Died in 1828

Jan 5 Kobayashi Issa a Japanese poet and lay Buddhist priest of the Jōdo Shinshū sect known for his haiku poems and journals. He is better known as simply Issa , a pen name meaning Cup-of-tea. He is regarded as one of the four haiku masters in Japan, along with Bashō, Buson and Shiki - "the Great Four, Basho, Buson, Issa, Shiki"
Jan 10 François de Neufchâteau a French statesman, poet, and scientist.
Jan 13 Elizabeth Craven an author, playwright, traveller, and socialite, perhaps best known for her travelogues. She was the third child of the 4th Earl of Berkeley, born near Trafalgar Square in the English City of Westminster
Jan 16 Charlotte Buff a youthful acquaintance of the poet Goethe, who fell in love with her. She rejected him and instead married Johann Christian Kestner, a diplomat and art collector. In Goethe's novel The Sorrows of Young Werther, the character of Lotte is in part based on her. Their relationship was characterized by heartiness and lack of constraint. Goethe bought the wedding rings for her and Kestner, in Frankfurt am Main. Charlotte Kestner had four daughters and eight sons, among them August Kestner
Jan 16 Claire de Duras a French writer best known for her 1823 novel called Ourika, which examines issues of racial and sexual equality, and which inspired the 1969 John Fowles novel The French Lieutenant's Woman.
Jan 26 Lady Caroline Lamb a British aristocrat and novelist, best known for her affair with Lord Byron in 1812. Her husband was William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, who later became Prime Minister. However, she was never the Viscountess Melbourne because she died before Melbourne succeeded to the peerage; hence, she is known to history as Lady Caroline Lamb
Jan 31 Alexander Ypsilantis a member of a prominent Phanariot Greek family, a prince of the Danubian Principalities, a senior officer of the Imperial Russian cavalry during the Napoleonic Wars, and a leader of the Filiki Eteria, a secret organization that coordinated the beginning of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. He should not be confused with his namesake grandfather, a Prince of Wallachia and Moldavia at the end of the 18th century
Feb 7 Henry Neele an English poet and literary scholar.
Feb 7 Henri-François Riesener a French portrait painter and miniaturist. He was the son of German-born cabinet-maker Jean-Henri Riesener and the father of the Romantic painter Léon Riesener
Feb 11 DeWitt Clinton an early American politician and naturalist who served as a United States Senator and was the sixth Governor of New York. In this last capacity, he was largely responsible for the construction of the Erie Canal. Clinton was the leader of New York's People’s Party and was a major rival of Martin Van Buren, who was the Attorney General of New York during Clinton's governorship. Clinton believed that infrastructure improvements could transform American life, drive economic growth, and encourage political participation, and he heavily influenced the development of the New York State and the United States
Feb 25 Yury Neledinsky-Meletsky a soldier, senator and secretary of state of the Russian Empire and a Russian poet.
Feb 26 Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein a German painter. He was a descendant of the Tischbein family of painters, and a pupil of his uncle Johann Jacob Tischbein
Mar 17 James Edward Smith an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.
Mar 28 William Thornton a British-American physician, inventor, painter and architect who designed the United States Capitol, an authentic polymath. He also served as the first Architect of the Capitol and first Superintendent of the United States Patent Office
Mar 31 Princess Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym a princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym by birth as a daughter of Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. As the wife of Hereditary Prince Paul Frederick Augustus of Oldenburg she became an Hereditary Princess of Oldenburg by marriage
Apr 16 Francisco Goya a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. Goya was court painter to the Spanish Crown; throughout the Peninsular War he remained in Madrid, where he painted the portrait of Joseph Bonaparte, pretender to the Spanish throne, and documented the war in the masterpiece of studied ambiguity known as the Desastres de la Guerra. Through his works he was both a commentator on and chronicler of his era. The subversive imaginative element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of artists of later generations, notably Édouard Manet, Pablo Picasso and Francis Bacon
Apr 19 Kiril Bagration an Imperial Russian general and official of Georgian origin, descended from the royal line of the Bagrationi-Mukhraneli of Kartli. He was a grandson of King Jesse of Kartli and uncle of General Pyotr Bagration of the Napoleonic Wars fame
Apr 22 Nikolai Nikitich Demidov a Russian industrialist, collector and arts patron of the Demidov family.
May 2 Raymond Desèze a French advocate. Together with François Tronchet and Malesherbes, he defended Louis XVI, when the king was brought before the Convention for trial
May 5 Ioan Sturdza a Prince of Moldavia.
May 8 Christian August Lorentzen a Danish painter. He was the instructor of Martinus Rørbye
May 14 Étienne-Jean Georget an early French psychiatrist. He is known for writing on monomania. He is also the pioneer of forensic psychiatry, and was the first psychiatrist to discuss the defence of insanity to criminal charges
May 16 Sir William Congreve 2nd Baronet an English inventor and rocket artillery pioneer distinguished for his development and deployment of Congreve rockets, and a Tory Member of Parliament.
May 28 Daikokuya Kōdayū a Japanese castaway who spent eleven years in Russia. His ship landed at Amchitka, in the Aleutian Islands. The crew managed to travel to the Russian mainland and Catherine the Great allowed them to go back to Japan. This was made possible through the efforts of Kirill Laxman, Alexander Bezborodko, and Alexander Vorontsov. Two of the crew made it back to Japan alive, though one died while they were detained in Yezo. Of the original crew, two converted to Christianity and stayed in Irkutsk, and 11 others died
Jun 1 Frank Abney Hastings a British naval officer and Philhellene.
