1844 events in history

Jan 15 University of Notre Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana
Feb 27 The Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti
Feb 28 A gun on USS Princeton explodes while the boat is on a Potomac River cruise, killing eight people, including two United States Cabinet members
Mar 8 King Oscar I ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway
Mar 21 The Bahá'í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá'í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá'í Faith as the Bahá'í New Year or Náw-Rúz
Mar 30 One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti takes place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros
May 1 Hong Kong Police Force, the world's second modern police force and Asia's first, is established
May 6 The Glaciarium, the world's first mechanically frozen ice rink, opens
May 23 Declaration of the Báb the evening before the 23rd: a merchant of Shiraz announces that he is a Prophet and founds a religious movement that would later be brutally crushed by the Persian government. He is considered to be a forerunner of the Bahá'í Faith, and Bahá'ís celebrate the day as a holy day
May 24 Samuel Morse sends the message "What hath God wrought" (a biblical quotation, Numbers 23:23) from the Old Supreme Court Chamber in the United States Capitol to his assistant, Alfred Vail, in Baltimore, Maryland, to inaugurate the first telegraph line
Jun 6 The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in London
Jun 15 Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber
Jun 27 Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother Hyrum Smith, are murdered by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail
Jul 3 The last pair of Great Auks is killed
Aug 8 The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)
Sep 28 Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden
Oct 22 The Great Anticipation: Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipate the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment
Nov 6 The first constitution of the Dominican Republic is adopted
Dec 21 The Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers commences business at its cooperative in Rochdale, England, United Kingdom starting the Cooperative movement