Died in 1840

Jan 6 Frances Burney an English novelist, diarist and playwright. She was born in Lynn Regis, now King's Lynn, England, on 13 June 1752, to musical historian Dr Charles Burney and Esther Sleepe Burney. The third of six children, she was self-educated and began writing what she called her "scribblings" at the age of ten. In 1793, aged 42, she married a French exile, General Alexandre D'Arblay. Their only son, Alexander, was born in 1794. After a lengthy writing career, and travels that took her to France for more than ten years, she settled in Bath, England, where she died on 6 January 1840
Jan 10 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom the seventh child and third daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. After marrying the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick VI, she took permanent residence in Germany as landgravine
Jan 16 František Tkadlík a Czech portrait painter and draftsman.
Jan 22 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He was one of the first to explore the study of mankind as an aspect of natural history. His teachings in comparative anatomy were applied to the classification of what he called human races, of which he determined there to be five
Feb 4 Antoine Jacques Claude Joseph comte Boulay de la Meurthe a French politician and magistrate, son of an agricultural labourer, born at Chamousey.
Feb 11 Ivan Kozlov a Russian Romantic poet and translator. As S. Mirsky noted, "his poetry appealed to the easily awakened emotions of the sentimental reader rather than to the higher poetic receptivity"
Feb 13 Nicolas Joseph Maison a Marshal of France and Minister of War.
Feb 13 Empress Xiaoquancheng the third official spouse and second Empress Consort of the Daoguang Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. She was the birth mother of Daoguang's successor, the Xianfeng Emperor
Feb 15 Domenico Viviani an Italian botanist and naturalist.
Feb 18 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Crown Princess of Prussia the first wife of Prince Frederick William, her cousin and the future king Frederick William II of Prussia.
Mar 2 Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers a German physician and astronomer.
Mar 3 Hippolyte Cloquet a French physician and anatomist who was a native of Paris. He was the brother of surgeon Jules Germain Cloquet , and father to Ernest Cloquet , who was a personal physician to Mohammad Shah Qajar of Persia
Mar 6 Francisco de Paula Santander a Colombian military and political leader during the 1810–1819 independence war of the United Provinces of New Granada. He was the acting President of Gran Colombia between 1819 and 1826, and later elected by Congress as the President of the Republic of New Granada between 1832 and 1837. Santander came to be known as "The Man of the Laws"
Mar 7 Johan Bergenstråhle a Swedish military officer who participated in Russo-Swedish War , and the Finnish War. In June 1808 he was sent as a colonel of the Swedish Army, with 1,000 men and four cannon to Vasa in order to retake the city from the Russians. The expedition failed; Bergenstråhle was wounded and captured on June 25
Mar 9 Pierre Dupont de l'Étang a French general of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as a political figure of the Bourbon Restoration.
Mar 9 George Gleig a Primus of the Scottish Episcopal Church.
Mar 14 Armand Charles Guilleminot a French general during the Napoleonic wars.
Mar 19 Thomas Daniell an English landscape painter. He spent ten years in India, and published several series of aquatints of the country
Mar 20 Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut a German jurist and musician.
Mar 22 Étienne Bobillier a French mathematician.
Mar 25 Pavel Nikolaievich Demidov a Russian nobleman of the Demidov dynasty.
Mar 28 Simon Antoine Jean L'Huilier a Swiss mathematician of French Hugenot descent. He is known for his work in mathematical analysis and topology, and in particular the generalization of Euler's formula for planar graphs
Mar 30 Beau Brummell an iconic figure in Regency England, the arbiter of men's fashion, and a friend of the Prince Regent, the future King George He established the mode of dress for men that rejected overly ornate fashions for one of understated, but perfectly fitted and tailored bespoke garments. This look was based on dark coats, full-length trousers rather than knee breeches and stockings, and above all immaculate shirt linen and an elaborately knotted cravat
Apr 5 Lant Carpenter an English educator and Unitarian minister.
Apr 15 Thomas Drummond an army officer, civil engineer and senior public official. Drummond used the Drummond light which was employed in the trigonometrical survey of Great Britain and Ireland. He is sometimes mistakenly given credit for the invention of limelight, at the expense of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney. However, it was Drummond who realised their value in surveying
Apr 17 Hannah Webster Foster an American novelist.
Apr 19 Jean-Jacques Lartigue a Canadian Sulpician, who served as the first Catholic Bishop of Montreal.
