Born in 1833

Jan 1 Robert Lawson (architect) one of New Zealand's pre-eminent 19th century architects. It has been said he did more than any other designer to shape the face of the Victorian era architecture of the city of Dunedin. He is the architect of over forty churches, including First Church for which he is best remembered, but also other buildings, such as Larnach Castle, a country house, with which he is also associated
Jan 2 Frederick A. Johnson an American politician and a United States Representative from New York.
Jan 3 Zaynulla Rasulev a Bashkir religious leader in the 19th and early 20th century. He is notable as one of the most important representatives of Jadidism and the organizer of one of the first Jadidi madrasah
Jan 5 Pavel Zelenoy a Russian admiral, governor of Taganrog and Odessa.
Jan 5 Sophus Bugge a noted Norwegian philologist and linguist. His scholarly work was directed to the study of runic inscriptions and Norse philology. Bugge is best known for his theories and his work on the runic alphabet and the Poetic Edda and Prose Edda
Jan 6 Karl Heinrich von Boetticher a German conservative politician and statesman. He served as Secretary of the Interior , and Vice Chancellor of Germany
Jan 7 Josep Manyanet i Vives venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He founded the Sons of the Holy Family, a congregation of Catholic priests
Jan 7 Karl Wilhelm Leopold Krug a German businessman, naturalist, ethnographer, diplomat and supporter of scientific collections.
Jan 9 Jules Demersseman a French flautist and composer.
Jan 9 Sir William Herschel 2nd Baronet a British officer in India who used fingerprints for identification on contracts.
Jan 11 Joseph Malone (VC) an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 11 Prince Gong (Qing dynasty) a prince and statesman of the Qing dynasty. He was the sixth son of the Daoguang Emperor and a half brother of Daoguang's successor, the Xianfeng emperor. He served as a regent during the reign of Xianfeng's son and successor, the Tongzhi emperor. Having established the Zongli Yamen — a government body in charge of foreign affairs — in 1861, Yixin is best remembered as a proponent of friendly relations between the Qing government and other great powers of that era, as well as for his attempts to modernise China in the late 19th century. The last decades of his career were marked by conflict with conservative elements in the court, and he died in relative disgrace
Jan 12 Eugen Dühring a German philosopher and economist, a socialist who was a strong critic of Marxism.
Jan 15 Louis Paulsen a German chess player.
Jan 19 Alfred Clebsch a German mathematician who made important contributions to algebraic geometry and invariant theory. He attended the University of Königsberg and was habilitated at Berlin. He subsequently taught in Berlin and Karlsruhe. His collaboration with Paul Gordan in Giessen led to the introduction of Clebsch–Gordan coefficients for spherical harmonics, which are now widely used in quantum mechanics
Jan 23 Lewis Morris (poet) a popular poet of the Anglo-Welsh school. Born in Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire in south-west Wales to Lewis Edward William Morris and Sophia Hughes, he first attended Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School there.Then in 1847 he transferred to Cowbridge Grammar School on the appointment to it of the energetically reviving and academically gifted young headmaster, Hugo Harper. There "he gave promise of his future classical scholarship by writing a prize poem on Pompeii". In 1850 he was one of about thirty Cowbridge boys who followed Harper to Sherborne whither the latter was bound on a similar mission of resuscitating a moribund school. Such "swarming" in the wake of a charismatic headmaster was typical of the period. Morris and Harper remained lifelong friends. He studied classics at Jesus College, Oxford, graduating in 1856: the first student in thirty years to obtain first-class honours in both his preliminary and his final examinations. He then became a lawyer. In 1868 he married Florence Pollard. He was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1895, and narrowly missed being appointed Poet Laureate, possibly because of his association with Oscar Wilde. One of his most famous poems is "Love's Suicide"
Jan 23 Apollinary Goravsky a Belarusian painter.
Jan 23 Muthu Coomaraswamy a prominent colonial era legislator from Sri Lanka. He was the first native Asian and Sri Lankan to be knighted by Queen Victoria
Jan 26 Josef Barák a Czech politician, journalist, and poet. He was a member of the Májovci literary group
Jan 28 Charles George Gordon a British army officer and administrator.
Jan 29 Nikolay Krasnov a major-general of the Imperial Russian Army.
