Born in 1847

Jan 1 Miura Gorō a lieutenant general in the early Imperial Japanese Army.
Jan 1 Princess Margherita of Bourbon-Parma the eldest child and daughter of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France, the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry and Princess Caroline Ferdinande Louise of the Two Sicilies. Margherita was thus a great-granddaughter of Charles X of France. She was born in Lucca, Duchy of Parma. She was a niece of Henri, comte de Chambord, disputedly King of France and Navarre from 2 to 9 August 1830 and afterwards the Legitimist Pretender to the throne of France from 1844 to 1883. Through her marriage to Carlos, Duke of Madrid, Carlist claimant to the Spanish throne, Margherita was titular Queen consort of Spain, France, and Navarre
Jan 5 Oku Yasukata a Japanese field marshal and leading figure in the early Imperial Japanese Army.
Jan 6 Milovan Glišić a Serbian writer, dramatist, translator, and literary theorist. He is sometimes referred to as the Serbian Gogol
Jan 7 Alexander Karpinsky a prominent Russian and Soviet geologist and mineralogist, and the president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and later Academy of Sciences of the USSR, in 1917–1936.
Jan 9 Antonio Vico (Cardinal) S.T.D. J.U.D. was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Prefect of the Congregation of Rites
Jan 10 Jacob Schiff an American banker, businessman, and philanthropist. He helped finance, among many other things, the Japanese military efforts against Tsarist Russia in the Russo-Japanese War
Jan 11 Ormond Stone an astronomer, mathematician and educator. He was the director of Cincinnati Observatory and subsequently the first director of the McCormick Observatory at the University of Virginia, where he trained a significant number of scientists. He served as the editor of the Annals of Mathematics and towards the end of his life made donations which led to the founding of the Fairfax Public Library System
Jan 12 Stewart Headlam a priest of the Church of England who was involved in frequent controversy in the final decades of the nineteenth century. Headlam was a pioneer and publicist of Christian Socialism, on which he wrote a pamphlet for the Fabian Society. He is noted for his role as the founder and warden of the Guild of St Matthew and for helping to bail Oscar Wilde from prison at the time of his trials
Jan 14 Borden Parker Bowne an American Christian philosopher and theologian in the Methodist tradition. In 1876 he became a professor of philosophy at Boston University, where he taught for more than thirty years. He later served as dean of the graduate school. Bowne was an acute critic of positivism and naturalism. He categorized his views as Kantianized Berkeleyanism, transcendental empiricism and, finally, personalism, a philosophical branch of liberal theology: of this branch Bowne is the dominant figure; this personalism is sometimes called Boston Personalism, in contrast with the California Personalism of George Holmes Howison. Bowne's masterpiece, Metaphysics, appeared in 1882. Bowne was chiefly influenced by Hermann Lotze
Jan 15 Camille Doncieux the first wife of French painter Claude Monet. She was the subject of a number of paintings by Monet, as well as Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Édouard Manet. She was mother to two sons by Monet
Jan 16 Kálmán Mikszáth a major Hungarian novelist, journalist, and politician.
Jan 16 Svetozár Hurban-Vajanský a Slovak poet, lawyer and nationalist newspaper editor who was twice imprisoned. He was the son of Jozef Miloslav Hurban
Jan 17 James H. Hawley an attorney and politician from Idaho. He was state's ninth Governor from 1911 to 1913, and the mayor of Boise from 1903 to 1905. He also acted as prosecutor or defense attorney for a substantial number of criminal cases. Outside of criminal law, he specialized in irrigation and mining cases
Jan 17 Paul Reclus a French physician specializing in surgery. The Reclus' disease is named after him. He was the son of pastor Jacques Reclus and brother of Élie, Élisée, Onésime and Armand Reclus
Jan 17 Nikolay Yegorovich Zhukovsky a Russian scientist and a founding father of modern aero- and hydrodynamics. Whereas contemporary scientists scoffed at the idea of human flight, Zhukovsky was the first to undertake the study of airflow
Jan 18 Geltrude Comensoli the Patron of Youth, Val Camonica and Relic Custodians.
