Born in 1837

Jan 2 Fritz Simrock a German music publisher who inherited a publishing firm from his grandfather Nikolaus Simrock. Simrock is most noted for publishing most of the music of Johannes Brahms and Antonín Dvořák
Jan 2 Mily Balakirev a Russian pianist, conductor and composer known today primarily for his work promoting musical nationalism and his encouragement of more famous Russian composers, notably Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. He began his career as a pivotal figure, extending the fusion of traditional folk music and experimental classical music practices begun by composer Mikhail Glinka. In the process, Balakirev developed musical patterns that could express overt nationalistic feeling. After a nervous breakdown and consequential sabbatical, he returned to classical music but did not wield the same level of influence as before
Jan 4 Pavlo Zhytetsky a Ukrainian linguist, philologist, ethnographer and literary historian. He was a member of the Imperial Russian Geographic Society , the Historical Society of Nestor the Chronicler , the Shevchenko Scientific Society , and the Ukrainian Scientific Society in Kyiv a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences , he became the first honorary member of that society in 1908
Jan 7 Thomas Henry Ismay the founder of the Oceanic Steam Navigation Company, more commonly known as the White Star Line. His son was Joseph Bruce Ismay who travelled on the maiden voyage of his company's ocean liner, the RMS Titanic in 1912
Jan 7 Milan Piroćanac a prominent Serbian statesman and politician, leader and founder of the Progressive party , and a Prime Minister of the Principality, later Kingdom of Serbia in the 19th century.
Jan 9 Robert Chesebrough a chemist and the inventor of petroleum jelly, which he trade-named as Vaseline. In 1875 he founded the Chesebrough Manufacturing Company that in 1955 became Chesebrough-Ponds, a leading manufacturer of personal care products. Chesebrough patented the process of making petroleum jelly in 1872. Born in London, Chesebrough began his career as a chemist clarifying kerosene from the oil of sperm whales. The discovery of petroleum in Titusville, Pennsylvania rendered his job obsolete, so he traveled to Titusville to research what new materials might be created from the new fuel
Jan 12 Adolf Jensen a German pianist, composer and music teacher, and was the brother of Gustav Jensen who was a violinist and composer.
Jan 17 Vasily Radlov a German-born Russian founder of Turkology, a scientific study of Turkic peoples.
Jan 28 Roman Żuliński a Polish mathematician and co-commander of the January Uprising.
Feb 5 Dwight L. Moody Lyman Moody , also known as D.L. Moody, was an American evangelist and publisher, who founded the Moody Church, Northfield School and Mount Hermon School in Massachusetts , the Moody Bible Institute, and Moody Publishers
Feb 7 James Murray (lexicographer) a Scottish lexicographer and philologist. He was the primary editor of the Oxford English Dictionary from 1879 until his death
Feb 12 Thomas Moran an American painter and printmaker of the Hudson River School in New York whose work often featured the Rocky Mountains. Moran and his family took residence in New York where he obtained work as an artist. He was a younger brother of the noted marine artist Edward Moran, with whom he shared a studio. A talented illustrator and exquisite colorist, Thomas Moran was hired as an illustrator at Scribner's Monthly. During the late 1860s, he was appointed the chief illustrator for the magazine, a position that helped him launch his career as one of the premier painters of the American landscape
Feb 13 Paul Brouardel a French pathologist, hygienist, and member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine.
Feb 15 Wilhelm Jensen a German writer and poet.
Feb 17 Pierre Auguste Cot a French painter of the Academic Classicism school.
Feb 17 Samuel van Houten a Dutch liberal politician.
Feb 20 Éleuthère Mascart a noted French physicist, a researcher in optics, electricity, magnetism, and meteorology.
Feb 22 Princess Leopoldine of Baden a Princess of Baden by birth and Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg by marriage.
Feb 24 Alexander Dodonov a Russian opera singer. Vocally, he is best described as a lyrical and dramatic tenor
Feb 24 Rosalía de Castro a Galician romanticist writer and poet.
Mar 1 Georg Ebers Moritz Ebers , German Egyptologist and novelist, discovered the Egyptian medical papyrus, of 1550 BCE, named for him at Luxor in the winter of 1873–74. Now in the Library of the University of Leipzig, the Ebers Papyrus is among the most important ancient Egyptian medical papyri. It is one of two of the oldest preserved medical documents anywhere—the other being the Edwin Smith Papyrus
Mar 1 William Dean Howells an American realist author, literary critic, and playwright. Nicknamed "The Dean of American Letters", he was particularly known for his tenure as editor of the Atlantic Monthly as well as his own prolific writings, including the Christmas story "Christmas Every Day", and the novels The Rise of Silas Lapham and A Traveler from Altruria
Mar 2 Karl Raupp a German landscape and genre painter.
