Died in 1841

Jan 6 Tani Bunchō a Japanese literati painter and poet. He was the son of the poet Tani Rokkoku. As his family were retainers of the Tayasu Family of descendents of the eighth Tokugawa shogun, Bunchō inherited samurai status and received a stipend to meet the responsibilities this entailed. In his youth he began studying the painting techniques of the Kanō school under Katō Bunrei. After Bunrei's death, Bunchō worked with masters of other schools, such as the literati painter Kitayama Kangen , and developed a wide stylistic range that included many Chinese, Japanese and European idioms. He rose to particular prominence as the retainer of Matsudaira Sadanobu , genetic son of the Tayasu who was adopted into the Matsudaira family before becoming chief senior councilor of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1787. Bunchō is best known for his idealized landscapes in the literati style. Unlike most bunjinga painters of his time, however, Bunchō was an extremely eclectic artist, painting idealized Chinese landscapes, actual Japanese sites, and poetically-inspired traditional scenery. He also painted portraits of his contemporaries, as well as imagined images of such Chinese literati heroes as Su Shi and Tao Yuanming. Since travel outside Japan was forbidden under the Tokugawa shogunate, Bunchō was unable to study in China; he spent many years traveling around Japan, studying Chinese, Japanese, and Western art. Watanabe Kazan, Sakai Hōitsu and Takaku Aigai were among his disciples
Jan 6 Jean Pierre Étienne Vaucher a Swiss Protestant pastor and botanist who was a native of Geneva.
Jan 9 Pierre-Augustin Hulin a French general under Napoleon Bonaparte who took part in the storming of the Bastille, the trial of the Duke d'Enghien, and the foiling of the Malet coup.
Jan 13 Bertrand Barère a French politician, freemason, journalist, and one of the most notorious members of the National Convention during the French Revolution.
Jan 15 Friedrich Parrot a German naturalist and traveller, who lived and worked in what was then the Governorate of Livonia, a part of the Russian Empire.
Jan 15 Arend Friedrich August Wiegmann a German zoologist and herpetologist born in Braunschweig.
Jan 20 Minh Mạng the second emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty of Vietnam, reigning from 14 February 1820 until his death, on 20 January 1841. He was a younger son of Emperor Gia Long, whose eldest son, Crown Prince Cảnh, had died in 1801. He was well known for his opposition to French involvement in Vietnam and his rigid Confucian orthodoxy
Jan 20 Jørgen Jørgensen a Danish adventurer during the Age of Revolution. During the Action of 2 March 1808 his ship was captured by the British. In 1809 he sailed to Iceland, declared the country independent from Denmark and pronounced himself its ruler. He was also a prolific writer of letters, papers, pamphlets and newspaper articles covering a wide variety of subjects, and was an associate of the famous botanists Joseph Banks and William Jackson Hooker for a period
Feb 9 Chrystian Piotr Aigner a Polish architect and theoretician of architecture.
Feb 12 Astley Cooper an English surgeon and anatomist, who made historical contributions to otology, vascular surgery, the anatomy and pathology of the mammary glands and testicles, and the pathology and surgery of hernia.
Feb 15 Harriette Campbell a writer.
Feb 17 Ferdinando Carulli an Italian composer for classical guitar and the author of the influential Méthode complète pour guitare ou lyre, 27 , which contains music still used by student guitarists today. He wrote a variety of works for classical guitar, including numerous solo and chamber works and several concertos. He was an extremely prolific writer, composing over 400 works for the instrument
Feb 19 Princess Augusta of Prussia a German salonist and Electress consort of Hesse. She was the third daughter and fifth child of Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt. She was the first consort of William II, Elector of Hesse. Augusta was a talented painter. Among the messages left by her works are also self-portraits
Feb 20 Princess Maria Antonia of Parma a Princess of Parma, daughter of Duke Ferdinand I of Parma and his wife, Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria. Contrary to what has been frequently stated, she was not named after her aunt, Queen Marie Antoinette of France, who was not her godmother. Maria Antonia's godparents were her uncle, Emperor Joseph II, and her father's aunt, Maria Antonia of Spain, Queen of Sardinia, after whom the princess was named
Feb 20 Friedrich Sertürner a German pharmacist, who discovered morphine in 1804.
Feb 23 Louis Nicolas Philippe Auguste de Forbin the French painter and antiquary who succeeded Vivant Denon as curator of the Musée du Louvre and the other museums of France.
Feb 25 Philip Pendleton Barbour a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the brother of Virginia governor and U.S. Secretary of War James Barbour as well as the first cousin of John Barbour and first cousin, once removed of John Barbour, Jr
Mar 1 Claude Victor-Perrin Duc de Belluno a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He was made a Marshal of France in 1807 by Napoleon
Mar 8 Robert Henrik Rehbinder the Secretary of State for the Grand Duchy of Finland between 1811 and 1841. He was one of the highest officials in the Grand Duchy and he played a significant part in creating the autonomous role of Finland at the Diet of Porvoo
Mar 11 Josef Aloys Frölich a German doctor, botanist and entomologist. He is not to be confused with Franz Anton Gottfried Frölich , his son, also an entomologist but specialising in Lepidoptera
Mar 16 Félix Savart primarily known for the Biot–Savart law of electromagnetism, which he discovered together with his colleague Jean-Baptiste Biot. His main interest was in acoustics and the study of vibrating bodies. A particular interest in the violin led him to create an experimental trapezoidal model. He gave his name to the savart, a unit of measurement for musical intervals, and to Savart's wheel—a device he used while investigating the range of human hearing
Mar 22 Tokugawa Ienari the eleventh and longest serving shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan who held office from 1787 to 1837. He was a great-grandson of the eighth shogun Tokugawa Yoshimune through his son Munetada , head of the Hitotsubashi branch of the family, and his grandson Harusada
Apr 2 Gustav von Rauch a Prussian general, chief of staff from 1812–1813, and Minister of War from 1837 to 1841. His daughter Rosalie, married Prince Albert of Prussia as second, morganatic, wife in 1850
Apr 4 William Henry Harrison the ninth President of the United States , an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office. He was 68 years, 23 days old when inaugurated, the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan in 1981. Harrison died on his 32nd day in office of complications from pneumonia, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis, but its resolution settled many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until the passage of the 25th Amendment in 1967. He was the grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, who was the 23rd President from 1889 to 1893
Apr 20 Thomas Gordon (British Army officer) a British army officer and historian. He is remembered for his role in the Greek War of Independence in the 1820s and 1830s and his History of the war published in 1833
Apr 21 Alexander Shishkov a Russian statesman, writer, and admiral.
