Died in 1849

Jan 4 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger a German inventor of a shorthand writing system, named Gabelsberger shorthand after him.
Jan 6 Hartley Coleridge an English poet, biographer, essayist, and teacher. He was the eldest son of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. His sister Sara Coleridge was a poet and translator, and his brother Derwent Coleridge was a distinguished scholar and author. Hartley was named after the philosopher David Hartley
Jan 8 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Chicherin a prominent Russian general that fought against Napoleon’s invasion of Russia. As a result, his portrait was hung in the of the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace
Jan 9 David Pierre Giottino Humbert de Superville a Dutch artist and art scholar. He was a draughtsman, lithographer, etcher, and portrait painter, and also wrote treatises on art, including the influential work Essai sur les signes inconditionnels dans l'art. His 1815 painting of the jurist and statesman Johan Melchior Kemper is now part of the collection of the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam
Jan 18 Panoutsos Notaras a leading figure of the Greek War of Independence, serving several times as president of the Greek national assemblies and legislative bodies.
Jan 23 Marie-François Auguste de Caffarelli du Falga a French général de division of Italian descent. Two of his brothers were also generals. His name is inscribed on the south side of the Arc de Triomphe
Jan 25 Philip Osipovich Paulucci an Italian marquis and an adjutant general in Russian army.
Jan 25 Elias Parish Alvars an English harpist and composer.
Jan 26 Thomas Lovell Beddoes an English poet, dramatist and physician.
Jan 30 Jonathan Alder an American pioneer, and the first white settler in Madison County, Ohio. As a young child living in Virginia, Alder was kidnapped by Shawnee Indians, and later adopted by a Mingo chief in the Ohio Country. He lived with the Native Americans for many years before returning to the white community
Feb 8 François Habeneck a French violinist and conductor.
Feb 8 France Prešeren a 19th-century Romantic Slovene poet, best known as the poet who has inspired virtually all later Slovene literature and has been generally acknowledged as the greatest Slovene classical author. He wrote some high quality epic poetry, for example the first Slovene ballad and the Slovene national epic. After death, he became the leading name of the Slovene literary canon
Feb 15 Pierre François Verhulst a mathematician and a doctor in number theory from the University of Ghent in 1825.
Feb 22 Alexander Fesca a German composer and pianist.
Feb 24 Wacław Michał Zaleski a Polish poet, writer, researcher of folklore, theatre critic, political activist, and governor of Galicia.
Mar 5 David Scott (painter) a Scottish historical painter.
Mar 11 Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily a Princess of Naples and Sicily and later Queen of Sardinia as wife of Charles Felix of Sardinia.
Mar 15 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti an Italian cardinal and famed linguist and hyperpolyglot. Born and educated in Bologna, he completed his theological studies before he had reached the minimum age for ordination as a priest; he was ordained in 1797. In the same year, he became professor of Arabic at the University of Bologna. He later lost the position for refusing to take the oath of allegiance required by the Cisalpine Republic, which governed Bologna at the time
Mar 17 William II of the Netherlands King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Duke of Limburg from 7 October 1840 until his death in 1849.
Mar 19 James Justinian Morier a British diplomat and author noted for his novels about Qajar dynasty Iran, most famously for the Hajji Baba series.
Mar 19 August Seebeck a scientist at the Technische Universität Dresden.
Mar 19 Franz Xaver Niemetschek a Czech philosopher, teacher and music critic. He wrote the first full-length biography of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart which has remained an important source of information about the composer
Mar 24 Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner best known for work that foreshadowed the periodic law for the chemical elements.
Mar 27 Archibald Acheson 2nd Earl of Gosford a British politician who served as Lieutenant-Governor of Lower Canada and Governor General of British North America in the 19th century.
Mar 28 Stephan Endlicher an Austrian botanist, numismatist and Sinologist. He was a director of the Botanical Garden of Vienna. He was born in Pressburg and died in Vienna
Apr 3 Juliusz Słowacki a Polish Romantic poet. He is considered one of the "Three Bards" of Polish literature — a major figure in the Polish Romantic period, and the father of modern Polish drama. His works often feature elements of Slavic pagan traditions, Polish history, mysticism and orientalism. His style includes the employment of neologisms and irony. His primary genre was the drama, but he also wrote lyric poetry. His most popular works include the dramas Kordian and Balladyna and the poems Beniowski and Testament mój
Apr 6 Jan Svatopluk Presl a Bohemian natural scientist.
Apr 7 George Washington Whistler a prominent American railroad engineer in the first half of the 19th century.
