Born in 1848

Jan 1 Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich , Metropolitan of Moscow.
Jan 1 John W. Goff an American lawyer and politician from New York.
Jan 2 James Benton Grant an American mining engineer and the third Governor of Colorado from 1883 to 1885. He was born in Russell County, Alabama and died in Excelsior Springs, Missouri
Jan 4 Heinrich Suter a historian of science specializing in Islamic mathematics and astronomy.
Jan 4 Katsura Tarō a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, politician and three-time Prime Minister of Japan.
Jan 6 Hristo Botev a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary. Botev is widely considered by Bulgarians to be a symbolic historical figure and national hero
Jan 7 Ignatz Urban a German botanist. He is known for his contributions to the flora of the Caribbean and Brazil, and for his work as curator of the Berlin Botanical Garden. Born the son of a brewer, Urban showed an interest in botany as an undergraduate. He pursued further study at the University of Bonn and later at the University of Berlin where he gained a doctorate in 1873. Urban was appointed by W. Eichler to run the Berlin Botanical Garden and supervised its move to Dahlem. He also worked as Eichler's assistant on the Flora Brasiliensis, later succeeding him as editor. In 1884 Urban began working with Leopold Krug on his Puerto Rican collections, a collaboration would later produce the nine-volume Symbolae Antillanae, one of his most important contributions, and his 30-part Sertum Antillanum. Urban's herbarium, estimated to include 80,000 or more sheets, was destroyed when the Berlin Herbarium was bombed in 1943, during the Second World War
Jan 9 Princess Frederica of Hanover a member of the House of Hanover. After her marriage, she lived mostly in England, where she was a prominent member of Society
Jan 10 Reinhold Sadler an American politician. He was the ninth Governor of Nevada. He was a member of the Silver Party
Jan 12 Franz von Soxhlet a German agricultural chemist from Brno. He invented the Soxhlet extractor in 1879 and in 1886 he proposed pasteurization be applied to milk and other beverages. Soxhlet is also known as the first scientist who fractionated the milk proteins in casein, albumin, globulin and lactoprotein. Furthermore, he described for the first time the sugar present in milk, lactose. He gained a PhD in Leipzig in 1872. He was the son of a Belgian immigrant
Jan 13 Lilla Cabot Perry an American artist who worked in the American Impressionist style, rendering portraits and landscapes in the free form manner of her mentor, Claude Monet. Perry was an early advocate of the French Impressionist style and contributed to its reception in the United States. Perry's early work was shaped by her exposure to the Boston school of artists and her travels in Europe and Japan. She was also greatly influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson's philosophies and her friendship with Camille Pissarro. Although it was not until the age of thirty-six that Perry received formal training, her work with artists of the Impressionist, Realist, Symbolist, and German Social Realist movements greatly affected the style of her oeuvre
Jan 15 Raphael von Koeber a notable German-Russian teacher of philosophy at the Tokyo Imperial University in Japan.
Jan 18 Ioan Slavici a Transylvanian-born Romanian writer and journalist. He made his debut in Convorbiri literare , with the comedy Fata de birău. Alongside Eminescu he founded the Young Romania Social and Literary Academic Society and organized, in 1871, the Putna Celebration of the Romanian Students from Romania and from abroad. At the end of 1874, he settled in Bucharest, where he became secretary of the Hurmuzachi Collection Committee, then he became a professor, and then an editor of the newspaper Timpul. Alongside L. Caragiale and Coşbuc, he edited the Vatra review. During the first World War, he collaborated at the newspapers Ziua and Gazeta Bucureștilor. He was awarded the Romanian Academy Award
Jan 19 Hermann Kretzschmar considered a founder of interpretation in musical study.
Jan 19 John Fitzwilliam Stairs an entrepreneur and statesman, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, a member of the prominent Stairs family of merchants and shippers founded by William Machin Stairs that included the Victorian era explorer, William Grant Stairs.
Jan 19 Matthew Webb the first recorded person to swim the English Channel without the use of artificial aids. On 25 August 1875, he swam from Dover to Calais in less than 22 hours
Jan 21 Henri Duparc (composer) a French composer of the late Romantic period.
Jan 22 Eliodoro Villazón a member of the Liberal party and Constitutional President of his country, Bolivia, between 1909 and 1913.
Jan 24 Vasily Surikov the foremost Russian painter of large-scale historical subjects. His major pieces are among the best-known paintings in Russia
Jan 25 Ekaterina Vazem a Russian prima ballerina.
