brigadier general in the Union forces during the American Civil War. His artillery helped force the surrender of two important Confederate towns, including Mobile, Alabama
Apr 13 Joseph Lightfoot an English theologian and Bishop of Durham.
Apr 15 Jean Danjou a decorated captain in the French Foreign Legion. He commanded the two lieutenants and 62 legionnaires who fought the legendary Battle of Camarón during the French intervention in Mexico. He was killed during the battle
Apr 18 Octave Gréard a noted French educator.
Apr 21 Hippolyte Taine a French critic and historian. He was the chief theoretical influence of French naturalism, a major proponent of sociological positivism and one of the first practitioners of historicist criticism. Literary historicism as a critical movement has been said to originate with him. Taine is particularly remembered for his three-pronged approach to the contextual study of a work of art, based on the aspects of what he called "race, milieu, and moment"
Apr 23 Albert of Saxony a King of Saxony and a member of the House of Wettin.