Jan 21 Joseph Achille Le Bel a French chemist. He is best known for his work in stereochemistry. Le Bel was educated at the École Polytechnique in Paris. In 1874 he announced his theory outlining the relationship between molecular structure and optical activity. This discovery laid the foundation of the science of stereochemistry, which deals with the spatial arrangement of atoms in molecules. This hypothesis was put forward in the same year by the Dutch physical chemist Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff and is currently known as Le Bel-van't Hoff rule. Le Bel wrote Cosmologie Rationelle in 1929
Jan 23 Niko I Dadiani the last ruling prince of the Western Georgian Principality of Megrelia in southeast Europe. After Russia's formal abolition of his principality , he served as a general in the Imperial Russian Army
Jan 26 John Bates Clark an American neoclassical economist. He was one of the pioneers of the marginalist revolution and opponent to the Institutionalist school of economics, and spent most of his career teaching at Columbia University
Jan 28 Franziska Ellmenreich a German stage actress. Ellmenreich is regarded as the last heroine of the German theater
Feb 1 Marijan Varešanin Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1909 until 1911.
Feb 4 Remus von Woyrsch a Prussian Field Marshal, a member of the Prussian House of Lords from 1908 to 1918, and an Ehrenkommendator or Honorary Commander of the Order of John.
Feb 5 Mikhail Alekseyenko Russian lawyer, professor of finance law, public figure, member of the State Duma of the Russian Empire of 3rd and 4th convocations , rector of the Kharkov University.
Feb 5 Eduard Magnus Jakobson an Estonian wood engraver and a Baptist missionary. He illustrated many books and designed the masthead logo for Sakala, a newspaper founded by his older brother, Carl Robert Jakobson
Feb 6 Henry Janeway Hardenbergh an American architect, best known for his hotels and apartment buildings.
Feb 8 Hermann Vöchting a German botanist.
Feb 8 Eugen Maximilianovich Duke of Leuchtenberg the 5th Duke of Leuchtenberg.
Feb 9 Hugh Price Hughes a Welsh Christian clergyman and religious reformer in the Methodist tradition. Recognized as one of the greatest orators of his era, he also founded and edited an influential newspaper, the Methodist Times. He served as the first superintendent of the West London Methodist Mission, a key Methodist organisation today
Feb 11 Thomas Edison an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and because of that, he is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory
Feb 13 Count Erich Kielmansegg an Austrian statesman. He served as stadtholder of Lower Austria and short time Cisleithanian Minister-President of Austria-Hungary in 1895
Feb 14 Maria Pia of Savoy a Portuguese Queen consort, spouse of King Luís I of Portugal. On the day of her baptism, Pope Pius IX, her godfather, gave her a Golden Rose. Maria Pia was married to Luís on the 6 October 1862 in Lisbon. She was the grand mistress of the Order of Saint Isabel
Feb 14 Anna Howard Shaw a leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States. She was also a physician and one of the first ordained female Methodist ministers in the United States
Feb 15 Robert Fuchs an Austrian composer and music teacher.
Feb 16 Karl Bücher an economist, one of the founders of non-market economics, and the founder of journalism as an academic discipline.
Feb 16 Philipp Scharwenka a German composer and teacher of music. He was the older brother of Xaver Scharwenka
Feb 17 Mathilde Mallinger a famous Croatian lyric soprano opera singer.
Feb 19 Rudolf Ulrich Krönlein a Swiss surgeon who was a native of Stein am Rhein.
Feb 23 Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria a granddaughter-in-law of King Louis-Philippe of France, the favourite sister of Empress Elisabeth of Austria and fiancée of King Ludwig II of Bavaria.
Feb 24 Roman Rosen a diplomat in the service of the Russian Empire.
Feb 27 Ellen Terry an English stage actress who became the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain.
Mar 1 Thomas Brock an English sculptor.
Mar 3 Alexander Georg Supan an Austrian geographer.
Mar 3 Alexander Graham Bell credited with inventing the first practical telephone.
Mar 4 Domenico Ferrata an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal who spent the bulk of his career in the diplomatic service of the Holy See and in the Roman Curia.
Mar 4 Henry Frederick Conrad Sander noted for his monthly publication on orchids, Reichenbachia, named in honour of Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach of Hamburg, the great orchidologist.
Mar 4 Carl Josef Bayer an Austrian chemist who invented the Bayer process of extracting alumina from bauxite, essential to this day to the economical production of aluminium.
Mar 6 Johann Georg Hagen an Austrian Jesuit priest and astronomer. Naturalized American citizen he was called to Rome by Pope Pius IX in 1906 to be the first Jesuit director of the new Vatican Observatory
Mar 6 Cesare Arzelà recognized for his contributions in the theory of functions, particularly for his characterization of sequences of continuous functions, generalizing the one given earlier by Giulio Ascoli in the famous Arzelà-Ascoli theorem.
Mar 8 John Lister (UK politician) an English philanthropist and politician.