Apr 22 James Prinsep an English scholar, orientalist and antiquary. He was the founding editor of the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and is best remembered for deciphering the Kharosthi and Brahmi scripts of ancient India. He studied, documented and illustrated many aspects of numismatics, metallurgy, meteorology apart from pursuing his career in India as an assay master at the mint in Benares
Apr 22 Luis Fernández de Córdova a Spanish military general, diplomat and first Marquis of Mendigorria.
Apr 25 Siméon Denis Poisson a French mathematician, geometer, and physicist. He obtained many important results, but within the elite Académie des Sciences he also was the final leading opponent of the wave theory of light and was proven wrong on that matter by Augustin-Jean Fresnel
Apr 29 Pierre Jean Robiquet a French chemist. He laid founding work in identifying amino acids, the fundamental bricks of proteins. He did this through recognizing the first of them, asparagin, in 1806, in the industry's adoption of industrial dyes, with the identification of alizarin in 1826, and in the emergence of modern medications, through the identification of codeine in 1832, a powerful molecule today of widespread use with analgesic and antidiarrheal properties
May 1 Pierre Jean François Turpin a French botanist and illustrator. He is considered one of the greatest floral and botanical illustrators during the Napoleonic Era and afterwards. As an artist, Turpin was largely self-taught
May 1 Joseph Williamson (philanthropist) best known for the tunnels which were constructed under his direction in the Edge Hill area of Liverpool, England. His philanthropy earned him the nickname the King of Edge Hill, whilst his tunnel-building activity earned him posthumous nicknames, including the Mole of Edge Hill and the Mad Mole
May 4 Carl Ludvig Engel a German architect known for his Empire style, a phase of Neoclassicism. He had a great impact on the architecture of Finland in the first part of the 19th century
May 6 Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin an emigre Russian aristocrat and Roman Catholic priest known as The Apostle of the Alleghenies. Since 2005, he has been under consideration for possible canonization by the Catholic Church. His current title is Servant of God
May 7 Caspar David Friedrich a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey a subjective, emotional response to the natural world. Friedrich's paintings characteristically set a human presence in diminished perspective amid expansive landscapes, reducing the figures to a scale that, according to the art historian Christopher John Murray, directs "the viewer's gaze towards their metaphysical dimension"
May 11 Simon Canuel a French general.
May 11 Eduard Joseph d'Alton a German engraver and naturalist who was a native of Aquileia. He was the father of anatomist Johann Samuel Eduard d'Alton
May 13 Leonard Gyllenhaal a Swedish military officer and entomologist.
May 14 Karl vom Stein zum Altenstein a Prussian politician and the first Prussian culture minister. His most lasting impact was the reform of the Prussian educational system
May 25 Alexander Korsakov a Russian general remembered as an unlucky assistant to Alexander Suvorov during his Swiss expedition of 1799–1800.
May 26 Sidney Smith (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer. Serving in the American and French revolutionary wars, he later rose to the rank of admiral. Napoleon Bonaparte, reminiscing later in his life, said of him: "That man made me miss my destiny"
May 27 Niccolò Paganini an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was the most celebrated violin virtuoso of his time, and left his mark as one of the pillars of modern violin technique. His Caprice 24 in A minor, 1, is among the best known of his compositions, and has served as an inspiration for many prominent composers
Jun 6 Marcellin Champagnat born in Le Rosey, village of Marlhes, near Etienne , France. He was the founder of the Marist Brothers, a religious congregation of men in the Roman Catholic Church devoted to the Virgin Mary and dedicated to education
Jun 7 Frederick William III of Prussia king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. He ruled Prussia during the difficult times of the Napoleonic wars and the end of the old German Empire. Steering a careful course between France and her enemies, after a major military defeat in 1806, he eventually and reluctantly joined the coalition against Napoleon in the Befreiungskriege. Following Napoleon's defeat he was King of Prussia during the Congress of Vienna which assembled to settle the political questions arising from the new, post-Napoleonic order in Europe
Jun 7 Népomucène Lemercier ].
Jun 9 John Cockerill (industrialist) a Belgian entrepreneur. Born at Haslingden, Lancashire, England, he was brought by his father William Cockerill to Belgium where he continued the family tradition of building wool processing machinery. He founded an ironworks and a mechanical engineering company John Cockerill & Cie
Jun 19 Pierre-Joseph Redouté a painter and botanist from the Southern Netherlands, known for his watercolours of roses, lilies and other flowers at Malmaison. He was nicknamed "The Raphael of flowers"
Jun 20 Pierre Claude François Daunou a French statesman and historian of the French Revolution and Empire.
Jun 29 Lucien Bonaparte the third surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and his wife Letizia Ramolino.