Died in 1833

Jan 8 Édouard Jean Baptiste Milhaud a French politician, Général de Division, and comte d'Empire. He is considered one of the best generals of cavalry of Napoleon's army
Jan 10 Adrien-Marie Legendre a French mathematician. Legendre made numerous contributions to mathematics. Well-known and important concepts such as the Legendre polynomials and Legendre transformation are named after him
Jan 10 Joshua Brookes a British anatomist and naturalist.
Jan 12 Marie-Antoine Carême an early practitioner and exponent of the elaborate style of cooking known as grande cuisine, the "high art" of French cooking: a grandiose style of cookery favoured by both international royalty and by the newly rich of Paris. Carême is often considered as one of the first internationally renowned celebrity chefs
Jan 14 Seraphim of Sarov one of the most renowned Russian monks and mystics in the Eastern Orthodox Church. He is generally considered the greatest of the 19th century startsy. Seraphim extended the monastic teachings of contemplation, theoria and self-denial to the layperson. He taught that the purpose of the Christian life was to acquire the Holy Spirit. Perhaps his most popular quotation amongst Orthodox believers is "Acquire a peaceful spirit, and thousands around you will be saved."
Jan 15 Banastre Tarleton a British soldier and politician.
Jan 19 Ferdinand Hérold a French operatic composer of Alsatian descent who also wrote many pieces for the piano, orchestra, and the ballet. He is best known today for the ballet La fille mal gardée and the overture to the opera Zampa
Jan 20 Gertrud Elisabeth Mara a German operatic soprano.
Jan 23 Edward Pellew 1st Viscount Exmouth a British naval officer. He fought during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. His younger brother, Israel Pellew, also pursued a naval career
Feb 3 Henri François Delaborde a French general in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 4 Bon-Joseph Dacier a French historian, philologist and translator from ancient Greek. He became a Chevalier de l'Empire , then Baron de l'Empire. He also served as curator of the Bibliothèque nationale
Feb 6 Pierre André Latreille a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods. Having trained as a Roman Catholic priest before the French Revolution, Latreille was imprisoned, and only regained his freedom after recognising a rare beetle species he found in the prison, Necrobia ruficollis. He published his first important work in 1796 , and was eventually employed by the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. His foresighted work on arthropod systematics and taxonomy gained him respect and accolades. He was considered the foremost entomologist of his time, and was described by one of his pupils as "the prince of entomologists"
Feb 13 Stanisław Poniatowski (1754–1833) a Polish nobleman, a member of the wealthy Poniatowski family and a close relative to the last king of Poland, Stanisław II August. He was the Commander of the Foot Guard of the Crown , Grand Treasurer of Lithuania and Starost of Stryj
Feb 15 Nikolay Gnedich a Russian poet and translator best known for his idyll The Fishers. His translation of the Iliad is still the standard one
Mar 7 Rahel Varnhagen a German writer who hosted one of the most prominent salons in Europe during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. She is the subject of a celebrated biography, Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewess , written by Hannah Arendt. Arendt cherished Varnhagen as her "closest friend, though she ha been dead for some hundred years". The asteroid 100029 Varnhagen is named in her honour
Mar 13 William Bradley (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer and cartographer who was one of the officers who participated in the First Fleet to Australia. During this expedition, Bradley undertook extensive surveys and became one of the first of the settlers to establish relations with the aborigines, with whom he struck up a dialogue and whose customs and nature he studied extensively. He later however fell out with his aboriginal contacts and instead undertook a mission to gather food which ended with an eleven-month stay on Norfolk Island after a shipwreck
Mar 15 Kurt Polycarp Joachim Sprengel a German botanist and physician.
Apr 6 Adamantios Korais a Greek humanist scholar credited with laying the foundations of Modern Greek literature and a major figure in the Greek Enlightenment. His activities paved the way for the Greek War of Independence and the emergence of a purified form of the Greek language, known as Katharevousa. Encyclopædia Britannica asserts that "his influence on the modern Greek language and culture has been compared to that of Dante on Italian and Martin Luther on German"
Apr 7 Antoni Radziwiłł a Polish and Prussian noble, aristocrat, musician and politician. Initially a hereditary Duke of Nieśwież and Ołyka, as a scion of the Radziwiłł family he also held the honorific title of a Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire. Between 1815 and 1831 he acted as Duke-Governor of the Grand Duchy of Posen, an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Prussia created out of Greater Polish lands annexed in the Partitions of Poland
Apr 8 Raffaello Sanzio Morghen an Italian engraver.
Apr 13 Elisa von der Recke a Baltic German writer and poet.
Apr 19 James Gambier 1st Baron Gambier an admiral of the Royal Navy, who served as Governor of Newfoundland, and as a Lord of the Admiralty. He gained public distinction for his part in the Glorious First of June in 1794. He later survived an accusation of cowardice for his alleged inaction at the Battle of the Basque Roads
Apr 22 Richard Trevithick a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, Born in the mining heartland of Cornwall, Trevithick was immersed in mining and engineering from a young age. The son of a mining captain, he performed poorly in school, but went on to be an early pioneer of steam-powered road and rail transport. His most significant contribution was to the development of the first high-pressure steam engine. He also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive. On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks, in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
May 5 Sophia Campbell an early Australian settler.