Jan 27 Tōgō Heihachirō a gensui or admiral of the fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy and one of Japan's greatest naval heroes. He was termed by Western journalists as "the Nelson of the East", after Horatio Nelson, the British admiral who defeated the French and Spanish at Trafalgar
Jan 28 Jules Aimé Battandier a French botanist who was a native of Annonay, department of Ardèche. He was an authority on Algerian flora
Jan 30 Ferdinand Mannlicher an Austrian engineer and small arms designer. Along with James Paris Lee, Mannlicher was particularly noted for inventing the en-bloc clip charger-loading magazine system. Later, while making improvements to other inventors prototype designs for rotary-feed magazines, Mannlicher, together with his protégé Otto Schönauer, patented a perfected rotary magazine design, the Mannlicher-Schönauer, which was a commercial and military success
Jan 31 Nathan Straus an American merchant and philanthropist who co-owned two of New York City's biggest department stores – R.H. Macy & Company and Abraham & Straus – before giving away most of his fortune to various projects in Ottoman Palestine
Feb 1 Adhémar Esmein a French jurist.
Feb 2 James Israel a German surgeon who was a native of Berlin.
Feb 2 Ludwig Dill a German ship and landscape painter who was a founding member of the Munich Secession.
Feb 3 Jørgen Løvland a Norwegian politician and Prime Minister. He was Minister of Labour 1898-1899, 1900-1902 and 1902-1903, member of the Council of State Division in Stockholm 1899-1900, Prime Minister in Stockholm in 1905, Minister of Foreign Affairs 1905 and 1905-1907, Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs 1907-1908, and Minister of Education and Church Affairs 1915-1920. He was chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee 1901-1921
Feb 5 Ignacio Carrera Pinto a Chilean hero of the War of the Pacific.
Feb 5 Louis Schmeisser one of the best-known weapon technical designers of Europe. He is associated with the development and production of the Bergmann machine guns used during the First World War. Additionally, he designed the Dreyse 1907 Pistol which saw use in both World Wars
Feb 5 Luigi Mancinelli a leading Italian orchestral conductor. He also composed music for the stage and concert hall and played the cello
Feb 5 Joris-Karl Huysmans a French novelist who published his works as Joris-Karl Huysmans. He is most famous for the novel À rebours. He supported himself by a 30-year career in the French civil service
Feb 5 Belle Starr a notorious American outlaw.
Feb 10 Anna Boch a Belgian painter, born in Saint-Vaast, Hainaut. Anna Boch died in Ixelles in 1936 and is interred there in the Ixelles Cemetery, Brussels, Belgium
Feb 12 Bernhard Adalbert Emil Koehne a German botanist and dendrologist born near Striegau, a town known today as Strzegom, Poland.
Feb 13 Hermann von Eichhorn a Prussian officer, later Generalfeldmarschall during World War He was a recipient of Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves.
Feb 13 Karel Klostermann a Czech and Austrian writer. He wrote under the alias Faustin
Feb 14 Benjamin Baillaud a French astronomer.
Feb 14 Jean Aicard a French poet, dramatist and novelist.
Feb 16 Octave Mirbeau a French journalist, art critic, travel writer, pamphleteer, novelist, and playwright, who achieved celebrity in Europe and great success among the public, while still appealing to the literary and artistic avant-garde. His work has been translated into thirty languages
Feb 16 Hugo de Vries a Dutch botanist and one of the first geneticists. He is known chiefly for suggesting the concept of genes, rediscovering the laws of heredity in the 1890s while unaware of Gregor Mendel's work, for introducing the term "mutation", and for developing a mutation theory of evolution
Feb 17 Louisa Lawson an Australian poet, writer, publisher, suffragist, and feminist. She was the mother of the poet and author Henry Lawson
Feb 17 Albert Gustaf Dahlman a Swedish executioner. He was the last executioner to carry out capital punishment in Sweden
Feb 18 Louis Comfort Tiffany best known for his work in stained glass. He is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and Aesthetic movements. Tiffany was affiliated with a prestigious collaborative of designers known as the Associated Artists, which included Lockwood de Forest, Candace Wheeler, and Samuel Colman. Tiffany designed stained glass windows and lamps, glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, enamels and metalwork
Feb 20 E. H. Harriman an American railroad executive.
Feb 24 Andrew Inglis Clark an Australian Founding Father and the principal author of the Australian Constitution, he was also an engineer, barrister, politician, electoral reformer and jurist. He initially qualified as an engineer, however he re-trained as a barrister in order to effectively fight for social causes which deeply concerned him. After a long political career, mostly spent as Attorney-General, he was appointed a Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Tasmania. Despite being acknowledged as the leading expert on the Australian Constitution, he was never appointed to the High Court of Australia
Feb 24 Henry Houssaye a French historian and academician.
Feb 25 Eugène-Melchior de Vogüé a French diplomat, Orientalist, travel writer, archaeologist, philanthropist and literary critic.
Feb 25 William II of Württemberg the fourth King of Württemberg, from 6 October 1891 until the abolition of the kingdom on 30 November 1918. He was the son of Prince Frederick of Württemberg and his wife Princess Catherine Frederica of Württemberg , daughter of King William I of Württemberg ; his parents were first cousins
Feb 27 Hubert Parry an English composer, teacher and historian of music.