Died in 1844

Jan 1 Sir George Harpur Crewe 8th Baronet an English Tory politician who represented the constituency of South Derbyshire.
Jan 9 Jean-Antoine Constantin a French painter.
Jan 10 Hudson Lowe best known for his time as Governor of St Helena where he was the "gaoler" of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Jan 25 Jean-Baptiste Drouet Comte d'Erlon a marshal of France and a soldier in Napoleon's Army. D'Erlon notably commanded the I Corps of the Armée du Nord at the battle of Waterloo
Jan 27 Princess Cecilia of Sweden (1807–1844) a composer, a Swedish princess by birth, and Grand Duchess of Oldenburg by marriage. She was the daughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden and Frederica of Baden
Jan 27 Charles Nodier often underestimated by literary historians.
Jan 29 Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily a daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies.
Jan 29 Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha the last sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and from 1826, the first sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He is a patrilineal ancestor and great-great-great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II
Jan 31 Henri Gatien Bertrand born at Châteauroux, Indre as a member of a well-to-do bourgeois family.
Feb 3 Pietro Benvenuti an Italian neoclassical painter.
Feb 15 Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth a British statesman, and Prime Minister from 1801 to 1804. He is best known for obtaining the Treaty of Amiens in 1802, an unfavourable peace with France. When that broke down he resumed the war but he was without allies and conducted a relatively weak defensive war. He is also known for his ruthless and efficient crackdown on dissent as Home Secretary 1812-1822
Feb 16 Heinrich Stölzel a German horn player who developed some of the first valves for brass instruments. He developed the first valve for a brass instrument such as the trumpet {1814} and many others, the Stölzel valve, in 1814, and went on to develop various other designs, some jointly with other inventor musicians
Feb 16 Joseph Crosfield now in the ceremonial county of Cheshire. This business was to become the firm of Joseph Crosfield and Sons
Feb 17 Domingo Nieto a Peruvian Grand Marshal, forefather of the nation, and politician who became President of Peru between 1843 and 1844.
Feb 19 Bartolomeo Pacca an Italian Cardinal, scholar and statesman as Cardinal Secretary of State.
Feb 27 Nicholas Biddle (banker) an American financier who served as the second and last president of the Second Bank of the United States.
Feb 27 Paisi Kaysarov a Russian general who served during the Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 28 Abel P. Upshur an American lawyer, judge and politician from Virginia. Upshur was active in Virginia state politics and later served as Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of State during the Whig administration of President John Tyler. Upshur was instrumental in negotiating the secret treaty that led to the 1845 annexation of Texas to the United States and played a key role in ensuring that Texas was admitted to the United States as a slave state. He was among six people killed on February 28, 1844, when a gun exploded during an official function on board the President's steam warship USS Princeton
Mar 6 Gabriel Duvall an American politician and jurist. Duvall was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1811 to 1835 during the tenure of Chief Justice John Marshall. Previously, Duvall was the Comptroller of the Treasury, a Maryland state court judge, a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland, and a Maryland state legislator
Mar 8 Charles XIV John of Sweden King of Sweden and King of Norway from 1818 until his death and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818. When he became Swedish royalty, he had also been the Sovereign Prince of Pontecorvo in Southern Italy from 1806 until 1810 , but then stopped using that title
Mar 9 Otto Pfeilizer-Frank Baron Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Pfeilitzer gen. Franck, sometimes referred to as Otto Romanovich Franck or Otto Romanovich Pfeilitzer-Franck was a Russian statesman, the 6th governor of Taganrog
Mar 12 Carl Bernhard von Trinius a German-born botanist and physician.
Mar 20 Pierre Claude Pajol a French cavalry general and military commander during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and political figure.
Mar 24 Bertel Thorvaldsen a Danish sculptor of international fame, who spent most of his life in Italy. Thorvaldsen was born in Copenhagen into a Danish/Icelandic family of humble means, and was accepted to the Royal Danish Academy of Art when he was eleven years old. Working part-time with his father, who was a wood carver, Thorvaldsen won many honors and medals at the academy. He was awarded a stipend to travel to Rome and continue his education
Mar 26 Agustín Argüelles a Spanish liberal politician.
Mar 27 Dmitry Golitsyn a Russian cavalry general prominent during the Napoleonic Wars, statesman and military writer.
Apr 7 Morgan Lewis (governor) an American lawyer, politician and military commander.
Apr 13 Mamiya Rinzō a Japanese explorer of the late Edo period.
