Born in 1846

Jan 5 Rudolf Christoph Eucken a German philosopher. He received the 1908 Nobel Prize for Literature "in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"
Jan 5 Mariam Baouardy O.C.D. was a Palestinian Discalced Carmelite nun of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. She was a mystic, who experienced the stigmata, and has been beatified by the Catholic Church
Jan 10 Salvatore Farina an Italian novelist whose style of sentimental humor has been compared to that of Charles Dickens.
Jan 12 Prince Gaetan Count of Girgenti the seventh child of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria. Gaetan was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and consort to Isabella, Princess of Asturias, twice the recognized heir presumptive to the throne of Spain. Through this union, Gaetan was created an Infante of Spain
Jan 12 Louis Billot a French Jesuit priest and theologian. Raised to the cardinalate in 1911, he resigned from it in 1927, the only cleric to have done so in the twentieth century
Jan 13 Benigno Ferreira President of Paraguay November 25, 1906 – July 4, 1908. He was a member of the Liberal Party
Jan 21 Albert Lavignac a French music scholar, known for his essays on theory, and a minor composer.
Jan 21 Pieter Hendrik Schoute a Dutch mathematician known for his work on regular polytopes and Euclidean geometry.
Jan 23 Nikolay Umov a Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the concept of Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect.
Jan 23 Hermann Clemenz an Estonian chess master.
Jan 24 Isidore Verheyden a Belgian painter of landscapes, portraits and still life.
Jan 26 Vladimir Makovsky a Russian painter, art collector, and teacher.
Jan 27 Otto Zacharias a German zoologist, plankton researcher and journalist.
Jan 29 Karol Olszewski a Polish chemist, mathematician and physicist.
Jan 30 F. H. Bradley a British idealist philosopher. His most important work was Appearance and Reality
Jan 30 Angela of the Cross a founder of the Sisters of the Company of the Cross, , a Spanish Roman Catholic religious order dedicated to helping the poor and the ill. She was canonised in 2003 as Saint Angela of the Cross
Feb 2 Francis Marion Smith an American miner, business magnate and civic builder in the Mojave Desert, the San Francisco Bay Area, and Oakland, California.
Feb 3 Judson Harmon a Democratic politician from Ohio. He served as United States Attorney General under President Grover Cleveland and later served as the 45th Governor of Ohio
Feb 5 Edward Howell (cellist) a British cellist and music professor of the late 19th century. He studied cello at the Royal Academy of Music in London later becoming professor of cello at the Royal College of Music, the Royal Academy of Music and the Guildhall School of Music in London
Feb 5 Johann Most a German-American politician, newspaper editor, and orator. He is credited with popularizing the concept of "Propaganda of the deed". His grandson was Boston Celtics radio play-by-play man Johnny Most
Feb 6 Raimundo Andueza Palacio President of Venezuela and a member of the Liberal Party. He was born in Guanare, Portuguesa state, 6 February 1846. Son of Raimundo Andueza and Carolina Palacio. He became president on 7 March 1890. His term ended on 17 June 1892. He died in Caracas, 17 August 1900
Feb 9 Prince Leopold of Bavaria born in Munich, the son of Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria and his wife Archduchess Augusta of Austria. He was a Field Marshal who commanded German and Austro-Hungarian forces on the Eastern Front in World War I
Feb 9 Arthur Batut a French photographer and pioneer of aerial photography.
Feb 9 Whitaker Wright a company promoter and swindler, who committed suicide at the Royal Courts of Justice in London immediately following his conviction for fraud.
Feb 9 Wilhelm Maybach an early German engine designer and industrialist. During the 1890s he was hailed in France, then the world centre for car production, as the "King of constructors"
Feb 10 Lord Charles Beresford a British admiral and Member of Parliament.
Feb 10 Ira Remsen a chemist who, along with Constantin Fahlberg, discovered the artificial sweetener saccharin. He was the second president of Johns Hopkins University
Feb 14 Julian Scott born in Johnson, Vermont, and served as a Union Army drummer during the American Civil War, where he received America's highest military decoration the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Lee's Mills. He was also an American painter and Civil War artist
Feb 18 Wilson Barrett an English manager, actor, and playwright. With his company, Barrett is credited with attracting the largest crowds of English theatregoers ever because of his success with melodrama, an instance being his production of The Silver King at the Princess's Theatre of London. The historical tragedy The Sign of the Cross was Barrett's most successful play, both in England and in the United States
Feb 19 Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau a noted French Orientalist and archaeologist.
Feb 21 Svatopluk Čech a Czech writer, journalist and poet.
