Died in 1843

Jan 4 Hippolyte Bouchard a French Argentine sailor, pirate and corsair who fought for Argentina, Chile, and Peru.
Jan 4 Stevens T. Mason the territorial governor of the Michigan Territory, and later the first Governor of the state of Michigan. Mason guided the Michigan Territory into statehood. He was first appointed acting Territorial Secretary at the age of 19, then became acting Territorial Governor in 1834 at the age of 22. He was elected governor of the state of Michigan at age 23 as a member of the Democratic Party in 1835, and served until 1840. Mason is the youngest state governor in American history
Jan 9 William Hedley born in Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne. He was one of the leading industrial engineers of the early 19th century, and was instrumental in several major innovations in early railway development. While working as a 'viewer' or manager at Wylam Colliery near Newcastle upon Tyne, he built the first practical steam locomotive which relied simply on the adhesion of iron wheels on iron rails
Jan 11 Francis Scott Key an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".
Jan 12 Prince Antonio Count of Lecce a son of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and a brother of Ferdinand II King of the Two Sicilies. Known by his tile of Count of Lecce, he was killed at age 26
Jan 13 Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark the daughter of Queen Caroline Matilda of Great Britain. Though officially regarded as the daughter of King Christian VII, it is widely accepted that her biological father was Johann Friedrich Struensee, the king’s royal physician and de facto regent of the country at the time of her birth. She was referred to sometimes as "la petite Struensee"; this did not, however, have any effect on her position
Jan 23 Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué a German writer of the romantic style.
Jan 24 Vasily Orlov-Denisov a Cossack Russian general. He was the son of Vasily Petrovich Orlov, Ataman of the Don Cossacks, and grandson of the first Earl of the Cossacks, General of Cavalry, Fedor Petrovich Denisov. In honour of his grandfather he added his surname to his own, becoming Orlov-Denisov on 26 April 1801
Jan 30 Friedrich von Adelung a German-Russian linguist, historian and bibliographer. His best known works are in the fields of bibliography of Sanskrit language and the European accounts of the Time of Troubles in Russia
Feb 4 Theodoros Kolokotronis a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. Kolokotronis's greatest success was the defeat of the Ottoman army under Mahmud Dramali Pasha at the Battle of Dervenakia in 1822. In 1825, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Greek forces in the Peloponnese. Today, Kolokotronis ranks among the most revered of the protagonists of Greece's War of Independence
Feb 21 Friedrich von Sallet a German writer, most notable for his political and religion-critiquing poems.
Mar 2 François-Joseph-Philippe de Riquet the 16th Prince de Chimay from 24 July 1804 to 1843.
Mar 9 Christian August Pohlenz a German composer and conductor.
Mar 16 Anton Reinhard Falck a Dutch statesman.
Mar 18 Ludwig von Stieglitz Jewish Russian commersant and founder of banking house Stieglitz & Company. He was born as youngest of three sons of Waldeck county's court Jewish banker Hirsch Bernhard Stieglitz and his wife Edel Elisabeth. As a young man Stieglitz moved to Russia as a representative of his merchant house, and eventually was appointed court banker to the czar Alexander I, gaining influence and receiving various Russian decorations. After adopting Christianity he was raised to the dignity of a Russian hereditary baron on August 22, 1826 as Ludwig von Stieglitz
Mar 21 Guadalupe Victoria a Mexican politician and military officer who fought for independence against the Spanish Empire in the Mexican War of Independence. He was a deputy in the Mexican Chamber of Deputies for Durango and a member of the Supreme Executive Power. He also served as the first president of Mexico
Mar 21 Robert Southey an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called "Lake Poets", and Poet Laureate for 30 years from 1813 to his death in 1843. Although his fame has been long eclipsed by that of his contemporaries and friends William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Southey's verse still enjoys some popularity
Mar 27 Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal born at Meissen in Saxony, the son of a lawyer and was the father of Karl Eduard Zachariae.
Mar 31 Juan José Viamonte an Argentine general in the early 19th century.
Apr 1 John Armstrong Jr. an American soldier and statesman who was a delegate to the Continental Congress, U.S. Senator from New York, and Secretary of War
Apr 14 Joseph Lanner an Austrian dance music composer. He is best remembered as one of the earliest Viennese composers to reform the waltz from a simple peasant dance to something that even the highest society could enjoy, either as an accompaniment to the dance, or for the music's own sake. He was just as famous as his friend and musical rival Johann Strauss I, who was better known outside of Austria in their day because of his concert tours abroad, in particular, to France and England
Apr 17 Samuel Morey an American inventor, who worked on early internal combustion engines and was a pioneer in steamships who accumulated a total of 20 patents.
