Born in 1849

Jan 8 Stepan Makarov a Russian vice-admiral, a highly accomplished and decorated commander of the Imperial Russian Navy, an oceanographer, awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences, and author of several books. Makarov also designed a small number of ships. The town of Shiritoru on Sakhalin island, was renamed Makarov in 1946 in his honor
Jan 9 John Hartley (tennis) Rev. John Thorneycroft Hartley was a former World 1 tennis player from England, and the only clergyman to win Wimbledon
Jan 10 Robert Crosbie a theosophist and founder of the United Lodge of Theosophists.
Jan 11 Philipp Bertkau a German zoologist born in Cologne.
Jan 12 Murphy J. Foster a Louisiana politician who served two terms as the 31st Governor of Louisiana from 1892 to 1900. Foster adopted the Louisiana Constitution of 1898, which effectively disfranchised the black majority, who comprised most of the Republicans, thus leading to Louisiana's becoming essentially a one-party state for several generations and excluding African Americans from the political system
Jan 12 Jean Béraud a French painter, noted for his paintings of Parisian life during the Belle Époque. He was renown in the Paris society thanks to the numerous genre paintings depicting the life of Paris, nightlife the Paris society. He also painted religious subjects in a contemporary setting. Pictures of the Champs Elysees, cafeés, Montmartre and the banks of the Seine are precisely detailed illustrations of everyday Parisian era of the "Belle Époque". An example is the 1889 picture "Cafeé Gloppe
Jan 13 Vsevolod Solovyov a Russian historical novelist. His most famous work is Chronicle of Four Generations , an account of the fictional Gorbatov family from the time of Catherine the Great to the mid-nineteenth century. Solovyov's "atmosphere of nostalgia for the vanished age of the nobility" helps explain his "posthumous popularity among Russian émigrés."
Jan 15 Ignác Darányi a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Agriculture twice: between 1895–1903 and 1906–1910. He was a supporter of Gyula Andrássy the Younger
Jan 16 Eugène Carrière a French Symbolist artist of the Fin de siècle period. His paintings are best known for their brown monochrome palette. He was a close friend of the sculptor Rodin and his work influenced Picasso. Some see traces of Carrière's monochrome style in Picasso's Blue Period
Jan 17 Paul Richer a French anatomist, physiologist, sculptor and anatomical artist who was a native of Chartres. He was a professor of artistic anatomy at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, as well as a member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine
Jan 18 Aleksander Świętochowski a Polish writer, educator, and philosopher of the Positivist period that followed the January 1863 Uprising.
Jan 18 Richard Pischel a German Indologist born in Breslau.
Jan 18 Edmund Barton an Australian politician and judge. He served as the first Prime Minister of Australia and became a founding justice of the High Court of Australia
Jan 20 Princess Marie Alexandrine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach the eldest daughter and second child of Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and his wife Princess Sophie of the Netherlands.
Jan 22 August Strindberg a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter. A prolific writer who often drew directly on his personal experience, Strindberg's career spanned four decades, during which time he wrote over 60 plays and more than 30 works of fiction, autobiography, history, cultural analysis, and politics. A bold experimenter and iconoclast throughout, he explored a wide range of dramatic methods and purposes, from naturalistic tragedy, monodrama, and history plays, to his anticipations of expressionist and surrealist dramatic techniques. From his earliest work, Strindberg developed innovative forms of dramatic action, language, and visual composition. He is considered the "father" of modern Swedish literature and his The Red Room has frequently been described as the first modern Swedish novel
Jan 25 Archduchess Mathilda of Austria an Austrian noblewoman. She was the second daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen and Princess Hildegard of Bavaria
Jan 29 David Murray (painter) a well known Scottish landscape painter. He was the son of a shoemaker, James Murray. He worked for eleven years for two mercantile firms, while studying in the evenings at the Glasgow School of Art under Robert Greenlees, finally devoting himself full-time to an artistic career from about 1875. He became an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1881, moving to London in 1882 where he was an immediate success. His 'My Love has gone a-Sailing' exhibited in 1884 was purchased by the Chantrey Trustees for the Tate Gallery
Jan 29 Newton C. Blanchard a United States Representative, Senator, and the 33rd Governor of Louisiana.
