1838 in history

1838 events chronologically

Jan 6 Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph system using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code)
Jan 26 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
Feb 17 Weenen massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus
Feb 28 Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Quebec)
Apr 30 Nicaragua declares independence from the Central American Federation
Jun 10 Myall Creek massacre: Twenty-eight Aboriginal Australians are murdered
Jun 28 Coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom

Top 7 most famous people born in 1838

Feb 18 Ernst Mach an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as the Mach number and the study of shock waves. As a philosopher of science, he was a major influence on logical positivism, American pragmatism and through his criticism of Newton, a forerunner of Einstein's relativity
Apr 21 John Muir a Scottish-American naturalist, author, and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States. His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions. His activism helped to preserve the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is a prominent American conservation organization. The 211-mile John Muir Trail, a hiking trail in the Sierra Nevada, was named in his honor. Other such places include Muir Woods National Monument, Muir Beach, John Muir College, Mount Muir, Camp Muir and Muir Glacier
May 10 John Wilkes Booth an American stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865. Booth was a member of the prominent 19th-century Booth theatrical family from Maryland and, by the 1860s, was a well-known actor. He was also a Confederate sympathizer, vehement in his denunciation of Lincoln, and strongly opposed the abolition of slavery in the United States
Jul 8 Ferdinand von Zeppelin a German general and later aircraft manufacturer. He founded the Zeppelin airship company. He was born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden
Sep 2 Liliuokalani the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii. She was also known as Lydia Kamakaʻeha Pākī, with the chosen royal name of Liliʻuokalani, and her married name was Lydia Dominis
Oct 8 John Hay an American statesman and official whose career in government stretched almost half a century. Beginning as a private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln, Hay's highest office was United States Secretary of State under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was also an author and biographer, and wrote poetry and other literature throughout much of his life
Oct 25 Georges Bizet a French composer of the romantic era. Best known for his operas in a career cut short by his early death, Bizet achieved few successes before his final work, Carmen, which has become one of the most popular and frequently performed works in the entire opera repertoire

Top 7 most famous people died in 1838

May 17 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord a French bishop, politician and diplomat. Due to a lame leg, he was not able to start a military career as expected by his family. Instead, he studied theology. In 1780 he became Agent-General of the Clergy and represented the Catholic Church to the French Crown. He worked successfully at the highest level for the regime of Louis XVI, through several governments of the French Revolution and then for Napoleon, Louis XVIII, Charles X, and Louis-Philippe. Most of them distrusted Talleyrand but, like Napoleon, found him indispensable. The name "Talleyrand" has become a synonym for crafty, cynical diplomacy
Jun 28 Friedrich Accum a German chemist, whose most important achievements included advances in the field of gas lighting, efforts to keep processed foods free from dangerous additives, and the promotion of interest in the science of chemistry to the general populace. From 1793 to 1821 Accum lived in London. Following an apprenticeship as an apothecary, he opened his own commercial laboratory enterprise. His business manufactured and sold a variety of chemicals and laboratory equipment. Accum, himself, gave fee based public lectures in practical chemistry and collaborated with research efforts at numerous other institutes of science
Aug 17 Lorenzo Da Ponte a Venetian opera librettist and poet. He wrote the librettos for 28 operas by 11 composers, including three of Mozart's greatest operas, Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro and Così fan tutte
Aug 21 Adelbert von Chamisso a German poet and botanist. He wrote Peter Schlemihl, a famous story about a man who sold his shadow
Sep 1 William Clark (explorer) an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. A native of Virginia, he grew up in prestatehood Kentucky before later settling in what became the state of Missouri. Clark was a planter and slaveholder
Oct 3 Black Hawk (Sauk leader) now the Midwest of the United States. Although he had inherited an important historic medicine bundle from his father, he was not a hereditary civil chief. Black Hawk earned his status as a war chief or captain by his actions: leading raiding and war parties as a young man, and a band of Sauk warriors during the Black Hawk War of 1832
Dec 20 François Pouqueville a French diplomat, writer, explorer, physician and historian, member of the Institut de France.