1843 in history

1843 events chronologically

Feb 6 The first minstrel show in the United States, The Virginia Minstrels, opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City)
Feb 11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi alla prima crociata receives its first performance in Milan, Italy
Feb 25 Provisional Cession of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Islands established by Lord George Paulet
May 16 The first major wagon train heading for the Pacific Northwest sets out on the Oregon Trail with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri
May 18 The Disruption in Edinburgh of the Free Church of Scotland from the Church of Scotland
Jun 17 The Wairau Affray, the first serious clash of arms between Māori and British settlers in the New Zealand Wars, takes place
Jun 26 Treaty of Nanking comes into effect, Hong Kong Island is ceded to the British "in perpetuity"

Top 7 most famous people born in 1843

Jan 29 William McKinley the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination on September 14, 1901, six months into his second term. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry, and maintained the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of inflationary proposals
Apr 15 Henry James an American writer who spent most of his writing career in Britain. He is regarded as one of the key figures of 19th-century literary realism. He was the son of Henry James, and the brother of philosopher and psychologist William James and diarist Alice James
Apr 25 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Jun 9 Bertha von Suttner an Austrian pacifist and novelist. In 1905 she was the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, thus being the second female Nobel laureate after Marie Curie's 1903 award
Jun 15 Edvard Grieg a Norwegian composer and pianist. He is widely considered one of the leading Romantic era composers, and his music is part of the standard classical repertoire worldwide. His use and development of Norwegian folk music in his own compositions put the music of Norway in the international spectrum, as well as helping to develop a national identity, much as Jean Sibelius and Antonín Dvořák did in Finland and Bohemia, respectively
Jul 7 Camillo Golgi an Italian physician, pathologist, scientist, and Nobel laureate. Several structures and phenomena in anatomy and physiology are named for him, including the Golgi apparatus, the Golgi tendon organ, and the Golgi tendon reflex
Dec 11 Robert Koch a celebrated German physician and pioneering microbiologist. The founder of modern bacteriology, he is known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and for giving experimental support for the concept of infectious disease. In addition to his trail-blazing studies on these diseases, Koch created and improved laboratory technologies and techniques in the field of microbiology, and made key discoveries in public health. His research led to the creation of Koch’s postulates, a series of four generalized principles linking specific microorganisms to specific diseases that remain today the "gold standard" in medical microbiology. As a result of his groundbreaking research on tuberculosis, Koch received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905

Top 7 most famous people died in 1843

Mar 21 Guadalupe Victoria a Mexican politician and military officer who fought for independence against the Spanish Empire in the Mexican War of Independence. He was a deputy in the Mexican Chamber of Deputies for Durango and a member of the Supreme Executive Power. He also served as the first president of Mexico
Mar 21 Robert Southey an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called "Lake Poets", and Poet Laureate for 30 years from 1813 to his death in 1843. Although his fame has been long eclipsed by that of his contemporaries and friends William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Southey's verse still enjoys some popularity
May 28 Noah Webster an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author. He has been called the "Father of American Scholarship and Education". His blue-backed speller books taught five generations of American children how to spell and read, secularizing their education. According to Ellis he gave Americans "a secular catechism to the nation-state"
Jun 7 Friedrich Hölderlin a major German lyric poet, commonly associated with the artistic movement known as Romanticism. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates and fellow Swabians Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Jul 2 Samuel Hahnemann a German physician, best known for creating a system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
Sep 19 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis a French mathematician, mechanical engineer and scientist. He is best known for his work on the supplementary forces that are detected in a rotating frame of reference. See the Coriolis Effect. Coriolis was the first to coin the term "work" for the transfer of energy by a force acting through a distance
Dec 12 William I of the Netherlands a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.