Died in 1829

Jan 1 Pedro Blanco Soto President of Bolivia for just a week cut short by his assassination in a convent called La Recoletta in Sucre on New Years Day 1829. He was shot on the roof above a stairwell while attempting to escape. A small plaque now marks the spot in the Museo de la Recoletta. He was well known for his pro Peru stance and this is generally the reason attributed to his assassination
Jan 2 Melchiorre Gioia an Italian writer on philosophy and political economy. His name is spelled Gioia in modern Italian
Jan 2 Louis-Simon Auger a French journalist, literary critic and playwright.
Jan 6 Josef Dobrovský a Bohemian philologist and historian, one of the most important figures of the Czech national revival.
Jan 10 Gregorio Funes an Argentine clergyman, educator, historian, journalist and lawmaker who played a significant role in his nation's early, post-independence history.
Jan 12 Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist and indologist. With his older brother, August Wilhelm Schlegel, he was one of the main figures of the Jena romantics. He was a zealous promoter of the Romantic movement and inspired Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Adam Mickiewicz and Kazimierz Brodziński. Schlegel was a pioneer in Indo-European studies, comparative linguistics, in what became known as Grimm's law, and morphological typology. As a young man he was an atheist, a radical, and an individualist. Ten years later, the same Schlegel converted to Catholicism. Around 1810 he was a diplomat and journalist in the service of Metternich, surrounded by monks and pious men of society
Jan 17 Adam Müller a German publicist, literary critic, political economist, theorist of the state and forerunner of economic romanticism.
Jan 25 William Shield an English composer, violinist and violist who was born in Swalwell near Gateshead, the son of William Shield and his wife, Mary, née Cash.
Jan 27 Luigi Fortis Very Rev. Luigi Fortis, S.J. was an Italian Jesuit elected 20th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
Jan 27 Jean-Baptiste Le Carpentier a French political activist from Normandy.
Jan 29 Paul François Jean Nicolas vicomte de Barras a French politician of the French Revolution, and the main executive leader of the Directory regime of 1795–1799.
Jan 29 Timothy Pickering a politician from Massachusetts who served in a variety of roles, most notably as the third United States Secretary of State, serving in that office from 1795 to 1800 under Presidents George Washington and John Adams.
Jan 29 István Pauli a Hungarian Slovene Roman Catholic priests. Pauli or the teacher of Pertoča György Kousz was the author of a hymnal in Pertoča
Feb 8 Cristóbal Mendoza a Venezuelan politician. Cristobal became the first official President of Venezuela by becoming the first head of the First Republic of Venezuela from 1811 to 1812
Feb 10 Pope Leo XII born Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga, reigned from 28 September 1823 to his death in 1829.
Feb 11 Alexander Griboyedov a Russian diplomat, playwright, poet, and composer. He is recognized as homo unius libri, a writer of one book, whose fame rests on the verse comedy Woe from Wit or The Woes of Wit. He was Russia's ambassador to Qajar Persia, where he and all the embassy staff were massacred by an angry mob
Feb 16 François-Joseph Gossec a French composer of operas, string quartets, symphonies, and choral works.
Feb 18 Olfert Fischer a Danish officer in the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy. He commanded the Dano-Norwegian fleet against British forces under Lord Nelson during the Battle of Copenhagen on 2 April 1801
Feb 18 Jan Křtitel Kuchař a Czech organist, mandolinist, harpsichordist, music composer, operatic conductor, and teacher.
Feb 22 Adam Albert von Neipperg an Austrian general and statesman. He was the son of a diplomat, famous for inventing a letter-copying machine, and the grandson of Wilhelm Reinhard von Neipperg
Feb 27 Charles de Salaberry a French-speaking Canadien of the seigneurial class who served as an officer of the British army in Lower Canada. He won distinction for repelling the American advance on Montreal during the War of 1812
Mar 2 Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez an insurgent and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence, which fought for independence against Spain, in the early 19th century. She was married to Miguel Domínguez, corregidor of the city of Querétaro, hence her nickname
Mar 2 Karl Gottfried Hagen a German chemist.
Mar 5 John Adams (mutineer) the last survivor of the Bounty mutineers who settled on Pitcairn Island in January 1790, the year after the mutiny. His real name was John Adams, but he used the name Alexander Smith until he was discovered in 1808 by Captain Mayhew Folger of the American whaling ship Topaz. His children used the surname "Adams"
Mar 5 Joseph-François-Louis-Charles de Damas a French general.
Mar 18 Alexandre-Théodore-Victor comte de Lameth a French soldier and politician.
Mar 23 Richard Anthony Salisbury a British botanist. While he is remembered as a valuable worker in horticultural and botanical sciences, several bitter disputes caused him to be ostracised by his contemporaries
Mar 24 Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac a French politician and statesman.