Apr 19 John Carne a British traveller and author.
Apr 21 Henry Baldwin (judge) an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from January 18, 1830, to April 21, 1844.
Apr 22 Henri-Montan Berton a French composer, teacher, and writer, and the son of Pierre Montan Berton.
Apr 28 Gaetano Savi an Italian naturalist.
May 2 William Thomas Beckford an English novelist, a profligate and consummately knowledgeable art collector and patron of works of decorative art, a critic, travel writer and sometime politician, reputed at one stage in his life to be the richest commoner in England. His parents were William Beckford and Maria Hamilton, daughter of the Hon. George Hamilton. He was Member of Parliament for Wells from 1784 to 1790, for Hindon from 1790 to 1795 and 1806 to 1820. He is remembered as the author of the Gothic novel Vathek, the builder of the remarkable lost Fonthill Abbey and Lansdown Tower , Bath, and especially for his art collection
May 3 Nicolas Chopin a teacher of French language in Prussian- and Russian-ruled Poland, and father of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin.
May 18 Richard McCarty (U.S. politician) an American politician from New York.
May 21 Giuseppe Baini an Italian priest, music critic, and composer of church music.
May 26 Jacques Laffitte a French banker and politician.
Jun 3 Louis Antoine Duke of Angoulême the eldest son of Charles X of France and, from 1824 to 1830, the last Dauphin of France. Due to his father's abdication during the July Revolution in 1830, he never reigned over France but after his father's death in 1836 he was the legitimist pretender as Louis XIX
Jun 11 Urban Jarnik a Carinthian Slovene priest, historian, poet, author and ethnographer.
Jun 14 Nikolay Mozgalevsky a Russian officer and a participant in the Decembrist revolt. His father was Osip Mozgalevsky, a landlord in Chernigov Governorate, his mother, Viktoriya Karlovna de Roset. He was educated from 1814 to 1821 in the First Corps of Cadets, from which issued an ensign in the Saratov Infantry Regiment. In 1825, he was promoted to a lieutenant in the same regiment. He became a member of the Society of United Slavs in 1825
Jun 15 Thomas Campbell (poet) a Scottish poet chiefly remembered for his sentimental poetry dealing especially with human affairs. He was also one of the initiators of a plan to found what became the University of London. In 1799, he wrote "The Pleasures of Hope", a traditional 18th century didactic poem in heroic couplets. He also produced several stirring patriotic war songs—"Ye Mariners of England", "The Soldier's Dream", "Hohenlinden" and in 1801, "The Battle of Mad and Strange Turkish Princes"
Jun 19 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire a French naturalist who established the principle of "unity of composition". He was a colleague of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and expanded and defended Lamarck's evolutionary theories. Geoffroy's scientific views had a transcendental flavor and were similar to those of German morphologists like Lorenz Oken. He believed in the underlying unity of organismal design, and the possibility of the transmutation of species in time, amassing evidence for his claims through research in comparative anatomy, paleontology, and embryology
Jun 27 Joseph Smith an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism. When he was twenty-four, Smith published the Book of Mormon; and by the time of his death fourteen years later, he had attracted tens of thousands of followers and founded a religion and religious culture that continues to the present
Jun 27 Hyrum Smith an American religious leader in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, the original church of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was the older brother of the movement's founder, Joseph Smith
Jul 2 Carl Blum a German singer, librettist, stage actor, director, guitarist and opera and song composer. Philip Bone printed that Blum was "a universal genius, uniting in one person the poet, the dramatist, composer, singer and performer." He was composer to the Court of the King of Prussia
Jul 11 Yevgeny Baratynsky lauded by Alexander Pushkin as the finest Russian elegiac poet. After a long period when his reputation was on the wane, Baratynsky was rediscovered by Anna Akhmatova and Joseph Brodsky as a supreme poet of thought
Jul 15 Claude Charles Fauriel a French historian, philologist and critic.
Jul 27 John Dalton an English chemist, meteorologist and physicist. He is best known for his pioneering work in the development of modern atomic theory, and his research into colour blindness
Jul 27 René Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt a French theatre director and playwright, active at the Théâtre de la Gaîté and best known for his modern melodramas such as The Dog of Montarges, the performance of which at Weimar roused the indignation of Goethe.
Jul 28 Joseph Bonaparte the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily , and later King of Spain. After the fall of Napoleon, Joseph styled himself Comte de Survilliers