Apr 7 Pedro Ignacio de Castro Barros an Argentine statesman and priest. He was a representative to the Congress of Tucumán which on 9 July 1816 declared the Independence of Argentina
Apr 14 Ján Hollý a Slovak poet and translator. He was the first greater Slovak poet to write exclusively in the newly standardized literary Slovak language. His predecessors mostly wrote in various regional versions of Czech, Slovakized Czech or Latin. Hollý translated Virgil's Aeneid and wrote his own epic poetry in alexandrine verse to show that the Slovak language recently standardized by Anton Bernolák was capable of expressing complex poetic forms
Apr 18 Carlo Rossi (architect) an Italian architect, who worked the major portion of his life in Russia. He was the author of many classical buildings and architectural ensembles in Saint Petersburg and its environments. In his lifetime, he built a theater on the Arbat Square and was rewarded with the Order of Vladimir of IV degree
Apr 28 René Lesson a French surgeon, naturalist, ornithologist, and herpetologist.
May 1 Isaac Bernays chief rabbi in Hamburg.
May 2 David Hendrik Chassé a Dutch soldier who fought both for and against Napoleon. He commanded the Third Netherlands Division that intervened at a crucial moment in the Battle of Waterloo. In 1830 he bombarded the city of Antwerp as commander of its citadel during the Belgian Revolution
May 8 Jean-Louis-Auguste Loiseleur-Deslongchamps a French physician and botanist.
May 9 Robert Thomas Wilson a British general and politician who served in Flanders, Egypt, Spain, Prussia, and was seconded to the Imperial Russian Army in 1812. He sat as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Southwark from 1818 to 1831. He served as the Governor of Gibraltar from 1842 until his death in 1849
May 10 Hokusai a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period. He was influenced by such painters as Sesshu, and other styles of Chinese painting. Born in Edo , Hokusai is best known as author of the woodblock print series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji which includes the internationally recognized print, The Great Wave off Kanagawa, created during the 1820s
May 11 Otto Nicolai a German composer, conductor, and founder of the Vienna Philharmonic. Nicolai is best known for his operatic version of Shakespeare's comedy The Merry Wives of Windsor as Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor. In addition to five operas, Nicolai composed lieder, works for orchestra, chorus, ensemble, and solo instruments
May 11 Juliette Récamier a French society leader, whose salon drew Parisians from the leading literary and political circles of the early 19th century.
May 13 Edward Paget a British Army officer.
May 18 José María Carreño a Venezuelan politician and military, Vice-president in the government of José María Vargas, and provisional President of Venezuela as interim caretaker in 1837. Jose Maria Carreño lent his shirt to Simón Bolívar, right after his death. There is little information about Carreño Blanco
May 18 Samuel Amsler born at Schinznach, in the canton of Aargau. He studied his art under Johan Heinrich Lips and Karl Ernst Hess, at Munich, and from 1816 pursued it in Italy, and chiefly at Rome, till in 1829 he succeeded his former master Hess as professor of engraving in the Munich academy. The works he designed and engraved are remarkable for the grace of the figures, and for the wonderful skill with which he retains and expresses the characteristics of the original paintings and statues. He was a passionate admirer of Raphael, and had great success in reproducing his works. Amsler's principal engravings are: The Triumphal March of Alexander the Great, and a full-length Christ, after the sculptures of Thorwaldsen and Dannecker; the Entombment of Christ, and two Madonnas after Raphael; and the Union between Religion and the Arts, after Overbeck, his last work, on which he spent six years
May 20 Marie Dorval a French actress.
May 22 Maria Edgeworth a prolific Anglo-Irish writer of adults' and children's literature. She was one of the first realist writers in children's literature and was a significant figure in the evolution of the novel in Europe. She held advanced views, for a woman of her time, on estate management, politics and education, and corresponded with some of the leading literary and economic writers, including Sir Walter Scott and David Ricardo
May 22 Girolamo Ramorino born in Genoa, in northern Italy.
May 25 Benjamin D'Urban best known for his frontier policy when he was the Governor in the Cape Colony.
May 28 Anne Brontë a British novelist and poet, the youngest member of the Brontë literary family.
Jun 8 Richard Carmichael (physician) an eminent Irish surgeon, medical writer and philanthropist.
Jun 10 Thomas Robert Bugeaud a Marshal of France and Governor-General of Algeria.
Jun 10 Friedrich Kalkbrenner a pianist, composer, piano teacher and piano manufacturer. German by birth, Kalkbrenner studied at the Paris Conservatoire starting at a young age and eventually settled in Paris, where he lived until his death in 1849. For these reasons, many historians refer to Kalkbrenner as being a French composer