1847 in history

1847 events chronologically

Jan 1 The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Sisters of Mercy, the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world
Jan 4 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government
Jan 13 The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the Mexican–American War in California
Jan 16 John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory
Jan 30 Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco
Feb 19 The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party
Feb 22 Mexican–American War: The Battle of Buena Vista – 5,000 American troops defeat 15,000 Mexicans

Top 7 most famous people born in 1847

Feb 11 Thomas Edison an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and because of that, he is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory
Mar 3 Alexander Graham Bell credited with inventing the first practical telephone.
Apr 10 Joseph Pulitzer a Hungarian-American Jewish newspaper publisher of the Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World. Pulitzer introduced the techniques of "new journalism" to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s. He became a leading national figure in the Democratic Party and was elected Congressman from New York. He crusaded against big business and corruption, and helped keep the Statue of Liberty in New York
Aug 20 Bolesław Prus a leading figure in the history of Polish literature and a distinctive voice in world literature.
Sep 5 Jesse James an American outlaw, gang leader, bank robber, train robber, and murderer from the state of Missouri and the most famous member of the James-Younger Gang. Already a celebrity when he was alive, he became a legendary figure of the Wild West after his death. Some recent scholars place him in the context of regional insurgencies of ex-Confederates following the American Civil War rather than a manifestation of frontier lawlessness or alleged economic justice
Oct 2 Paul von Hindenburg a Prussian-German field marshal, statesman, and politician, and served as the second President of Germany from 1925 to 1934.
Nov 8 Bram Stoker an Irish author known today for his 1897 Gothic novel, Dracula. During his lifetime, he was better known as personal assistant of actor Henry Irving and business manager of the Lyceum Theatre in London, which Irving owned

Top 7 most famous people died in 1847

Mar 9 Mary Anning a British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist who became known around the world for important finds she made in Jurassic marine fossil beds in the cliffs along the English Channel at Lyme Regis in the county of Dorset in Southwest England. Her work contributed to fundamental changes in scientific thinking about prehistoric life and the history of the Earth
Apr 30 Archduke Charles Duke of Teschen an Austrian field-marshal, the third son of emperor Leopold II and his wife Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain. He was also the younger brother of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. Despite being epileptic, Charles achieved respect both as a commander and as a reformer of the Austrian army. He was considered one of Napoleon's most formidable opponents
May 14 Fanny Mendelssohn a German pianist and composer, the sister of the composer Felix Mendelssohn and granddaughter of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. She was the grandmother of the philosopher Paul Hensel and the mathematician Kurt Hensel
May 15 Daniel O'Connell an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic Emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Act of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland
Jun 11 John Franklin a British Royal Navy officer and explorer of the Arctic. Franklin also served as Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land from 1837 to 1843. He disappeared on his last expedition, attempting to chart and navigate a section of the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic. The icebound ships were abandoned and the entire crew perished from starvation, hypothermia, tuberculosis, lead poisoning and scurvy
Nov 4 Felix Mendelssohn a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period.
Dec 17 Marie Louise Duchess of Parma an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death. She was Napoleon's second wife and, as such, Empress of the French from 1810 to 1814