Died in 1830

Jan 6 Georgije Magarašević Serbian writer, historian, editor and publisher, dramatist, translator and collector of folk proverbs. He belongs to the same generation of Serbian writers as Dimitrije Davidović, Teodor Pavlović, Danilo Medaković, all of whom expressed in some degree their indebtedness to Dositej Obradović and Vuk Karadžić. Georgije Magarašević can be said to have brought philosophy out of the lecture hall and into the market place of life. By understanding and combining what was great and valuable in those divided and scattered endeavours, he became the true successor of Dositej. He is also mentioned as Đorđe or Djordje Magarašević is some texts
Jan 7 Carlota Joaquina of Spain a Queen consort of Portugal as wife of John VI, Infant of Spain, Infant consort of Portugal, Princess consort of Brazil, Princess regent consort of Portugal and Queen consort of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves. She was the eldest daughter of King Charles IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma
Jan 7 Thomas Lawrence a leading English portrait painter and president of the Royal Academy.
Jan 7 John Thomas Campbell an public servant and politician in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly during the early colonial period.
Jan 13 Nikolai Putyatin a philanthropist, philosopher and eccentric personality from the Rurikid dynasty.
Jan 21 Anastasios Karatasos considered to be the most important revolutionary from Macedonia.
Jan 28 James O'Donnell (architect) a noted Irish-American architect in New York City and Montreal.
Jan 30 Wilhelm Waiblinger a German romantic poet, mostly remembered today in connection with Friedrich Hölderlin. After he had attended Gymnasium Illustre in Stuttgart, he was a student at the seminary of Tübingen in the 1820s, when Hölderlin, already mentally ill, lived there as a recluse in a carpenter's house. Waiblinger, who used to visit the older poet and take him out for walks, left an account of Hölderlin's life then, Hölderlins Leben, Dichtung und Wahnsinn. In the late 1820s, Waiblinger left Tübingen for Italy, dying at the age of 25 in Rome, where he is buried in the Protestant Cemetery
Feb 11 Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder an Austrian-Italian historical and portrait painter. He settled in the Russian Empire after the third and final partition of Poland, enticed by an extremely generous offer from the Tsar
Feb 14 Landgravine Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) a German princess. She was the daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. On 3 October 1775 she married duke Charles Augustus of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and as such a member of the court sphere of Weimar Classicism. She was held to be serious and introverted but also compassionate and sympathetic, in the aftermath of the Battle of Jena which guaranteed her part in the later "myth of Weimar"
Feb 14 John Coape Sherbrooke a British soldier and colonial administrator. After serving in the British army in Nova Scotia, the Netherlands, India, the Mediterranean , and Spain, he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia in 1811. During the War of 1812, his policies and victory in conquest of present day Maine, renaming it the colony of New Ireland, led to significant prosperity in Nova Scotia
Feb 15 Antoine Marie Chamans comte de Lavalette a French politician and general.
Feb 15 Pierre Marc Gaston de Lévis Duke of Lévis a French politician, aphorist and député to the National Constituent Assembly. His father was the first duke of Lévis, marshal Francis de Gaston. In 1816 he was elected to seat 6 of the Académie française. He is credited with the quotation "Boredom is an illness for which work is the remedy"
Feb 15 Prince Ioane of Georgia a Georgian prince , writer and encyclopedist.
Feb 17 Marcos Portugal a Portuguese classical composer, who achieved great international fame for his operas in Italian.