Mar 3 Aleksandr Korkin a Russian mathematician. He made contribution to the development of partial differential equations, and was second only to Chebyshev among the founders of the Saint Petersburg Mathematical School
Mar 7 Onésime Reclus a French geographer who specialized in the relations between France and its colonies.
Mar 7 Henry Draper an American doctor and amateur astronomer. He is best known today as a pioneer of astrophotography
Mar 12 Alexandre Guilmant a French organist and composer.
Mar 13 Sanjō Sanetomi an Imperial court noble and statesman at the time of the Meiji Restoration. He held many high-ranking offices in the Meiji government
Mar 14 Charles Ammi Cutter an important figure in the history of American library science.
Mar 16 František Bartoš (folklorist) a Moravian ethnomusicologist, folklorist, folksong collector, and dialectologist. He is viewed as the successor of František Sušil, the pioneer of Moravian ethnomusicology. He notably organized the collecting, categorizing and editing of hundreds of Moravian folksongs which were published is a four volume collection along with about 4000 folksongs from other ethnic traditions. The folksongs appear in ethnographic monographs and the work as a whole is viewed as one of the most important folk song collections ever published. However, Bartoš, like many other early European folk music scholars, sometimes changed the texts of the folk songs, thereby reducing the documentary value of the work
Mar 17 Horace Parnell Tuttle an American astronomer, a Civil War veteran and brother of astronomer Charles Wesley Tuttle.
Mar 18 Tani Tateki a statesman and lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army in Meiji period Japan. He was also known as Tani Kanjō
Mar 18 Grover Cleveland the 22nd and 24th President of the United States; and, therefore was the only US president to serve two nonconsecutive terms and to be counted twice in the numbering of the presidents. He was the winner of the popular vote for president three times—in 1884, 1888, and 1892—and was one of the two Democrats elected to the presidency in the era of Republican political domination dating from 1861 to 1933
Mar 19 Eugen von Lommel a German physicist. He is notable for the Lommel polynomial, the Lommel function, the Lommel–Weber function, and the Lommel differential equation. He is also notable as the doctoral advisor of the Nobel Prize winner Johannes Stark
Mar 21 Theodore Gill an American ichthyologist, mammalogist, malacologist and librarian.
Mar 22 Virginia Oldoini Countess of Castiglione born to an aristocratic family from La Spezia. She was a 19th-century Italian aristocrat who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Napoleon III of France. She was also a significant figure in the early history of photography
Mar 24 Prince Philippe Count of Flanders the third born son of Leopold I, King of the Belgians and his wife Louise d'Orléans. He was born at the Château de Laeken, near Brussels, Belgium. He was created Count of Flanders on 14 December 1840
Mar 24 George Henry Mackenzie a Scottish-American chess master.
Mar 27 John MacWhirter a Scottish landscape painter.
Mar 28 Wilhelm Kühne a German physiologist. Born in Hamburg, he is best known today for coining the word enzyme
Mar 29 Jakub Husník a Czech painter, art teacher and inventor of the improved photolithography method.
Apr 1 Jorge Isaacs a Colombian writer, politician and soldier. His only novel, María, became one of the most notable works of the Romantic movement in Spanish-language literature
Apr 3 John Burroughs an American naturalist and nature essayist, active in the U.S. conservation movement. The first of his essay collections was Wake-Robin in 1871
Apr 5 Algernon Charles Swinburne an English poet, playwright, novelist, and critic. He wrote several novels, and contributed to the famous Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in every year from 1903 to 1907 and again in 1909
Apr 6 Ignatz Kolisch a merchant, journalist and chess master with Jewish roots.
Apr 9 Henry Becque a French dramatist. He was born in Paris
Apr 10 Forceythe Willson a nineteenth-century American poet. He was the brother of Kentucky governor Augustus Willson
Apr 11 Elmer E. Ellsworth a law clerk and soldier, best known as the first conspicuous casualty of the American Civil War.
Apr 13 Samuel Hubbard Scudder an American entomologist and palaeontologist.
Apr 15 John Hedley (bishop) a British Benedictine and writer who held high offices in the Roman Catholic Church.