Died in 1839

Jan 6 Princess Marie of Orléans (1813–1839) a French princess and, by her marriage, duchess of Württemberg. She was solidly educated on her father's insistence, and took up sculpture and drawing
Jan 10 Christopher Lieven a Livonian nobleman, Russian general, ambassador to London in 1812-1834, and educator of tsesarevich Alexander Nikolaievitch.
Jan 12 Joseph Anton Koch perhaps the most significant neoclassical landscape painter.
Jan 19 Louis William Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1829 until his death.
Jan 23 John Elley a British soldier who joined the cavalry as a private, and rose to general officer rank. He fought with distinction during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and later served as Governor of Galway and as Colonel of the 17th Lancers
Jan 28 William Beechey an English portrait-painter.
Jan 31 Emil Korytko a Polish political activist in the period of the Great Emigration, who was exiled to Ljubljana, Carniola and became an important ethnographer, philologist and translator there. His legacy are collections of Slovene folk poems and vivid descriptions of Carniolan folk customs. He significantly contributed to the mutual dialogue between Polish and Slovene authors and readers
Feb 7 Karl August Nicander a Swedish lyric poet.
Feb 12 Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Duchess of Mecklenburg. Through her marriage to Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Therese was also a member of the House of Thurn and Taxis
Feb 15 François-Marie-Thomas Chevalier de Lorimier a notary who fought as a Patriote and Frère chasseur for the independence of Lower Canada in the Lower Canada Rebellion. For these actions, he was incarcerated at the Montreal Pied-du-Courant Prison and was hanged at the site by the British authorities
Feb 19 Alleyne FitzHerbert 1st Baron St Helens a British diplomat. He was a friend of explorer George Vancouver, who named Mount Helens in what is now Washington after him
Feb 23 Mikhail Speransky a Russian reformist during the reign of Alexander I of Russia, to which he was a close advisor. He later served under Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. Speransky is referred to as the father of Russian liberalism
Feb 26 Sybil Ludington famous for her night ride on April 26, 1777 to alert American colonial forces to the approach of the British. Her action was similar to that performed by Paul Revere, though she rode more than twice the distance of Revere and was only 16 years old at the time of her action. She was an aunt of Harrison Ludington, the Governor of Wisconsin
Mar 2 Charlotte Bonaparte the daughter of Joseph Bonaparte, the older brother of Emperor Napoleon I, and Julie Clary. Her mother was the sister of Désirée Clary, Napoleon's first love. Charlotte married her first cousin Napoleon Louis, the second son of Louis Bonaparte and Hortense de Beauharnais. She studied engraving and lithography in Paris with the artist Louis Léopold Robert, who is reputed to have fallen in love with her
Mar 8 Adolphe Nourrit a French operatic tenor, librettist, and composer. One of the most esteemed opera singers of the 1820s and 1830s, he was particularly associated with the works of Gioachino Rossini
Mar 9 Charles Lallemand now Texas, and finally returned to France to serve as governor of Corsica.
Mar 26 Yuriy Venelin a Ukrainian Slavist, folklorist, ethnographer and philologist best known for his research on the language, history and culture of Bulgaria and the Bulgarian people.
Mar 28 Pieter van Os a Dutch painter and engraver and a member of the renowned Van Os family of artists.
Apr 1 Benjamin Pierce (governor) an American Democratic-Republican politician. He served as Governor of New Hampshire from 1827 to 1828 and from 1829 to 1830
Apr 8 Pierre Prévost a Genevan philosopher and physicist. In 1791 he showed that all bodies radiate heat, no matter how hot or cold they are
Apr 13 Domenico Ronconi an Italian operatic tenor who had an active international career in leading opera houses from 1796-1829. He then embarked on a second career as a voice teacher in Milan which lasted until his death in that city in 1839
Apr 14 Heinrich Christian Funck a German pharmacist and bryologist born in Wunsiedel, Bavaria. He was a co-founder of the Regensburg Botanical Society
Apr 17 Marie Friederike of Hesse-Kassel a German noblewoman and by marriage Princess and later Duchess of Anhalt-Bernburg.
Apr 21 Pavel Svinyin a prolific Russian writer, painter, and editor known as a "Russian Munchausen" for many exaggerated accounts of his travels. He was Appolon Maykov's brother-in-law and Aleksey Pisemsky's father-in-law
Apr 22 Samuel Smith (Maryland) a United States Senator and Representative from Maryland, a mayor of Baltimore, Maryland, and a general in the Maryland militia. He was the brother of cabinet secretary Robert Smith
Apr 23 Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin a rear admiral of the French navy and later a Baron. He commanded numerous naval expeditions and battles with the British Navy as well as exploratory voyages in the Indian Ocean and the South Seas
May 3 Ferdinando Paer an Italian composer known for his operas and oratorios. He was of Austrian descent and used the German spelling Pär in application for printing in Venice, and later in France the spelling Paër
May 3 Pehr Henrik Ling pioneered the teaching of physical education in Sweden. Ling is often mistakenly credited as the father of Swedish massage, who is in fact Johann Georg Mezger
May 4 Denis Davydov a Russian soldier-poet of the Napoleonic Wars who invented a specific genre – hussar poetry noted for its hedonism and bravado – and spectacularly designed his own life to illustrate such poetry.