May 10 François Andrieux a French man of letters and playwright.
May 15 Edmund Kean celebrated Shakespearean stage actor born in England, who performed in London, Belfast, New York, Quebec, and Paris among other places. He was well known for his short stature, tumultuous personal life, and controversial divorce. He expired of dissipation at the age of 44
May 24 John Randolph of Roanoke a planter, and a Congressman from Virginia, serving in the House of Representatives at various times between 1799 and 1833, the Senate , and also as Minister to Russia. After serving as President Thomas Jefferson's spokesman in the House, he broke with Jefferson in 1803 and became the leader of the "Old Republican" or "Quids", an extreme states' rights vanguard of the Democratic-Republican Party who wanted to restrict the role of the federal government. Specifically, Randolph promoted the Principles of '98, which said that individual states could judge the constitutionality of central government laws and decrees, and could refuse to enforce laws deemed unconstitutional
May 29 Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach a German legal scholar. His major work was a reform of the Bavarian penal code which became a model for several other countries
May 30 John Malcolm a Scottish soldier, diplomat, East India Company administrator, statesman, and historian.
Jun 1 Oliver Wolcott Jr. United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1795 to 1800 and the 24th Governor of Connecticut from 1817 to 1827.
Jun 2 Anne Jean Marie René Savary born at Marcq in the Ardennes.
Jun 2 Simon Byrne an Irish bare-knuckle prize fighter. The heavyweight boxing champion of Ireland, he was drawn to England by the larger sums of prize money on offer and his hopes of becoming the heavyweight champion there as well. He became one of only six fighters ever to have been involved in fatal fights as both survivor and deceased since records began in 1741
Jun 4 Nikolay Ivanovich Demidov a Russian General of Infantry, Adjutant-General and senator.
Jun 5 José María del Castillo y Rada a neo-granadine politician, President of the United Provinces of the New Granada from October 5, 1814 until January 21, 1815. Castillo y Rada also served as Vice President of the Republic of Colombia from June 6, 1821 until October 3, 1821
Jun 8 Orest Somov a Ukrainian romantic writer who wrote in the Russian language. He was a writer, journalist, literary critic, and translator. Somov was born in Vovchansk, Kharkiv Oblast. He studied in the Kharkiv University, then moved to Saint Petersburg, where he died
Jun 13 Jakub Kubicki a renowned Polish classicist architect and designer.
Jun 16 Alexander Kazarsky a Russian Navy officer, the hero of the Russo-Turkish War. Kazarsky was the captain of brig Mercury and became famous after the victory in the battle against two Turkish ships of the line
Jun 18 Robert Hett Chapman a Presbyterian minister and missionary and the second president of the University of North Carolina.
Jul 2 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas a member of Argentina's Second Triumvirate from 19 August 1813 to 31 January 1814, after which he served as Supreme Director until 9 January 1815.
Jul 4 Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1771–1833) a Duke of Württemberg. The son of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and of Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His sister Sophie Dorothea married Tsar Paul I of Russia
Jul 5 Nicéphore Niépce a French inventor, now usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field. Niépce developed heliography, a technique he used to create the world's oldest surviving product of a photographic process: a print made from a photoengraved printing plate in 1825. In 1826 or 1827, he used a primitive camera to produce the oldest surviving photograph of a real-world scene. Among Niépce's other inventions was the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine, which he conceived, created, and developed with his older brother Claude
Jul 6 Pierre-Narcisse Guérin a French painter.
Jul 15 Hipólito Unanue a physician, naturalist, meteorologist, university professor, independence precursor and a Peruvian politician, active in politics in the early years after independence.
Jul 22 Joseph Forlenze an Italian ophthalmologist and surgeon, considered one of the most important ophthalmologists between the 18th and the 19th century. He was mostly known in France, during the Napoleonic Empire, for his cataract surgery
Jul 23 Anselmo de la Cruz a Chilean political figure. He served several times as minister, and participated actively in the war of independence in that country
Jul 24 Anastasio Aquino a Salvadoran indigenous leader who led the Insurrection of the Nonualcos, a campesino uprising in El Salvador during the time it belonged to the Federal Republic of Central America.
Jul 27 William Bainbridge a Commodore in the United States Navy. During his long career in the young American Navy he served under six presidents beginning with John Adams and is notable for his many victories at sea. He commanded several famous naval ships, including the USS Constitution and saw service in the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812. Bainbridge was also in command of the USS Philadelphia when it grounded off the shores of Tripoli in North Africa, resulting in his capture and imprisonment for many months. In the latter part of his career he became the U.S. Naval Commissioner
Jul 29 William Wilberforce an English politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780, eventually becoming the independent Member of Parliament for Yorkshire. In 1785, he underwent a conversion experience and became an evangelical Christian, which resulted in major changes to his lifestyle and a lifelong concern for reform. In 1787, he came into contact with Thomas Clarkson and a group of anti-slave-trade activists, including Granville Sharp, Hannah More and Charles Middleton. They persuaded Wilberforce to take on the cause of abolition, and he soon became one of the leading English abolitionists. He headed the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade for twenty-six years until the passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807
Aug 24 Adrian Hardy Haworth an English entomologist, botanist and carcinologist.
Sep 6 Antoine le Blanc a 19th Century murderer and a French immigrant to the United States.