Mar 29 Cornelio Saavedra a military officer and statesman from the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. He was instrumental in the May Revolution, the first step of Argentina's independence from Spain, and was appointed president of the Primera Junta
Apr 2 Frederick VI Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg reigned as Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1820 until his death in 1829.
Apr 6 Niels Henrik Abel a Norwegian mathematician who made pioneering contributions in a variety of fields. His most famous single result is the first complete proof demonstrating the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation in radicals. This question was one of the outstanding open problems of his day, and had been unresolved for 250 years. He was also an innovator in the field of elliptic functions, discoverer of Abelian functions. Despite his achievements, Abel was largely unrecognized during his lifetime; he made his discoveries while living in poverty and died at the age of 26
Apr 14 Timothy Matlack a brewer and beer bottler who emerged as a popular revolutionary leader and powerful official in the War of Independence. Secretary of Pennsylvania during the war, and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in 1780, he became one of Pennsylvania's most provocative and influential political figures. Removed from office by his political enemies at the end of the war, he returned to power in the Jeffersonian era
Apr 18 Mahmud Shah Durrani born Prince and ruler of the Durrani Empire between 1801 and 1803, and again between 1809 and 1818. An ethnic Sadozai tribe section of the Popalzai sub clan of Durrani Abdali Pashtun, he was the son of Timur Shah Durrani and grandson of Ahmad Shah Durrani
Apr 23 Pierre Paul Nicolas Henrion de Pansey a French jurist and politician. He was briefly Minister of Justice in the French provisional government of 1814 formed after the defeat of Napoleon. He was one of the presidents of the Court of Cassation, a final court of appeal in France. He wrote several major works on jurisprudence
May 8 Mauro Giuliani an Italian guitarist, cellist, singer, and composer. A leading guitar virtuoso of the early 19th century
May 8 Charles Abbot 1st Baron Colchester a British barrister and statesman. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons between 1802 and 1817
May 10 Thomas Young (scientist) an English polymath. Young made notable scientific contributions to the fields of vision, light, solid mechanics, energy, physiology, language, musical harmony, and Egyptology. He "made a number of original and insightful innovations" in the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs before Jean-François Champollion eventually expanded on his work. He was mentioned by, among others, William Herschel, Hermann von Helmholtz, James Clerk Maxwell, and Albert Einstein
May 17 John Jay an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, signer of the Treaty of Paris, and first Chief Justice of the United States.
May 18 Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony Queen consort of Spain as the wife of King Ferdinand VII of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Prince Maximilian of Saxony and his first wife, Princess Carolina of Parma , daughter of Duke Ferdinand of Parma. She was a member of the house of Wettin
May 21 Peter I Grand Duke of Oldenburg the Regent of the Duchy of Oldenburg for his incapacitated cousin Peter Frederick William from 1785 to 1823, and then served himself as Duke from 1823-1829.
May 27 Daniel Stewart (Brigadier General) an American politician and brigadier general in the Georgia Militia. He joined the militia in 1776 and served during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812
May 27 James Smithson an English chemist and mineralogist. He was the founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution
May 29 Humphry Davy a Cornish chemist and inventor. He is best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine. Berzelius called Davy's 1806 Bakerian Lecture On Some Chemical Agencies of Electricity "one of the best memoirs which has ever enriched the theory of chemistry." He was a 1st Baronet, President of the Royal Society , Member of the Royal Irish Academy , and Fellow of the Geological Society
May 30 Louis Aloysius Prince of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein a German prince and Marshal of France.
May 30 Philibert Jean-Baptiste Curial a general in the Napoleon army.
Jun 9 Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros a Spanish naval officer born in Cartagena. He took part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent and the Battle of Trafalgar, and in the Spanish resistance against Napoleon's invasion in 1808. He was later appointed Viceroy of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, replacing Santiago de Liniers. He disestablished the government Junta of Javier de Elío and quelled the Chuquisaca Revolution and the La Paz revolution. An open cabildo deposed him as viceroy during the May Revolution, but he attempted to be the president of the new government junta, thus retaining power. The popular unrest in Buenos Aires did not allow that, so he resigned. He was banished back to Spain shortly after that, and died in 1829
Jun 11 Amandus Gottfried Adolf Müllner a German critic and dramatic poet.
Jun 14 Matsudaira Sadanobu Japanese daimyo of the mid-Edo period, famous for his financial reforms which saved the Shirakawa Domain, and the similar reforms he undertook during his tenure as chief senior councilor of the Tokugawa Shogunate, from 1787 to 1793.
Jun 15 Francis Buchanan-Hamilton a Scottish physician who made significant contributions as a geographer, zoologist, and botanist while living in India.
Jun 24 Louis Friant born in the village of Morlancourt, 8 km south of Albert near the river Somme. The village would later suffer the misfortune of lying along the Western Front trench-lines of World War I