Jun 8 William Coxe (historian) an English historian and clergyman who served as a traveling companion and tutor to nobility from 1771 to 1786. He wrote numerous historical works and travel chronicles. Ordained a deacon in 1771, he served as a rector and then archdeacon of Bemerton near Salisbury from 1786 until his death
Jun 9 Dixon Denham an English soldier, explorer of West Central Africa, and ultimately Governor of Sierra Leone.
Jun 11 Dugald Stewart a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician.
Jun 12 Jacques Lauriston a French soldier and diplomat of Scottish descent, and a general officer in the French army during the Napoleonic Wars. He was born in Pondicherry in India, where his father, a nephew of the financier John Law, held a senior position in the colonial regime; his mother was a member of the Carvallho family of Portuguese traders. Lauriston is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
Jun 14 Karl August Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and of Saxe-Eisenach from 1758, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach from its creation in 1809, and Grand Duke from 1815 until his death. He is noted for the intellectual brilliance of his court
Jul 9 Gilbert Stuart an American painter from Rhode Island.
Jul 10 Louis Augustin Guillaume Bosc a French botanist, invertebrate zoologist, and entomologist.
Jul 11 Johan Wilhelm Dalman a Swedish physician and a naturalist. He first studied at Christianfeld in Schleswig-Holstein then at the University of Lund and the University of Uppsala. He was mainly interested in entomology and botany. He received his degree in 1816 then his doctorate in 1817 from the University of Uppsala. Dalman became librarian of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, a member of the Academy in 1821, then director of the zoological garden, then demonstrator in botany at the Karolinska Institutet of Stockholm
Jul 15 Jean-Antoine Houdon a French neoclassical sculptor.
Jul 21 Charles Manners-Sutton a priest in the Church of England who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828.
Jul 27 Radama I the first Malagasy sovereign to be recognized as King of Madagascar by a European state. He came to power at the age of 17 following the death of his father, King Andrianampoinimerina. Under Radama's rule and at his invitation, the first Europeans entered his central highland Kingdom of Imerina and its capital at Antananarivo. Radama encouraged these London Missionary Society envoys to establish schools to teach tradecraft and literacy to nobles and potential military and civil service recruits; they also introduced Christianity and taught literacy using the translated Bible. A wide range of political and social reforms were enacted under his rule, including an end to the international slave trade, which had historically been a key source of wealth and armaments for the Merina monarchy. Through aggressive military campaigns he successfully united two-thirds of the island under his rule. Abuse of alcohol weakened his health and he died prematurely at age 32. He was succeeded by his highest-ranking wife, Ranavalona I
Jul 27 Johann Christoph Wendland a German botanist and gardener born in Petit-Landau, Alsace.
Aug 4 Félix Avelar Brotero a Portuguese botanist and professor. He fled to France in 1788 to escape persecution by the Portuguese Inquisition, and there published his Compendio de Botanica in order to earn his living. It immediately established his reputation as a botanist, and upon his return to Portugal in 1790 he was given the chair of botany and agriculture at the University of Coimbra. His two best known works, Flora lusitanica, 1804, and Phytographia Lusitaniae selectior, 1816–1827, were the first lengthy descriptions of native Portuguese plants. As director of the botanical gardens at Coimbra and Ajuda , he reorganized and enlarged them
Aug 6 Konstantin von Benckendorff a Russian general and diplomat.
Aug 8 Carl Peter Thunberg a Swedish naturalist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus. He has been called "the father of South African botany" and the "Japanese Linnaeus"
Aug 9 Friedrich Bouterwek born to a mining director at Oker, today a district of Goslar in Lower Saxony, and studied law and philology under Christian Gottlob Heyne and Johann Georg Heinrich Feder at the University of Göttingen.
Aug 22 Franz Joseph Gall a neuroanatomist, physiologist, and pioneer in the study of the localization of mental functions in the brain.
Aug 24 Georg Friedrich Sartorius a German research historian, economist and professor at Göttingen University.
Aug 27 Eise Eisinga a Dutch amateur astronomer who built the Eise Eisinga Planetarium in his house in Franeker, Netherlands. The orrery still exists and is the oldest functioning planetarium in the world
Sep 10 Antoine-François Andréossy a French general and diplomat of noble origin and Italian descent.
Sep 23 Richard Parkes Bonington an English Romantic landscape painter, who moved to France at the age of 14 and can also be considered as a French artist, and an intermediary bringing aspects of English style to France. Becoming after his very early death one of the most influential British artists of his time, the facility of his style was inspired by the old masters, yet was entirely modern in its application. His landscapes were mostly of coastal scenes, with a low horizon and large sky, showing a brilliant handling of light and atmosphere. He also painted small historical cabinet paintings in a freely-handled version of the Troubadour style
Sep 24 Shaka one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom.
Sep 25 Charlotta Seuerling a blind Swedish concert singer, harpsichordist, composer and poet, known as "The Blind Song-Maiden". She was active in Sweden, Finland and Russia. Her last name is also spelled as Seijerling and Seyerling. Her first name was Charlotta Antoinetta , but in the French fashion of the time, she was often called Antoinette Charlotte. She was the author of the popular song "Sång i en melankolisk stund"
Oct 5 Charlotte Princess Royal Queen of Württemberg as the wife of King Frederick. She was the eldest daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom
Oct 10 Stepan Shchukin a Russian portrait and watercolor painter. Some sources give his year of birth as 1762