Died in 1837

Jan 1 Samuel Hulse a British Army officer. He saw his first active duty during the Gordon Riots in June 1780 before commanding the 1st Battalion of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards at key battles of the Flanders Campaign during the French Revolutionary Wars. He also commanded the 1st Guards Brigade at a later battle and then joined the retreat into Germany during the closing stages of the Flanders Campaign. He later took part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland and then returned to England to become General Officer Commanding South East District. After completing active service in the Army, he served in the household of King George IV
Jan 7 Curt von Stedingk a count of the von Stedingk family, and a successful Swedish army officer and diplomat who played a prominent role in Swedish foreign policy during several decades.
Jan 8 Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen between 1789 and 1799 and first Duke in Bavaria from 16 February 1799 until his death in 1837. From 17 December 1803 to 20 March 1806, Wilhelm was titled Duke of Berg. Wilhelm was a great-grandfather of Empress Elisabeth of Austria through his son Duke Pius August in Bavaria
Jan 11 François Gérard a French painter born in Rome, where his father occupied a post in the house of the French ambassador. His mother was Italian. As a baron of the Empire he is sometimes referred to as Baron Gérard
Jan 20 John Soane an English architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical style. The son of a bricklayer, he rose to the top of his profession, becoming professor of architecture at the Royal Academy and an official architect to the Office of Works. He received a knighthood in 1831
Jan 22 Juan Bautista Arriaza a Spanish poet and writer.
Jan 24 Joseph Sabine an English lawyer, naturalist and writer on horticulture.
Jan 31 Ferdinand Dalberg-Acton a British baronet.
Feb 1 Frederick Francis I Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as Duke , and then as Grand Duke.
Feb 2 Georg Ludwig Hartig a German forester.
Feb 4 John Latham (ornithologist) an English physician, naturalist and author. He was born in Eltham in South East London, and was the eldest son of John Latham , a surgeon there, and his mother was a descendant of the Sothebys, in Yorkshire
Feb 7 Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden King of Sweden from 1792 until his abdication in 1809. He was the son of Gustav III of Sweden and his queen consort Sophia Magdalena, eldest daughter of Frederick V of Denmark and his first wife Louise of Great Britain. He was the last Swedish ruler of Finland, the occupation of which by Russian Czar Alexander I in 1808-09 was the immediate cause of his violent downfall. After an army revolt, the king was seized by officers and forced to relinquish the throne on behalf of his family on March 29; the same date as his father's death. The Instrument of Government subsequently written was adopted on June 6, the current National Day of Sweden, and was in effect until replaced in 1974. The crown passed to his childless uncle, Charles XIII, whose want of heirs set into motion an intense quest for a successor who was found the following year in the person of Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, who assumed the throne in 1818, commencing the present House of Bernadotte
Feb 10 Alexander Pushkin considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
Feb 12 Ludwig Börne a German political writer and satirist.
Feb 13 Mariano José de Larra a Spanish romantic writer best known for his numerous essays, and his infamous suicide. His works were often satirical and critical of the 19th-century Spanish society, and focused on both the politics and customs of his time
Feb 16 Johann Ludwig Klüber a German law professor, author and state official.
Feb 16 Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus a German naturalist and botanist.
Feb 19 Thomas Burgess (bishop) an English author, philosopher, Bishop of Saint David's and Bishop of Salisbury.
Feb 19 Georg Büchner a German dramatist and writer of poetry and prose. He was also a revolutionary, a natural scientist, and the brother of physician and philosopher Ludwig Büchner. His literary achievements, though few in number, are generally held in great esteem in Germany and it is widely believed that, had it not been for his early death, he might have joined such central German literary figures as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller at the summit of their profession
Feb 27 Edward King Viscount Kingsborough an Irish antiquarian who sought to prove that the indigenous peoples of the Americas were a Lost Tribe of Israel. His principal contribution was in making available facsimiles of ancient documents and some of the earliest explorers' reports on Pre-Columbian ruins and Maya civilisation
Feb 28 Luigi Zamboni an Italian operatic buffo bass-baritone.
Mar 4 Yuri Lisyansky an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy and explorer of Ukrainian origin.
Mar 15 Lukijan Mušicki a Serbian poet, prose writer, and polyglot.
Mar 18 Dominique-Georges-Frédéric Dufour de Pradt a French clergyman and ambassador.
Mar 19 Antonio Rolla an Italian violin and viola virtuoso and composer.
Mar 31 John Constable None
Apr 9 Domenico Quaglio the Younger a German painter, engraver, stage designer, and architect. He was the second son of Giuseppe Quaglio and part of the large Quaglio pedigree of Italian artists involved in architecture, indoor fresco decoration, and scenography for the court theaters. He known as a landscape and architectural painter/decorator, including quadratura. He was born in Munich. He was taught perspective and scene-painting by his father, and engraving by Mettenleiter and Karl Hess. In 1819 he resigned his post as scene-painter, and occupied himself only with architecture, for which he obtained subjects in the Netherlands, Italy, France, and England. As architect in charge, Domenico Quaglio was responsible for the neogothic style of the exterior design of Hohenschwangau Castle, summer and hunting residence of King Maximilian II of Bavaria, son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and father of King Ludwig Quaglio died at Hohenschwangau in 1837. He engraved twelve plates of'Architectural Monuments’‘, and lithographed thirty Remarkable German Buildings of the Middle Ages
Apr 10 Henry Thomas Colebrooke an English orientalist.