Feb 18 Nathaniel Brassey Halhed an English Orientalist and philologist. Halhed was born at Westminster. He was educated at Harrow, where he began his intimacy with Richard Brinsley Sheridan, which continued after he entered Christ Church, Oxford. At Oxford he also made the acquaintance of William Jones, the famous Orientalist, who induced him to study Arabic. Accepting a writership in the service of the East India Company, Halhed went out to India, and here, at the suggestion of Warren Hastings, by whose orders it had been compiled, translated the Hindu legal code from a Persian version of the original Sanskrit. This translation was published in 1776 under the title A Code of Gentoo Laws.In 1778 he published a Bengali grammar, to print which he set up, at Hugli, the first Bengali press in India. It is claimed that he was the first writer to call attention to the philological connection of Sanskrit with Persian, Arabic, Greek and Latin.In 1785 he returned to England, and from 1790–1795 was Member of Parliament for Lymington, Hants. For some time he was a disciple of Richard Brothers, and his unwise speech in parliament in defence of Brothers made it impossible for him to remain in the House of Commons, from which he resigned in 1795. He subsequently obtained a home appointment under the East India Company. He died in London on 18 February 1830. His collection of Oriental manuscripts was purchased by the British Museum, and there is an unfinished translation by him of the Mahabharata in the library of the Asiatic Society of Bengal
Feb 20 Robert Anderson (editor and biographer) a Scottish author and critic.
Feb 23 Jean-Pierre Norblin de La Gourdaine a French-born painter, draughtsman, engraver, drawing artist and caricaturist. From 1774 to 1804 he resided in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, where he obtained citizenship
Feb 27 Elias Hicks a traveling Quaker preacher from Long Island, New York. In his ministry he promoted doctrines that embroiled him and his followers in a controversy which caused the first major schism within the Religious Society of Friends. Elias Hicks was the older cousin of the painter Edward Hicks, also a Quaker preacher
Mar 2 Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring a German physician, anatomist, anthropologist, paleontologist and inventor. Sömmerring discovered the macula in the retina of the human eye. His investigations on the brain and the nervous system, on the sensory organs, on the embryo and its malformations, on the structure of the lungs, etc., made him one of the most important German anatomists
Mar 2 Ignaz Schuppanzigh a violinist, friend and teacher of Beethoven, and leader of Count Razumovsky's private string quartet. Schuppanzigh and his quartet premiered many of Beethoven's string quartets, and in particular, the late string quartets. The Razumovsky quartet, which Schuppanzigh founded in late 1808, is considered to be the first professional string quartet. Until the founding of this quartet, quartet music was played primarily by amateurs or by professional musicians who joined together on an ad hoc basis
Mar 7 Jacques Villeré the second Governor of Louisiana after it became a state. He was the first Creole and the first native of Louisiana to hold that office
Mar 11 Gérard de Lally-Tollendal a French politician.
Mar 17 Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr a French commander in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars who rose to Marshal of France and Marquis.
Mar 21 Johann Rudolf Wyss a Swiss author, writer, and folklorist who wrote the words to the former Swiss national anthem Rufst Du, mein Vaterland in 1811, and also edited the novel The Swiss Family Robinson, written by his father Johann David Wyss, published in 1812. His father died in 1818, and Johann Robert Wyss died in 1830, at the young age of 48
Mar 24 Michel-Marie Pacthod a French officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1808. A competent and brave infantry commander, his career was much affected by an 1795 incident, while he was the military commander of Marseille, and failed to come to the aid of Napoleon Bonaparte's family, which had taken refuge in the city
Mar 28 Stephen Elliott (botanist) today remembered for having written one of the most important works in American botany, A Sketch of the Botany of South-Carolina and Georgia.
Mar 29 James Rennell an English geographer, historian and a pioneer of oceanography.
Mar 30 Louis I Grand Duke of Baden Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden succeeded as Grand Duke on 8 December 1818. He was the uncle of his predecessor Karl Ludwig Friedrich, and his death marked the end of the Zähringen line of the House of Baden. He was succeeded by his half brother, Leopold
Apr 2 Giulio Maria della Somaglia an Italian cardinal. He was — at least in his later life — a staunch zelante cardinal who, as Secretary of State under Pope Leo XII, helped enforce an authoritarian regime in the crumbling Papal States
Apr 3 François-Marie marquis de Barthélemy a French politician and diplomat, active at the time of the French Revolution.