Feb 22 Ella Adayevskaya a Russian composer, pianist, and ethnomusicologist. Adayevskaya was a pseudonym; the composer derived it from the notes A, D, and A, played by the kettledrum in Mikhail Glinka's opera Ruslan and Ludmila. She was also known as Elisabeth Schultz-Adaïewsky, as well as by the pseudonym Bertramin
Feb 24 Otto Lessing (sculptor) a prominent German Historicist sculptor whose work largely shaped the appearance of Berlin in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was the son of history and landscape painter Carl Friedrich Lessing and the great great nephew of poet Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Feb 24 Luigi Denza an Italian composer. Denza was born at Castellammare di Stabia, near Naples. He studied music under Saverio Mercadante and Paolo Serrao at the Naples Conservatory. In 1884 he moved to London, taught singing and became a professor of singing at the Royal Academy of Music in 1898. Denza was an able mandolinist and guitarist, and has published the following compositions among others for these instruments: Ricordo di Quisisana, a serenata for solo voice and chorus, with accompaniments of first and second mandolins, mandolas and guitars, dedicated to the Marchioness Laura di Noailles, and published by Ricordi, Milan; Come to me, valse for two mandolins, mandola and guitar, also published by Ricordi Nocturne for mandolin and piano, published by Ascherberg, London; and several other compositions for mandolin and piano, originally published by Cocks, London. Denza also wrote an opera, Wallenstein, and hundreds of songs. The most popular of these was a collaboration with Peppino Turco, the Neapolitan song Funiculì, Funiculà, about the Vesuvius Funicular
Feb 25 Giuseppe De Nittis an Italian painter whose work merges the styles of Salon art and Impressionism.
Feb 26 Buffalo Bill an American scout, bison hunter, and showman. He was born in the Iowa Territory , in Le Claire but he grew up for several years in his father's hometown in Canada before his family moved to the Kansas Territory
Feb 28 Jambyl Jabayev a Kazakh traditional folksinger.
Mar 1 Alfred Philippe Roll a French painter.
Mar 1 Vasily Dokuchaev credited with laying the foundations of soil science.
Mar 5 Edouard Van Beneden a Belgian embryologist, cytologist and marine biologist. He was professor of zoology at the University of Liège. He contributed to cytogenetics by his works on the roundworm Ascaris. In this work he discovered how chromosomes organized meiosis
Mar 6 Henry Radcliffe Crocker an English dermatologist. Originally from Hove in Sussex, Crocker started his working life as an apprentice to a general practitioner, before going to London to attend the University College Hospital medical school. Working as a resident medical officer with William Tilbury Fox, Crocker began a lifelong career in dermatology. With his 1888 book Diseases of the Skin: their Description, Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment, he became known as a leading figure of dermatology
Mar 7 Karl Verner a Danish linguist. He is remembered today for Verner's law, which he discovered in 1875
Mar 9 Emil Warburg a German physicist who during his career was professor of physics at the Universities of Strassburg, Freiburg and Berlin. He was president of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft 1899-1905. He was a friend of Albert Einstein
Mar 10 Edward Baker Lincoln the second son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. He was named after Lincoln's friend Edward Dickinson Baker. Both his mother and father spelled his name "Eddy"; the National Park Service uses "Eddie", which is on his gravestone
Mar 11 António Cândido Gonçalves Crespo a Brazilian-born Portuguese poet. Born to a slave mother on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro on March 11, 1846, he came to Portugal at the age of ten. He was educated at the University of Coimbra, but "devoted himself almost exclusively to the Muses at Lisbon." His poetry was deeply informed by Parnassianism. He occasionally collaborated with his wife Maria Amália Vaz de Carvalho, also a noted writer. He died in Lisbon on June 11, 1883, aged 37
Mar 16 Jurgis Bielinis one of the main organizers of illegal book-smuggling at the time of the Lithuanian press ban. He was also a publicist and contributor to Lithuanian newspapers Aušra and Varpas. Bielinis used pseudonyms Bieliakas, Jakulis, and is informally referred to as King of Knygnešiai. It is estimated, that during 31 years when he was active, Bielinis and his organizations illegally brought about half of all Lithuanian books from the East Prussia into the Lithuanian mainland during the entire press ban
Mar 16 Gösta Mittag-Leffler a Swedish mathematician. His mathematical contributions are connected chiefly with the theory of functions
Mar 17 Kate Greenaway an English children's book illustrator and writer.
Mar 20 Giulio Bizzozero an Italian doctor and medical researcher.
Mar 22 Randolph Caldecott a British artist and illustrator, born in Chester. The Caldecott Medal was named in his honour. He exercised his art chiefly in book illustrations. His abilities as an artist were promptly and generously recognised by the Royal Academy. Caldecott greatly influenced illustration of children's books during the nineteenth century. Two books illustrated by him, priced at a shilling each, were published every Christmas for eight years