Apr 21 Prince Augustus Frederick Duke of Sussex the sixth son of George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He was the only surviving son of George III who did not pursue an army or naval career
Apr 23 Richard Arkwright junior the financier of Samuel Oldknow of Marple and Mellor and a personal friend. His son Captain Arkwright married Francis Kemble, daughter of the theatre manager Stephen Kemble
Apr 29 Alexey Olenin a Russian archaeologist, most notable for being a director of the Imperial Public Library between 1811 and 1843 and the sixth president of the Imperial Academy of Arts between 1817 and 1843.
May 3 Sir Thomas Hislop 1st Baronet a senior British Army officer of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Serving exclusively in colonial campaigns, Hislop fought in the West Indies between 1796 and 1810 and subsequently in India, where he was a senior commander during the Third Anglo-Maratha War. Although his ability as a general was praised, Hislop came under criticism in Parliament for his heavy reprisals against forces of the Maratha Empire, particularly at Talnar, where he ordered the execution of over 300 men. He was also known for financial profligacy, losing large sums of money investing unsuccessfully in the Americas. Despite these problems, Hislop was later made a baronet and a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, serving in his retirement as an equerry to Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
May 12 Charlotte von Kalb a German writer who associated with poets Friedrich Schiller, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Hölderlin and Jean Paul.
May 16 Józef Kalasanty Szaniawski a Polish philosopher and politician.
May 24 Sylvestre François Lacroix a French mathematician.
May 28 Noah Webster an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author. He has been called the "Father of American Scholarship and Education". His blue-backed speller books taught five generations of American children how to spell and read, secularizing their education. According to Ellis he gave Americans "a secular catechism to the nation-state"
May 30 Charles de Lambert (soldier) a French Royalist general who fought for Russia during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 1 Karl von Grolman a Prussian general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 2 Josep Bonaplata i Corriol a Catalan industrial entrepreneur known for introducing the steam engine into Catalonia and Spain. His parents, Ramon Bonaplata and Teresa Corriol, were textile manufacturers, principally of chintz, and he had three brothers, Salvador, Ramon and Narcís
Jun 4 Ippolito Rosellini an Italian Egyptologist.
Jun 5 Wilhelm Ludwig Ewald Schmidt a German physician, botanist, and entomologist. As an entomologist, he specialized in Coleoptera
Jun 7 Markiyan Shashkevych a priest of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church, a poet, a translator, and the leader of the literary revival in Right Bank Ukraine.
Jun 7 Friedrich Hölderlin a major German lyric poet, commonly associated with the artistic movement known as Romanticism. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates and fellow Swabians Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Jun 7 Alexis Bouvard a French astronomer. He is particularly noted for his careful observations of the irregularities in the motion of Uranus and his hypothesis of the existence of an eighth planet in the solar system
Jun 8 Georges Michel (painter) a French landscape painter. An important precursor of the Barbizon school, Michel was practically unknown during his lifetime, and worked as copyist and restorer
Jun 11 Peter Wittgenstein a Russian Field Marshal distinguished for his services in the Napoleonic wars.
Jun 16 William Cathcart 1st Earl Cathcart born at Petersham, and educated at Eton.
Jun 17 Johann Natterer an Austrian naturalist and explorer.
Jun 24 Johann Friedrich Kind a German dramatist, most famous for writing the libretto for Carl Maria von Weber's opera Der Freischütz.
Jun 25 Marie Anne Lenormand a French professional fortune-teller of considerable fame during the Napoleonic era. In France Lenormand is considered the greatest cartomancer of all time, highly influential on the wave of French cartomancy that began in the late 18th century
Jun 27 John Murray (1778–1843) a Scottish publisher and member of the famous John Murray publishing house.
Jul 1 Domingo Caycedo a Colombian statesman who served as Vice-president of Gran Colombia and the Republic of New Granada, and due to the absence of the presidents, he himself served as President a total of eleven times, making him the person to have served more times as President of Colombia. He is also credited for creating the Republic of New Granada after the division of Venezuela and Ecuador
Jul 2 Samuel Hahnemann a German physician, best known for creating a system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
Jul 9 Karoline Pichler an Austrian novelist. She was born in Vienna to Hofrat Franz Sales von Greiner and his wife Charlotte, née Hieronimus
Jul 9 Washington Allston an American painter and poet, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America's Romantic movement of landscape painting. He was well known during his lifetime for his experiments with dramatic subject matter and his bold use of light and atmospheric color
Jul 14 Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel a Spanish General and statesman. He was born in the Basque Country of Spain, at Vitoria-Gasteiz, in 1770. Álava holds the distinction of having been present at both Trafalgar and Waterloo, fighting against the British on the former and with them on the latter. Alava served as a naval aide-de-camp during the time of Spain's alliance with France but switched sides following Napoleon's invasion of his homeland in 1808. Later he joined the headquarters of the British Peninsular Army as a military attaché and became a close friend of the Duke of Wellington. During the Waterloo Campaign in 1815, Alava was the Spanish envoy to the court of King William I of the Netherlands, which allowed him to be at Wellington's side during the battle