Apr 9 Friedrich Münter a German-Danish scholar, professor of theology at the University of Copenhagen, orientalist, church historian, archaeologist, Danish bishop of Zealand, and freemason. He was a brother of Sophie Christiane Friederike Brun
Apr 12 Christian Wilhelm Ahlwardt a German classical philologist. He was the father of orientalist Wilhelm Ahlwardt
Apr 16 Louis I Grand Duke of Hesse Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and later the first Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.
Apr 16 József Katona a Hungarian playwright and poet, creator of the Hungarian drama: author of the legendary historical tragedy: Bánk bán.
May 16 Joseph Fourier a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations. The Fourier transform and Fourier's Law are also named in his honour. Fourier is also generally credited with the discovery of the greenhouse effect
May 29 Louis-Jérôme Gohier a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
Jun 1 Swaminarayan the central figure in a modern sect of Hinduism known as the Swaminarayan Hinduism, a form of Vaishnavism. Swaminarayan was born Ghanshyam Pande in Chhapaiya, Uttar Pradesh, India in 1781. In 1792, he began a seven year pilgrimage across India, adopting the name Nilkanth Varni. He settled in the state of Gujarat around 1799. In 1800, he was initiated into the Uddhav Sampraday by his guru, Ramanand Swami, and was given the name Sahajanand Swami. In 1802, his guru handed over the leadership of the Uddhav Sampraday to him before his death. Sahajanand Swami held a gathering and taught the Swaminarayan mantra. From this point onwards, he was known as Swaminarayan and within the sect, he is regarded as an incarnation of God, Purushottama, or is venerated as an incarnation of Narayana from the Nara-Narayana deity pair by his followers. The Uddhav Sampraday became known as the Swaminarayan Sampraday
Jun 4 Antonio José de Sucre a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen
Jun 21 Benoît de Boigne a military adventurer from the Duchy of Savoy, who made his fortune and name in India with the Marathas. He was also named president of the general council of the French département of Mont-Blanc by Napoleon I
Jun 25 Ephraim McDowell an American physician and pioneer surgeon. The first person to successfully remove an ovarian tumor, he has been called "the father of ovariotomy" as well as founding father of abdominal surgery
Jun 26 George IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover following the death of his father, George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later. From 1811 until his accession, he served as Prince Regent during his father's final mental illness
Jun 28 José Fernández Madrid a Neogranadine statesman, physician, scientist and writer, who was President of the interim triumvirate of the United Provinces of New Granada in 1814, and President of the United Provinces of the New Granada in 1816. After the Spanish retook New Granada, he was barred from the country and was exiled in Havana, where he continued his scientific studies and worked as a doctor. He was later pardoned and allowed to come back to Colombia, and was appointed ambassador to France and to the United Kingdom where he died in 1830
Jul 15 Dominique Vandamme a French military officer, who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
Jul 30 Victor Scipion Charles Auguste de La Garde de Chambonas a mayor of Sens, brigadier general, and French foreign minister, at the beginning of the French Revolution.
Aug 3 Charles Frederick Horn an English musician and composer. Born in Germany, he emigrated to London with few possessions and no knowledge of the English language, yet rose to become a music teacher in the Royal Household. As an editor and arranger, he helped introduce the music of Johann Sebastian Bach to England
Aug 6 David Walker (abolitionist) outspoken African-American abolitionist and anti-slavery activist. In 1829, while living in Boston, Massachusetts, he published An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, a call for black unity and self-help in the fight against oppression and injustice
Aug 7 Aleksey Merzlyakov a Russian poet, critic, translator, and professor.
Aug 20 Vasily Pushkin a minor Russian poet best known as an uncle of the much more famous Alexander Pushkin.
Aug 23 Frederick Ferdinand Duke of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince, Ascanian ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Pless and, from 1818, of the duchy of Anhalt-Köthen. He was the second son of Frederick Erdmann, Prince of Anhalt-Pless, and his wife, Louise Ferdinande, daughter of Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode