Died in 1846

Jan 1 John Torrington an explorer and Royal Navy stoker. He was part of an expedition to find the Northwest Passage, but died early in the trip and was buried on Beechey Island. His preserved body was exhumed in 1984, to try to determine the cause of death. It was the best preserved example of a corpse since the ancient Tollund Man which was found in the 1950s
Jan 5 Alfred Thomas Agate a noted American artist, painter and miniaturist.
Jan 8 Granville Leveson-Gower 1st Earl Granville a British Whig statesman and diplomat.
Jan 8 Georg Friedrich Puchta a German jurist.
Jan 16 José María Calatrava y Peinado a Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain and Minister of State between 1836 and 1837.
Jan 21 Francis IV Duke of Modena Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola , Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara , Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He was a grandson of Maria Theresa of Austria, head of the House of Habsburg, and was heir to the Modena branch of the House of Este through his mother. He thus became the first member of the House of Habsburg-Este to rule the Este inheritance in Northern Italy
Jan 22 Louis-Pierre Baltard a French architect, and engraver.
Jan 23 Barlaam of Chikoy a Russian Orthodox Church hermit and celibate priest famous for his missionary activities in Transbaikal, the founder of John the Precursor's secluded monastery in the Chikoy Mounts. He is venerated as a local saint
Jan 26 Ildefonso Díez de Rivera Count of Almodóvar a Spanish noble and politician who served as Minister of State in 1836 and as President of the Senate.
Jan 30 Joseph Constantine Carpue an English surgeon who was born in London. He was associated with St George's Hospital and Duke of York Hospital in Chelsea. He was a skilled surgeon and popular lecturer of anatomy
Feb 3 Joseph Weigl an Austrian composer and conductor, born in Eisenstadt, Hungary, Austrian Empire.
Feb 15 Otto von Kotzebue a Baltic German navigator in Russian service.
Feb 15 William Henry Clinton a British general during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars as well as the First Miguelist War. He was also the grandson of Admiral George Clinton and elder brother of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton
Feb 21 Emperor Ninkō the 120th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Feb 27 Edward Dembowski a Polish philosopher, literary critic, journalist, and leftist independence activist.
Mar 17 Friedrich Bessel a German astronomer, mathematician. He was the first astronomer to determine the distance from the sun to another star by the method of parallax
Mar 30 Yevdokim Zyablovskiy a Russian geographer and statistician.
Apr 3 William Braine an explorer. Braine served as a Marine in the Royal Marines. He was part of an expedition to find the Northwest Passage, but he died early in the trip and was buried on Beechey Island. His preserved body was exhumed in 1984, to try to determine the cause of death
Apr 4 Solomon Sibley a United States politician and jurist in the Michigan Territory.
Apr 14 Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg a German noblewoman. She acted as the first lady of Prussia from 1810–40
Apr 16 Domenico Dragonetti an Italian double bass virtuoso and composer with a 3 string double bass. He stayed for thirty years in his hometown of Venice, Italy and worked at the Opera Buffa, at the Chapel of San Marco and at the Grand Opera in Vicenza. By that time he had become notable throughout Europe and had turned down several opportunities, including offers from the Tsar of Russia. In 1794, he finally moved to London to play in the orchestra of the King's Theatre, and settled there for the remainder of his life. In fifty years, he became a prominent figure in the musical events of the English capital, performing at the concerts of the Philharmonic Society of London as well as in more private events, where he would meet the most influential persons in the country, like the Prince Consort and the Duke of Leinster. He was acquainted with composers Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven, whom he visited on several occasions in Vienna, and to whom he showed the possibilities of the double bass as a solo instrument. His ability on the instrument also demonstrated the relevance of writing scores for the double bass in the orchestra separate from that of the cello, which was the common rule at the time. He is also remembered today for the Dragonetti bow, which he evolved throughout his life
Apr 24 Girolamo Crescentini a noted Italian singer castrato , a singing teacher and a composer.
May 10 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki an important Polish politician of the first half of the 19th century, prince and minister of the treasury in the Congress Kingdom of Poland. He is known as one of the most prominent economists and financiers of his era
May 11 Jane Irwin Harrison wife of William Henry Harrison, Jr., and daughter-in-law of William Henry Harrison, ninth President of the United States. Her grandfather was James Ramsey, who owned Millmont Farm at Montgomery Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania
May 31 Philip Marheineke a German Protestant church leader within the Evangelical Church in Prussia.