Jan 30 Josef Anton Schobinger a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Feb 1 Albert Lebourg a French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist landscape painter of the Rouen School. Member of the Société des Artistes Français, he actively worked in a luminous Impressionist style, creating more than 2,000 landscapes during his lifetime. The artist was represented by Galerie Mancini in Paris in 1896, in 1899 and 1910 by Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, 1903 and 1906 at the Galerie Paul Rosenberg, and 1918 and 1923 at Galerie Georges Petit
Feb 2 Leopold Gegenbauer an Austrian mathematician remembered best as an algebraist. Gegenbauer polynomials are named after him
Feb 2 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav a Slovak poet, dramatist, translator and for a short time member of the Czechoslovak parliament. First, he wrote in traditional style, but later became influenced by parnassism and modernism
Feb 3 Johannes Reinke a German botanist and philosopher who was a native of Ziethen, Lauenburg. He is remembered for his research of benthic marine algae
Feb 4 Jean Richepin born at Médéa, French Algeria.
Feb 5 August Palm a Swedish socialist activist and a key person in introducing the social democratic labour movement in Sweden, leading it in a reformist direction.
Feb 6 Ida Straus an American homemaker and wife of the co-owner of the Macy's department store. She and her husband Isidor died on board the RMS Titanic
Feb 7 William Hurrell Mallock an English novelist and economics writer.
Feb 8 Aristide Cavallari a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Patriarch of Venice.
Feb 10 Virginia Zucchi an Italian dancer. Her career as a ballerina spanned from 1864 to 1898, and she was known as “the Divine Zucchi” or even "the Divine Virginia" for her artistry, expressiveness, and virtuosity. Perhaps her most lasting legacy is the celebrated La Esmeralda pas de six, which Marius Petipa created for her to the music of Riccardo Drigo in 1886. She was a guest artist in Berlin, London, Paris, Madrid, Milan, Naples and Rome. She was a force in introducing Italian technique in Russia
Feb 13 Lord Randolph Churchill a British statesman. He was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough, and his wife, Lady Frances Vane. He was the father of Winston Churchill, the future wartime Prime Minister, who wrote his father's first major biography
Feb 15 Rickman Godlee an English surgeon. In 1884 he became one of the first doctors to surgically remove a brain tumor
Feb 18 Alexander Kielland one of the most famous Norwegian realistic writers of the 19th century. He is one of the so-called "The Four Greats" in Norwegian literature, along with Henrik Ibsen, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson and Jonas Lie
Feb 18 Jérôme Eugène Coggia a 19th-century French astronomer.
Feb 19 Hans Dahl None
Feb 19 Giovanni Passannante an Italian anarchist who attempted to assassinate king Umberto I of Italy, the first attempt against Savoy monarchy since its origins. Originally condemned to death, his sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment. The conditions of his imprisonment drove him insane and have been denounced as inhumane
Feb 20 Sone Arasuke a Japanese politician, diplomat, cabinet minister, and second Japanese Resident-General of Korea.
Feb 20 Ivan Evstratiev Geshov a Bulgarian politician who served as Prime Minister.
Feb 22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin a Russian mathematician.
Feb 24 Franz Skarbina a German impressionist painter, draftsman, etcher and illustrator.
Feb 24 Ivan Borgman a Russian physicist who first demonstrated in 1897 that X-rays and radioactive materials induced thermoluminescence.
Feb 27 Václav Beneš Třebízský a popular Czech novelist. He is the author of numerous historical novels and children's stories. His most novel novel is arguably In the Early Evening of the Five-petaled Roses
Mar 1 J. Comyns Carr an English drama and art critic, gallery director, author, poet, playwright and theatre manager.
Mar 2 Robert Means Thompson a United States Navy officer, business magnate, philanthropist and a president of the American Olympic Association. He is the namesake of the destroyer USS Thompson
Mar 6 Georg Luger an Austrian designer of the famous Luger pistol and the 9 x 19 mm Parabellum cartridge.
Mar 7 Luther Burbank an American botanist, horticulturist and pioneer in agricultural science. He developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants over his 55-year career. Burbank's varied creations included fruits, flowers, grains, grasses, and vegetables. He developed a spineless cactus and the plumcot
Mar 7 Karl von Bardeleben a German anatomist born in Giessen. He was the son of surgeon Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben
Mar 8 Hermann Winkelmann a German Heldentenor, notable for creating the title role in Richard Wagner's Parsifal in 1882.
Mar 9 Empress Shōken empress consort of Emperor Meiji of Japan.
Mar 13 Périclès Pantazis a major Greek impressionist painter of the 19th century that gained a great reputation as an artist initially in Belgium.
Mar 16 Karl Brugmann a German linguist. He is highly regarded for his work in Indo-European linguistics