Feb 3 Abu Bakar of Johor the 21st Sultan of Johor. He was also informally known as "The Father of Modern Johor", as many historians accredited Johor's development in the 19th century to Abu Bakar's leadership. He initiated policies and provided aids to ethnic Chinese entrepreneurs to stimulate the development of the state's agricultural economy which was founded by Chinese migrants from Southern China in the 1840s. He also took charge of the development of Johor's infrastructure, administrative system, military and civil service, all of which were modelled closely along Western lines
Feb 6 J. E. B. Stuart a United States Army officer from the U.S. state of Virginia who later became a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. He was known to his friends as "Jeb", from the initials of his given names. Stuart was a cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he cultivated a cavalier image , his serious work made him the trusted eyes and ears of Robert Lee's army and inspired Southern morale
Feb 6 George Wightwick Rendel a British engineer, and naval architect. He was closely associated with the Tyneside industrialist and armaments manufacturer, William George Armstrong
Feb 6 José María de Pereda one of the most distinguished of modern Spanish novelists, and a Member of the Royal Spanish Academy.
Feb 7 Jacob Mendes Da Costa an American physician.
Feb 7 Ricardo Palma a Peruvian author, scholar, librarian and politician. His magnum opus is the Tradiciones peruanas
Feb 8 Horace Günzburg a Russian philanthropist. He received his education at home in Zvenigorodka. After the Crimean war his father, Joseph Günzburg, then a wealthy merchant and army contractor, settled with his family in Petersburg. He is the father of David Günzburg
Feb 11 Melville Fuller the eighth Chief Justice of the United States between 1888 and 1910.
Feb 12 Charles-Wilfrid de Bériot a French pianist, teacher and composer.
Feb 13 William Whedbee Kirkland a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was the only former US Marine to serve as a Confederate general
Feb 19 Élie Ducommun a peace activist. He is a winner of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, which he shared with Charles Albert Gobat
Feb 24 Eduard Taaffe 11th Viscount Taaffe an Austrian statesman, who served for two terms as Minister-President of Cisleithania, leading cabinets from 1868 to 1870 and 1879 to 1893. He was a scion of the Irish Taaffe noble dynasty, who held hereditary titles from two different countries: Imperial Counts of the Holy Roman Empire and viscounts in the Peerage of Ireland
Feb 25 John St. John (Governor of Kansas) the eighth Governor of Kansas and a candidate for President of the United States.
Feb 26 Georges Pouchet a French naturalist and anatomist.
Feb 28 Alfred von Schlieffen a German field marshal and strategist who served as Chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1891 to 1906. His name lived on in the 1905-06 'Schlieffen Plan', then Aufmarsch I, a deployment plan and operational guide for a decisive initial offensive operation/campaign in a one-front war against the French Third Republic
Mar 3 Eduard Georg von Wahl a Baltic-German surgeon.
Mar 7 Franz Wohlfahrt (composer) a violin teacher in Leipzig, Germany.
Mar 9 Frederick A. Schroeder an American industrialist and politician of German descent. As mayor of Brooklyn—before the city's merger with New York—and New York state senator, Schroeder earned a reputation for his fight against the political machine of the Brooklyn ring and for more efficient city government
Mar 10 Pedro Antonio de Alarcón a nineteenth-century Spanish novelist, author of the novel El Sombrero de Tres Picos. The story is an adaptation of a popular tradition and provides a lively picture of village life in Alarcón's native region of Andalusia. It was the basis for Hugo Wolf's opera Der Corregidor and Manuel de Falla's ballet The Three-Cornered Hat
Mar 11 Christian Georg Brügger a Swiss botanist and naturalist.
Mar 14 Frederic Shields a British artist, illustrator and designer closely associated with the Pre-Raphaelites through Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Ford Madox Brown.
Mar 14 Lucy Hobbs Taylor the first American woman to graduate from dental school.
Mar 15 Géza Fejérváry a Hungarian general who served as the prime minister in a government of bureaucrats appointed by King Franz Joseph during the Hungarian Constitutional Crisis of 1903–1907.
Mar 17 Giuseppe Gariboldi an Italian flautist and composer.
Mar 20 Daniel Dunglas Home a Scottish physical medium with the reported ability to levitate to a variety of heights, speak with the dead, and to produce rapping and knocks in houses at will. His biographer Peter Lamont opines that he was one of the most famous men of his era. Harry Houdini described him as "one of the most conspicuous and lauded of his type and generation" and "the forerunner of the mediums whose forte is fleecing by presuming on the credulity of the public." Home conducted hundreds of séances, which were attended by many eminent Victorians
Mar 22 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla a Spanish politician. He served as prime minister of Spain for a little over ten weeks in the summer of 1871, and again for eight months between June 1872 and February 1873
Mar 22 Eugen von Keyserling a Baltic-German arachnologist.
Mar 23 Carl Friedrich Otto Westphal a German neurologist and psychiatrist from Berlin. He was the son of Otto Carl Friedrich Westphal and Karoline Friederike Heine and the father of Alexander Carl Otto Westphal. He was married to Klara, daughter of the banker Alexander Mendelssohn
Mar 23 Franz Bendel a German Bohemian pianist and composer.