Born in 1832

Jan 1 Ivan Vyshnegradsky Russia's Finance minister from 1887-1892.
Jan 4 George Tryon a British admiral who died when his flagship HMS Victoria collided with HMS Camperdown during manoeuvres off Tripoli, Lebanon.
Jan 6 Luigi Jacobini an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Vatican Secretary of State from 1880 until his death and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1879.
Jan 6 Gustave Doré a French artist, printmaker, illustrator and sculptor. Doré worked primarily with wood engraving
Jan 7 James Munro (Australian politician) the 15th Premier of Victoria.
Jan 9 Félix-Gabriel Marchand a journalist, author, notary and politician in Quebec, Canada. He was the 11th Premier of Quebec from May 24, 1897 to September 25, 1900
Jan 13 Horatio Alger Jr. a prolific 19th-century American author, best known for his many juvenile novels about impoverished boys and their rise from humble backgrounds to lives of middle-class security and comfort through hard work, determination, courage, and honesty. His writings were characterized by the "rags-to-riches" narrative, which had a formative effect on America during the Gilded Age. Alger's name is often invoked incorrectly as though he himself rose from rags to riches, but that arc applied to his characters, not to the author. Essentially, all of Alger's novels share the same theme: a young boy struggles through hard work to escape poverty. Critics, however, are quick to point out that it is not the hard work itself that rescues the boy from his fate, but rather some extraordinary act of bravery or honesty, which brings him into contact with a wealthy elder gentleman, who takes the boy in as a ward. The boy might return a large sum of money that was lost or rescue someone from an overturned carriage, bringing the boy—and his plight—to the attention of some wealthy individual. It has been suggested that this reflects Alger's own patronizing attitude to the boys he tried to help
Jan 17 Henry Martyn Baird an American historian and educationalist. He is best known as a historian of the Huguenots
Jan 19 Ferdinand Laub a Czech violinist and composer.
Jan 23 Édouard Manet a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism
Jan 24 John Pegram (general) a career soldier from Virginia who served as an officer in the United States Army and then as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He became the first former U.S. Army officer to be captured in Confederate service in 1861 and was killed in action near the end of the war
Jan 25 Ivan Shishkin a Russian landscape painter closely associated with the Peredvizhniki movement.
Jan 25 Paul Bronsart von Schellendorff a Prussian general and writer.
Jan 26 George Shiras Jr. an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States who was nominated to the Court by Republican President Benjamin Harrison. At that time, he had 37 years of private legal practice, but had never judged a case. Shiras's only public service before he became a justice was as a federal elector in 1888, almost four years before his nomination in 1892
Jan 27 Arthur Hughes (artist) an English painter and illustrator associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Jan 27 Lewis Carroll an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and photographer. His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, which includes the poem Jabberwocky, and the poem The Hunting of the Snark, all examples of the genre of literary nonsense. He is noted for his facility at word play, logic, and fantasy. There are societies in many parts of the world dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the investigation of his life
Jan 27 Carl Friedrich Schmidt Baltic German geologist and botanist in Russian Empire. He is acknowledged as the founder of Estonian geology
Jan 28 Franz Wüllner a German composer and conductor. He led the premieres of Richard Wagner's operas Das Rheingold and Die Walküre, but was much criticized by Wagner himself, who greatly preferred the more celebrated conductors Hans von Bülow and Hermann Levi
Jan 30 Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. She was the youngest daughter of king Ferdinand VII of Spain and his fourth wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the queen-regent, who was also his niece
Feb 6 John Brown Gordon one of Robert Lee's most trusted Confederate generals during the American Civil War. After the war, he was a strong opponent of Reconstruction and is thought by some to have been the titular leader of the Ku Klux Klan in Georgia during the late 1860s. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a U.S. Senator from 1873 to 1880, and again from 1891 to 1897. He also served as the 53rd Governor of Georgia from 1886 to 1890
Feb 10 Franz König (surgeon) a German surgeon. He was born in Rotenburg an der Fulda and died in Grunewald near Berlin
Feb 12 Johannes Faust K.E. Faust was a German entomologist
Feb 12 Gustave Satter an Austrian-Slovenian composer and pianist.