Jun 1 Pope Gregory XVI born Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari EC, reigned from 2 February 1831 to his death in 1846. He had adopted the name Mauro upon entering the religious order of the Camaldolese
Jun 8 Rodolphe Töpffer a Swiss teacher, author, painter, cartoonist, and caricaturist. He is best known for his illustrated books, which can be seen as the earliest European comics
Jun 12 Karl Traugott Queisser played trombone and viola in Germany as a member of the Gewandhaus Orchestra under Felix Mendelssohn.
Jun 13 Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès a French geographer, author and translator, best remembered in the English speaking world for his translation of German ghost stories Fantasmagoriana, published anonymously in 1812, which inspired Mary Shelley and John William Polidori to write Frankenstein and The Vampyre respectively. He was one of the founding members of the Société de Géographie, a member of the Société Asiatique, admitted to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, awarded the Legion of Honour, elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1841, and has a street named after him in Le Havre and a mountain near Humboldt Bay
Jun 17 Jean-Gaspard Deburau a celebrated Bohemian-French mime. He performed from around 1819 to the year of his death at the Théâtre des Funambules, which was immortalized in Marcel Carné's poetic-realist film Children of Paradise , where he appears as a major character. His most famous pantomimic creation was Pierrot—a character that served as the godfather of all the Pierrots of Romantic, Decadent, Symbolist, and early Modernist theater and art
Jun 22 Benjamin Haydon an English painter, specialising in grand historical pictures, although he also painted a few contemporary subjects and, with some reluctance, portraits. His commercial success was damaged by his often tactless dealings with patrons, and by the enormous scale on which he preferred to work. He was troubled by financial problems throughout his life, which led to several periods of imprisonment for debt. He committed suicide in 1846
Jul 16 Vasily Demut-Malinovsky a Russian sculptor whose works represent the quintessence of the Empire style.
Jul 23 Christian Heinrich Rinck a German composer and organist of the late classical and early romantic eras.
Jul 24 Joseph Leopold Eybler an Austrian composer and contemporary of Mozart.
Jul 25 Louis Bonaparte the fifth surviving child and the fourth surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. His brother was the first Emperor of the French, Napoleon I, and his son was the last, Napoleon III
Jul 25 Giuseppe Zamboni an Italian Roman Catholic priest and physicist who invented the Zamboni pile, an early electric battery similar to the Voltaic pile.
Jul 28 George Murray (British Army officer) a Scottish soldier and politician.
Aug 1 David Heinrich Hoppe a German pharmacist, botanist and physician who was a native of Bruchhausen-Vilsen. Hoppe is remembered for contributions made to the study of alpine flora
Aug 6 Marie-Charles Damoiseau a French astronomer.
Aug 6 Ludwig Bledow a German chess master and chess organizer. In 1846 he founded the first German chess magazine, Schachzeitung der Berliner Schachgesellschaft, which would later take the name Deutsche Schachzeitung
Aug 10 Christian Ludwig Ideler a German chronologist and astronomer.
Aug 10 Johann Simon Hermstedt one of the most famous clarinettists of the 19th century. A German, he served as court clarinettist to Duke Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, and taught the Duke to play the clarinet. All four of Louis Spohr's clarinet concertos and several of his other clarinet works, as well as Carl Maria von Weber's Grand duo concertant, were written with Hermstedt's skills in mind and were dedicated to him. Hermstedt also composed a few works for wind instruments himself
Aug 16 Sylvain Charles Valée a Marshal of France.
Aug 24 Adam Johann von Krusenstern a Baltic German admiral and explorer, who led the first Russian circumnavigation of the globe.
Aug 25 Giuseppe Acerbi an Italian naturalist, explorer and composer.
Aug 27 Gottfried Wilhelm Fink a German composer, music theorist, poet, and a Protestant clergyman.
Sep 4 Victor-Joseph Étienne de Jouy called de Jouy , French dramatist, who abandoned an early military career for a successful literary one.
Sep 5 Charles Metcalfe 1st Baron Metcalfe a British colonial administrator. He held appointments including acting Governor-General of India, Governor of Jamaica and Governor General of the Province of Canada
Sep 14 Jacques Dupré a Louisiana State Representative, State Senator and the eighth Governor.
Sep 14 Carl Almenräder a German performer, teacher and composer.