Apr 23 Edmund Fanning an American explorer and sea captain, known as the "Pathfinder of the Pacific.".
Apr 28 Peter Chanel a Catholic priest, missionary, and martyr.
Apr 29 Aloysius Bertrand a French Romantic poet, playwright and journalist. He is famous for having introduced prose poetry in French literature, and is considered a forerunner of the Symbolist movement. His masterpiece is the collection of prose poems Gaspard de la Nuit, that was published posthumously in 1842 and had three of its poems famously adapted to a homonymous piano suite by Maurice Ravel in 1908
Apr 30 Peter Andreas Heiberg a Danish author and philologist. He was born in Vordingborg, Denmark. The Heiberg ancestry can be traced back to Norway, and has produced a long line of priests, headmasters and other learned men. Peter Andreas Heibergs father was the Norwegian-born headmaster of the grammar school in Vordingborg, Ludvig Heiberg, while his mother was Inger Margrethe, daughter of the vicar at the manor of Vemmetofte Peder Heiberg, a relative of Ludvig Heiberg, and Inger Hørning, who came from a family of wealthy Danish merchants
May 8 Prince Bagrat of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the House of Bagrationi and an author. A son of King George XII of Georgia, Bagrat occupied important administrative posts in the last years of the Georgian monarchy, after whose abolition by the Russian Empire in 1801 he entered the imperial civil service. He was known in Russia as the tsarevich Bagrat Georgievich Gruzinsky. He is the author of works in the history of Georgia, veterinary medicine and economics. Bagrat is the forefather of the surviving descendants of the last kings of Georgia
May 20 Joseph Blanco White a Spanish theologian and poet.
May 21 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz a Polish poet, playwright and statesman. He was a leading advocate for the Constitution of 3 May 1791
May 23 Franz Xaver von Baader a German Roman Catholic philosopher and theologian.
May 31 George Green a British mathematical physicist who wrote An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism. The essay introduced several important concepts, among them a theorem similar to the modern Green's theorem, the idea of potential functions as currently used in physics, and the concept of what are now called Green's functions. Green was the first person to create a mathematical theory of electricity and magnetism and his theory formed the foundation for the work of other scientists such as James Clerk Maxwell, William Thomson, and others. His work on potential theory ran parallel to that of Carl Friedrich Gauss
Jun 1 Nicolas Appert the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the "father of canning", was a confectioner
Jun 1 David Wilkie (artist) a Scottish painter.
Jun 12 Konstantinos Nikolopoulos (composer) a Greek composer, archeologist, and philologist.
Jun 18 Jean-Gérard Lacuée count of Cessac a French general and politician, peer of France and Minister for War under Napoleon I of France. His name is inscribed on the south side of the Arc de Triomphe
Jun 23 Étienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pagès a French politician, born at Marseille.
Jun 25 Alexander Macomb (general) the Commanding General of the United States Army from May 29, 1828 to June 25, 1841. Macomb was the field commander at the Battle of Plattsburgh during the War of 1812 and, after the stunning victory, was lauded with praise and styled "The Hero of Plattsburgh" by some of the American press. He was promoted to Major General for his conduct, receiving both the thanks of Congress and a Congressional Gold Medal
Jun 29 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz the consort of Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, the fifth son and eighth child of George III and Queen Charlotte.
Jul 2 Franz Ernst Heinrich Spitzner a German educator and philologist who specialized in Homeric studies. He was born in Trebitz, Saxony-Anhalt
Jul 27 Mikhail Lermontov Yuryevich Lermontov , a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", became the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837. Lermontov is considered the supreme poet of Russian literature alongside Pushkin and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism. His influence on later Russian literature is still felt in modern times, not only through his poetry, but also through his prose, which founded the tradition of the Russian psychological novel
Aug 13 Bernhard Romberg a German cellist and composer.
Aug 14 Johann Friedrich Herbart a German philosopher, psychologist, and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline.
Aug 15 Elizabeth Gould (illustrator) a British artist and illustrator, married to naturalist John Gould. She produced many illustrations for his ornithological works
Aug 18 Louis de Freycinet a French navigator. He circumnavigated the earth, and in 1811 published the first map to show a full outline of the coastline of Australia
Aug 24 Friedrich Curschmann a German song composer and singer.
Aug 24 John Ordronaux (privateer) one of the most successful privateers of the War of 1812 between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. During the war he commanded two ships, Marengo, then Prince de Neufchatel. With these he captured or destroyed about thirty British merchant ships, outran about seventeen British warships and brought back goods to the USA worth between $250,000 and $300,000