Feb 12 Kolos Ferenc Vaszary a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and a longtime archbishop of the prestigious see of Esztergom in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Feb 14 William Stimpson a noted American scientist. He was interested particularly in marine biology. Stimpson became an important early contributor to the work of the Smithsonian Institution and later, director of the Chicago Academy of Sciences
Feb 15 Nicolás Ruiz Espadero a Cuban pianist, composer, piano teacher and editor of the posthumous works of American composer-pianist Louis Moreau Gottschalk.
Feb 18 Octave Chanute born in France but considered himself an American. He was a railway engineer and aviation pioneer. He provided many budding enthusiasts, including the Wright brothers with help and advice, and helped to publicize their flying experiments. At his death he was hailed as the father of aviation and the heavier-than-air flying machine
Mar 1 Alexander Strauch a Russian naturalist, most notably an herpetologist.
Mar 3 Luigi Macchi an Italian Catholic nobleman and a Cardinal.
Mar 4 Ivan Melnikov (baritone) a Russian baritone opera singer.
Mar 4 Samuel Colman an American painter, interior designer, and writer, probably best remembered for his paintings of the Hudson River.
Mar 5 Isaac Israel Hayes an Arctic explorer, physician and politician.
Mar 7 William Bertrand Busnach a French dramatist.
Mar 10 Heinrich Bellermann a German music theorist. He was the author of Der Contrapunkt , 1862, , and Die Grösse der musikalischen Intervalle als Grundlage der Harmonie , 1873
Mar 11 William Ruffin Cox an American soldier and politician from the state of North Carolina. He was a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, a three-term member of the United States House of Representatives from 1881 to 1887, and Secretary of the United States Senate from 1893 to 1900
Mar 12 Charles Boycott a British land agent whose ostracism by his local community in Ireland gave the English language the verb to boycott. He had served in the British Army 39th Foot, which brought him to Ireland. After retiring from the army, Boycott worked as a land agent for Lord Erne , a landowner in the Lough Mask area of County Mayo
Mar 12 Charles Friedel a French chemist and mineralogist. A native of Strasbourg, France, he was a student of Louis Pasteur at the Sorbonne. In 1876, he became a professor of chemistry and mineralogy at the Sorbonne
Mar 14 Sir James Fergusson 6th Baronet a British soldier, Conservative politician and colonial administrator.
Mar 15 Antonin Proust a French journalist and politician.
Mar 17 Walter Q. Gresham an American statesman and jurist. He served as United States Postmaster General, as a judge on the United States Courts of Appeals, was a two-time candidate for the Republican presidential nomination and was Secretary of State, and Secretary of the Treasury. He was also an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War
Mar 19 Ármin Vámbéry a Hungarian Turkolog and traveler. According to Ernst Pawel, a biographer of Theodor Herzl, as well as Tom Reiss, a biographer of Kurban Said, Vámbéry's original last name was Wamberger rather than Bamberger
Mar 23 Ōki Takatō a Japanese statesman during the early Meiji period. He was Governor of Tokyo in 1868 and a member of the Privy Council in 1889
Mar 24 Émile de Kératry a French politician, soldier and author, the son of Auguste Hilarion.
Mar 25 Nikolaus Rüdinger a German anatomist born in Bingen am Rhein, Rhineland-Palatinate.
Mar 25 Charles Altamont Doyle a Victorian artist who was the father of Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes. His brother was the artist Richard Doyle, and his father was the artist John Doyle. Although the family was Irish, Doyle was born and raised in England
Mar 26 Berend Wilhelm Feddersen a German physicist.
Mar 26 Michel Bréal born at Landau in Rhenish Bavaria. He is often identified as a founder of modern semantics
Mar 27 Mary Abigail Fillmore the daughter of President Millard Fillmore and Abigail Powers, and was the White House Hostess from 1850 to 1853 due to her mother's illness.
Mar 27 William Quiller Orchardson a noted Scottish portraitist and painter of domestic and historical subjects who was knighted in June 1907, at the age of 75.
Mar 29 Julius Mařák a Czech landscape painter and graphic designer.