May 6 John Batman an Australian grazier, entrepreneur and explorer. He settled in the north-east of the Van Diemen's Land Colony in the 1820s, and later as a leading member of the Port Phillip Association he led an expedition which explored the Port Phillip Bay area on the Australian mainland with a view to establishing a new settlement there. He is best known for his role in the founding of the settlement on the Yarra River which became the city of Melbourne, eventual capital of the new Colony of Victoria, and one of Australia's largest and most important cities
May 13 Hugues-Bernard Maret duc de Bassano a French statesman and journalist.
May 13 Joseph Fesch a French cardinal and diplomat, Prince of France and a member of the Imperial House of the First French Empire, Peer of France, Roman Prince, and the uncle of Napoleon Bonaparte. He was also one of the most famous art collectors of his period, remembered for having established the Musée Fesch in Ajaccio, which remains one of the most important Napoleonic collections of art
May 16 Carl Adolf Otth a Swiss physician and naturalist. He was the brother of mycologist Gustav Heinrich Otth
May 17 Archibald Alison (author) a Scottish episcopalian priest and essayist.
May 18 Caroline Bonaparte the seventh surviving child and third surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino, and a younger sister of Napoleon I of France.
May 20 Ernst zu Münster a German statesman, politician and minister in the service of the House of Hanover.
May 21 José María Heredia y Heredia a Cuban poet, born at Santiago de Cuba.
May 21 Johann Christoph Friedrich GutsMuths especially known for his role in the development of physical education. He is thought of as the "grandfather of gymnastics" – the "father" being Turnvater Jahn. GutsMuths introduced systematic physical exercise into the school curriculum, and he developed the basic principles of artistic gymnastics
Jun 3 Philemon Wright a farmer and entrepreneur who founded Wrightstown, the first permanent settlement in the National Capital Region of Canada. Wrightstown later became incorporated in 1875 and renamed Hull, Quebec, and then in 2002, as a result of a municipal amalgamation, it acquired its present name of the City of Gatineau
Jun 17 Lord William Bentinck a British soldier and statesman. He served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835
Jun 23 Lady Hester Stanhope a British socialite, adventurer and traveler. Her archaeological expedition to Ashkelon in 1815 is considered the first modern excavation in the history of Holy Land archeology. Her use of a medieval Italian document is described as "one of the earliest uses of textual sources by field archaeologists"
Jun 23 Mariano Lagasca a Spanish botanist, writer and doctor. He was the director of Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid
Jun 27 Manuel Vicente Maza an Argentine lawyer and federal politician. He was governor of Buenos Aires, and was killed after the discovery of a failed plot to kill Juan Manuel de Rosas
Jun 27 Ranjit Singh the founder of the Sikh Empire, which came to power in the Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. The empire, based in the Punjab region, existed from 1799 to 1849. It was forged, on the foundations of the Dal Khalsa, under the leadership of Ranjit Singh from a collection of autonomous Sikh Misls. Ranjit Singh was succeeded by his son, Kharak Singh
Jun 27 Allan Cunningham (botanist) an English botanist and explorer, primarily known for his travels in Australia to collect plants.
Jun 30 Johan Olof Wallin a Swedish minister, orator, poet and later Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden. He is most remembered today for his hymns
Jul 1 Mahmud II the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. He was born in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, the posthumous son of Sultan Abdulhamid His reign is notable mostly for the extensive administrative, military and fiscal reforms he instituted, which culminated into the Decree of Tanzimat that was carried out by his sons Abdülmecid I and Abdülaziz In 1826 he abolished the Janissary corps of 135,000 men and executed thousands of its leaders, thereby removing a major obstacle to army reform
Jul 8 Milan Obrenović II Prince of Serbia in Kragujevac, Serbia. He was the ruling Prince of Serbia for just short of four weeks in 1839
Jul 10 Fernando Sor a Spanish classical guitarist and composer. While he is best known for his guitar compositions, he also composed music for a wide range of genres, including opera, orchestra, string quartet, piano, voice, and ballet. His ballet score Cendrillon received over one hundred performances. Sor’s works for guitar range from pieces for beginning players to advanced players such as Variations on a Theme of Mozart. Sor’s contemporaries considered him to be the best guitarist in the world, and his works for guitar have been widely played and reprinted since his death. Although modern classical guitar players usually do, Sor rarely used his annular finger or nails when playing
Jul 15 Winthrop Mackworth Praed an English politician and poet.