Apr 19 Friedrich Ancillon a Prussian historian and statesman.
Apr 28 Joseph Souham a French general who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was born at Lubersac and died at Versailles. After long service in the French Royal Army, he was elected to lead a volunteer battalion in 1792 during the French Revolution. He was promoted to general of division in September 1793 after playing a prominent role in the defense of Dunkirk. In May 1794 with his commander absent, he took temporary command of the Army of the North and defeated the Coalition army at Tourcoing. He led the covering forces at the Siege of Ypres and participated in the successful invasion of the Dutch Republic. He spent many years in occupation duties in Holland and then his career suffered because of his association with Pichegru and Moreau. Starting in 1809 he was employed in Spain during the Peninsular War, winning the Battle of Vich where he was wounded. In army command again, he forced Wellington's army to retreat at Tordesillas in 1812. The following year he led a division at Lützen and a corps at Leipzig. He remained loyal to the Bourbons during the Hundred Days
Apr 30 Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg a German noblewoman. She was duchess and Regent of Saxe-Meiningen
May 5 Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli an Italian composer, chiefly of opera.
May 8 Alexander Balashov a Russian general and statesman.
May 18 Marguerite Gérard a French painter and etcher. She was the daughter of Marie Gilette and perfumer Claude Gérard. At 8 years-old she became the sister-in-law of Jean-Honoré Fragonard, and when she was 14, she came to live with him. She was also the aunt of the artist Alexandre-Évariste Fragonard. Gérard became Fragonard's pupil in the mid-1770s and studied painting, drawing and printmaking under his tutelage. She appears to have executed five etchings in 1778 in collaboration with the master
May 19 Natalia Zagryazhskaya a Russian philanthropist, salonist and lady-in-waiting. She was a leading member of Saint Petersburg society from the 1770s until her death in 1837, and is often mentioned in contemporary memoirs and diaries
May 20 Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel a younger member of the dynasty that ruled the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel and a Danish general.
May 31 Nicolas-André Monsiau a French history painter and a refined draughtsman who turned to book illustration to supplement his income when the French Revolution disrupted patronage. His cool Poussiniste drawing style and coloring marked his conservative art in the age of Neoclassicism
May 31 Joseph Grimaldi an English actor, comedian and dancer, who became the most popular English entertainer of the Regency era. In the early 1800s, he expanded the role of Clown in the harlequinade that formed part of British pantomimes, notably at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane and the Sadler's Wells and Covent Garden theatres. He became so dominant on the London comic stage that harlequinade clowns became known as "Joey", and both the nickname and Grimaldi's whiteface make-up design were, and still are, used by other types of clowns. Grimaldi originated catchphrases such as "Here we are again!", which continue to feature in modern pantomimes
Jun 3 Grigory Razumovsky a Russian nobleman, political philosopher, botanist, zoologist and geologist known from his writings in the West as Gregor or Grégoire, who lost his Russian citizenship for openly criticizing the czarist system under emperor Alexander I, which he saw as pandering to the desires of a corrupt oligarchy of nobles. Gregor emigrated to western Europe, where was subsequently incorporated into the Bohemian nobility in 1811 and accorded the rank of count of the Austrian Empire. As a natural scientist, Gregor was the first to describe and classify Lissotrion helveticus. He was the fifth son of the last hetman of Ukraine, Kirill Grigorievich Razumovsky and brother of prince Andreas Razumovsky, he is also the ancestor of all living members of the family as such, the Russian lines having gone extinct by
Jun 6 Diego Portales a Chilean statesman and entrepreneur. As a minister of president José Joaquín Prieto Diego Portales played a pivotal role in shaping the state and government politics in the 19th century, delivering with the Constitution of 1833 the framework of the Chilean state for almost a century. Portales influential political stance included unitarianism, presidentialism and conservatism which led to consolidate Chile as a constitutional authoritarian republic with democracy restricted to include only upper class men
Jun 8 Alexander Dmitrievich Zasyadko a Russian/Ukrainian gunner and specialist in rocketry, Lieutenant General.
Jun 9 Anna Maria Taigi an Italian woman who was beatified by Pope Benedict XV in 1920.
Jun 14 Giacomo Leopardi an Italian poet, philosopher, essayist and philologist. Although he lived in a secluded town in the ultra-conservative Papal States, he came in touch with the main thoughts of the Enlightenment, and, by his own literary evolution, created a remarkable and renowned poetic work, related to the Romantic era
Jun 16 Valentino Fioravanti a celebrated Italian composer of opera buffas.
Jun 19 Alexander Bestuzhev a Russian writer and Decembrist. After the Decembrist revolt he was sent into exile to Caucasus where Russian Empire was waging the war against the Circassians. There writing under the pseudonym Marlinsky he became known as a romantic poet, short story writer and novelist. He was killed there in a skirmish
Jun 20 William IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. William, the third son of George III and younger brother and successor to George IV, was the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover
Jul 7 Josef Eduard Teltscher an Austrian painter and lithographer. He was one of the best Viennese portrait lithographers and watercolourists of the first half of the nineteenth century in Central Europe, and as a miniaturist, according to his contemporaries, he was an no less than Moritz Daffinger himself
Jul 9 Job von Witzleben a Prussian lieutenant general, adjutant-general to the king, and minister of war.
Jul 17 Juan Pedro Aguirre an Argentine revolutionary and politician.
Jul 24 Ivan Zhevakhov a Russian general of Georgian noble descent and a participant of the Napoleonic Wars.