Died in 1845

Jan 4 Louis-Léopold Boilly a French painter and draftsman. A gifted creator of popular portrait paintings, he also produced a vast number of genre paintings vividly documenting French middle-class social life. His life and work spanned the eras of monarchical France, the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Empire, the Bourbon Restoration and the July Monarchy
Jan 10 Diego Vigil Cocaña a Central American politician. He was the last president of the Federal Republic of Central America , during its disintegration. He was also chief of state of the federal states of Honduras and El Salvador
Jan 14 Dimitri Gruzinsky a Georgian prince of the House of Bagrationi, the youngest son of Prince Iulon of Georgia and his wife, Princess Salome née Amilakhvari.
Jan 18 Aleksey Greig an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was the son of Admiral Samuel Greig, brother-in-law of Mary Somerville, and father of Samuil Greig, Russian Minister of Finance
Jan 28 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia the second child and daughter of Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia and Princess Charlotte of Württemberg who took the name Elena Pavlovna upon her conversion to the Orthodox faith. Through her father, Elizabeth was a granddaughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia, and a niece of both Russian emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I
Feb 13 Henrik Steffens a Norwegian-born Danish philosopher, scientist, and poet.
Feb 14 Joseph Lakanal a French politician, and an original member of the Institut de France.
Feb 26 Domenico Gilardi a Swiss architect who worked primarily in Moscow, Russia in Neoclassicist style. He was one of key architects charged with rebuilding the city after the Fire of 1812. Gilardi’s legacy survives in public buildings like Moscow Orphanage, Widows’ House, Catherine’s Institute and the Old Hall of Moscow University
Mar 10 Harriette Wilson a celebrated British Regency courtesan, whose clients included the Prince of Wales, the Lord Chancellor and four future Prime Ministers.
Mar 11 Johnny Appleseed an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, as well as the northern counties of present day West Virginia. He became an American legend while still alive, due to his kind, generous ways, his leadership in conservation, and the symbolic importance he attributed to apples. He was also a missionary for The New Church and the inspiration for many museums and historical sites such as the Johnny Appleseed Museum in Urbana, Ohio and the Johnny Appleseed Heritage Center in between Lucas, Ohio and Mifflin, Ohio
Mar 13 Charles-Guillaume Étienne a French dramatist and miscellaneous writer.
Mar 13 John Frederic Daniell an English chemist and physicist.
Mar 17 Pierre François Marie Auguste Dejean a French entomologist. A soldier of fortune during the Napoleonic Wars, he rose to the rank of Lieutenant General and aide de campe to Napoleon. He amassed vast collections of Coleoptera, some even collected on the battlefield at Waterloo. He listed 22,399 species in his cabinets in 1837—at the time, the greatest collection of Coleoptera in the world. In 1802, he began publishing a catalogue of his vast collection, including 22,000 species names. Dejean was an opponent of the Principle of Priority in nomenclature. "I have made it a rule always to preserve the name most generally used , and not the oldest one; because it seems to me that general usage should always be followed and that it is harmful to change what has already been established". Dejean acted accordingly and often introduced in litteris names, given by himself to replace those already published by other authors. They became invalid. Dejean was president of the Société entomologique de France for the year 1840. In 1834, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He died on March 17, 1845
Mar 22 Cassandra Austen an amateur English watercolourist and the elder sister of Jane Austen.
Mar 26 Aleksander Stanisław Potocki a Polish noble, landowner and politician. He was the senator-castellan of the Polish Kingdom in 1824 and chamberlain of Napoleon He was awarded Order of the White Eagle on 24 May 1829
Mar 30 Alexandre Soumet a French poet.
Mar 30 Nikolay Mordvinov one of the most reputable Russian political thinkers of Alexander I's reign. He is associated with the reforms of Mikhail Speransky, who he advised on the ways to improve the performance of the national economy
Apr 2 Philip Charles Durham a Royal Navy officer whose service in the American War of Independence, French Revolutionary War and Napoleonic Wars was lengthy, distinguished and at times controversial.
Apr 7 Julie Clary Queen consort of Spain and the Indies, Naples and Sicily as the spouse of King Joseph Bonaparte, who was King of Naples and Sicily from January 1806 to June 1808, and later King of Spain and the Spanish West Indies from 25 June 1808 to June 1813.
Apr 14 Friedrich Adolf Krummacher a German Reformed theologian and a writer of devotional poetry and prose.
Apr 18 Nicolas-Théodore de Saussure a Swiss chemist and student of plant physiology who made seminal advances in phytochemistry.
Apr 20 Thomas Phillips a leading English portrait and subject painter. He painted many of the great men of the day including scientists, artists, writers, poets and explorers
May 3 Thomas Hood a British humorist and poet. His son, Tom Hood, became a well known playwright and editor
May 4 Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar a German physician.
May 5 Éléonore-Louis Godefroi Cavaignac a French politician.
May 11 Carl Filtsch a Transylvanian pianist and composer. He was a child prodigy, and student of Frédéric Chopin
May 12 János Batsányi a Hungarian poet.
May 12 August Wilhelm Schlegel a German poet, translator, critic, and a foremost leader of German Romanticism. His translations of Shakespeare made the English dramatist's works into German classics
May 15 Kapiton Zelentsov a Russian painter, lithographer and illustrator.
May 15 Braulio Carrillo Colina the Head of State of Costa Rica during two periods: the first between 1835 to 1837, and the de facto between 1838 and 1842.
May 15 George II Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1813 to 1845.
May 26 Jónas Hallgrímsson an Icelandic poet, author and naturalist. He was one of the founders of the Icelandic journal Fjölnir, which was first published in Copenhagen in 1835. The magazine was used by Jónas and his fellow Fjölnismenn to promote Icelandic nationalism, in the hope of giving impetus to the Icelandic Independence Movement. Jónas remains one of Iceland's most beloved poets, penning some of the best-known Icelandic poems about Iceland and its people
Jun 8 Andrew Jackson the seventh President of the United States. He was born into a recently immigrated Scots-Irish farming family of relatively modest means, near the end of the colonial era. He was born somewhere near the then-unmarked border between North and South Carolina. During the American Revolutionary War Jackson, whose family supported the revolutionary cause, acted as a courier. He was captured, at age 13, and mistreated by his British captors. He later became a lawyer, and in 1796 he was in Nashville and helped found the state of Tennessee. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and then to the S. Senate. In 1801, Jackson was appointed colonel in the Tennessee militia, which became his political as well as military base. Jackson owned hundreds of slaves who worked on the Hermitage plantation which he acquired in 1804. Jackson killed a man in a duel in 1806, over a matter of honor regarding his wife Rachel. Jackson gained national fame through his role in the War of 1812, where he won decisive victories over the Indians and then over the main British invasion army at the Battle of New Orleans. Jackson's army was sent to Florida where, without orders, he deposed the small Spanish garrison. This led directly to the treaty which formally transferred Florida from Spain to the United States
Jul 4 Ludwig von Wolzogen a Württembergian military officer, who served during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jul 11 Johann Wilhelm Meigen a German entomologist famous for his pioneering work on Diptera.
Jul 12 Friedrich Ludwig Persius a Prussian architect and a student of Karl Friedrich Schinkel.
Jul 12 Henrik Wergeland a Norwegian writer, most celebrated for his poetry but also a prolific playwright, polemicist, historian, and linguist. He is often described as a leading pioneer in the development of a distinctly Norwegian literary heritage and of modern Norwegian culture
Jul 17 Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 22 November 1830 to 16 July 1834. A member of the Whig Party, he backed significant reform of the British government and was among the primary architects of the Reform Act 1832. His government also saw the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. In addition to his political achievements, he has come to be associated with Earl Grey tea
Jul 22 Count Heinrich von Bellegarde born in Saxony, later joined the Austrian army, became a general officer, and fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He became a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman
Jul 23 William Sublette a fur trapper, pioneer and mountain man, who, with his brothers after 1823, became an agent of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company , exploiting the riches of the Oregon Country, which helped settle the best routes later improved into the Oregon Trail.
Jul 29 François Joseph Bosio a French sculptor who achieved distinction in the first quarter of the nineteenth century with his work for Napoleon and for the restored French monarchy.
Aug 7 Robert Graham (botanist) a Scottish physician and botanist. He was the inaugural chair of botany at the University of Edinburgh. He was also physician to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and Regius Keeper of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Aug 10 Karl Wilhelm Naundorff a German clock- and watch-maker who until his death claimed to be Prince Louis-Charles, or Louis XVII of France. Naundorff was one of the more stubborn of more than thirty men who claimed to be Louis XVII
Aug 17 Hieronymus Payer an Austrian composer and pianist.
Aug 21 Vincent-Marie Viénot Count of Vaublanc a French royalist politician, writer and artist. He was a deputy for the Seine-et-Marne département in the French Legislative Assembly, served as President of the same body, and from 26 September 1815 to 7 May 1816, he was the French Minister of the Interior
Aug 23 Rafael Urdaneta a Venezuelan General who fought for independence during the Spanish American wars of independence.
Aug 23 Amédée Louis Michel le Peletier comte de Saint-Fargeau a French entomologist, and specialist in the Hymenoptera.
Aug 25 Antoine Risso a Niçard naturalist.
Sep 2 Pierre Paul Royer-Collard a French statesman and philosopher, leader of the Doctrinaires group during the Bourbon Restoration.
Sep 2 Bernardino Rivadavia the first president of Argentina, then called the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, from February 8, 1826 to July 7, 1827.